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Wage and Hour Division
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Wage and Hour Division (WHD)

Table of Contents

I. Introduction

  • Purpose
  • Chapter Content
  • Appendix Content

II. Information on American Samoa Geography, History, Culture, Government, and Economics

  • Basic Information
  • Social and Political Structure
  • Land Tenure System
  • Population
  • State of the Economy
  • Labor Force and Employment
  • Consumer Price Index

III. The Tuna Processing Industry

  • Overview
  • Tuna Processing
  • The Effects of Loin-Processing Operations
  • Structure and Location of the Industry
  • Geographical Shifts
  • U.S. Mainland Tuna Canneries
  • Tuna Canning in Puerto Rico
  • Tuna Production in American Samoa
    • StarKist
    • Chicken of the Sea
  • Recent Issues Affecting Tuna Industry
    • Pouched Tuna
    • Methyl mercury
    • Legislation

IV. American Samoa Wage Structure

  • Minimum Wage Rates under the Fair Labor Standards Act
    • Background
    • Current Minimum Wage Rates
  • Survey Results
  • American Samoa Employment and Wages
  • Estimated Effect of Increases in the Minimum Wage
  • Sub-Minimum Wage Employees
  • Government Employees Industry
  • Fish Canning and Processing Industry
  • Petroleum Marketing Industry
  • Shipping and Transportation Industry: Classification A
  • Shipping and Transportation Industry: Classification B
  • Shipping and Transportation Industry: Classification C
  • Construction Industry
  • Retailing, Wholesaling, and Warehousing Industry
  • Printing Industry
  • Publishing Industry
  • Finance and Insurance Industry
  • Ship Maintenance Industry
  • Hotel Industry
  • Tour and Travel Services Industry
  • Private Hospitals and Educational Institutions Industry
  • Miscellaneous Activities Industry
  • Garment Manufacturing Industry
  • Bottling, Brewing, and Dairy Products Industry

V. The American Samoa Minimum Wage - FLSA Requirements

  • Achieve Minimum Standard of Living, by Gradually Reaching the Mainland Federal Minimum Wage, as Rapidly as is Economically Feasible
  • Do Not Raise Minimum Wages to a Level that Substantially Curtails Employment in the Industry
    • Measuring Ability to Pay
    • Impact of Higher Productivity
  • Set Minimums that Do Not Give a Competitive Advantage Over Counterpart U.S. Industries
    • Minimum Wages and Tuna Competition
  • Total U.S. Supply
  • Bank of Hawaii Economic Report

VI. Economic Factors for Consideration that May Favor Minimum Wage Increases

  • American Samoa Government Possible Balanced Budgets
  • Government Policies Reducing Business Costs
    • Tariff Savings
    • Tax Treatment
  • Low Ratio of Labor Cost to Product Cost
  • Employment and Output Increasing Faster than Minimum Wage
  • Limited Use of Frozen Loins in American Samoa
  • Increases in Productivity
  • Thailand's Tuna Industry
  • Measuring Productivity Improvements

VII. Economic Factors for Consideration that May Weigh Against Minimum Wage Increases

  • Slow U.S. Market Growth
  • Foreign Competition
  • Imports of Canned Tuna
    • Dolphin-Safe Standard
    • Andean Trade Preferences Act
  • Tariff Rates
    • Quota on Canned Tuna Relatively Ineffective
    • European Tariffs
  • Use of Frozen Loin Technology
  • Economic Uncertainty
  • Wage Increases Not Limited to Minimum Wage Workers
  • High Failure Rate of Small Businesses
  • Higher Wages than Competitors
  • Currency Devaluation
  • Other Economic Disadvantages of the American Samoa Location

List of Figures and Tables Appendices