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Bureau of International Labor Affairs
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Europe & Eurasia


2012 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

Map of Latin America & Carribean

2012 Regional Outlook

Meaningful efforts:

  • Improved legal and policy frameworks, particularly related to trafficking in persons.
  • Ratification of international standards, particularly ILO Conventions 138 and 182.

Challenges and existing gaps:

  • Lack of data on the prevalence of the worst forms of child labor.
  • Lack of effective intra-government coordination and enforcement.
  • Lack of targeted social programs for children in the worst forms of child labor.

2012 Assessment Breakdown

Region Summary

Regional statistics on child labor do not exist for Europe and Eurasia. Governments in Europe and Eurasia made positive efforts to strengthen their legal frameworks and implement policies to combat the worst forms of child labor. Despite these efforts, more concrete actions need to be taken in the areas of coordination and social programs to eradicate the most common worst forms of child labor in the region, commercial sexual exploitation, and street work.

Across the region, laws are largely harmonized with international standards. All countries in the region have ratified ILO Conventions 138 and 182 with the exception of Kosovo, which cannot ratify due to its non-membership in the UN. In addition, all countries have ratified the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography Labor except Russia and Kosovo. During the reporting period, several governments took steps to further strengthen their legal frameworks on child labor.  Read More

Further Resources