Issue Date: May 7, 2002



Effective Date: May 7, 2002



Expiration Date: May 7, 2003



Subject: Covered time frames for the eight statutory beryllium vendors.


Background: The Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA) specifically identifies eight corporate entities as beryllium vendors. In doing so, the Act has been interpreted to expand coverage to any employee engaged in beryllium related employment activities occurring concurrently with any period that the company was processing beryllium for the Department of Energy (DOE). These beryllium vendors include the following: Atomics International; Brush Wellman, Incorporated and its predecessor, Brush Beryllium Company; General Atomics; General Electric Company; NGK Metals Corporation and its predecessors, Kawecki-Berylco, Cabot Corporation, Berylco, and Beryllium Corporation of America; Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corporation; StarMet Corporation and its predecessor, Nuclear Metals, Incorporated; and Wyman Gordan, Incorporated.


While the EEOICPA specifically designates these eight corporate entities as beryllium vendors, it is silent on the issue of when each was producing or processing beryllium for sale to, or use by, the DOE. Given this situation, it is within the purview of the Division of Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation (DEEOIC) to establish the covered time frames for the statutory beryllium vendors.


The National Office of the DEEOIC has reviewed records maintained by the Department of Energy. Based on this review, the covered time frame for each statutorily named beryllium vendor has been decided. Provided as an attachment to this bulletin is a list of the designated statutory vendors and the corresponding covered time frame for each (Attachment 1). The attachment provides the name of the beryllium vendor, a description of the vendor and a summary of the evidence used to establish the effective date.


The effective dates of coverage are to be used by the Claims Examiner (CE) in determining whether or not an employee, contractor or subcontractor was present at a designated beryllium vendor during a time when the vendor engaged in producing or processing beryllium for use by the Department of Energy.


Reference: 42 USC 7384l (6) and (7)


Purpose: This bulletin serves to enumerate the covered time frames for the eight statutory vendors named in the EEOICPA. In addition, it provides procedure clarification concerning the use of these time frames in determining covered beryllium employment.


Applicability: All Staff




1. Upon receipt of a claim for compensation, the CE reviews the EE-3 Employment History form to determine whether any period of employment for a statutory beryllium vendor is claimed. Consideration should also be granted to contractors or subcontractors of the named vendor.


2. If there is any indication provided on the EE-3 that the named individual was employed at a statutory vendor as an employee, contractor or subcontractor, the CE must verify the employment. The CE should follow the normal routine established in the procedure manual and program bulletins for verifying employment. It is not necessary for the CE to verify the entire period of claimed employment with a beryllium vendor. Once the CE has verified that the individual was employed during any period of covered employment, the CE need not attempt to verify additional claimed employment.


3. If a claimed period of employment is verifiable and the employee was an employee, subcontractor or contractor of a statutory vendor, the CE must determine whether any period of verified employment occurred during a time when the vendor was engaged in processing or producing beryllium for the DOE. It is only necessary for the CE to establish one instance where the period of verified employment overlaps a covered time frame for the named vendor. The CE must consider the fact that these particular eight statutory vendors have been specifically designated in the statute as covered beryllium vendors. A vendor may contain many different facilities located in various locations. The Act does not limit the covered employer to the particular facilities, thus employment with any facility of a statutory vendor during a period when the vendor was concurrently processing beryllium for the DOE is covered. This is true even if the employee was engaged in processing beryllium unrelated to any DOE operation.


The CE should use the information provided in Attachment 1 in making this determination. The CE should compare the dates of verified employment to the dates that have been determined by the National Office to be the time frame when the vendor was engaged in beryllium work for the Department of Energy. If any period of verified employment falls within the covered time frame for the statutory vendor, the CE can proceed with a finding that the employee is a covered beryllium employee as defined in 42 USC 7384l (7). If the period of verified employment falls completely outside of the covered time frame for the vendor, the CE should follow the procedure for expanding covered time frames (See EEOICPA Bulletin 02-06).


4. If the claimant desires to review the records maintained by the National Office in regard to the covered time frames for the statutory vendors, a signed written request must be submitted to the appropriate district office. The district office will forward any such request directly to the National Office.



Disposition: Retain until incorporated in the Federal (EEOICPA) Procedure Manual







Director, Division of

Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation


Distribution List No. 1: Claims Examiners, Supervisory Claims Examiners, Technical Assistants, Customer Service Representatives, Fiscal Officers, FAB District Managers, Operation Chiefs, Hearing Representatives, District Office Mail & File Sections


Statutory Beryllium Vendors

Covered Time Frames


1. Atomics International



Summary Description


Atomics International was contracted by the AEC in the late 1940s to design and test nuclear reactor fuel. Beginning in 1954, some of the work for the contracts was performed at the Van Own building at the Atomics International in Canoga Park. There was a machine shop at this location that processed beryllium components. The last document establishing a beryllium relationship between Atomic International and AEC is an accident report from 1965-66.


Supporting Documentation


The start date is established in a Tiger Team Assessment from April 1991. They reported that DOE Rockwell's Canoga Park facility (Atomics International was a component of North American Aviation. The parent company eventually became Rockwell International) was used starting in 1954 to work on reactors. This work was conducted in a building where beryllium machining took place.


A report from the AEC lists all accidents and incidents in AEC facilities involving radioactive material. Included in the document is a description of an accident that occurred when two employees were moving an irradiated beryllium temperature probe at the Canoga Park facility.


2. Brush Wellman Inc. and

Brush Beryllium Company



Summary Description


Brush Wellman was the largest producer of beryllium related materials used by the AEC. The first contract that was made for the company to provide beryllium metal and beryllium fluoride was dated August 18, 1943. The last shipment of beryllium products to an organization linked to the atomic weapons production was 04/10/2001. This was reported to the Dept. of Energy in a listing provided by the company. There is a large pool of documentation supporting beryllium production for AEC and Dept. of Energy between the start and end dates.


Supporting Documentation


Excerpt from the Manhattan District History reveals the first contract for beryllium metal and beryllium fluoride was entered into effect on August 18, 1943.


Contract listings from the Brush Wellman company describe shipments of beryllium products to Los Alamos National Lab through April 10, 2001.


3. General Atomics



Summary Description


General Atomics was involved in the Experimental Beryllium Oxide Reactor Project (EBOR). This was a project to develop a use for beryllium in gas-cooled reactors. General Atomics was awarded the program in January 1958. In September, 1959, General Atomics began using beryllium oxide in the project. The EBOR project was terminated in FY 1967.


Supporting Documentation


In a description of the Experimental Beryllium Oxide Reactor Project, a background summation of the project reveals that General Atomics was awarded the project and that use of beryllium oxide began in 1959. This description was included in a Memorandum from the Director of the Division of Reactor Development and Technology.


The same memo as above recommends the termination of the EBOR project in 1967 due to technical problems and other uncertainties.


4. General Electric



Summary Description


The Department of Energy relationship with General Electric in Lockland, Ohio, starts in 1951 as part of the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Project. The relationship is shown to terminate in 1970.


Supporting Documentation


Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Facility - Evendale indicates that General Electric was conducting research and development of the aircraft nuclear propulsion project. This was being supported by the Air Force and the AEC.


Memo describes that 2300 pound of beryllium fluoride has been sent to X-10 for use in the aircraft reactor program.


Lockland Area Office memo describes the use of beryllium and beryllium compounds under the General Electric Company contract.


Atomic Energy Commission

Toxic Hazards of Beryllium As Related to the Reactor Development Program (Appendix c).


A memo from the Acting Director of Materials Licensing indicates that the existing AEC contract with GE is in the process of termination. Dated June 11, 1970


5. NGK Metals Corporation and Predecessors



Summary Description


NGK and its predecessors produced beryllium for use by the AEC. This relationship began in 1943 as part of the Manhattan Project. The Beryllium Corporation in Hazelton was asked by representatives of the Manhattan Engineering Program to to conduct analysis of beryllium. By 1979, only Brush Wellman and Kawecki-Berylco were processing beryllium for the AEC. In September, 1979, KBI terminated its beryllium metal production lines.


The NGK predecessor organizations include the following entities:




      Cabot Corporation

      Beryllium Corporation of America.


Supporting Documentation


An excerpt from the Manhattan District History (Addendum 5.16) notes that on August 23, 1943, Lt. Col. Ruhoff to Mr. Gravely, Beryllium Corporation, that an analysis of beryllium material be conducted by the company. This is the first instance of contact between the Manhattan Engineering Project and the Beryllium Corp to engage in work connected to beryllium material


An excerpt from the Manhattan District History (pg. K-17) reveals that Beryllium Corporation of Reading, PA entered into contract to supply AEC with 1,000 pounds of high purity beryllium metal. Although the evidence suggests a contract was never finalized, there is no evidence to support a argument that there was absolutely no beryllium produced for the AEC under those preliminary arrangements.


A monthly status and progress report from New York operations dated 12/8/1947, noted the construction of a beryllium casting plant at the Beryllium Corp in Reading, PA.


End date established in September, 1979. An Information Memorandum from Director of Military Operations to Secretary of Dept. of Energy describes the termination of KBI product lines.







6. Nuclear Materials and Equipment NUMEC



Summary Description


NUMEC is listed a statutory beryllium vendor under the EEOICPA. The company produced braze materials for use at the Hanford operations. Braze contains zircaloy alloy and beryllium powder.


Supporting Documentation


A December 3, 1959 Office Memorandum describes a contract that would be coming into effect in 1960 to supply beryllium coatings for UO2.


Atomic Energy Commission

Toxic Hazards of Beryllium As Related to the Reactor Development Program (Appendix c).


Regulatory Activities Document indicates that NUMEC was licensed for the production of plutonium-berllium neutron sources.


NUMEC correspondence dated February 19, 1963 reveals contracts existed with the AEC through at lease1962


DOE notes indicate that an order for 5000 braze rings was make in September 1965. (No primary source documents are in file)


An "Information Report on NUMEC Powder Metallurigical Braze Rings" dated March 4, 1968 provides a summary of all of the information to date concerning braze rings fabricated by NUMEC. The report indicates that to date the AEC committed $84,000 in purchase of powered compacts with NUMEC.


7. StarMet Corporation and its Predecessor

Nuclear Metals



Summary Description

Starmet/Nuclear Metals originated out of a MIT laboratory operation. MIT was involved in a variety of beryllium related operations. Nuclear Metals assumed control of the MIT laboratory in 1954. Nuclear Metals produced beryllium products for the AEC until 1986.


Supporting Documentation


In a memo discussing a claim for compensation involving a patient with beryllium disease, there is a discussion of the fact that on July 1, 1954, Nuclear Metals took over the MIT beryllium operation.


A September 6, 2001 correspondence noted that Nuclear Metals Incorporated was the sole supplier of Beryllium Braze rings 1962-1984.


An October 11, 2001, letter to Roger Anders reveals that in 1983, Nuclear Metals, Inc received a three-year sub-contracted to produce beryllium. Final delivery was made in 1986


8. Wyman Gordon



Summary Description


The dates for Wyman Gordon are derived from notes taken by an employee of the Department of Energy. The notes were taken at a classified records center. While the employee was able to review documents that establish covered dates 1959 to 1965, the source documents could not be copied.


Supporting Documentation


DOE employee notes