Financial Commitments under the Declaration
Under the Declaration of Joint Action to Support Implementation of the Harkin-Engel Protocol, the U.S. Department of Labor (USDOL) committed $10 million and the International Chocolate and Cocoa Industry committed $7 million, with the possibility of an additional $3 million to further the goals laid out in the Declaration. The Governments of Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana committed to providing sufficient human and financial resources to support these efforts. Since the signing of the Declaration, USDOL and the Industry have both exceeded their original monetary commitment under the Declaration.
A Framework of Action to Support the Implementation of the Harkin-Engel Protocol was developed to support implementation of the Declaration and achievement of the goals laid out in the Harkin-Engel Protocol. Among the goals of the Framework of Action is to track the commitment of new resources under the Declaration and improve coordination of these resources. In order to achieve these goals, the CLCCG developed a system for assessing whether proposals submitted by Industry represented new commitments of resources and whether the proposals were consistent with the Framework of Action's goals. For more details on the criteria, please see the Criteria for Assessing whether New Programming Should Count Toward Industry Commitment.
The links below provide information on the funding and project activities committed by the USDOL, Industry, and the Governments of Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana.
- U.S. Department of Labor Projects under the Framework
- As part of its commitment under the Declaration, in September 2010, USDOL funded a 4-year, $10 million project focused on reducing child labor in the cocoa sector in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, implemented by the International Labor Organization's International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor. The project is involved in withdrawing and preventing children from engaging in hazardous and exploitative labor in the cocoa-producing areas of Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, providing education and/or occupational skills training to the children and livelihood services to their families. The project is also working with cocoa-producing communities to develop community action plans (CAPs) to sustainably reduce child labor and will reinforce government efforts to develop and implement a CLMS. Link to the USDOL Cocoa project summary
- In September 2012, USDOL awarded a $1.5 million cooperative agreement to Tulane University's Payson Center for International Development to support the collection of nationally-representative survey data on child labor in cocoa growing areas of Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana. During the 2013/2014 growing season, Tulane will use the baseline data from its 2008-2009 survey of cocoa growing areas of the two countries to assess changes in prevalence of the worst forms of child labor in agriculture, including the cocoa sector, in both countries. Link to the 2012 Tulane Project Summary
- International Chocolate and Cocoa Industry Projects under the Framework
- Eight companies that previously comprised the Global Issues Group (GIG), including ADM, Barry Callebaut, Cargill, Ferrero, The Hershey Company, Kraft Foods, Mars Incorporated, and Nestlé, provided $2 million towards an ILO-IPEC Public-Private Partnership, Combating Child Labor in Cocoa Growing Communities in Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire. The project supports the development and extension of community-based child labor monitoring systems. It also aims to strengthen the capacity of the two governments, social partners and cocoa farmers to combat the worst forms of child labor in cocoa growing communities and to enhance the role of the tripartite national child labor steering committees.
- Mondelēz International, Inc. provided $1.548 million for a set of initiatives coordinated under Cocoa Life, a broader program of Mondelēz International. Mondelēz funding under the framework provides bicycles to schoolchildren and teachers and solar-powered energy equipment to schools, households and community centers. It also provides community infrastructure such as schools, teachers' accommodation, health centers, community learning centers and water wells through the Community Challenge Fund.
- The Hershey Company provided $600,000 for the CocoaLink Project - Connecting Cocoa Communities. The project uses mobile technology to deliver agricultural and social information to rural cocoa farmers in Ghana.
- Nestlé SA provided $1.5 million for the Nestlé Cocoa Plan Schools Project. The project will finance the construction or refurbishment of up to 40 schools with a total of 120 classrooms in 40 communities in Côte d'Ivoire. The project includes a number of support services for the schools and communities, including a baseline educational assessment in each community that includes the incidence of child labor.
- Barry Callebaut AG provided $300,000 for the Quality Partner Program Rural Schools & Community Learning Centers Project in Cocoa Growing Communities. The project involves the construction of a primary school in two cocoa growing communities in Côte d'Ivoire. The project also includes construction of teacher housing, the drilling of a bore hole and installing a water pump on school premises, and the installation of solar panels for the school and teacher housing.
- Ferrero Trading Lux S.A. provided $1.142 million in Ghana for the Cocoa Community Commitment project. The project seeks to support the expansion of the Ghana Child Labor monitoring System to 162 communities. Additionally, village resource centers will be built in eight communities.
- Mars, Inc. provided $2.713 million for a set of initiatives, coordinated under the Mars Vision for Change Program, to combat child labor through awareness raising and the provision of educational and livelihood opportunities.
- The former GIG provided $250,000 to the International Cocoa Initiative. The funding will help the ICI expand its work in new cocoa growing communities in both Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana.
- The Governments of Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana's Work under the Framework
- In the 2012 Annual Report, the Government of Côte d'Ivoire reported that its National Plan of Action has an overall budget of approximately $28 million for the period from 2012-2014. This is to be funded from a number of sources, including the Government of Côte d'Ivoire's budget, as well as through funding from non-governmental and international organizations and private donors. Information regarding the total amount of money invested directly by the Ivoirian Government to combat child labor in the cocoa sector in 2012 was not provided by the Government of Côte d'Ivoire by the time of publication of the 2012 annual report. Link to the official website for the Government of Côte d'Ivoire's program to address child labor issues on cocoa farms.
- In the 2012 Annual Report, the Government of Ghana reported that it had committed approximately $2.2 million for Framework-related activities in the following child labor-related activities: implementation of the Ghana child labor monitoring system; economic livelihood for women in cocoa farming communities; law enforcement; community awareness raising programs; institutional capacity, and instructing farmers on labor saving techniques. In addition, the Government of Ghana reported that the National Program to Eliminate Child Labor in Cocoa (NPECLC) partnered with 69 district assemblies in Ghana to implement programs designed to eliminate child labor in the cocoa sector. Link to the official website for the Government of Ghana's program to address child labor issues on cocoa farms.
To date, USDOL has committed $11.5 million for efforts under the Framework.
To date, since the signing of the Declaration and Framework, Industry has committed a total of $10.053 million towards Framework activities. Projects under the framework and the amounts committed are listed below. Click here for more details on industry projects