The basic minimum age for employment in nonagricultural, non-hazardous occupations is 16. Youths 16 and older may be employed in any occupation other than those declared hazardous by the Secretary of Labor. The Secretary has issued 17 Hazardous Occupations Orders (HOs) for jobs found to be particularly hazardous for 16 and 17-year-olds or detrimental to their health and well-being. Youths age 16 and older may be employed to work any hours.
Youths 14 and 15 years of age may be employed to work in a variety of non-manufacturing, non-hazardous jobs for limited periods of time outside of school hours and under certain, specified conditions. Employment of minors under the age of 16 is subject to the provisions of Child Labor Regulation No. 3 (Reg 3). This regulation contains special rules permitting the employment of youths as young as 14 and 15 years of age in retail, food service and gasoline service establishments. Reg. 3 also prohibits the employment of youths 14 and 15 in any of the 17 HOs. Youths 14 or 15 years of age may work for State and local governments, although not technically retail, food service, or gasoline service establishments, as long as that employment falls within occupations authorized by Reg. 3 and does not involve any of the prohibited tasks or occupations. The restrictions on hours of work for 14/15-year old employees under Reg. 3 are fully applicable to the employment of these minors.
Youth Employment continues on the next slide.