Combating Forced Labor and Labor Trafficking of Adults and Children in Ghana

Project Duration:
December 2017
May 2021
Funding and Year:

This project will build the capacity of the government and businesses to expand and better coordinate ongoing labor trafficking enforcement efforts in Ghana. By putting the right tools in the hands of labor inspectors, business owners, organizations providing social services and workers, the project will help promote supply chains free of exploitative labor and a fair playing field for workers in the United States around the world.

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The Problem

Despite a relatively strong national anti-trafficking legal framework, forced labor and labor trafficking have been documented in a number of key economic sectors in Ghana. Government anti-trafficking efforts are limited by a lack of systematic data collection, monitoring and analysis. Meanwhile, private sector efforts to monitor labor practices have for the most part focused narrowly on the prevention of child labor in the country’s high-profile cocoa industry. And both companies and governments and others face the persistent challenge of identifying the point at which grueling or poorly paid work becomes involuntary – and thus violates international standards and national laws.

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Our Strategy

The project will help law enforcement, private sector due diligence monitors, social service and civil society organizations and workers themselves to prevent, detect and eliminate forced labor and labor trafficking in supply chains. By adopting an indicator-based framework developed by the ILO, stakeholders will share a common vocabulary and set of indicators to coordinate anti-labor-trafficking efforts.                                     

The project will leverage the programming and monitoring infrastructure already in place to combat child labor in cocoa and expand its reach to other sectors known to be at risk of using forced labor in Ghana.

Project partners will also collect up-to-date qualitative and quantitative data on indicators of forced labor currently present in selected sectors. This data will be fed into piloting a streamlined approach to forced labor monitoring. By integrating this approach into existing efforts, encouraging coordinated efforts among stakeholders and providing labor inspectors with the tools and training they need, the project will promote a scalable, resource-effective model for monitoring and enforcement.

Grantee: Verité
Implementing Partners: International Cocoa Initiative, NORC
Contact Information:
(202) 693-4843
Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking (OCFT)