Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Yemen

Fish
Fish
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Yemen
2021 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Minimal Advancement – Efforts Made but Continued Practice that Delayed Advancement

In 2021, Yemen made minimal advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The International Labor Organization provided training to Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor employees. However, despite this initiative, Yemen is assessed as having made minimal advancement because it continued to implement practices that delay advancement to eliminate child labor. There is evidence of recruitment and use of children in hostilities by state armed forces in contravention of Yemeni law. Furthermore, the government failed to make efforts to address discrimination in schools against children from the Muhamasheen (“marginalized”) community, leading to their increased vulnerability to child labor. Children in Yemen are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking, and armed conflict, including by Houthi insurgent forces (also known as Ansar Allah) and other armed groups. Children also perform dangerous tasks in fishing. Research found no evidence of a government policy on worst forms of child labor outside of child soldiering, such as commercial sexual exploitation or child trafficking. Moreover, the Republic of Yemen Government continued to have limited operational control over its ministries and was unable to enforce regulations to address child labor.

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