Angola: Children Working in Luanda, Angola
In 2007, OCFT contracted ICF to conduct data collection on child labor in Luanda, Angola. The specific objective of this research was to collect, describe, and analyze data on the characteristics, nature, incidence, and welfare implications of child work in Luanda. The study sought to raise awareness on the issue of child labor in Angola, and to inform the current and future child labor policy and technical assistance efforts of OCFT and other key stakeholders.
A detailed province-wide survey was conducted in Luanda. Data collection focused on children aged 5 to 17 and included information related to conditions of work, entry points into work, characteristics of families, and educational status. In addition, an observation study was conducted to better understand the economic activities in which children on the streets of Luanda are involved.
The study provides statistically valid information for this rapidly growing city on a number of issues concerning child labor and the general characteristics of working children. The study combined the use of quantitative and qualitative techniques and consisted of four phases of data collection: (a) a background research phase, including collection of background materials and key informant interviews; (b) a province-wide household survey including 800 households; (c) observation fieldwork of 200 children targeting economic activities of street children; and (d) an analysis phase that included detailed analysis of the United Nations Children's Fund 2001 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) data, to supplement data collected in 2007 and to frame the Luanda data in the national landscape. The survey found that 23.4 percent of children aged 5 to 17 worked in the week preceding the survey.
For more information on ILAB's work in Angola, please visit http://www.dol.gov/ilab/map/countries/angola.htm.