Collective bargaining is specifically an industrial relations mechanism or tool and is an aspect of negotiation applicable to the employment relationship. In collective bargaining, the union always has a collective interest since the negotiations are for the benefit of several employees. Where collective bargaining is not for one employer but for several, collective interests become a feature for both parties to the bargaining process.
DOL Web Pages on This Topic:
The Office of Labor-Management Standards' Collective Bargaining Agreements Web Page Provides an overview of collective bargaining agreements.
Related Web Pages on This Topic:
International Labor Organization Report on Collective Bargaining Negotiations Addresses the differences between negotiation and collective bargaining, the nature of collective bargaining, the conditions necessary for successful collective bargaining, some of the advantages of collective bargaining, issues of concern for employers, and guidelines for employers on the process of bargaining itself from the pre-negotiation stage to the agreement.