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Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez
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Equal Employment Opportunity

Ethnic/National Origin, Color, Race, Religion & Sex Discrimination

Executive Order 11246 prohibits covered federal contractors and subcontractors from discriminating on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, and requires affirmative action to ensure equal employment opportunity without regard to those factors. E.O. 11246 is enforced by the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP).

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in hiring, promotion, discharge, pay, fringe benefits, job training, classification, referral, and other aspects of employment, on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. This law is enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance. This law is enforced by the Civil Rights Center.

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in educational programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance. This law is enforced by the Civil Rights Center.

Section 188 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) prohibits discrimination against applicants, employees and participants in WIA Title I-financially assisted programs and activities, and programs that are part of the One-Stop system, on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, and national origin. Section 188 also prohibits discrimination on the grounds of age, disability, political affiliation or belief, and for beneficiaries only, citizenship or participation in a WIA Title I-financially assisted program or activity. This law is enforced by the Civil Rights Center.

Under the National Apprenticeship Act of 1937, apprenticeship programs registered with the Department of Labor, and state apprenticeship programs registered with recognized state apprenticeship agencies, are prohibited from discriminating, and required to undertake affirmative action in apprenticeship programs, on the bases of race, color, religion, national origin and sex. This law is enforced by the Apprenticeship Training and Employer Labor Services.

DOL Web Pages on This Topic

Equal Employment Opportunity Poster
Every employer covered by the non-discrimination and EEO laws is required to post on its premises the poster, "Equal Employment Opportunity is the Law." The notice must be posted prominently, where it can be readily seen by employees and applicants for employment.

Employment Discrimination
The Department of Labor explains its role in the monitoring and enforcement of Executive Order 11246, as related to preventing job discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.

Executive Order 11246 Fact Sheet
EEO and Affirmative Action Guidelines for Federal Contractors Regarding Race, Color, Gender, Religion, and National Origin.

Employment Discrimination in Construction
The Executive Order covers employers with a federal contract or subcontracts or federally assisted construction contract or subcontract in excess of $10,000. The Executive Order protects all on-site construction employees from employment discrimination on the grounds of race, color, religion, and national origin.

Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP)
Monitors contractor compliance with the nondiscrimination and affirmative action provisions of Executive Order 11246.

Civil Rights Center
Oversees equal employment opportunity in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance as well as assuring equal opportunity for all applicants to and employees of DOL.

Laws & Regulations on This Topic

Laws

E.O. 11246
Executive Order 11246
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Title IX of the Civil Rights Act
Title IX of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
29 USC §50
National Apprenticeship Act of 1937
29 USC §50
National Apprenticeship Act of 1937
29 USC §2938
Nondiscrimination Provisions of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998
29 USC §2938
Nondiscrimination Provisions of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998

Regulations

29 CFR Part 30
Equal Employment Opportunity in Apprenticeship and Training
29 CFR Part 31
Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted Programs of the Department of Labor — Effectuation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
29 CFR Part 37
Implementation of the Nondiscrimination and Equal Opportunity Provisions of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA)
29 CFR 1604
Guidelines on Discrimination Because of Sex
29 CFR 1605
Guidelines on Discrimination Because of Religion
29 CFR 1606
Guidelines on Discrimination Because of National Origin
41 CFR Chapter 60
Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs, Equal Employment Opportunity, Department of Labor