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Wage and Hour Division
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Wage and Hour Division (WHD)

Davis-Bacon and Related Acts Frequently Asked Questions

IV. Davis-Bacon Wage Surveys


What types of clarification and analysis are done on the data submitted?

Craft Clarification involves determining the nature of work performed by various occupational classifications reported in an area, particularly for crafts that may perform a number of tasks, e.g., laborers, truck drivers, and equipment operators.

Project and Construction Type Clarification verifies that projects meet the survey criteria. In particular, the project construction type must be verified and projects involving multiple types of construction must be reviewed carefully.

Rate and Fringe Benefit Clarification resolves any questions regarding the rate paid to the reported workers. Only bona fide fringe benefits may be used in the survey. Fringe benefits do not include benefits required by federal, state or local law.

Union/Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) Rate Clarification resolves any questions regarding variation in CBA rates. The wage survey may produce data for a number of CBA rates for a single classification/craft. Data from different points in time may have produced the appearance of a variation in rates that does not actually exist. If it is determined that the various rates were in fact then-current CBA rates and the apparent variation only occurred because the data reflected different points in time covered by the survey, the data on the number of workers will be combined by WHD in determining whether or not a majority at the same rate exists within the classification.

Area Practice Determinations resolve questions as to the proper classification of the work performed by a laborer or mechanic, or the proper type of construction (building, heavy, highway or residential). In a wage survey, “area practice” refers to the predominant classification of worker that does a particular kind of construction work within the geographic boundaries of the survey.