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                                   BRB No. 98-0357


LOIS M. LACKORE                         )
(Widow of ARLYN L. LACKORE)             )
                                        )
          Claimant                      )    DATE ISSUED:   10/28/1998
                                        )
     v.                                 )
                                        )
INTERSTATE ELECTRONICS,                 )
INCORPORATED                            )
                                        )    
     and                                )
                                        )
NORTHWESTERN NATIONAL                   )
INSURANCE/KEMPER INSURANCE              )    
                                        )
          Employer/Carrier-             )    
          Petitioners                   )
                                        )
TRAVELERS INSURANCE COMPANY             )
                                        )
          Carrier-Respondent            )    
                                        )
CIGNA INSURANCE COMPANY                 )
                                        )
          Carrier-Respondent            )
                                        )    
AIG/GALLAGHER BASSETT                   )
INSURANCE SERVICES                      )
                                        )
          Carrier-Respondent            )    DECISION and ORDER

     Appeal of the Decision and Order - Awarding Benefits of David W. Di
     Nardi, Administrative Law Judge, United States Department of Labor.

     Carolyn P. Kelly  (O'Brien, Shafner, Stuart, Kelly & Morris), Groton,
     Connecticut, for claimant.

     Andrew James Hern (Gordon, Muir and Foley, LLP), Hartford, Connecticut,
     for employer and Northwestern National Insurance/Kemper Insurance.

     Elizabeth M. Waterfield (Morrison, Mahoney & Miller), Boston,
     Massachusetts, for Travelers Insurance Company.

     Before: SMITH and McGRANERY, Administrative Appeals Judges, and NELSON,
     Acting Administrative Appeals Judge.

     PER CURIAM:

     Employer and its carrier Kemper Insurance appeal the Decision and Order -
Awarding Benefits (96-LHC-1638) of Administrative Law Judge David W. Di Nardi
rendered on a claim filed pursuant to the provisions of the Longshore and Harbor
Workers' Compensation Act, as amended, 33 U.S.C. §901 et seq. (the
Act). We must affirm the findings of fact and conclusions of law of the
administrative law judge which are rational, supported by substantial evidence, and
in accordance with law. O'Keeffe v. Smith, Hinchman & Grylls Associates,
Inc., 380 U.S. 359 (1965); 33 U.S.C. §921(b)(3).  

     Decedent, employed as an electronics technician for Interstate Electronics, Incorporated (employer), worked at a
number of different facilities over his career which spanned from July 27, 1962, until January 1990.  Decedent spent the
majority of his career installing, repairing and maintaining the electronic instrumentation of missiles on nuclear-powered
submarines while working at the Electric Boat (EB) facility in Groton, Connecticut from 1963
to 1968, 1969 to 1972 and from sometime in 1974 or 1975 until 1986,[1]  and at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine,
from 1972 to sometime in 1974 or 1975, and from 1986 until he was laid-off in
January 1990.

     While working at EB's shipyard, decedent had intense asbestos exposure from
1963-1968 and allegedly some additional exposure sometime in 1978-79.  In addition,
decedent allegedly was exposed to asbestos during his employment at the Portsmouth
Naval Shipyard from 1986-1990.  Decedent began experiencing breathing problems in
July 1994, and was diagnosed first with pneumonia by Drs. Brensilver and Bontempi. 
Decedent then was diagnosed with cancer by Drs. Buckley, Horten, Copertino and
Jagathambal, and he passed away on September 10, 1994.  Dr. Jagathambal certified
as the immediate cause of death lung cancer due to or as a consequence of septic
shock and respiratory failure.  By letter dated February 14, 1997, Dr. Buckley
stated that decedent's asbestos exposure was a significant contributing factor in
his death.  Dr. Cherniak similarly stated that decedent's death was due to lung
cancer caused by two significant extrinsic risks, the major risk being his asbestos
exposure and the minor risk being his earlier exposure to tobacco smoke.  In
contrast, Dr. Ashburn stated that decedent's lung cancer was caused solely by his
cigarette smoking.

     Claimant, the decedent's wife, filed a claim seeking permanent total
disability benefits from July 1994, to September 10, 1994, and death benefits,
including funeral expenses, thereafter under the Act.  The parties stipulated that
over the course of decedent's employment, employer was provided insurance coverage
under the Act by various carriers.  Specifically, Travelers Insurance Company
(Travelers) provided coverage up to about July 1, 1977; Northwestern National
Insurance Company/Kemper Insurance provided coverage from 1978 to 1982; CIGNA
Insurance provided coverage from October 1, 1984, through October 1, 1988, and
AIG/Gallagher Bassett Insurance Services provided coverage from October 1, 1988,
through at least decedent's last day of work.  

     In his decision, the administrative law judge determined that decedent's lung
cancer and death were due to his work-related asbestos exposure,  and thus he
awarded claimant  permanent total disability benefits and medical benefits from
July 1, 1994, until September 10, 1994.  In addition, the administrative law judge
awarded death benefits pursuant to Section 9(b), 33 U.S.C. §909(b), from
September 11, 1994, and $1,190 in funeral expenses pursuant to Section 9(a), 33
U.S.C. §909(a).[2]   The administrative law
judge further determined that as decedent's last covered exposure to asbestos
occurred in 1978 or 1979,  Kemper is the responsible carrier as it was on the risk
at that time.

     On appeal, Kemper challenges the administrative law judge's determination that
decedent was last exposed to asbestos in 1978 or 1979, and thus that it is the
responsible carrier.  Travelers responds, urging affirmance of the administrative
law judge's decision.

     Kemper argues that there is no evidence to support the administrative law
judge's finding that claimant was last exposed to asbestos in 1978.  Specifically,
Kemper argues that the administrative law judge's determination that claimant's
last asbestos exposure occurred in either 1978 or 1979 is based solely upon the
personal opinion of  Dr. Cherniak which was rendered without regard to any facts
in the record.  Additionally, employer argues that the testimony of the decedent's
co-worker, Mr. Doubleday, is likewise insufficient to establish that decedent was
exposed to asbestos in 1978 and/or 1979.[3] 

     The long-standing rule for allocating liability in an occupational disease
case is that the responsible employer or carrier is the employer or carrier during
the last covered employment where the employee was exposed to injurious stimuli
prior to the date on which claimant was aware or should have been aware he was
suffering from an occupational disease.  Travelers Ins. Co. v. Cardillo, 225
F.2d 137 (2d Cir. 1955), cert. denied, 350 U.S. 913 (1955). 
Employer/carrier bears the burden of demonstrating it is not the responsible
employer/carrier, which it can do by establishing that the employee was not exposed
to injurious stimuli in its employ or that the employee was exposed to injurious
stimuli while performing work covered under the Act for a subsequent employer.  
Avondale Industries, Inc. v. Director, OWCP [Cuevas], 977 F.2d 186, 26 BRBS 111 (CRT) (5th Cir. 1992); General
Ship Service v. Director, OWCP, 938 F.2d 960, 25 BRBS 22 (CRT) (9th Cir.
1991); Lewis v. Todd Pacific Shipyards Corp., 30 BRBS 154 (1996); Maes
v. Barrett & Hilp, 27 BRBS 128 (1993); Susoeff v.  The San Francisco
Stevedoring Co., 19 BRBS 149 (1986). 

     In resolving the responsible carrier issue, the administrative law judge
considered the testimony of decedent's co-worker, Mr. Doubleday, as well as the
testimony of Dr. Cherniak. The administrative law judge found that Mr. Doubleday
credibly testified that he and the decedent first had intense exposure to asbestos
from 1963-1968 while working at EB's shipyard and that they endured additional
exposure to asbestos at the EB shipyard in "the second half of the 1970's," from
1975 onward, as they worked on submarine overhauls.  Hearing Transcript (HT) at 94-96.  The administrative law judge also found that Mr. Doubleday testified that he
saw no use of asbestos at EB from 1980 to 1986. Id.  Thus, contrary to employer's
contention, Mr. Doubleday's testimony does not establish that decedent's last exposure to asbestos occurred in 1975. 
Additionally, the administrative law judge noted Dr. Cherniak's testimony that it
was his assumption that the primary use of asbestos ended in 1977 to 1978, but that
there was exposure to asbestos during overhaul work  up to 1979 and 1980.  CX 25
at 40.  Relying on this evidence, the administrative law judge inferred that the
decedent was exposed to asbestos as a maritime employee until  1978 or 1979, and
thus, concluded that Kemper, as the carrier on the risk from 1978 to 1982, is the
responsible carrier in this case.[4] 
     In contrast, employer/carrier has offered no evidence to show that decedent
was not exposed to asbestos during his employment at EB in 1978 and/or 1979, or 
that decedent's last exposure to asbestos occurred in covered employment  prior to
the time that Kemper became the carrier on the risk in this case in 1978.[5]   Consequently, the administrative law judge's finding that
Kemper is liable as the carrier on the risk in 1978 and 1979, is affirmed, as Kemper
has failed to provide any  evidence that it is not the responsible carrier in this case. General Ship Service, 938
F.2d at 960, 25 BRBS at 22 (CRT); Lewis, 30 BRBS at 154; Maes, 27 BRBS at 131. 

     Accordingly, the administrative law judge's Decision and Order - Awarding Benefits is affirmed.

     SO ORDERED.

                                                                                   
                                                       ROY P. SMITH 
                         Administrative Appeals Judge  


                         
                                                                                   
                         REGINA C. McGRANERY
                         Administrative Appeals Judge



                                                                                  
                         MALCOLM D. NELSON, Acting
                         Administrative Appeals Judge


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Footnotes.


1) During his career with Interstate, decedent also had brief work stints at shipyards in Bremerton, Washington (1968), and Virginia Beach, Virginia (1969), and performed work on an experimental project in Cape Canaveral, Florida (1969). Back to Text
2) The administrative law judge also awarded Section 14(e) penalties, 33 U.S.C. §914(e), and attorney's fees. Back to Text
3) Inasmuch as employer's contentions are premised on decedent's work-related asbestos exposure ceasing sometime prior to 1978, we decline to consider the impact, if any, on the responsible carrier issue, of decedent's alleged subsequent exposure to asbestos from 1986 through 1990. Back to Text
4) As the administrative law judge analyzed and discussed all of the relevant evidence of record, and has articulated the rationale for his findings of fact and conclusions of law, his decision comports with the requirements of the APA. See 5 U.S.C. §557(c)(3)(A), as incorporated into the Act by 5 U.S.C. §554(c)(2), and 33 U.S.C. §919(d). Back to Text
5) In arguing that Dr. Cherniak exceeded his authority as an expert witness by assessing the level of asbestos exposure at EB based in part on his own information, Kemper misses the mark, since the burden of proof on the responsible carrier issue falls on it rather than on claimant, and employer/carrier has failed to provide any evidence in support of its burden. Back to Text

NOTE: This is an UNPUBLISHED LHCA Document.

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