Combatting Child Labor in the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Cobalt Industry
The Cobalt project works to address child labor in the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s (DRC) cobalt supply chain, with a focus on artisanal and small-scale mining. It supports key stakeholders to develop and implement strategies to reduce child labor and improve working conditions in artisanal and small-scale mines as well as in the broader cobalt supply chain.
Cobalt is widely used in the production of goods, including batteries for smartphones, computers, and electric vehicles, for which demand is growing. The DRC is a global leader in cobalt production and accounts for over 50 percent of the world’s cobalt reserves. Children routinely work in these mines, often under hazardous conditions. While mining is on the DRC’s list of hazardous activities for which children’s work is forbidden, the majority of cobalt mining in the DRC is done informally, where monitoring and enforcement are poor.
The project works to reduce child labor in the cobalt supply chain by supporting efforts to raise awareness of the challenges and opportunities to combat child labor, build the enforcement capacity of government and other relevant stakeholders, and improve private sector monitoring and remediation of child labor violations in the cobalt supply chain.
The Cobalt project supports efforts to enhance implementation and enforcement of laws, policies, and action plans that address child labor and working conditions in artisanal and small-scale mining in the DRC’s cobalt supply chain. It builds capacity and reinforces efforts at the national, provincial, and local levels in the sector.
The project also works to increase transparency and monitoring of child labor and working conditions in cobalt mining supply chains, particularly in artisanal and small-scale mines. In addition, the project helps the private sector to enhance its monitoring and remediation strategies in the sector.