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Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez
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Unemployment Insurance (UI) Improper Payments By State

Hover over a state for a summary or click on a state for more detailed information

Color

Estimated Improper Payment Rate

 

Above 14.00%

 

12.00 — 13.99%

 

10.00 — 11.99%

 

8.00 — 9.99%

 

6.00 — 7.99%

 

0.00 — 5.99%


Improper Payment Rate — the sum of the overpayment rate and underpayment rate, subtracting overpayments recovered, for the UI program for the reporting period required by the Improper Payments Information Act (IPIA). Figures displayed are not actual improper payment rate and dollars but an estimate based on results of State Benefit Accuracy Measurement (BAM) survey (random audits) of paid and denied claims in three major UI programs: State UI, Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE), and Unemployment Compensation for Ex-Service Members (UCX).

For 2013, OMB approved a new methodology for DOL to measure improper payments that takes into account the "net" effect of UI overpayment recoveries. This methodology includes the two components that have been reported annually as part of the IPIA reporting requirements — total overpayments plus total underpayments — which continue to be estimated from BAM, and subtracts the amount of overpayment recoveries, which are based on actual amounts reported by the state workforce agencies on the ETA 227 Overpayment Detection and Recovery reports for State UI, UCFE, UCX, and emergency UI programs.

Fraud Rate — a subset of the Annual Report rate and based on the population of benefits paid. The definition of unemployment compensation fraud varies from state to state and the individual state rates reflect these differences.


Strategy

Strategies

Learn more about the nine core strategies to reduce improper payments.

Progress

Progress

Track state plans and implementation.

Data

Data

Download recent and historic improper payment data.

Tools

Tools

Download products for communicating with UI claimants and employers.