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Public Transit Employee Protections

49 U.S.C. 5333(b) (also known as Section 13(c) of the Federal Transit Act)

(1) As a condition of financial assistance under sections 5307-5312, 5316, 5318, 5323(a)(1), 5323(b), 5323(d), 5328, 5337, and 5338(b) of this title, the interests of employees affected by the assistance shall be protected under arrangements the Secretary of Labor concludes are fair and equitable. The agreement granting the assistance under sections 5307-5312, 5316, 5318, 5323(a)(1), 5323(b), 5323(d), 5328, 5337, and 5338(b) shall specify the arrangements.

(2) Arrangements under this subsection shall include provisions that may be necessary for--

  1. the preservation of rights, privileges, and benefits (including continuation of pension rights and benefits) under existing collective bargaining agreements or otherwise;
  2. the continuation of collective bargaining rights;
  3. the protection of individual employees against a worsening of their positions related to employment;
  4. assurances of employment to employees of acquired public transportation systems;
  5. assurances of priority of reemployment of employees whose employment is ended or who are laid off; and
  6. paid training or retraining programs.

(3) Arrangements under this subsection shall provide benefits at least equal to benefits established under section 11326 of this title.

(4) Fair and equitable arrangements to protect the interests of employees utilized by the Secretary of Labor for assistance to purchase like-kind equipment or facilities, and grant amendments which do not materially revise or amend existing assistance agreements, shall be certified without referral.

(5) When the Secretary is called upon to issue fair and equitable determinations involving assurances of employment when one private transit bus service contractor replaces another through competitive bidding, such decisions shall be based on the principles set forth in the Department of Labor's decision of September 21, 1994 (HTML) (PDF), as clarified by the supplemental ruling of November 7, 1994 (HTML) (PDF), with respect to grant NV-90-X021. This paragraph shall not serve as a basis for objections under section 215.3(d) of title 29, Code of Federal Regulations.


Title 49 U.S.C. Section 11326 ( formerly codified at 49 U.S.C. Section 11347).
(formerly Section 5(2)(f) of the Interstate Commerce Act).

This Section is incorporated into Section 5333(b) by reference.

Sec. 11326. Employee protective arrangements in transactions involving rail carriers

  1. Except as otherwise provided in this section, when approval is sought for a transaction under sections 11324 and 11325 of this title, the Board shall require the rail carrier to provide a fair arrangement at least as protective of the interests of employees who are affected by the transaction as the terms imposed under section 5(2)(f) of the Interstate Commerce Act before February 5, 1976, and the terms established under section 24706(c) of this title. Notwithstanding this part, the arrangement may be made by the rail carrier and the authorized representative of its employees. The arrangement and the order approving the transaction must require that the employees of the affected rail carrier will not be in a worse position related to their employment as a result of the transaction during the 4 years following the effective date of the final action of the Board (or if an employee was employed for a lesser period of time by the rail carrier before the action became effective, for that lesser period).
  2. When approval is sought under sections 11324 and 11325 for a transaction involving one Class II and one or more Class III rail carriers, there shall be an arrangement as required under subsection (a) of this section, except that such arrangement shall be limited to one year of severance pay, which shall not exceed the amount of earnings from the railroad employment of that employee during the 12-month period immediately preceding the date on which the application for approval of such transaction is filed with the Board. The amount of such severance pay shall be reduced by the amount of earnings from railroad employment of that employee with the acquiring carrier during the 12-month period immediately following the effective date of the transaction. The parties may agree to terms other than as provided in this subsection.
  3. When approval is sought under sections 11324 and 11325 for a transaction involving only Class III rail carriers, this section shall not apply.

Sec. 24706. Notice of Discontinuance

This section is incorporated into Section 11326, by reference, and is therefore applicable to Section 5333(b) mass transit employee protections.

(a) Notice of Discontinuance

(1) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, at least 90 days before a discontinuance under section 24704 or 24707(a) or (b) of this title, Amtrak shall give notice of the discontinuance in the way Amtrak decides will give a State, a regional or local authority, or another person the opportunity to agree to share the cost of any part of the train, route, or service to be discontinued.

(2) Notice of the discontinuance under section 24704 or 24707(a) or (b) of this title shall be posted in all stations served by the train to be discontinued at least 14 days before the discontinuance.

(b) Discontinuance for Lack of Appropriations

(1) Amtrak may discontinue service under section 24704 or 24707(a) or (b) of this title during -

  1. the first month of a fiscal year if the authorization of appropriations and the appropriations for Amtrak are not enacted at least 90 days before the beginning of the fiscal year; and
  2. the 30 days following enactment of an appropriation for Amtrak or a rescission of an appropriation.

(2) Amtrak shall notify each affected State or regional or local transportation authority of a discontinuance under this subsection as soon as possible after Amtrak decides to discontinue the service.

(c) Employee Protective Arrangements.

(1) Amtrak or a rail carrier (including a terminal company) shall provide fair and equitable arrangements to protect the interests of employees of Amtrak or a rail carrier, as the case may be, affected by a discontinuance of intercity rail passenger service, including a discontinuance of service provided by a rail carrier under a facility or service agreement under section 24308(a) of this title under a modification or ending of the agreement or because Amtrak begins providing that service. Arrangements shall include provisions that may be necessary for

    1. the preservation of rights, privileges, and benefits (including continuation of pension rights and benefits) under existing collective bargaining agreements or otherwise;
    2. the continuation of collective bargaining rights;
    3. the protection of individual employees against a worsening of their positions related to employment;
    4. assurances of priority of reemployment of employees whose employment is ended or who are laid off; and
    5. paid training and retraining programs.

    (2) With respect to Amtrak's obligations under this subsection and in an agreement to carry out this subsection involving only Amtrak and its employees, a discontinuance of intercity rail passenger service does not include an adjustment in frequency, or seasonal suspension of intercity rail passenger trains that causes a temporary suspension of service, unless the adjustment or suspension reduces passenger train operations on a particular route to fewer than 3 round trips a week at any time during a calendar year.

    (3) Arrangements under this subsection shall provide benefits at least equal to benefits established under section 11326 of this title.

    (4) A contract under this chapter or section 24308(a) of this title shall specify the terms of protective arrangements.

    (5) This subsection does not impose on Amtrak an obligation of a rail carrier related to a right, privilege, or benefit earned by an employee because of previous service performed for the carrier.

    (6) This subsection does not apply to Amtrak Commuter.


    REPEAL OF 49 U.S.C. Section 24706

    SELECTED PORTIONS of PL 105-134, December 2, 1997, 111 Stat 2570

    Sec. 1(a)

    (a) SHORT TITLE.--This Act may be cited as the "Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997".

    * * * * * *

    SUBTITLE C - EMPLOYEE PROTECTION REFORMS

    Sec. 141. Railway Labor Act Procedures

    * * * * * *

    (e) NO PRECEDENT FOR FREIGHT. - Nothing in this Act, or in any amendment made by this Act, shall affect the level of protection provided to freight railroad employees and mass transportation employees as it existed on the day before the date of enactment of this Act.

    Sec. 142. Service Discontinuance

    (a) REPEAL.--Section 24706(c) is repealed.

    (b) EXISTING CONTRACTS.--Any provision of a contract entered into before the date of the enactment of this Act between Amtrak and a labor organization representing Amtrak employees relating to employee protective arrangements and severance benefits applicable to employees of Amtrak is extinguished, including all provisions of Appendix C-2 to the National Railroad Passenger Corporation Agreement, signed July 5, 1973.

    (c) SPECIAL EFFECTIVE DATE.--Subsections (a) and (b) of this section shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    Last Updated: 1-12-15