Find the most recent annual averages for selected labor force characteristics. Data are presented by sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, educational attainment, marital status, and parental status when available.

Labor Force Participation Rate by Sex, Race and Hispanic Ethnicity

 

 

Labor Force Participation Rate by Sex, Race and Hispanic Ethnicity
Sex, Race and Hispanic Ethnicity 2016 Annual Averages (percent) 2024 Projections (percent)
Women Total 56.8 55.8
White 56.3 55.2
Black 59.4 58.9
Asian 55.5 55.7
Hispanic 55.8 57.4
Men Total 69.2 66.2
White 69.8 66.5
Black 64.1 60.7
Asian 72.1 71.3
Hispanic 76 74.3

Represents the percentage of persons in the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and older that are employed or actively looking for work. Data for the individual race groups do not include people of two or more races. Hispanics may be of any race.
Source: 2016 Current Population Survey and 2024 Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Labor Force Participation Rate by Age and Sex

 

 

Labor Force Participation Rate by Age and Sex
Sex, Age 2016 annual averages (percent) 2024 projections (percent)
Women    
16 to 19 years 35.1 25.9
20 to 24 years 68 66.5
25 to 34 years 74.5 74.9
35 to 44 years 74.5 73.9
45 to 54 years 73.9 77
55 to 64 years 58.4 62.9
65 to 74 years 22.7 26.2
75 years and older 6.1 8.4
Men    
16 to 19 years 35.3 27.5
20 to 24 years 73 68.3
25 to 34 years 88.8 87
35 to 44 years 90.6 90.1
45 to 54 years 86.3 84.4
55 to 64 years 70.2 69.9
65 to 74 years 31.5 34
75 years and older 11.7 13.5

Represents the percentage of persons in the civilian noninstitutional population that are employed or actively looking for work.
Source: 2016 Current Population Survey and 2024 Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Labor Force Participation Rate of Women by Age, Race and Hispanic Ethnicity

 

 

Labor Force Participation Rate of Women by Age, Race and Hispanic Ethnicity
Age White Black Asian Hispanic
16 to 19 years 36.7 30 20.9 30
20 to 24 years 69.3 68 50.6 66.4
25 to 54 years 74.5 76.8 68.8 66.7
55 to 64 years 59.3 52.7 60.4 51.6
65 to 69 years 28.5 25.3 27.4 22.8
70 to 74 years 15.8 12 13.1 13.5
75 years and older 6 6.3 5.9 5.5

Represents the percentage of persons in the civilian noninstitutional population that is employed or actively looking for work. Data do not include persons of two or more races. Hispanics may be of any race.
Source: 2016 annual averages, Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Labor Force Participation Rate by Educational Attainment and Sex

 

 

Labor Force Participation Rate by Educational Attainment and Sex
Education Attainment Total (in percent) Women (in percent) Men (in percent)
Less than a high school diploma 45.7 33.3 58.1
High school graduates, no college 57.5 47.5 67.6
Some college, no degree 63.9 57.8 70.8
Associate degree 70.4 65.6 76.5
Bachelor's degree 73.7 68.5 79.3
Advanced degree 74.8 72.1 77

Represents the percentage of persons in the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years of age and older that are employed or actively looking for work. Advanced degree includes people with master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
Source: 2016 annual averages, Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Labor Force Participation Rate of Women by Educational Attainment, Race and Hispanic Ethnicity, 2016 Averages

 

 

Labor Force Participation Rate of Women by Educational Attainment, Race and Hispanic Ethnicity, 2016 Averages
Educational Attainment Total White Black Asian Hispanic
Less than a high school diploma 33.3 32.8 33.9 33.2 40.7
High school graduates, no college 47.5 45.9 54 51.1 55
Some college, no degree 57.8 56 64.5 60.4 66.4
Associate degree 65.6 64.8 71.1 64.5 70.4
Bachelor's degree 68.5 68.4 75.2 61.2 73
Advanced degree 72.1 71.6 76.8 69.9 76.9

Represents the percentage of persons in the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years of age and older that are employed or actively looking for work. Advanced degree includes people with master's, professional, and doctoral degrees. Data do not include persons of two or more races. Hispanics may be of any race.
Source: 2016 annual averages, Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Labor Force Participation Rate of Mothers and Fathers by Age of Youngest Child

 

 

Labor Force Participation Rate of Mothers and Fathers by Age of Youngest Child
Age Youngest Child Mothers Fathers
under 3 years 61.8 94.2
3 to 5 years 68.6 93.6
6 to 17 years 75 91.9
under 18 years 70.5 92.8

Represents the percentage of parents in the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and older that are employed or actively looking for work.
Source: 2016 annual averages, Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Labor Force Participation Rate of Mothers by Age of Youngest Child and Race

 

 

Labor Force Participation Rate of Mothers by Age of Youngest Child and Race
         
Age Youngest Child White Black Asian Hispanic
Under 3 years 61.3 70.8 49.8 50.6
3 to 5 years 67.4 77.3 63 59.9
6 to 17 years 74.6 79.9 69.9 67.7
Under 18 years 70 77.2 63.4 61.8

Represents the percentage of mothers in the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and older that are employed or actively looking for work. Data for the individual race groups do not include people of two or more races. Hispanics may be of any race. Data reflect the race or ethnicity of the mother.
Source: 2016 annual averages, Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Labor Force Participation Rate of Mothers and Fathers by Marital Status and Age of Youngest Child, 2016 Averages

 

 

Labor Force Participation Rate of Mothers and Fathers by Marital Status and Age of Youngest Child, 2016 Averages
Age of youngest child Mothers - Married, spouse present Mothers - All other marital statuses Father - Married, spouse present Father - All other marital statuses
under 3 years 59.5 67.1 95 90.4
3 to 5 years 64.9 76 94.5 88.6
6 to 17 years 72.7 79.8 92.7 85.8
under 18 years 67.9 76 93.6 87.7

Represents the percentage of parents in the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and older that are employed or actively looking for work. All other marital statuses include people who are never married, divorced, widowed, separated, or married with spouse absent.
Source: 2016 annual averages, Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics