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Wage and Hour Division

Wage and Hour Division (WHD)

Family and Medical Leave Act


FMLA

Overview

The FMLA entitles eligible employees of covered employers to take unpaid, job-protected leave for specified family and medical reasons with continuation of group health insurance coverage under the same terms and conditions as if the employee had not taken leave. Eligible employees are entitled to:

  • Twelve workweeks of leave in a 12-month period for:
    • the birth of a child and to care for the newborn child within one year of birth;
    • the placement with the employee of a child for adoption or foster care and to care for the newly placed child within one year of placement;
    • to care for the employee’s spouse, child, or parent who has a serious health condition;
    • a serious health condition that makes the employee unable to perform the essential functions of his or her job;
    • any qualifying exigency arising out of the fact that the employee’s spouse, son, daughter, or parent is a covered military member on “covered active duty;” or
  • Twenty-six workweeks of leave during a single 12-month period to care for a covered servicemember with a serious injury or illness if the eligible employee is the servicemember’s spouse, son, daughter, parent, or next of kin (military caregiver leave).

Key News

On February 23, 2015, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division announced a Final Rule to revise the definition of spouse under the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) in light of the United States Supreme Court’s decision in United States v. Windsor, which found section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) to be unconstitutional. The Final Rule amends the definition of spouse so that eligible employees in legal same-sex marriages will be able to take FMLA leave to care for their spouse or family member, regardless of where they live. More information is available at the Wage and Hour Division’s FMLA Final Rule Website.

General Guidance

General Guidance

Guidance materials about the FMLA, including guides for both employers and employees, an employee guide to military leave, Qs & As, mini cards, and more.

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Fact Sheets

Fact Sheets

Learn more by reading fact sheets that cover a variety of FMLA topics.

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 E-Tools

E-tools

Access interactive online tools and presentations about the FMLA.

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Posters

Posters

Access the FMLA Poster in both English and Spanish.

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Forms

Forms

Access FMLA forms.

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Interpretive Guidance

Interpretive Guidance

Review Administrator Interpretations, Opinion and Ruling Letters as well as pertinent chapters of the WHD Field Operations Handbook.

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Laws & Regulations

Applicable Laws and Regulations

Review the laws and regulations that govern overtime in the United States.

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