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Employees Compensation Appeals Board
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About ECAB

The Employees' Compensation Appeals Board (ECAB) was created in 1946 by statute to hear appeals taken from determinations and awards under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act with respect to claims of federal employees injured in the course of their employment. The Board has final authority to determine the liability of the Federal government with respect to the disability or death of employees injured in the scope of their employment. There is no further administrative or judicial appeal of ECAB decisions. The Board consists of three permanent judges appointed by the Secretary of Labor, one of whom is designated as Chief Judge and Chairman of the Board.


The U.S. Department of Labor has been informed of the possible fraudulent use of the Employees’ Compensation Appeals Board (ECAB) name by entities trying to gain access to individuals’ financial and other private information. Individuals, living both within the United States and overseas, have been contacted and informed that their name is on “a list” for the receipt of benefits from the ECAB.

Please note that the ECAB is an appellate board and does not pay any monetary benefits directly. Unsolicited phone calls or other correspondence regarding the receipt of “benefits” from the ECAB should be reported to the U.S Department of Labor’s Office of the Inspector General (OIG) at 1-202-693-6999 or 1-800-347-3756, or by filling out an online inquiry at This website provides additional information and links for reporting fraudulent activity. For general questions call our case inquiry number at 1-866-487-2365.


The Employees’ Compensation Appeals Board (ECAB) is pleased to announce that effective August 1, 2014, electronic filing (e-Filing) and electronic service (e-Service) will be available to all parties that appear before this Board via the DOL Appeals Electronic File and Service Request (EFSR) system. The EFSR portal may be used to (1) file new appeals electronically; (2) file briefs and motions electronically; (3) receive electronic service of documents; and (4) check the status of pending appeals. (Click here to view the full notice)

Note on Attorney/Representative Fee Applications

The Board continues to review applications for approval of fees for attorneys, representatives, or other services in accordance with the Board’s Rules and Procedures. All fee applications must be accompanied by an itemized statement of the extent and nature of necessary work performed before the Board on behalf of the Appellant. Due to the increasing number of fee applications received, representatives should submit their statement in a clear and understandable format addressing the regulatory requirements pursuant to 20 C.F.R. § 501(9)(e). Except where such fee is de minimis, fee requests are evaluated with consideration of the following factors: (1) usefulness of the representative’s services; (2) the nature and complexity of the appeal; (3) the capacity in which the representative has appeared; (4) the actual time spent in connection with the Board appeal; and (5) customary local charges for similar services.