Wage and Hour Division (WHD)
Service Contract Act Directory of Occupations
12040 Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
Provides emergency medical treatment to sick or injured persons at site of emergency and while in transit to medical facility, working as a member of an emergency medical team. Responds to instructions from emergency medical dispatcher, and drives specially equipped emergency vehicle to specified location. Monitors communication equipment to maintain contact with dispatcher. Determines nature and extent of illness or injury, or magnitude of catastrophe, and establishes procedures to be followed or need for additional assistance, basing decisions on statements of persons involved, examination of victim or victims, and knowledge of emergency medical practice. Administers prescribed medical treatment at site of emergency, or in vehicle in route to medical facility, performing such activities as applying splints, administering oxygen, maintaining an adequate airway, treating minor wounds or abrasions, or performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Communicates with professional medical personnel at emergency treatment facility to obtain instructions regarding further treatment and to arrange for reception of victims at treatment facility. Assists in removal of victims from vehicle and in their transfer to treatment center. Assists center admitting personnel to obtain and record information related to victims' vital statistics and circumstances of emergency.
Maintains vehicles and medical communication equipment, and replenishes first-aid equipment and supplies. May assist in controlling crowds, protecting valuables, or performing other duties at scene of catastrophe. May assist professional medical personnel in emergency treatment administered at medical facility.
The typical EMT is trained according to a U. S. Department of Transportation National Standard Curriculum (114 hours). May also acquire additional skills, such as use of the automatic or manual external defibrillator, and become certified as an EMT-Defibrillator (EMT-D). On average, 18 hours of training are needed to acquire defibrillation skills.