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Holocaust

A selected bibliography of materials in the Wirtz Labor Library Collection


Holocaust Issues

  • Fraser, Steven
    Labor Will Rule: Sidney Hillman and the Rise of American Labor, New York, Free Press, 1991
    A comprehensive work on one of America's great "labor statesman." There is more information here on the conditions facing Jews in pre-holocaust Europe, but this illustrates why Hitler was able to conduct his extermination policies and why so many Jews fled to America.

  • Gould, Jean
    Sidney Hillman: Great America. New York, Houghton Mifflin, 1952
    Written following Hillman's death, it pales in comparison to Fraser's work. Nonetheless, it also illustrates Europe's environment before the war. In the later chapters, it becomes evident that Hillman shied from focusing on the Holocaust, attempting to be American's labor statesman and resolving problems diplomatically.

  • Josephson, Mathew
    Sidney Hillman: Statesman of American Labor. New York, Doubleday, 1952
    The standard biography of Hillman before Fraser's work.

  • Danish, Max
    The World of David Dubinsky. New York, World Pub. Co., 1957
    Through the American Jewish Labor Committee, Dubinsky, even more than Hillman, used the media to denounce fascism. His "Ghetto Heroes and Martyrs" speech about the German crusade against Jews and unionists is highlighted in this work.

  • Fink, Gary, ed.
    Biographical Dictionary of American Labor Leaders. Westport, Greenwood Press, 1974
    Comprehensive collection of brief sketches of major U.S. labor leaders, including more than a dozen on the Jewish-Americans that emigrated from Europe and Russia.

Union Publications

  • Advance
    The official publication of the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union. It focused on fascist atrocities in Europe while still attending to the needs of U.S. workers during the turbulent 1930s and 1940s.

  • Justice
    Official publication of the International Ladies Garment Workers union. Unlike Sidney Hillman's union publication, which was somewhat constrained because of his role as key advisor to Franklin Roosevelt, this paper condemned all discrimination in both Europe and the United States.

  • News of the UAW, changed later to Solidarity
    This publication of the UAW constantly warned American workers of the perils of Nazism and Italian fascism. With a large constituency of Slavic-Americans and African-Americans, this paper constantly reminded the respective groups of Hitler's intentions Hitler's intentions for their ethnic relations in Europe.

  • The Daily Worker
    Although not technically a "union paper", this publication of the Communist Party USA, focussed on the anti-Semitism and anti-worker policies of the Third Reich.

There are several German-language union periodicals in the Department of Labor Library holdings, which are very critical of the Nazi regime. Most of these ceased publication after German authorities destroyed the publication facilities.

Jews in Europe

  • Bull, Patch
    "Nazi Objectives in Eastern Europe," Research Reports, vol. 1, 1939
    Very lucid observation of the German intent to subjugate all of Europe and eliminate "inferior" people through genocidal practices.

  • Heiden, Konrad
    A History of National Socialism. Methuen & Co., 1934
    Translation of 2 books on the political philosophy of early Nazism. Along with Hitler's Mein Kampf, works like this made it clear that the Jewish population of Europe were targets for severe discrimination and extermination.

  • Shub, Boris, ed.
    Hitler's Ten-Year War on the Jews. New York, American Jewish Congress, 1943
    Series of collected articles on the reign of terror the Nazis leveled against the Jewish population of Europe.

  • Stone, Shepard
    Shadow Over Europe: The Challenge of Nazi Germany. New York, Foreign Policy Association, 1939
    This publication portended what was to come to Europe during the Second World War.

  • Adamic, Louis
    "Shall We Send Them Back to Hitler," Nation, vol. 142, 1936
    An article critical of the immigration-restrictive laws passed in the 1920's to prevent non-nordic people from entering the U.S. in significant numbers. Recent studies have shown that many victims of concentration camps would have been saved if we had lifted quotas. Many popular periodicals of the period such as Nation, New Republic, and others, often published articles on the situation in Nazi Germany.

  • Palyi,Melchior
    Germany Rampant: A Study in Economic Militarism, New York: Carrick & Evans, Inc.,1939
    This publication traces the philosophy of Nazism to the German mythological figures of ancient times.

American Connections

  • Perlman, Selig
    "Jews and American Trade Unions," (reprint from the Journal of the American Jewish Historical Society, vol. XL, June, 1952)
    One of the great early labor historians, Perlman focusses on the influences Jewish immigrants, particularly from Eastern Europe, had on the development of American trade unionism.

  • Handlin, Oscar and Handlin, Mary
    Danger in Discord: The Origins of Anti-Semitism in the U.S. New York, Anti-Defamation Society of B'nai B'rith, 1948
    America had its own race-thinking philosophies in the 1920s and 1930s, and a close examination of these trends bears frightful comparisons to the developments in Germany leading up to Nazism.

  • The Immigrant
    House organ of the immigrant inspectors at Ellis Island Receiving Station, 1926-36.

  • Strong,Donald
    Organized Anti-Semitism. Washington, American Council on Public Affairs, 1941
    Article on the pro-Nazi forces in the U.S. just before our entry into World War II.

  • Ross,Edward A.
    The Old World in the New. New York, Century Co., 1914
    Classic edition of "race-typing" literature popular in the U.S. after the turn of the century. A pseudo-science named "Eugenics" purported to classify ethnic groups by stereotyped physical, mental, and social characteristics.

  • Fairchild, Henry
    The Melting-Pot Mistake. Boston, Little, Brown and Co., 1926
    A publication to support the Immigration Quota Acts of 1921 and 1924, which targeted the restriction of immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe in favor of that from Nordic and Anglo-Saxon nations.

  • U.S. Congress
    Report of the U.S. Immigration Commission 1907-1911. Washington, GPO, 1912
    Known as the Dillingham Commission, this body perpetuated the eugenical theories popular at the time. It covered all immigrant groups, including East-European Jews.

  • U.S. Congress, House, Committee on Immigration and Naturalization
    Hearings to Admit German Refugee Children. Washington, GPO, 1939
    Attempts were made to increase quotas of German Jewish Children, but nativistic and anti-Semitic feelings in Congress defeated the proposed legislation.

Post Holocaust

  • Dinnerstein, Leonard
    America and the Survivors of the Holocaust. New York,
    Columbia University Press, 1982
    Comprehensive study of the Displacement Persons Act of 1948 that allowed war refugees--the author's concentration is on the Jewish element--to emigrate to the U.S., and the socio-political workings of the creation of Israel.)

  • U.S. Congress. House Committee on Foreign Affairs
    Hearings on the Resettlement of Displaced Persons. Washington, GPO, 1947
    The hearings cover all of the nations in disruption after WWII, and there is considerable content on the emigration of Jewish refugees.

Please check the Library Catalog for additional resources.