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Archived News Release — Caution: Information may be out of date.

Press Releases

Date:  Dec. 5, 2013

Contact:  Diana Petterson or Juan Rodriguez

Phone:  972-850-4710 or 972-850-4709

U.S. Department of Labor
Wage and Hour Division
Release Number: 13-2288-DAL

US Labor Department files lawsuit against St. James Tearoom Inc. of Albuquerque, NM

Suit seeks to recover more than $300,000 in unpaid wages and damages for 42 employees

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. -- The U.S. Department of Labor has filed a lawsuit against St. James Tearoom Inc. and its owners, Mary Alice and Daniel Higbie, after an investigation by the Wage and Hour Division found that the defendants violated the Fair Labor Standards Act. The lawsuit seeks to recover unpaid minimum wages, overtime pay and liquidated damages totaling $304,000, as well as an injunction to permanently prohibit the defendants from committing future FLSA violations. The complaint was filed in the U.S. District Court, District of New Mexico.

“When employers fail to pay the required minimum and overtime wages, it negatively impacts not just the workers and their families, but also other businesses and the community. Underpaying workers gives this business an unfair competitive edge against employers who abide by the law,” said Cynthia Watson, regional administrator for the division in the Southwest. “This lawsuit demonstrates that the department is fully committed to using all enforcement tools at its disposal to ensure that workers are paid all wages due under the laws we enforce.”

Investigators from the division’s Albuquerque District Office found that St. James Tearoom required that its dishwashers and serving staff join a tip pool, resulting in minimum wage violations. The mandatory tip pool included salaried managers, shift leaders, dishwashers and other employees who are not eligible for tip pools, making the defendants’ entire tip pool arrangement invalid. Defendants also failed to pay the serving staff correct overtime wages, resulting in overtime violations. The defendants also failed to keep accurate records of hours worked by the employees, resulting in record-keeping violations.

Under the FLSA, the employer may consider tips as part of wages, but the employer must pay at least $2.13 per hour in direct wages. The employer who elects to use the tip credit provision must inform the employee in advance and must show that the employee receives at least the applicable minimum wage of $7.25 when direct wages and tip credit are combined. If an employee’s tips, combined with the employer’s direct wages of at least $2.13 an hour do not equal the minimum hourly wage, the employer must make up the difference. Employees must retain all their tips, except to the extent that they participate in a valid tip pool or sharing arrangement.

For more information about federal wage laws, call the Wage and Hour Division’s toll-free helpline at 866-4US-WAGE (487-9243) or its Albuquerque office at 505-248-6100. Information also is available at


Case Number is 1:13-cv-01156

U.S. Department of Labor releases are accessible on the Internet at The information in this news release will be made available in alternate format (large print, Braille, audio tape or disc) from the COAST office upon request. Please specify which news release when placing your request at (202) 693-7828 or TTY (202) 693-7755. The Labor Department is committed to providing America’s employers and employees with easy access to understandable information on how to comply with its laws and regulations. For more information, please visit