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Rwanda: Child Labor in Agriculture in Rwanda

In 2011, OCFT tasked ICF to carry out a survey of child labor in Rwanda that focused on children ages 7 to 17 who were involved in agriculture. The primary objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of children working in agriculture in the Northern Province of Rwanda and to obtain representative information on the working conditions of these children, with a focus on workplace hazards.

To collect these data, ICF conducted a quantitative household survey in the Northern Province of Rwanda. The household survey included interviews with adult informants about the household and its members, as well as interviews with all the children ages 7 to 17 living in the household. The sample, which was representative of rural areas in the Northern Province, included a total of 1,000 interviews with adult household members and 1,840 interviews with children.

Based on this representative sample, the study estimates that approximately 214,000 people (ages 7 and older) in the Northern Province of Rwanda participated in agriculture for at least one hour in the previous 12 months. Out of these 214,000, approximately 183,000 were active in the previous seven days. Based on the household survey, approximately 40.6 percent of agricultural workers who had worked in the last seven days were children. Reports from adults indicated that fewer children were working compared to child self-reports (74,353 versus 90,967 in the last seven days).

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