Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Yemen

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Fish
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Yemen
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Minimal Advancement – Efforts Made but Continued Practice that Delayed Advancement

In 2020, Yemen made minimal advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. In 2020, the government trained judges and employers in Hadramawt and Ma’rib on the harms of child labor and child soldier recruitment. Despite this initiative to address child labor, however, Yemen is assessed as having made only minimal advancement because it continued to implement practices that delay advancement to eliminate child labor. There is evidence of recruitment and use of children in hostilities by state armed forces in contravention of Yemeni law. Furthermore, the government failed to make efforts to address discrimination in schools against children from the Muhamasheen (“marginalized”) community, leading to their increased vulnerability to child labor. Children in Yemen are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking, and armed conflict, including by Houthi (also known as Ansar Allah) insurgent forces and other armed groups. Children also engage in child labor in fishing. Research found no evidence of a policy on worst forms of child labor outside of child soldiering, such as commercial sexual exploitation and child trafficking. Moreover, the Republic of Yemen Government continued to exert limited operational control over its ministries and was unable to enforce regulations to combat child labor.

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