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Wage and Hour Division (WHD)

Selected State Child Labor Standards Affecting Minors Under 18 in Non-farm Employment as of January 1, 2010

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Table of Selected State Child Labor Standards for Children Under 18 in Non-farm Employment

State or other jurisdiction 

Maximum daily and weekly hours and days per week for minors of age: a

Nightwork prohibited for minors of age: a

Under 16

16 and 17

Under 16

16 and 17

Federal (FLSA)

8-40 non-schoolday period Schoolday/week: 3-18 b

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

 

Alabama

8-40-6 Schoolday/week: 3-18

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. during summer vacation) to 7 a.m.

10 p.m. before schoolday to 5 a.m., if enrolled in school (to age 19)

Alaska

6-day week Schoolday/week: 9 c - 23

6-day week

9 p.m. to 5 a.m

 

Arizona

8-40 Schoolday/week: 3-18

 

9:30 p.m. (11 p.m. before non-schoolday) to 6 a.m. 7 p.m. to 6 a.m. in door-to-door sales or deliveries

 

Arkansas

8-48-6

10-54-6

7 p.m. (9 p.m. before non-schoolday) to 6 a.m

11 p.m. to 6 a.m. before schoolday

California

8-40-6 Schoolday/week: 3-18

8-48-6 Schoolday-week: 4-28 d except 8 before non-schoolday

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

10 p.m. (12:30 a.m. before non-schoolday) to 5 a.m.

Colorado

8-40 Schoolday: 6

8-40

9:30 p.m. to 5 a.m. before schoolday

 

Connecticut

8-40-6 in mercantile during periods of school vacation of 5 days or more

Enrolled in and not graduated from a secondary institution. 8-48-6, non-school weeks. Schoolday/week: 6 (8 on Friday, Saturday and Sunday) - 32 in restaurant, recreational, amusement, theater, manufacturing, mechanical, retail, hairdressing, bowling alley, pool hall, or photography gallery establishments.

Not enrolled in and not graduated from a secondary institution. 8-48-6 in retail/mercantile establishments.

9-48-6 in restaurant, manufacturing, mechanical, recreation, amusement and theater establishments

7 p.m. (9 p.m. July 1 to the first Monday in September) to 7 a.m.

11 p.m. (midnight if school vacation, not prior to a schoolday, or not attending school) to 6 a.m. in restaurants, recreational, amusement and theater establishments.
10 p.m. (11 p.m. if school vacation, not prior to a school day, or not attending school; midnight in a supermarket of 3,500 square feet or more when no school the next day) to 6 a.m. in manufacturing, mechanical and retail establishments.
10 p.m. to 6 a.m. in hairdressing, bowling alley, pool hall, or photograhy gallery establishments.

Delaware

8-40-6 Schoolday/week: 4-18 d

12 c

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

8 hours of non-work, non-school time required in each 24-hour day.

Florida

8-40-6 Schoolday: 3 when followed by schoolday, except if enrolled in vocational program Schoolweek: 15

Minors under 16 may work 8-40 during non-school day or week.

8-30-6 during schoolyear

7 p.m. before schoolday to 7 a.m. on schoolday (9 p.m. during holidays and summer vacations to 7 a.m.)

11 p.m. to 6:30 a.m., before schoolday.

Georgia

8-40 Schoolday: 4

 

9 p.m. to 6 a.m.

 

Hawaii

8-40-6 Schoolday: 10 c

 

7 p.m. to 7 a.m. (9 p.m. to 6 a.m. June 1 through day before Labor Day).

 

Idaho

9-54

 

9 p.m. to 6 a.m.

 

Illinois

8-48-6 Schoolday/week: 3 [8c]e - 24

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m. f

Indiana

8-40 Schoolday/week: 3-18

8-30 during schoolweek (40 with written parental permission)-6, except if not enrolled in school.
9-30 (48 with written parental permission) during non-school weeks. Applies only to minors enrolled in school

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

10 p.m. (midnight before non-schoolday with written parental permission) to 6 a.m., minors of 16 enrolled in school.

10 p.m. to 6 a.m. before schoolday, minors of 17 (11:30 p.m. with written parental permission or 1 a.m. with written parental permission up to 2 non-consecutive nights per week).

Iowa

8-40 Schoolday/week: 4-28

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

 

Kansas

8-40

 

10 p.m. before schoolday to 7 a.m.

 

Kentucky

8-40 Schoolday/week: 3 (8 on nonschooldays) -18

6 (8 Saturday and Sunday) 30, if attending school (40 with parental permission and at least a 2.0 school grade point average)

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

10:30 p.m. (1 a.m. Friday and Saturday) to 6 a.m. when school in session.

Louisiana

8-40-6 Schoolday/week: 3-18

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m

Non-graduate (7 p.m.-7 a.m. on any school day, 9 p.m.-7 a.m. on any non-school day)

Non-graduate 16 year old (11 p.m. - 5 a.m. prior to start of school day)

Non-graduate 17 year old (12a.m.-5a.m.) prior to start of any school day.

Maine

8-40-6 Schoolday/week: 3-18 g if enrolled in school.

10-50-6 consecutive days if enrolled in school. schoolday/week: 4-20 except 8 before non-schoolday, last scheduled day of school week, on a day on which school is closed. (28 hours in a week with multiple days of school closure) g

7 p.m. (9 p.m. during summer vacation) to 7 a.m., if enrolled in school.

10 p.m. (12 a.m. before non-schoolday) to 7 a.m. if enrolled in school. 5 a.m. before non-schoolday.

Maryland

8-40 Schoolday/week: 4-23, d

12 c

8 p.m. (9 p.m. Memorial Day through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

8 consecutive hours of non-work, non-schoolday time required in each 24-hour day.

Massachusetts

8-48-6

9-48-6

7 p.m. (9 p.m. July 1 through Labor Day) to 6:30 a.m.

10 p.m. (midnight in restaurants and at race tracks on Friday, Saturday, and vacation) to 6 a.m.

Michigan

10-48-6 Schoolweek: 48 c

10-48-6 Schoolweek: 48 c

9 p.m. to 7 a.m

10:30 p.m. (11:30 p.m. on Fridays, Saturdays and during school vacations) to 6 a.m., if attending school. 11:30 p.m. to 6 a.m., if not attending school.

Minnesota

8-40

 

9 p.m. to 7 a.m

11 p.m. to 5 a.m. before schoolday (11:30 p.m. to 4:30 a.m. with written parental permission).

Mississippi

8-44 in factory, mill, cannery or workshop.

 

7 p.m. to 6 a.m. in factory, mill, cannery or workshop.

 

Missouri

8-40-6 Schoolday: 3

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day 10:30 p.m. at regional Fairs or expositions) to 7 a.m.

 

Montana

8-40 Schoolday/week: 3-18 b

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. during periods outside the school year (June 1 through Labor Day, depending on local standards)) to 7 a.m.

 

Nebraska

8-48

 

8 p.m. to 6 a.m., under 14. 10 p.m. (beyond 10 p.m. before non-schoolday with special permit) to 6 a.m., 14 and 15.

 

Nevada

8-48

 

----

 

New Hampshire

8 on non-schoolday, 48-hour week during vacation, if enrolled in school. Schoolday/week: 3-23 if enrolled in school.

48-hour week, 6-day week, during vacation, if enrolled in school. 30-hour week, 6-day week, if enrolled in school.

9 p.m. to 7 a.m.

 

New Jersey

8-40-6 Schoolday/week: 3-18

8-40-6

7 p.m. (9 p.m. during summer vacation with parental permission) to 7 a.m.

11 p.m. to 6 a.m. during school term, with specified variations

New Mexico

8-44 (48 in special cases), under 14

 

9 p.m. to 7 a.m., under 14

 

New York

8-40-6 Schoolday/week: 3-18 b

8-48-6 Schoolday/week: 4 before schoolday, 8 Friday, Saturday, Sunday or holiday-28, if enrolled in school.

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 21 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

10 p.m. (midnight before schooldays with written permission from both parent and school and before non-schoolday with written parental consent) to 6 a.m., while school is in session. Midnight to 6 a.m. while school is not in session.

North Carolina

8-40 Schoolday/week: 3-18 b

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. during summer vacation) to 7 a.m.

11 p.m. to 5 a.m. before schoolday while school is in session. Not applicable with written permission from both parent and school.

North Dakota

8-40-6 Schoolday/week: 3-18 if not exempted from school attendance.

8-48-6

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

 

Ohio

8-40 Schoolday/week: 3-18

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 to Sept. 1 and during school holidays of 5 schooldays or more) to 7 a.m., 7 p.m. to 7 a.m. in door-to-door sales.

11 p.m. before schoolday to 7 a.m. on schoolday (6 a.m. if not employed after 8 p.m. previous night) if required to attend school. 8 p.m. to 7 a.m. in door-to-door sales.

Oklahoma

8-40 Schoolday/week: 3-18 8 hours on schooldays before non-schooldays if employer not covered by FLSA

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m. 9 p.m. before non-schooldays if employer not covered by FLSA

 

Oregon

8-40 Schoolday/week: 3-18 b

44-hour week (emergency overtime with permit)

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m

 

Pennsylvania

8-44-6 Schoolday/week: 4 (8 on non-schoolday) - 18

8-44-6 28 in schoolweek, if enrolled in regular day school

7 p.m. (10 p.m. during vacation from June to Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

12 p.m. (1 a.m.before non-schoolday) to 6 a.m., if enrolled in regular day school.

Rhode Island

8-40

9-48, during school year

7 p.m. (9 p.m. during school vacation) to 6 a.m.

11:30 p.m. (1:30 a.m. before non-schoolday) to 6 a.m., if regularly attending school.

South Carolina

8-40 Schoolday/week: 3-18

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

 

South Dakota

8-40 Schoolday/week: 4-20

 

After 10 p.m. before schoolday

 

Tennessee

8-40 Schoolday/week: 3-18

 

7 p.m. to 7 a.m. (9 p.m. to 6 a.m. before non-schooldays)

10 p.m. to 6 a.m. (Sunday - Thursday before schooldays) (midnight with parental permission up to 3 nights a week)

Texas

8-48

 

10 p.m. (midnight before non-schoolday or in summer if not enrolled in summer school) to 5 a.m.

 

Utah

8-40 Schoolday: 4

 

9:30 p.m. to 5 a.m. before schoolday.

 

Vermont

8-40-6, non-schoolday period.
Schoolday/week: 3-18

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

 

Virginia

8-40, non-school period. Schoolday/week: 3-18

 

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

 

Washington

8-40-6 Schoolday/week: 3 (8 Friday, Saturday and Sunday) - 16

8-48-6 Schoolday/week: 4 (8 Friday, Saturday and Sunday) - 20. 6-28 with special variance agreed to by parent, employer, student and school

7 p.m. (9 p.m. Friday and Saturday when school is not in session) to 7 a.m

10 p.m. Sunday - Thursday (midnight Friday and Saturday and when school is not in session) to 7 a.m. (5 a.m. when school is not in session). 9 p.m. to 7 a.m. in door-to-door sales.

West Virginia

No minor under 16 years of age may work during school hours under any circumstances.

7 p.m. (9 p.m June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m..

Supervision permit may be issued allowing 14 and 15 year old minors to work until 11:00p.m. when school is not in session.

 

Wisconsin

8-40-6 Schoolday/week: 4 (8 last schoolday of week and non-schoolday) - 18 d

h-50-6 Schoolday/week: 5 (8 last schoolday of week and non-schoolday) -26 d

8 p.m. (11 p.m. before non-schoolday) to 7 a.m.

11 p.m. (12:30 a.m. before non-schoolday) to 7 a.m. (5 a.m. on non-schoolday during schoolweek. h

Wyoming

8-56

 

10 p.m. (midnight before non-schoolday and for minors not enrolled in school) to 5 a.m.

Midnight to 5 a.m., female

District of Columbia

8-48-6

8-48-6

7 p.m. (9 p.m. June 1 through Labor Day) to 7 a.m.

10 p.m. to 6 a.m.

Guam

8-40-6 Schoolday: 9 c

8-40-6 Schoolday: 9 c

10 p.m. (midnight on non-school nights) to 6 a.m.

10 p.m. (midnight on non-school nights) to 6 a.m.

Puerto Rico

8-40-6 Schoolday: 8 c

8-40-6

6 p.m. to 8 a.m

10 p.m. to 6 a.m.

a State hours limitations on a schoolday and in a schoolweek usually apply only to those enrolled in school. Several states exempt high school graduates from the hours and/or nightwork or other provisions, or have less restrictive provisions for minors participating in various school-work programs. Separate nightwork standards in messenger service and street trades are common, but are not displayed in table. Some states have exceptions or special conditions for minors engaged in specific employments, such as street trades, recreation and entertainment, and jobs in establishments offering alcoholic beverages for sale.

b Students of 14 and 15 enrolled in approved Work Experience and Career Exploration programs may work during school hours up to 3 hours on a schoolday and 23 hours in a schoolweek.

c Combined hours of work and school.

d More hours are permitted when school is in session less than 5 days.

e Illinois. Eight hours are permitted on both Saturday and Sunday if minor does not work outside school hours more than 6 consecutive days in a week and total hours worked outside school does not exceed 24.

f Illinois. Minors age 14 or older, employed in recreational or educational activities by a park district or municipal parks and recreation department may work up to 3 hours per school day twice a week until 9 p.m., while school is in session, if the number of hours worked does not exceed 24 a week. Work is permitted until 10 p.m. during summer vacation.

g Maine. Minors under age 18 enrolled in school may work up to 50 hours during any week that school is in session less than 3 days or during the first or last week of the school calendar, regardless of how many days school is in session for the week.

h Wisconsin has no limit during non-school week on daily hours or nightwork for 16-and 17-year-olds. However, they must be paid time and one-half for work in excess of 10 hours per day or 40 hours per week, which ever is greater. Also, 8 hours rest is required between end of work and start of work the next day, and any work between 12:30 a.m. and 5 a.m. must be directly supervised by an adult.

Prepared By:

Office of Performance, Budget, and Departmental Liaison
Wage and Hour Division
U.S. Department of Labor.

This document was last revised in December 2009.