Gender earnings ratio by race and Hispanic ethnicity

Gender earnings ratio by race and Hispanic ethnicity            
Year Total White White, non-Hispanic Black Asian Hispanic
1960 60.7          
1961 59.2          
1962 59.3          
1963 58.9          
1964 59.1          
1965 59.9          
1966 57.6          
1967 57.8 57.9   66.9    
1968 58.2 58.2   65.6    
1969 58.9 58.1   68.2    
1970 59.4 58.7   69.8    
1971 59.5 58.5   75.2    
1972 57.9 56.6   70.5    
1973 56.6 55.9   69.6    
1974 58.8 57.9   75.3   66.7
1975 58.8 57.6   74.6   68.3
1976 60.2 59   75.7   68
1977 58.9 57.6   77.5   69.7
1978 59.4 58.9   71.5   68.8
1979 59.7 58.8   74.6   68.2
1980 60.2 58.9   78.8   71.4
1981 59.2 58.5   76   72.9
1982 61.7 60.9   78.3   72.2
1983 63.6 62.7   78.6   72.1
1984 63.7 62.2   82.5   74.1
1985 64.6 63   81.9   76.6
1986 64.3 63.3   80.3   82.3
1987 65.2 64.4 63.5 82.4   83.3
1988 66 65.4 64.1 81.2 71.3 83.2
1989 68.7 66.3 64.2 85.1 75.9 85.3
1990 71.6 69.4 67.6 85.4 79.7 81.9
1991 69.9 68.7 67.9 84.8 70.2 82.2
1992 70.8 70 69 88.2 74.7 87.4
1993 71.5 70.8 70 86.1 78.8 83.2
1994 72 71.6 71.1 83.9 76.3 86.5
1995 71.4 71.2 68.8 84.6 78.8 84.3
1996 73.8 73.3 70.2 81.3 74.2 88.6
1997 74.2 72 70.8 83.4 80.1 87.8
1998 73.2 72.6 71.2 83.7 77.7 86.3
1999 72.3 71.6 67.8 81.5 77.4 86.5
2000 73.7 73.1 72.3 83.3 75.1 86.9
2001 76.3 75.1 73.9 84.8 73.3 85.7
2002 76.6 75.4 73.9 85.6 75.1 84.4
2003 75.5 75.6 71.6 83.6 71.5 85.7
2004 76.6 76.1 71.4 88.6 78.3 88.1
2005 77 76.6 73.5 89.7 75.1 90.5
2006 76.9 76.5 73.8 87.3 76.4 86.7
2007 77.8 77.2 73 86 79.6 88.1
2008 77.1 76.4 73 84.4 82.2 86.7
2009 77 75.4 75 84.9 81.8 86.6
2010 76.9 74.5 77.5 87.7 79.8 89.2
2011 77 75.3 77.1 84.8 74.2 91.1
2012 76.5 77.4 77.9 88 77.6 88.2
2013 78.3 79.6 77.4 83.4 73.5 93.5
2013* 77.6 79.3 74.8 82.9 79.1 95.6
2014 78.6 79.3 75.4 82.4 81.4 87.7
2015 79.6 79.5 75.3 88.1 78.2 87.2
2016 80.5 80.6 79 87.7 77.2 84.4
2017 80.5 80.3 77.0 87.3 75.9 82.3
2017** 81.7 84 78.6 88.7 76.6 85.5
2018 81.6 81.2 78.6 85.7 79 83.8
2019 82.3 81.4 78.7 90 75.1 87

Notes: Earnings ratios are between women and men of the same race and ethnicity. Ratios are based on median annual earnings of full-time, year-round workers, 15 years old and over. Before 1989 earnings are for civilian workers only. Blacks and Asians include people of Hispanic ethnicity. People of two or more races are not included beginning in 2002. Ratios for Asians from 1988 until 2001 included Pacific Islanders. Hispanics may be of any race. The comparability of historical data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey Annual and Social Economic Supplements (CPS ASEC). The 2014 CPS ASEC included redesigned income questions. The 2018 CPS ASEC included updates to the processing system. To account for these changes and support consistent comparisons with the previous time series, two sets of estimates were published for 2013 and 2017. Data: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements 1960-2020