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Last revision: July 26, 1991
For purposes of this part, the term --
Act means the Americans with Disabilities Act (Pub. L. 101-336,
104 Stat. 327, 42 U.S.C. 12101-12213 and 47 U.S.C. 225 and 611).
Assistant Attorney General means the Assistant Attorney General,
Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice.
Auxiliary aids and services includes --
(1) Qualified interpreters, notetakers, transcription services,
written materials, telephone handset amplifiers, assistive listening
devices, assistive listening systems, telephones compatible with
hearing aids, closed caption decoders, open and closed captioning,
telecommunications devices for deaf persons (TDD's), videotext
displays, or other effective methods of making aurally delivered
materials available to individuals with hearing impairments;
(2) Qualified readers, taped texts, audio recordings, Brailled
materials, large print materials, or other effective methods of making
visually delivered materials available to individuals with visual
(3) Acquisition or modification of equipment or devices; and
(4) Other similar services and actions.
Complete complaint means a written statement that contains the
complainant's name and address and describes the public entity's
alleged discriminatory action in sufficient detail to inform the
agency of the nature and date of the alleged violation of this part.
It shall be signed by the complainant or by someone authorized to do
so on his or her behalf. Complaints filed on behalf of classes or
third parties shall describe or identify (by name, if possible) the
alleged victims of discrimination.
Current illegal use of drugs means illegal use of drugs that
occurred recently enough to justify a reasonable belief that a
person's drug use is current or that continuing use is a real and
Designated agency means the Federal agency designated under
subpart G of this part to oversee compliance activities under this
part for particular components of State and local governments.
Disability means, with respect to an individual, a physical or
mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major
life activities of such individual; a record of such an impairment;
or being regarded as having such an impairment.
(1)(i) The phrase physical or mental impairment means --
(A) Any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic
disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the
following body systems: Neurological, musculoskeletal, special sense
organs, respiratory (including speech organs), cardiovascular,
reproductive, digestive, genitourinary, hemic and lymphatic, skin, and
(B) Any mental or psychological disorder such as mental
retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and
specific learning disabilities.
(ii) The phrase physical or mental impairment includes, but is not
limited to, such contagious and noncontagious diseases and conditions
as orthopedic, visual, speech and hearing impairments, cerebral palsy,
epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, cancer, heart
disease, diabetes, mental retardation, emotional illness, specific
learning disabilities, HIV disease (whether symptomatic or
asymptomatic), tuberculosis, drug addiction, and alcoholism.
(iii) The phrase physical or mental impairment does not include
homosexuality or bisexuality.
(2) The phrase major life activities means functions such as
caring for one's self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing,
hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working.
(3) The phrase has a record of such an impairment means has a
history of, or has been misclassified as having, a mental or physical
impairment that substantially limits one or more major life
(4) The phrase is regarded as having an impairment means --
(i) Has a physical or mental impairment that does not
substantially limit major life activities but that is treated by a
public entity as constituting such a limitation;
(ii) Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits
major life activities only as a result of the attitudes of others
toward such impairment; or
(iii) Has none of the impairments defined in paragraph (1) of this
definition but is treated by a public entity as having such an
(5) The term disability does not include --
(i) Transvestism, transsexualism, pedophilia, exhibitionism,
voyeurism, gender identity disorders not resulting from physical
impairments, or other sexual behavior disorders;
(ii) Compulsive gambling, kleptomania, or pyromania; or
(iii) Psychoactive substance use disorders resulting from current
illegal use of drugs.
Drug means a controlled substance, as defined in schedules I
through V of section 202 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C.
Facility means all or any portion of buildings, structures, sites,
complexes, equipment, rolling stock or other conveyances, roads,
walks, passageways, parking lots, or other real or personal property,
including the site where the building, property, structure, or
equipment is located.
Historic preservation programs means programs conducted by a
public entity that have preservation of historic properties as a
Historic Properties means those properties that are listed or
eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places or
properties designated as historic under State or local law.
Illegal use of drugs means the use of one or more drugs, the
possession or distribution of which is unlawful under the Controlled
Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812). The term illegal use of drugs does not
include the use of a drug taken under supervision by a licensed health
care professional, or other uses authorized by the Controlled
Substances Act or other provisions of Federal law.
Individual with a disability means a person who has a disability.
The term individual with a disability does not include an individual
who is currently engaging in the illegal use of drugs, when the public
entity acts on the basis of such use.
Public entity means --
(1) Any State or local government;
(2) Any department, agency, special purpose district, or other
instrumentality of a State or States or local government; and
(3) The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, and any commuter
authority (as defined in section 103(8) of the Rail Passenger Service
Qualified individual with a disability means an individual with a
disability who, with or without reasonable modifications to rules,
policies, or practices, the removal of architectural, communication,
or transportation barriers, or the provision of auxiliary aids and
services, meets the essential eligibility requirements for the receipt
of services or the participation in programs or activities provided by
a public entity.
Qualified interpreter means an interpreter who is able to
interpret effectively, accurately, and impartially both receptively
and expressively, using any necessary specialized vocabulary.
Section 504 means section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
(Pub. L. 93-112, 87 Stat. 394 (29 U.S.C. 794)), as amended.
State means each of the several States, the District of Columbia,
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin
Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and the
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.