ďWomen Working in Alternative EnergyĒ Teleconference

August 3, 2010, 1:00 PM Ė 2:30PM ET



Coordinator:†††††††††† Welcome and thank you for standing by. At this time all participants are in the listen only mode until the question and answer session of todayís conference. At that time you may press star 1 on your touch tone phone to ask a question.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† I would also like to remind parties that this call is being recorded. If you have any objections, you may disconnect at this time. I would now like to turn the call over to Director Manzano-DŪaz, thank you. You may begin.


Sara Manzano-DŪaz:†††† Good afternoon. Welcome, all, to the Women Working in Alternative Energy Teleconference. I have a very special surprise and treat for all of you. Secretary Hilda Solis, the Secretary of Labor, is with us. And as you know, her vision is good jobs for everyone and we are very delighted and excited to introduce to you the Secretary of Labor, Hilda Solis.


Hilda Solis:†††††††††††† Thank you, so much, Director Sara Manzano-DŪaz, for your work on behalf of women of our country. And I just want to do a shout out to you and to your staff and all the women that are on this line right now listening to us.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Itís a pleasure and an honor for me to be a part of this important conference call. I understand that weíre expecting many, many women to participate across the country.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Thank you for your interest in wanting to learn more about opportunities in green jobs, the jobs of the future. This field, as you know, is growing and will only expand from here.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And by the way, these jobs are not just for men but for women too. Many of the job opportunities are for women, and thatís precisely the dialog we want to open up today and hopefully have a thoughtful exchange of ideas on how to prepare to take on these jobs.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† One of our priorities at the DOL is to connect you, the women, with green jobs. Whether youíre thinking about starting your own business in this field, or if youíre thinking about going into a technological field of green jobs, or you may not know exactly what options you would like to take yet.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On this call we'll exchange thoughts and learn from one another. You will learn that green jobs entails a very large and diverse and growing field. And I wish you luck and much success. And we offer our services through the Womenís Bureau and the Department of Labor, so I want to extend my hand out to all of you and I want to work with all of you. Thank you, again, Sara Manzano-DŪaz, the Director of the Womenís Bureau and all the staff and all of you that are on the line. Thank you so much.


Sara Manzano-DŪaz:†††† Thank you, Madame Secretary, I really appreciate your support of the Womenís Bureau and your support of this effort of green jobs for women. So weíre very excited to have you and thank you so much.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Now, let me share a few words with regard to our green jobs initiative. As you know, the Secretaryís vision is "Good Jobs for Everyone" and in our case in particular, whatís good for women is good for all of us.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Womenís Bureau - for those of you who don't know - was created by Congress in 1920 about two months before women had the right to vote. The Womenís Bureau just celebrated its 90th Anniversary this year. In June our First Lady, Michelle Obama, spoke to us and celebrated with us our 90th Anniversary. [Editorís Note:† See the First Ladyís remarks here: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/remarks-first-lady-womens-bureau-90th-anniversary-ev]


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The President issued a proclamation and he said in his proclamation with regard to the Womenís Bureau, "As a nation, we must recommit to the enduring vision of the Womenís Bureau and work to support all wage-earning women.† With the hard-fought progress of the past as a foundation, we can build a better and brighter tomorrow, one in which our daughters have an equal right and opportunity to pursue the American dream."† [Editorís Note See the Proclamation here: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/presidential-proclamation-90th-anniversary-department-labor-womens-bureau]


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So after 90 years here we are. Weíre still ahead of the curve, still working on behalf of working women, so thank you all, for joining us on this call. My vision is to empower all working women to achieve economic security.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Womenís Bureau is taking the lead to ensure that women are aware of and prepared to succeed in the emerging green job sector. Last year the Womenís Bureau hosted 30 women and green jobs roundtables across the country.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† According to the participants of the roundtables, the lack of awareness or awareness of information about green jobs is the key challenge the women face.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Their first question is often, "Whatís a green job?" Women are also unaware of green opportunities within their own communities. In response to that the Womenís Bureau will issue a [publication] this fall, which will give women the information that they need, the publication will be called ďA Womanís Guide to Green Jobs.Ē


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Womenís Bureau also funded nine green projects and training opportunities across the country. The projects serve as models for recruiting and preparing women for high growth and emerging green jobs over the next decade.† [Editorís Note: See WBís projects here:† http://www.dol.gov/wb/programs/greenskills_2.htm]


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Once again, I'd like to welcome all of you to todayís conference call and I would like to introduce Ms. Karen Shapiro from my office who will continue to host this session. Karen, thank you for the great job that you do and thank you all for participating.


Karen Shapiro:†††††† Thank you, Director Manzano-DŪaz. And again, thank you to Secretary Solis for joining us. My name is Karen Hornstein Shapiro at the U.S. Department [of Labor] Womenís Bureau.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† This is the fifth in a series of seven teleconferences for workforce practitioners designed to offer information and an exchange of ideas to better connect women with green jobs training and green employment.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† It is now my pleasure to introduce Colleen Graber, who will facilitate the rest of our call today. Colleen Graber has extensive experience in workforce economic development and education policy and has conducted evaluation and strategic planning work for a variety of clients at the federal, state and local levels.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Ms. Graber is leading the development of the upcoming publication the Womenís Bureau is putting together ďA Womanís Guide to Green JobsĒ and this Opening Opportunities in the Green Economy Teleconference Series. And these efforts Public Policy Associates also works in partnership with Wider Opportunities for Women. Colleen.


Colleen Graber:††††† Thank you, Karen. I'd like to welcome everyone today. I'll give a bit of an overview to introduce our speakers. Alternative energy or renewable energy is a major potential area of green employment for women and the alternative energy industry has several sectors.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The major ones are biomass, fuel cell batteries, geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind. Some of those you may be familiar with and some may be a new field for you to consider.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Today we'll hear from speakers who work in three of these areas. Trudy Forsyth is in the wind industry. Dr. Kelly Tiller is with biomass industry. And Julia Hamm, who is filling in for Jane Weismann on our agenda today, is representing the solar industry.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Their presentations will provide you with an overview of the sectors and how they function in the markets in the United States and then the types of occupations available in these sectors.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then, of course, focusing in on opportunities for women in these industries. At the conclusion of the presentations you'll have an opportunity to pose questions of the speakers and so we will do that after all three have presented.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Please also refer to the fact sheet that accompanies this teleconference for further information and a list of additional resources. I'd like to now introduce Trudy Forsyth. For more than 15 years Ms. Forsyth has been a leader in the National Renewable Energy Laboratories Distributive Wind Turbine Projects.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Ms. Forsyth has also contributed to a number of domestic and international wind energy organizations, including the American Wind Energy Association, the American Solar Energy Society Small Wind Division, and Women of Wind Energy. In 2003, she was recognized and awarded for her strategies to promote the use of renewable energy. Ms. Forsyth.


Trudy Forsyth:††††††† Thank you. So I'm going to talk a little bit and it will be really an introduction on wind energy, the expansion in the wind energy field, and how weíre working to try and make sure that there are more women in place.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† If you look at Slide 5, this shows the total growth in wind capacity. And in 2009, just under 10,000 megawatts were added and on an cumulative basis that is 160,000 megawatts in place in the U.S. in the wind industry.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And I want to be clear that this is large wind and large wind is typically wind turbines installed in farm-like settings where thereís - you may see multiple turbines together.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And the American Wind Energy Association has been tracking the growth of this market sector as you can see from - since 1981. So the numbers are in now through 2009 and, of course, you can tell that 2008 was also a great year with the addition of 28,000 megawatts for wind in that year and accumulatively this is about 30% growth per year.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The next slide really shows the growth in what we call the small wind market. And small wind is defined as those machines 100 kilowatts and less. And this market has been tracked since 2001.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Again, these data are through the American Wind Energy Association. So if you look at the first set on Page 6, the furthest to the left you see small wind units sold. In the middle is the capacity sold. And then the sale of units sold in terms of dollars.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And you see that there was pretty phenomenal growth in 2008, but even in 2009 there was growth at 15%, so in a recessionary period where most consumers are buying small wind turbines that is healthy growth in that marketplace.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Page 7 then shows what is the major source of new capacity in the energy sector. The dark blue is combined cycled gas turbines and the light blue are standard combustion turbines.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And you can see from 2002 that in the natural gas business they can put about 70,000 megawatts per year in place. But you also notice that in the last three years the wind significant - wind has been very significant and that is with the green. So itís basically been just under 40% of new generating capacity in 2008 and 2009 has been for wind.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And in other data there is more wind planned in the queue for future electricity production than all the other traditional technologies combined. So that should give you all a very strong sense of the growth in the wind market.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† If you look at Page 8, there was a report put out which we call the 20% Plan, which is basically, how can you get to 20% of the U.S. electricity being generated by wind? And you can see the projections.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† That report was done in 2006. On Page 8 along the left-hand side it shows the annual installed capacity in gigawatts. And on the left itís the accumulative installed capacity, which is the green, so the blue and the green.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† What it doesn't show are the actuals in that. In 2009 there were 38,000 megawatts of wind added to make the cumulative number at 160,000. So there is good growth projected in wind and all of us really realize the importance of getting more people educated and knowledgeable about wind.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Whether itís from an advocacy perspective, a legal perspective, taking care of the technology as in windsmiths for large turbines versus small wind installers.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Working with funding agencies to get wind technology in place, of course, U.S. manufacturers and the lower tier vendors who provide the pieces and parts for those wind turbines.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then all of the other things that go on, including people who write about wind energy and different technologies. We need lots of people really quick, particularly to get sort of a steep growth that you see in the 2012 through 2018 time frame.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So I'm going to talk a little bit about an organization that I'm honored to have cofounded and thatís called the Women of Wind Energy. And the idea is to promote educational, professional development and advancement of women to achieve a new strong diversified workforce.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Itís the vision of the Board of Directors that with this new technology of wind, we can basically strive to development new business models and shift the classic paradigms whereon the technology side and the engineering side those have been dominated by wind.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† We know sociologically that when you have teams that are made up of at least half women you get better product, better results out of those team activities. So weíre very focused about bringing women into the wind business and all the variety of capacities and even more than I mentioned and then helping them stay there, retain their positions, and retain their interests in this sector and then grow into future leaders of tomorrow.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then, looking how wind, as a technology, can include more women and minorities and have that be as an example for other industries. So you see the young woman on the top, sheís as a windsmith working in a wind farm. You can see some of the turbines in the background.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then the woman at the bottom has been a leader from the U.S. Department of Energy in the wind technology program. And we really feel that there is an urgency to this if we, as a nation, are going to cut our carbon and grow U.S. jobs.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† If you look at Page 10, thereís really a set of concentric circles that help replicate that. So the first, the most outside circle is, "How do we recruit more women into the wind energy business?" And then, "How do we support their growth and retain them?Ē Because there is statistics that say that women think of changing jobs far more often than men?"


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† "How do we foster and grow women leaders?" And again, weíre looking for this strong diversified workforce that will help build a robust, smart, renewable energy economy in the future.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† We started this in 2005. You can see a graphic of that and we started with an original logo, which you see there, Women of Wind Energy. And our focus at that time was really on the most outside ring that you see on Page 10, Recruit More Women into the wind industry.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Page 12, it tells of a story of a woman named Rudd Mayer, who was a wind energy pioneer and advocate. She is the person that we honor every year in selecting our Women of Wind Energy fellows.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And those fellows are people who apply and are competitively selected to be recognized by us at our annual luncheon, which is at the wind power - annual Wind Power Conference put on by the American Wind Energy Association.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And those fellows often get priorities when it comes to jobs, because people know that the competition for those positions is so hot. They can just go find these women and bring them into the wind industry.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† It also allows women to come to the biggest wind event in the U.S. and meet all sorts of people in the industry and hear talks. So our first luncheon that we had, we had just reserved a little space, because we really didn't know who many women would be interested, or even how many women were in the business.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And at that time, we filled up the little luncheon space with 120 people, I think the count was actually a little bit higher, because it was a standing room only event and it was amazing to myself and the other founders that there was so much interest in this.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Page 13, if you look at that, thereís a picture of a group of w omen standing in front of a women turbine blade. And we've had what we call chapters, and chapters are local groups of Women of Wind Energy that are formed to really help network - help women network, help women learn more about wind, and again to begin to grow their expertise.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And we were frankly really surprised at the enthusiasm - we being the Board of Directors - at the enthusiasm from women in the wind business and their enthusiasm in creating these chapters.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And now we have over 30 chapters and these just spring up on a grassroots level and those chapters are across U.S. and Canada and we've had now interest in - from European women in working with them on Women of Wind Energy.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Page 14 shows a snippet of our mentoring committee. We do have an active mentoring program, it was launched in June of 2008. Another round just closed in July of this summer, but you can find out more through www.womenofwindenergy.org, thatís our Website.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And again, this is trying to retain and grow women in this space. We've been focused at building community online. We have an Executive Director, her name is Kristen Graf and sheís phenomenal and really understands the importance of getting more women into this industry sector.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† As I mentioned, we have an annual luncheon and at that annual luncheon we honor women of the year and we've had - I believe - five women of the year that we've honored outstanding women in this industry sector, as well as honoring what we call the rising star, which is younger women who are coming into their own and have passion, but may be hidden in organizations and not necessarily recognized.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So thatís what weíre doing with Women of Wind Energy. We are still in a growth mode. Look at our Website to see where we go and what we do, but itís one solution to getting more women engaged in this growing, vibrant technology called Wind To Energy.


Colleen Graber:††††† Thank you, very much.


Trudy Forsyth:††††††† Thank you.


Colleen Graber:††††† Thatís excellent information.


Trudy Forsyth:††††††† Good.


Colleen Graber:††††† Next, I'd like to introduce Dr. Tiller. She is the President and CEO of Genera Energy who fosters strategic partnerships which further the research economic development and clean energy objectives of Tennessee and the University of Tennessee.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† In addition to this role, she also holds administrative and faculty positions at the University of Tennessee serving as the Director of External Operations for the University of Tennesseeís Office of Bioenergy programs and as an Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Sheís the recipient of several academic and professional research awards, including the Program of Distinction Award by the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association and the University of Tennesseeís Research Impact Award.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† In 2008 Dr. Tiller was recognized among the top 40 under 40 by the Knoxville Business Journal for exceptional leadership in business and community. Dr. Tiller.


Kelly Tiller:†††††††††††† Thank you, very much. Itís a pleasure to speak with all of you. And if you'll look at Slide 17, I have just a brief outline of the kinds of things I'd like to discuss with you today.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Weíre going to be focusing on next generation and advanced biofuels. I will give you a bit of an overview of whatís included in this broad category and some of the industry outlook and drivers and indicators moving forward.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And with the focus next then on feedstock supplies to support this growing bioenergy and bio field sector, particularly the interface between agriculture and energy, and then focus a little more on specific opportunities for women in this field going forward.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So if we move to Slide 18, this gives a bit of an overview of the kinds of things that weíre talking about when we talk about advanced biofuels. One actually that I realized that I did not specifically put on here under the advanced field products, but that we think of most often is ethanol.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Certainly that is the largest sector of advanced biofuels, but some of the further advanced biofuels are building on a variety of different conversion platforms, biochemical, thermochemical, pyrolysis, catalysis and - are making a variety of products not just ethanol but butanol, higher alcohol fuels, drop-in replacement fuels that are a direct replacement for gasoline or diesel, things like green diesel, green gasoline and other drop-in fuels.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And they can come from a very wide variety of sources. Those are most often categorized as crop residues. These are sometimes called Ag waste or Ag residues, things like corn cob and stover that are left after the corn harvest, wheat straw, or other opportunistic residues, things like rice hulls or peanut hulls or citrus waste.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Another large and growing sector and one that we expect to supply a significant amount of the biomass feedstock in this sector going forward is dedicated energy crops or purpose grown energy crops, things like switchgrass, energy cane, a biomass sorghum, miscanthus and a number of other specific energy - high yielding energy crops.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Forest - the forest is another source of biomass for this sector, including forest residues and waste, as well as dedicated forest crops, particularly things like short rotation woody crops or hybrid trees that are on much shorter rotations than traditional forest in their management.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Municipal solid waste and refused derived fuel are another sector, as well as emerging interest in algae as a source of feedstock for these various platforms.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Something I would emphasize here to is that there is a very significant regional difference in the availability of these feedstocks. There are opportunities throughout the United States to supply biomass for bioenergy purposes.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† But the most - the best fit for some of these crops is often going to depend on which part of the country youíre in, whether you have sufficient rainfall to support large scale energy crops with minimal inputs or whether a forest resources are more appropriate and lower costing sources.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Okay, look at the next Slide. And I think this gives a very good sense of how large this opportunity is and the significant drive behind the growth and advancement in this industry as a result of some recent federal policy.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Prior to 2007 there was a renewable fuels mandate in place, but it was greatly expanded in the EISA legislation in 2007. This essentially caps the amount of corn ethanol that can contribute to an overall mandate for renewable fuels that must be blended into our transportation system.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The total requirement by 2022 is for 36 billion gallons of biofuels to be available and in use. Of that up to 15 million - billion - I'm sorry, billion with a B - can come from corn sources, corn ethanol.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And it further mandates that 16 billion gallons of cellulosic biofuels be part of that mix with a balance coming from other advanced biofuels, biodiesel, and other types of fuels.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† There is a phase in, particularly with the introduction of cellulosic biofuels and weíre going from, you know, virtually a very small amount of production in place today to a production capacity of 16 billion gallons in just a little more than a decade.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So you can figure certainly thereís a tremendous ramp that weíre on to increase the supply and availability of these fuels. As we look at the next chart on chart 20, meeting that renewable fuel standard is certainly - has some very significant implications for the growth in this industry.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† You take the center bullís-eye, the 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol that are mandated by 2022 and assume that the average plant producing that biofuel, that cellulosic ethanol, is going to be about 50 million gallons a year, then we would need at least 320 of those plants in operation within about a decade.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And at a capital cost of about $4 per installed gallon that means we need an investment of $64 billion in this industry again in just over a decade. If we make the further assumption that weíre going to get about ten dry tons on average for every acre of a dedicated energy crop grown, that would mean we need about 18 million acres of new energy crops to support this industry.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So as you can see here there is a, you know, very significant growth opportunity in this area and I think weíre on the leading edge right now of moving toward meeting all of these goals.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† But itís certainly going to take a dedicated workforce, significant investment and building on the momentum and technology we have in place to make this move forward.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The next Slide 21 provides kind of a high level overview of the various components of this industry and I think sets the stage for talking about where there are major opportunities going forward.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† This industry, essentially for cellulosic biofuels builds on other industries such as corn ethanol, but is in large part a brand new industry that integrates in the upper left quadrant and energy crops supply chain and this is the large scale production of the dedicated biomass energy crops.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And in addition to the production of those crops on farms or other Ag lands or non-Ag lands, there is a lot of opportunity to manage those supply chains all the way from the farms to supplying a downstream user.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The top right quadrant represents the significant amount of research and development and demonstration thatís required in the areas of biofuels, biopower, bio products and ranges across several disciplines and areas including the biochemical, thermochemical and other platforms and bioengineering.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Thereís a large need then, in the bottom right quadrant, to build out the capacity to convert the cellulosic material into commercially valuable products. This requires a lot of engineering, operations, infrastructure and a skilled workforce to construct and operate that sector.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† There also then I have as the last quadrant in the bottom left, significant need to overlay business development, policy, financial, legal, analytical, commercialization, on top of this industry to aggressively move it forward and meet these mandates and market opportunities.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On the next slide - in the next several slides I have illustrated several of the types of jobs that I think we are going to see as a very big growth opportunity over the next several years and decades.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The first of those being in manufacturing and encompassing areas such as industrial engineering, process engineering, construction, manufacturing, and plant operations. And you see in the picture here several pictures from a demonstration scale cellulosic ethanol biorefinery that our company has constructed and is operating in East Tennessee along with our collaborators DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The next slide illustrates some of the research and development and laboratory and analytical types of jobs that this industry will require going forward in areas such as chemistry and biology.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† A lot of opportunities for material scientists, chem engineers, process engineers, all kinds of the - what I've lumped together as the ďomicsĒ fields whether it be metabolomics or proteomics and number of others, technicians, computational scientists, all of these are going to be in high demand to support the growth of this industry.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The next slide illustrates what I think is a very significant component of this and that is the opportunities in feed stock production and supplies. And we often think of this as being the farm production and management piece of this and that certainly is a large opportunity and I think itís a significant opportunity, particularly for a rural communities and areas where sometimes economic development and workforce development is often challenging.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So thatís a very big part of it, but there are a lot of other supporting jobs and careers around this entire supply chain that I think will be part of this long term solution and industry development too.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So this would include some scientific fields such as agronomists, soil scientists, pathologists, geneticists, but also a lot of career opportunities in the area of supply chain management, feedstock handling storage, transportation, conveyance, educating farmers and the industry on these new crops and new crop opportunities and advances.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Rapid technological advances in this industry through extension and outreach are important pieces of this puzzle as well. Opportunities around seed production and sales, custom operators and operation inputs suppliers, farm equipment, measurement equipment, sensor equipment, all of these areas can certainly interface in the - in providing those 18 or more million acres, several billion tons to support this industry over the next decades.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And the last one I've listed here is on the next slide is support services, probably not the most effective heading to lump all these together, but the point is that there are a number of other industries and career paths that can all be very effective in moving this industry forward and contributing to the development of this industry, including a public policy, economics, marketing, legal, financial, business development, areas in questions associated with environmental sustainability, communications, marketing.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So, you know, as this industry is just now on the verge of market competiveness, I think that weíre seeing lots of opportunities for all of these to continue that advancement.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On the next Slide 26, one thing that I want to point out in this is that a lot of the emphasis in discussion, and I think public thinking about this industry, moves immediately to this lower left-hand piece of this entire value chain, and thatís in how you convert that material - biomass material into a useful downstream product and then get it to where it needs to be and ultimately to a consumer.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So a lot of emphasis on bio-refineries, on co-flowering and gasification and that conversion activity. But all of those regardless of which downstream path youíre choosing and whether itís for a biofuel or a biopower or a product or material or chemical, ultimately those are all dependent on that biomass feedstock part of the supply chain to support it. So certainly I think it gives perspective as to where those potential careers are available.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The next slide lists several opportunities, I think, for women, not just for women, but ones where I think - with some direction and information will certainly be opportunities for women going forward.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† In areas such as agriculture, many of the STEM discipline (science, technology, engineering, and math,) in finance, in policy, in developing projects, project development and management, business development, legal and professional services, consumer products and marketing. I think all of these around this industry are ripe for further development.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Just a little bit here to close to talk about the company that I represent and the progress thatís being made, we are wholly owned by the University of Tennessee Research Foundation and were founded in 2008 as a way to continue the development of a large scale biomass to bioenergy, biomass to biofuels demonstration project that was funded by the State of Tennessee.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On the next Slide 29, you see some of the projects that we have undertaken and are continuing to develop in the area of biomass, including production of 6,000 acres of switchgrass as a dedicated energy crop on private farms, we've contracted with farmers for that.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† We have built a cellulosic ethanol biorefinery with DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol to convert that material into ethanol and eventually into other co-products as well.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† To a separate fund capital management firm to be able to invest in new technologies as those opportunities become available and biomass innovation park to demonstrate - itís an innovation campus really - to demonstrate the supply chain and management of energy crops for all of the new opportunities in this area.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The biofuels initiative that I mentioned on the Slide 30 is a - was funded by $70 million in State of Tennessee funds that were viewed as an investment in building a large scale biomass to bioenergy industry in the state and beyond.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And I think is a - has certainly led to the State of Tennessee and others to much further down the line in terms of making biomass to bioenergy a commercially viable and sustainable opportunity, not just for women but for all of the workforce going forward. Thank you.


Colleen Graber:††††† Thank you very much. Now I'd like to introduce Julia Hamm. Ms. Hamm is the President and CEO of Solar Electric Power Association. SEPA is a national non-profit membership organization that facilitates solutions for utility use and integration of solar electric power to turn solar theory into practice.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Prior to leading SEPA, Ms. Hamm worked as a senior associate at ICF International where she supported the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency with implementation of its Energy Star Program. In 2007 she was named one of the top ten women in clean tech by Earth Tech - Earth2Tech, excuse me. Ms. Hamm.


Julia Hamm:††††††††††† Thank you very much. Well, thank you for having me. I think to get started itís helpful, you heard in my introduction a little bit about the organization that I run, but I think by way of context itís helpful to get a little bit greater understanding of my perspective.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Our organization - actually, let me take a step back and say that within the solar industry there are actually a number of different solar non-profits. What distinguishes my organization is really two pieces, one is our focus on the utility - the electric utility industry.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so our members are both electric utilities and solar companies and others that have an interest in the solar market, but our focus is really on that electric utility for our membership and helping them understand solar technology and market technical issues related to integrating into the grid.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And the second differentiator for our organization is that we are a 501C3, which means we are designated as a charitable organization by the IRS. We do not do any lobbying or advocacy work on behalf of the solar industry, but rather serve as unbiased source of information.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So moving on to Slide 33, this is an overview of installed photovoltaic capacity in the U.S. and you can see that over the past few years we've seen a very rapid growth of the markets, all three market segments both residential, non-residential which is really commercial and industrial and then utility scale projects.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so the markets continue to grow very rapidly, we expect that to expedite at an even faster pace looking into the future. Looking at the right-hand side of Slide 33, you can see the installed capacity broken down by states for the top five states.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And you can see that California currently by far is the market leader with over 743 megawatts currently installed. Second is New Jersey, which frequently surprises people, most people don't think of New Jersey as a particularly sunny place.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† But itís an important point in that solar markets are - itís really itís a three-legged stool, itís not just about how much sun there is, everywhere in the U.S. is good enough to have very strong solar market development.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† What we really need to see is that three-legged stool of good quality sunlight, good policy at the state level, and then the other factor is what are the retail electricity prices in that state? And so New Jersey really has a good balance of those three things allowing the market to have developed quite substantially in the past few years.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† At the bottom right-hand side you can see a list of the five largest PV systems that are currently in operation in the U.S. Historically, as you can see in the slide on the left, the - it was a pretty good mix between residential and commercial and industrial installations. But just in 2009 we saw quite a substantial increase in that green part of the bar chart, the utility scale projects.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so weíre now seeing many more large scale installations, typically very large ground mounted systems, so you can see the top five that are currently in operation in the U.S., all of which have come online within the past two to three years, the majority of them actually coming online last year.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Moving on to Slide 34, this map - of one of the activities that our organization undertakes is surveying the U.S. utility industry each year to understand how much solar electricity is integrated into their grid and so this map demonstrates two different rankings that result from that.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The first is the total amount of solar that was connected to the grid. And this is - these are 2010 rankings, itís actually for 2009 data, so the total amount of solar integrated into each utilityís grid in 2009.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And the list on the right, we also look at it by the number of watts per customer in order to recognize which utilities are maybe doing a lot given their small customer base. So they may never make it to the annual total solar megawatts ranking, but they still deserve recognition.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so you can see the majority of the activity in terms of the most solar integrated into the electricity grid is still on the West Coast in the U.S. But we are very rapidly beginning to see other states become much more engaged and expect over the next few years to really see this map begin to spread where we see those top ten rankings listings.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On Slide 35, I've just provided a little more detail on the three market sectors that I had mentioned earlier on residential, commercial and utility and talks a - and actually it looks like thereís a mistake on this slide, there was a - the first bullet of the residential, it actually looks like it got input from someone elseís slide into mine, so you can ignore that first bullet.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† But for residential, the typical structure that we see is that individual homeowners have owned the solar system on their own roof and they are net meters, meaning that first the electricity thatís produced by the solar system is used to offset the load of the home and then if thereís any excess that excess powers the bulk of utility.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† What weíre starting to see in a handful of states and is expected to spread over time is a model whereby a third party solar company will own, operate, and maintain a solar system on a residential rooftop.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And essentially just send homeowner a monthly bill for the electricity thatís being produced from their own roof, similarly to how you get a monthly electricity bill from your utility.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so the value to that is obviously it removes the large upfront capital intensiveness of a customer having to outright purchase the solar system themselves from the beginning.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† That model I talked about with third-party ownership is actually the standard for commercial and industrial customers, and itís most common that those customers will not own the test system themselves, but a third party solar company will do that.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† With utility projects we see a combination, historically itís been mostly third party owned solar power plants with the power sold to utilities through long-term power purchase agreements.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† But we are starting to see many utilities begin to own projects themselves and I'll talk about some examples of those momentarily. On Slide 36, this is a map.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† There are actually a couple of different versions of this map, this version specifically looks at the states that have a renewable portfolio standard that has a solar or distributed generation provision within it and so that typically is where we have seen the most rapid solar market development.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Now with that said that is not always the case. California, as I mentioned earlier, is by far the leader in the U.S. and so while California has a renewable portfolio standard, they do not have a solar provision within that RPS.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So there are other factors that are driving solar market within California and actually the RPS is still a large driver, but even without that carve out. But as you can see, there are many states that have specified solar provisions within the renewable portfolio standard.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The next slide, Slide 37, is the map that shows the metering policies across the U.S. As you can see, at this point almost all states do have a net metering policy, although theyíre still quite significant variation.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† If you look at the numbers for each of the states you can see the systems size cap. So, you know, itís some of the more progressive states allows systems up to two megawatts to be net metered, but many (unintelligible). Some other states still that have a much smaller size limits on what can be net metered for example, Nebraska with 25 KW and some other states with some more limits.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Okay, at Slide 38, this is a little complex, but I think it helps people to understand exactly that, the complexity of the solar industry. And this is specifically looking at the different ways in which not technically, but in terms of a structure of a system, how it could come into being.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So the first horizontal line is ownership and so either the customer can own, a third party can own, or a utility can own and then under that is where the system is sited, it could be sited on customer property or third party property or utility property.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then the last and most complex level is which size of meter is it on, is it on the customer side of the meter or is it on the utility side of the meter. The NM indicates net metering.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† FIT is the Feed Intra and PPA is the Power Purchase Agreement. So there are many different ways in which the solar system can be owned, sited and metered. And so lots of different considerations to look at there.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On Slide 39, this is just a summary - sort of what I've talked about up until this point has been the past and now this slide looks into the future. We track the announcements of large solar projects in the U.S. This map shows both photovoltaic and concentrating solar power announcements.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And you can see that California is actually well off this chart with close to 9,000 megawatts that has then announced to come online between now and 2016. But I think itís good to get a sense of the technology split between announcements on concentrating solar power in PV as well as the geographic diversity across the state.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† I'm going to quickly just go through on Slide 40. As a utility focused organization we really obviously focus on that sector of the market and we see utilities getting engaged in solar in a number of different ways and itís really a progression.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† I am hopeful that weíre past the point of None, which is the first part of this chart, but Managing Customers tends to be the first step where utility-type customers were choosing to go solar on their own and the utilities sort of have to deal with them.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The next step is Facilitating Customers where utilities are actually encouraging their customers to choose solar either through a rebate program or some other sort of marketing. Next is a utility who is essentially being forced to do solar. Theyíre beginning to do it in order to meet some sort of goal or requirement that they've been given.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then the last stage, which is where we spend the majority of our time, is on looking at business models and thatís really when a utility is choosing to do solar because it makes sense for their business.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Theyíre not doing it because their customers are - theyíre not only doing it because their customers are asking for it or because some regulator or government body is telling them they have to, but theyíre doing it because it is a good decision for the business in the long term.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So on Slide 41, we find that this model really fit into three categories - ownership, energy purchases and financing. And just very quickly I'll just hit on a couple of project examples for those categories.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On Slide 42, what you see there is a picture of a 25 megawatt photovoltaic plant in Florida. Itís owned by Florida Power and Light and itís currently the largest plant in the U.S. So that 25 megawatt plant is a part of 110 megawatt plan by Florida Power and Light which will break down into three separate solar projects.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The next stage on Slide 43, is a completely different approach being taken by - thereís a typo on this page it should be PSE&G in New Jersey. They are - have a very innovative program where they are installing single 200 watt panels on 200,000 of their utility poles. So this is being watched very carefully by other utilities across the country and actually many other utilities are piloting on a much smaller scale similar programs.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On Slide 44 the example is Southern California Edison. They are going to be owning 250 megawatts of distributed rooftop solar. Essentially they will be leasing commercial and industrial rooftops from their customers and installing one to two megawatt systems, which in aggregate will equate to 250 megawatts.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And the California Public Utilities Commission approved that program proposal with the caveat that they would also purchase an additional 250 megawatts of solar electricity from third parties.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On Slide 45, this is just another example -- and I apologize thereís another typo here, it should not say Southern California Edison Solar Rooftop Program -- but this is a Tri-State Generation Transmission Association 30 megawatt thin film plant in New Mexico, which is actually owned by Southern Company which is a utility in the Southeastern U.S. and Turner Renewable Energy which is a company owned by Ted Turner.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And finally, my last example is here on Slide 46, itís an example of a financing program and it goes back to New Jersey to Public Service Electric and Gas (PSE&G) where they are loaning money to customers to go solar.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And the customers are repaying loans in the form of solar renewable energy credits rather than cash and the utility is able to earn a rate of return on those loans as well as recover the cost on the administrative components of the program.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So hopefully that gives you a good sense of some of the kinds of things that are going on in the U.S. with solar markets. I didn't - I apologize I don't have any slides specific to careers. I've been traveling in Japan and so I had to recycle a presentation and didn't have a chance to create some custom slides.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† But what I really see is the areas very similar to what we've heard from the other two speakers in terms of the needs in the future, but manufacturing, installation, research and development, support services I think is possibly the fastest growing area I see for the solar market.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† We are just getting to the point in terms of the size of the solar market in the U.S. that there is just a very rapidly increasing need for legal expertise, accounting expertise, marketing, you know, et cetera, et cetera, those types of support services for all of this - all of these projects that are getting put into the ground.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then the final piece, which is very relevant to the specifics of my presentation, is we are seeing more and more utilities beginning to hire staff specific to solar programs and projects and we really - thatís going to be a real trend knowing that utilities need to meet renewable portfolio standards.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† That they are going to have a need for some expertise that they currently do not have within their utilities and are going to need to be bringing in new people with outside expertise.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† I will mention that SEPA together with The Solar Foundation and the Solar Energy Industries Association are in the midst right now of conducting a solar job study.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And that job study will be looking at all of the different market sectors, including the utility sector, identifying what is the current level of employment of full-time - or actually, I believe weíre looking at up to half-time positions that are specific to solar. And then what do we expect - what can we expect in terms of future needs within the next year or two years, five years et cetera.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so that study is going to be released in October. And actually on my last slide, Slide 47, SEPA together with the Solar Energy Industries Association puts on Solar Power International, which is the equivalent of WINDPOWER - which we heard earlier - and so that job study will be released at Solar Power International this year. And I think I will leave it at that.


Colleen Graber:††††† Thank you very much, Ms. Hamm. Now we are going to move into our question and answer period. (Diane), would you mind reminding us how to ask questions?


Coordinator:†††††††††† Thank you, we will now begin the question and answer session. If you would like to ask a question, please press star 1. Please unmute your phone and record your name clearly when prompted. Your name is required to introduce your question. To withdraw your request, press star 2. One moment, please, while we wait for the first question.


Coordinator:†††††††††† Della McDonald, your line is now open.


Della McDonald:††† Yes, I have a statement more so than a question and my name is Della McDonald. I'm the Ohio Chapter leader for Women of Wind. Thank you. I just wanted to comment that here in Ohio we've made a commitment through Energy Solutions, which is my personal company, to work with Hard Hatted Women on a national - on a state basis - on a regional basis here in Ohio.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And I have really wanted to applaud the collaboration efforts through Hard Hatted Women and I'd encourage everyone on a national scale to also try to take a look at the organization.


Colleen Graber:††††† Thank you very much for your comment.


Coordinator:†††††††††† (Shannon Paul), your line is now open.


(Shannon Paul):††††† Hello and I just wanted to say thank you to all of the ladies that were on today that - for doing what you do every day. I know I truly appreciate it. What I've seen - I just graduated with a Master of Science in Global Energy Management.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† I have another Masters in management. I have a background in legal, finance, and marketing and I have been looking and looking and looking and what I see is that the - what I call the soft sciences - the legal, the finance, the marketing, the development, the policy - I very rarely see job postings within those industries. I see a lot of postings for engineers, scientists and administrative, receptionist, secretarial duties.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so I think part of that was touched on, maybe we are just on the verge of the market competitiveness. And the industry is still sort of in its infancy and maybe we are, weíre just really not seeing a lot of the soft science positions, as I call them.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So I'm just wondering if anybody had suggestions on, you know, maybe how to find those positions. Because I know a lot of women who are in the same position as I am, who are educated in these fields and are having trouble because weíre not the engineer and weíre not the secretary and we don't have a background in construction to go build the field. So I was just wondering if anybody could comment on that?


Colleen Graber:††††† Great. Thank you. Could one of our speakers address that perhaps?


Julia Hamm:††††††††††† Sure, this is Julia Hamm. I'll be happy to start. I think youíre right. And, you know, we are just beginning to see those types of jobs get to a - for a rapid ramp up phase and so maybe itís a little premature to, you know, be expecting to see a ton of them advertise. What I - and, you know, sort of my best guess on that is that probably peopleís experiences then because there have not historically been a lot of people trained in those areas.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† When they have posted those positions after I guess that they've received a lot of resumes itís just for people that weren't qualified and that they found that maybe that wasn't the best method to recruit. And my sense is that a lot of those positions are currently being filled, and again, this is just from my own personal experience, but being filled through headhunters. Because I know I get a lot of calls from headhunters and most of them are for those types of jobs, you know, looking for me to help or point them in the right direction.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So that would be my best guess at this point, is that because historically theyíre have not been - there has not been a very large pool of qualified candidates out there that companies maybe have gone more of the search term route up until this point. But I do think that'll change.


Colleen Graber:††††† Okay. Thank you, Julia.


Kelly Tiller:†††††††††††† And this is Kelly Tiller, could I add to that?


Colleen Graber:††††† Sure.


Kelly Tiller:†††††††††††† I certainly agree with what Julia said. You know I would also like to point out that a lot of the specialized training programs, I think you said your specific degree was in global energy management. You know that particular field, as a stand alone field hasn't been around nearly as long as some of the disciplines that those degrees draw upon.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so I think that some of those needs are being filled, in these early stages from more traditional backgrounds that are perhaps less specialized. That as this industry grows and matures I think we'll see more and more opportunities for specialized training in these specific fields.


Trudy Forsyth:††††††† And then I'll just - this is Trudy, I'll just finish on that and I agree with what both of the speakers have presented. And I would also say that within the Wind technology field there - because of this 20% report, which is written in 2006, there is now focus on workforce development where there historically hasn't been.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And part of that is just thereís sort of kind of natural lag as the business models grow and expand. So I would encourage you to look at our Website womenofwindenegy.org, because itís not just about engineering.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And I would encourage you patience and I would also say, any credential that you get, even if itís a one day course or attend a conference or whatever, is going to help you in the renewable energy field because it is so new.


Colleen Graber:††††† Great. Thank you very much. So a few possibilities there for alternate paths.


Coordinator:†††††††††† Our next question comes from (Leanne Cothrin), your line is now open.


Colleen Graber:††††† Yes, please.


(Leanne Cothrin):††† Yes thank you. I work with students who are in high school programs promoting transition in STEM areas to post secondary.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† I'm interested in getting better communication on the local level in the Chicago market with business and industry experts who can be role models and speakers and partners in different ways for these educational programs for our students, particularly non-traditional. Can you refer me to resources that would be in my neighborhood?


Trudy Forsyth:††††††† This is Trudy and my response would be to refer you to Kristen Graf, the Executive Director of Women of Wind Energy. I'm pretty sure we have a Chicago chapter and in that chapter youíre going to find women involved in wind. Women wanting to be involved in wind and you might be able to find some role models that way.


Colleen Graber:††††† Would any of the other speakers like to point to some resources in that area?


Karen Shapiro:†††††† This is Karen at the Womenís Bureau and I'll just mention that at our regional office thatís based in Chicago as well, they might be able to direct you toward some of those areas. That phone number for our Chicago branch is (312) 353-6985. They might be able to help you as well.


Colleen Graber:††††† Okay, very good.


Coordinator:†††††††††† Our next question comes from (Yolanda Parks), your line is open.


(Yolanda Parks):††† Good afternoon. I'm also pretty much like what the young lady said earlier about the woman that made the comment about she had the global energy management background, I too.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† I'm in Atlanta, Georgia and I've been searching and searching and searching for programs in the energy field, because I'm not in construction nor am I an engineer and I'm pretty much faced with the same situation that sheís in.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So I have been going to the USBDC and working with (South Face) trying to get some things going and that hasnít been much lucrative. So I've been looking and I found a school out here that - itís called - itís a program called Sustainable Technologies.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Itís with a technical school and looking at the curriculum it states that itís supposed to give us all of the tools and resources that we need to learn all that we can in renewable energies.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And because itís so new I'm almost afraid that I might be jumping in a little too early and probably spending money in something that, because itís so new, I don't even know if I'll even be able to utilize the degree once I'm done with it.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So my question is that, I know one person said that I should just - that we should be patient, but indeed along with being patient is there any other things that we can be doing to prepare ourselves and position ourselves for these jobs that are coming?


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† I'm online right now and in Atlanta they had a Women Going Green that was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor with the Womenís Bureau and- it was here in Atlanta but when you go on and try to get information about it I can't get anything.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So, you know, just to kind of combat the frustration and the anxiety of wanting to be a part of an industry thatís so new, are there any books or anything else that we can do to kind of ease that frustration where that is concerned?


Kelly Tiller:†††††††††††† This is Kelly Tiller. I'll start off with a couple of thoughts. One is that I think a lot of these industries are, in many cases, small startup companies and, you know, they may not be as well organized in terms of recruiting and business and job development. And so, you know, I can certainly understand the frustration level.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† A couple of thoughts, one is there are a number of conferences. I mean you can keep yourself busy most every day of the week, every week of the year, attending various conferences, industry trade shows and workshops in this area.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And many of those are free and theyíre all around the country and so thatís an excellent way to network. I think a lot of the opportunities in this field right now are sourced from networks and personal connections, so certainly I would encourage that.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Another thing I would say is that a lot of these programs, because they do have roots in science, have originated out of programs in universities or national laboratories.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so, you know, perhaps by looking toward those - and many of them are spin-off companies whether they be in, you know, a material science or solar technology or other things - that might be another place to look and make some connections and networks that - where they may have relations to some of these companies.


Colleen Graber:††††† Thank you, Kelly. Does anybody else have another comment on that?


Trudy Forsyth:††††††† Well this Trudy. And my perspective is, because the industry is so young it really is about networking. Itís getting out there and meeting others and finding where those job opportunities are, particularly locally.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So if you've got a group in Atlanta, go to that group. Meet those folks and get to know them and do what we women are so famous for, which is soft networking and just gently getting to know each other.


Coordinator:†††††††††† Our next question comes from (Jenny Erwin), your line is now open.


Colleen Graber:††††† Okay.


(Jenny Erwin):†††††††† Thank you. This question is for Dr. Tiller. I was very interested in the wide range of jobs across so many different sectors that are coming from the work that youíre doing in East Tennessee. What I wanted to know is, because this is a different focus for that area, is either your company or the University of Tennessee doing anything to connect with the local schools?


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Whether itís junior high school, high school, community colleges, other colleges as well as UT, to let people know about this change in the communities and what kind of opportunities will be available so that there will be a good transition from school to work into these new emerging opportunities in that area?


Kelly Tiller:†††††††††††† Thank you for the question thatís a great question. And, you know, the short answer is, yes that certainly is a big part of the efforts of - given our relationship to the university we certainly have a public education mission as well as a commercialization and economic development mission.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And there are several ways that I think we are making those connections. In the biomass based energy industry, certainly the root of that is in using the land as a way to provide a sustainable energy source.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so we have a very well-defined network of extension professionals that are through all of the land grant universities throughout the country. We've utilized that to educate farmers and land owners.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† You know this is a - this is something brand new, you know, most of them have never even seen a switchgrass crop before and so, you know, itís not nearly as simple as just handing them a bag of seed and asking them to bring you back, you know, X number of tons the next year.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So thereís a lot of education and networking and, you know, in some cases even teaching people how to farm the land that goes along with it. So thatís one aspect.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† We also have a very good public K through 12 education program that goes along - that we have funded as part of our program where weíre going into schools and, you know, in some targeted age ranges, working with them to understand this technology, how to use alternative fuels, what the, you know, the concerns are and the advantages are and thatís been very effective.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then finally, I would say at the post-secondary level in the university we have developed curriculum to train the next generation of workforce and researchers in this area and itís become a very popular major and course of study for a number of people because of the job opportunities.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then also weíre starting to branch out and work with some of the community colleges on some technical training as well. We specifically in the biorefinery that we have built and are operating have designed it so that it can actually be a living laboratory to train a workforce for some of these technical oriented jobs for the future as well.


Colleen Graber:††††† Excellent variety there.


Trudy Forsyth:††††††† This is Trudy...


Colleen Graber:††††† Yes.


Trudy Forsyth:††††††† ...I just wanted to tag up and say, we have a program called Wind for Schools, which is about putting in little wind turbines in school yards, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† You can find out more about that through our site, windpoweringamerica.gov and looking on the schools tab. But itís an integrated program that involves universities and K through 12.


Colleen Graber:††††† Interesting. All right, do we have another question?


Coordinator:†††††††††† Yes, we have a question from (Rebecca Yurisha-Lopez), your line now open.


(Rebecca Yurisha-Lopez):††††††† Hi. I'm in California and I'm a community college instructor and in the workforce development area at Foothill College. And weíre trying to see what are some resources that are in the Bay Area - weíre in Silicon Valley, so I know lotís is going on, but not sure where thatís going on - and also funding, if hereís any kind of grants out there that we could look at and start partnering with these efforts. Hello?


Colleen Graber:††††† Yes.


Kelly Tiller:†††††††††††† This is...


(Rebecca Yurisha-Lopez):††††††† Hi.


Kelly Tiller:†††††††††††† ...this is Kelly Tiller and...


Colleen Graber:††††† Okay, thank you, Kelly.


Kelly Tiller:†††††††††††† ...know if anything specific, although one place that you may start, I know that the U.S. Department of Energy has funded three large bio-energy research centers. These are all multi-institutional programs.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And one of those three is housed at UC Berkeley and has a number of partners and I know that part of their requirement for the Department of Energy is to integrate educational programming.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And so you can go to the U.S. Department of Energyís Website, look under energy efficiency and renewable - no, actually, I think its Office of Science at the Bioenergy Science Centerís and look at the one at UC Berkeley to maybe find some contacts. I'm sorry I don't have more information.


Trudy Forsyth:††††††† And then, this is Trudy again. And I don' know if this will be helpful, but the last Website that I gave, windpoweringamerica.gov and looking under the Schools tab, you can see what community colleges are engaged in teaching wind.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And the majority of the emphasis really has been on windsmith training and those are the people who maintain and operate the machines in the wind farms. And itís quite a hot field.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And my recommendation is that you look at those existing community colleges and decide whether you'd be competing with them in that space and whether thatís what you want to do from the Bay Area. That is an urban center and itís not very likely to have much wind right at that spot.


Colleen Graber:††††† All right, thank you.


Coordinator:†††††††††† (Genevieve Bertone), your line is now open.


(Genevieve Bertone):††† Hi, my name is Genevieve and I'm calling from Santa Monica College. Weíre developing career, you know, education programs. Currently we have one in PV and weíre looking at the next step being - actually our next step will be waste management and - because we got a great Department of Labor grant.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then followed by that we want to go into more renewable energies program that does include the wind and the biofuels and I'm just wondering if - I heard you mention that there was some curriculum that you developed already, I'm wondering where we might be able to access curriculum for a renewable energies program?


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And also, what recommendations you have of resources for marketing to women, because we have a really great program that is not just for Boots on a Roof. But we do have a sales component and so, you know, not that women can't be on the roof, but it just - it has a whole variety for people to plug in and weíre not seeing women plug in. And weíre wondering if we do need to overcome some stereotypes or how we get the message out to women for our program?


Colleen Graber:††††† Thanks, Genevieve, this is Colleen, I'll just jump in and refer you to our previous teleconference on Retaining and Recruiting Women into green jobs where we did talk a little bit about marketing programs to women and some tips on facilitating that. We had a speaker from a community college in particular, so is there - Kelly, do you want to address the curriculum development?† (Editorís Note: See information on teleconference here:† http://www.dol.gov/wb/media/GreenTeleconferences_Recruiting_and_Retaining.htm]


Kelly Tiller:†††††††††††† Yes, some of the curriculum - and a number of the universities now have these type of curricula that - and some are available in the public domain to be shared. In particular, I'm aware of Bio Succeed, was a multi-institutional effort that the University of Tennessee participated in to develop kind of modules.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† These were all around bioenergy. This one though was generally at the graduate level. Although I think there were a couple of under graduate course modules. But I, you know, I do think that there are a number of other states and programs.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Unfortunately, I can't call any details right now, but I think if you check with some of the local land grant universities you may find some resources that they would be willing to share in terms of curriculum.


Colleen Graber:††††† Okay, thank you.


Trudy Forsyth:††††††† And then, this is Trudy. And most of the curriculum that I know about is really more focused on K through 12, maybe community colleges. Thereís a group called Kid Wind that has an in classroom turbine model.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Wind Wise, thereís curriculum through them. And then NEED, the National Energy Education Development Group. So go look those up.


Colleen Graber:††††† All right, great, thank you.


Coordinator:†††††††††† (Carol Hamilton), your line is now open.


(Carol Hamilton):††† Hi. Thank you so much. This has been really, really wonderful. Iím also from Santa Monica College in Southern California as a previous speaker. And she mentioned some of what weíre doing environmentally, itís pretty amazing. But I just wanted to suggest also since another question - another person asked a question about funding sources.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And I just wanted to suggest that maybe in one of the future sessions you might want to think about discussing some of the funding possibilities for community colleges who are developing curriculum in this area or who have already developed programs. It could be very helpful. And I just want to thank you again because this has been great.


Colleen Graber:††††† Thank you. We'll take that idea under our belts. We have our last teleconference does focus on funding issues so that may be a good topic to cover.


Coordinator:†††††††††† (Karen Rodriguez), your line is now open.


(Karen Rodriguez): Hello. I'm in the Kansas City area and wanted to say I'm really grateful for all of you speaking up about what youíre doing, it gives me hope. I've been looking since - or been on this journey of going green since last September and I'm still in the process of making that happen.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† But what I've been doing is taking the bull by the horns and doing my own research and doing talks on what I've learned. I'm not in the wind energy, what I chose to get my credentials in is lead assessment, which - I believe - fits in a lot of areas.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† But, because all of you have succeeded that gives me hope that there are some of us that can succeed too. And I really enjoy hearing about your successes. So itís more of a comment.


Colleen Graber:††††† Thank you, Karen. This is Colleen again. The lead assessment area is an interesting one in connection with some of the retrofit issues and energy efficiency issues and a lot of times those are done in cooperation with lead assessments concerns and rehabilitating a structure, so that would go very well.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And you might want to check out - if you didn't attend - our Green Construction and Energy Efficiency teleconference. Does anyone else have any comment on that one? Okay, thank you. Do we have another question?† [Editorís Note: See teleconference information here:† http://www.dol.gov/wb/media/Green_Building_and_Energy_Efficiency.htm]


Coordinator:†††††††††† Yes, we have a question from (Carolyn Wilkins), your line is now open.


(Carolyn Wilkins):†† Hi. Thank you so much for this conversation this afternoon, I've really enjoyed it. I actually had two questions for Julia Hamm. One was just to ask, you mentioned in your presentation when you talked about the market sectors and you focused initially on residential, I wondered if I could ask you to just clarify the value proposition to the residential owner and the third party provider in that model, I'm just looking to understand that.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And then the second question was a bit broader. I do consulting work in communications and my backgroundís technology, but I'm now doing work with clean technology companies. And when I look at the utility market in particular I'm just looking for suggestions you might have for breaking in and beginning to network there effectively to understand if I - if thatís a market I'd like to go, you know, a support?


Julia Hamm:††††††††††† Sure, well in the residential sector, this - so youíre talking about the value proposition for the homeowner not owning the systems themselves, to let the solar company own it, that's...


(Carolyn Wilkins):†† Yes and thatís - yes. And also to understand the - you were starting to explain in your presentation how they - the owner actually gets billed for their usage, so is there any payback to the owner for actually supporting the technology on their rooftop? I'm just trying to understand that.


Julia Hamm:††††††††††† Sure, well essentially in that scenario the homeowner is reducing the monthly electricity usage from the grid. So theyíre significantly reducing their monthly utility bill from the utility company and basically replacing it, or at least a portion of it, theyíre just getting a separate bill from the solar company for the solar electricity thatís being generated on their own roof.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So it allows customers to be green, to be utilizing clean solar electricity from a system on their own property without having to pay that upfront capital cost, which, you know, can be anywhere from $10 to $30,000 depending on, you know, what the exemptions are in your state.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So, rather than having to pay tens of thousands of dollars out of pocket, youíre simply paying a monthly usage fee for the electricity youíre using. So thatís the value proposition to the home owner.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† On your second question, when you talk about the utility sector, are you asking specifically about supporting the utility companies themselves or the companies that are doing the large scale utility projects? And so perhaps youíre no longer...


Colleen Graber:††††† Julia, she may not be able to speak to you anymore.


Julia Hamm:††††††††††† Sure. So - and I have to apologize, because now that I had my own question I've forgotten what her original question was.


Colleen Graber:††††† When in her consulting and marketing, trying to get involved with the utility companies as a potential client base, I think is her concern.


Julia Hamm:††††††††††† Oh, how - whatís the best way to do that?


Colleen Graber:††††† Yes.


Julia Hamm:††††††††††† Yes. With the actual utility companies themselves, if thatís what the question was, I would say thatís definitely a hard nut to crack. Only because utilities typically already have their own internal marketing functions.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† So they can, you know, itís not that it never happens, but certainly, you know, their primary resource for marketing communication support is their own internal services. And so, you know, weíre seeing more and more utilities making sure that their own internal teams are being trained.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Thatís not to say that they never use external support contractors, but, you know, I think the larger opportunity for marketing communication support is for the solar companies themselves, you know, the project developers, the installers et cetera.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Especially in the cases might be start ups or very small companies where itís much harder for them to justify having their own full-time marketing communications team. I think in many cases that makes sense for them to use a consultant or, you know, a vendor in that scenario.


Colleen Graber:††††† All right, thank you. I think thatís all we have time for in terms of questions. So thank you, all of you that took the opportunity to ask a question. Those were very interesting and broad and diverse questions, so that - I think - adds a lot to the teleconference today.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Just want to remind you that we will be posting through the Womenís Bureau Website a set of materials that are related to this teleconference that will include the PowerPoint presentations - with some changes because of typos - the fact sheet, a transcript of the teleconference, as well as an audio recording. [Editorís Note:† See teleconference information here:† http://www.dol.gov/wb/media/Women_Working_in_Alternative_Energy.htm]


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† All of those should be up within a few weeks after todayís date and you can access that at, Karen, you want to give the Website?


Karen Shapiro:†††††† Sure. Itís www.dol.gov/wb. And I also wanted to encourage people - really quickly - I know there was a lot of requests for local resources that we list all of our ten regions there as well, so if you have something specific about things in your area, please look at our local regional offices as well.


Colleen Graber:††††† All right, thank you. And, I think thatís everything. Again, thank you very much to our excellent speakers who have contributed their time today. Very informative about the different industries and got a lot more depth of information about whatís going on in the markets there and opportunities for women to find jobs in those fields in a whole variety of occupations. So thank you everyone for participating today.


Karen Shapiro:†††††† Thank you.


Coordinator:†††††††††† That concludes todayís conference. Thank your for participating. You may disconnect at this time.