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Wage and Hour Division
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Wage and Hour Division (WHD)

APPENDIX B-2 STANDARD ERRORS FOR TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

Employees Within Each Demographic Category

Received Pay During Longest Leave
SE
(N)

Received No Pay During Longest Leave
SE
(N)

Gender

Male

3.02

3.02

(326)

(132)

Female

1.79

1.79

(477)

(289)

Age

18 – 24

7.86

7.86

(27)

(60)

25 – 34

3.13

3.13

(200)

(125)

35 – 49

2.80

2.80

(339)

(159)

50 – 64

2.51

2.51

(214)

(61)

65 or over

10.76

10.76

(16)

(12)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

2.02

2.02

(618)

(316)

Black non-Hispanic

7.16

7.16

(77)

(47)

Hispanic

5.40

5.40

(58)

(27)

Asian

9.79

9.79

(20)

(10)

All others

8.59

8.59

(21)

(17)

Marital Status

1.69

1.69

Married/Living with partner

(613)

(301)

3.24

3.24

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

(124)

(47)

6.51

6.51

Never been married

(61)

(71)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

2.74

2.74

(346)

(169)

One or more

2.47

2.47

(457)

(251)


Table A2-4.1SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-4.1: Receipt of Pay During Longest Leave
Within Demographic Groups: 2000 Survey (continued)

Employees Within Each Demographic Category

Received Pay During Longest Leave
SE
(N)

Received No Pay During Longest Leave
SE
(N)

Education

Less than high school

9.05

9.05

(28)

(34)

High school graduate

3.18

3.18

(202)

(141)

Some college

3.80

3.80

(232)

(150)

College graduate

2.26

2.26

(232)

(61)

Graduate school

3.35

3.35

(107)

(35)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

4.47

4.47

(44)

(104)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

5.25

5.25

(78)

(57)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

3.79

3.79

(182)

(88)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

2.46

2.46

(217)

(74)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

4.06

4.06

(113)

(22)

$100,000 or more

4.12

4.12

(85)

(27)

Compensation Type

Salaried

1.47

1.47

(383)

(62)

Hourly

2.43

2.43

(360)

(295)

Other

5.22

5.22

(59)

(61)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-4.2SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-4.2: Ease of Making Ends Meet
During Leave: 2000 Survey

How easy or difficult was it for you to make ends meet during your longest leave?

Leave-Takers
Receiving Less Than Full Pay
SE
(N)

Very easy

2.45

(67)

Somewhat easy

1.83

(91)

Neither easy nor difficult

1.41

(108)

Somewhat difficult

2.32

(247)

Very difficult

1.91

(145)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-4.3SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-4.3: Satisfaction with the Length of
the Longest Leave: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

How satisfied were you with the amount of time you took?

Leave-Takers

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Very satisfied

1.99

1.91

(563)

(552)

Somewhat satisfied

1.80

2.13

(317)

(356)

Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied

0.86

1.04

(74)

(106)

Somewhat dissatisfied

1.35

1.31

(130)

(140)

Very dissatisfied

0.55

1.19

(72)

(63)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Surveys of Employees.


Table A2-4.4SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-4.4: Reasons for Leave-takers’
Not Returning to Work: 2000 Survey

Reason for Not Returning to Work:

Leave-Takers Not Returning to Work
SE
(N)

Obtained other income source

(0)

Health condition continued

6.67

(10)

Laid off/Fired/Replaced

5.69

(8)

Did not want to return to work

7.01

(14)

Could not find child care

4.59

(5)

Other reason

6.88

(9)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-4.5SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-4.5: Reasons for Being Denied
Leave: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Reason:

Leave-Takers Denied Leave

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Employer does not offer family/medical leave

9.39

8.41

(30)

(21)

Had not worked for employer long enough

4.42

4.40

(15)

(14)

Had worked too few hours in the previous year

NA

3.84

(12)

Had no leave left

NA

4.73

(16)

Reached the FMLA limit

NA

4.30

(11)

Other reason

NA

5.74

(47)

NA Indicates item not asked in 1995 Survey.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Surveys of Employees.


Table A2-4.6SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-4.6: Benefit Status During Longest
Leave: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Leave-Takers

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Lost benefits during longest leave

0.93

0.88

(115)

(81)

Kept benefits during longest leave

0.93

0.88

(1060)

(1144)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Surveys of Employees.

STANDARD ERRORS

FOR CHAPTER 5
TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

Table A2-5.1SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.1: Family and Medical Leave Policies by Establishment Size: Reasons for Which Up to 12 Weeks of Leave is Provided: 2000 Survey

Establishment Provides Leave For:

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

3.59

0.70

3.38

(706)

(310)

(1016)

No

1.22

0.58

1.15

(15)

(2)

(17)

Depends on circumstances

3.45

0.42

3.26

(30)

(1)

(31)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

1.55

1.83

1.49

(706)

(305)

(1011)

No

1.34

1.67

1.30

(20)

(3)

(23)

Depends on circumstances

0.78

0.89

0.73

(27)

(5)

(32)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

4.00

1.36

3.76

(670)

(303)

(973)

No

1.75

1.24

1.65

(33)

(6)

(39)

Depends on circumstances

3.50

0.71

3.29

(46)

(4)

(50)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

4.29

2.47

4.03

(641)

(296)

(937)

No

2.13

1.29

2.00

(49)

(8)

(57)

Depends on circumstances

3.54

1.74

3.32

(46)

(5)

(51)

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

3.93

1.68

3.72

(674)

(303)

(977)

No

1.60

1.09

1.50

(31)

(4)

(35)

Depends on circumstances

3.53

1.45

3.33

(42)

(5)

(47)

All FMLA Reasons

Yes

4.42

2.99

4.16

(603)

(286)

(889)

No

4.42

2.99

4.16

(123)

(23)

(146)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.2SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.2: Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA Coverage Status: Reasons for Which Up to 12 Weeks of Leave is Provided: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishment Provides Leave For:

Covered Establishments

Non-covered Establishments

All Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

2.75

3.38

2.94

3.62

2.76

3.33

(703)

(1016)

(229)

(521)

(932)

(1537)

No

1.21

1.15

3.31

2.94

2.97

2.62

(14)

(17)

(159)

(116)

(173)

(133)

Depends on circumstances

2.61

3.26

1.77

2.44

1.67

2.23

(13)

(31)

(71)

(85)

(84)

(116)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

1.32

1.49

3.08

3.39

2.95

3.07

(712)

(1011)

(223)

(513)

(935)

(1524)

No

1.32

1.30

3.37

3.27

3.11

2.92

(12)

(23)

(167)

(130)

(179)

(153)

Depends on circumstances

0.19

0.73

1.64

2.17

1.48

1.97

(8)

(32)

(58)

(76)

(66)

(108)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

1.75

3.76

2.68

3.48

2.54

3.36

(685)

(973)

(169)

(414)

(854)

(1387)

No

1.67

1.65

2.80

3.07

2.51

2.78

(24)

(39)

(204)

(197)

(228)

(236)

Depends on circumstances

0.61

3.29

2.09

2.59

1.90

2.32

(11)

(50)

(62)

(107)

(73)

(157)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

2.08

4.03

2.57

3.69

2.59

3.55

(648)

(937)

(142)

(357)

(790)

(1294)

No

2.02

2.00

2.93

3.62

2.73

3.28

(38)

(57)

(215)

(216)

(253)

(273)

Depends on circumstances

0.46

3.32

1.79

2.33

1.65

2.14

(12)

(51)

(64)

(128)

(76)

(179)


Table A2-5.2SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.2: Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA Coverage Status: Reasons for Which Up to 12 Weeks of Leave is Provided: 1995 and 2000 Surveys
(continued)

Establishment Provides Leave For:

Covered Establishments

Non-covered Establishments

All Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent
for Serious Health Condition

Yes

1.63

3.72

3.10

3.62

2.99

3.37

(692)

(977)

(201)

(436)

(893)

(1413)

No

1.56

1.50

3.30

3.29

3.07

2.99

(17)

(35)

(173)

(166)

(190)

(201)

Depends on circumstances

0.57

3.33

2.03

2.51

1.86

2.26

(11)

(47)

(61)

(113)

(72)

(160)

All FMLA Reasons

Yes

3.26

4.16

2.26

3.27

2.32

3.25

(622)

(889)

(109)

(285)

(731)

(1174)

No

3.26

4.16

2.26

3.27

2.32

3.25

(67)

(146)

(292)

(395)

(359)

(541)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.3SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.3: Family and Medical Leave Policies by Establishment
Size: Reasons for Which Health Benefits Are Continued During FMLA Leave: 2000 Survey

Establishment Continues Health Benefits During Leave For:

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

4.31

1.39

4.12

(655)

(300)

(955)

No

0.29

.

0.27

(12)

(0)

(12)

Depends on circumstances

4.42

1.39

4.22

(58)

(10)

(68)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

3.26

0.71

3.11

(667)

(302)

(969)

No

0.25

.

0.24

(9)

(0)

(9)

Depends on circumstances

3.32

0.71

3.17

(48)

(7)

(55)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

3.33

1.02

3.18

(639)

(294)

(933)

No

0.44

0.17

0.42

(15)

(3)

(18)

Depends on circumstances

3.47

1.04

3.31

(52)

(9)

(61)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

4.00

1.18

3.76

(619)

(290)

(909)

No

0.46

0.54

0.43

(14)

(2)

(16)

Depends on circumstances

3.97

1.11

3.74

(55)

(11)

(66)

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for
Serious Health Condition

Yes

4.28

1.01

4.10

(629)

(297)

(926)

No

0.71

0.09

0.66

(11)

(1)

(12)

Depends on circumstances

4.42

1.01

4.23

(64)

(9)

(73)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.4SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.4: Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA
Coverage Status: Reasons for Which Health Benefits are Continued During Leave: 1995 and 2000
Surveys

Establishment Continues Health Benefits During
Leave For:

Covered Establishments

Non-covered Establishments

All Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition (1)

Yes

1.31

4.12

4.33

3.32

3.08

2.82

(657)

(955)

(162)

(416)

(819)

(1371)

No

0.59

0.27

3.53

1.86

2.55

1.56

(14)

(12)

(15)

(27)

(29)

(39)

Depends on circumstances

1.03

4.22

2.92

3.02

2.18

2.60

(38)

(68)

(35)

(68)

(73)

(136)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

1.17

3.11

3.53

2.47

2.65

2.19

(667)

(969)

(166)

(430)

(833)

(1399)

No

0.59

0.24

1.69

1.02

1.26

0.85

(11)

(9)

(17)

(23)

(28)

(32)

Depends on circumstances

0.95

3.17

3.39

2.32

2.52

2.12

(34)

(55)

(24)

(51)

(58)

(106)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

1.46

3.18

4.62

4.14

3.51

3.35

(634)

(933)

(124)

(352)

(758)

(1285)

No

0.47

0.42

3.17

2.42

2.29

1.98

(11)

(18)

(13)

(33)

(24)

(51)

Depends on circumstances

1.19

3.31

3.99

3.67

3.04

3.05

(41)

(61)

(31)

(60)

(72)

(121)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

1.39

3.76

6.05

3.44

4.65

2.83

(600)

(909)

(111)

(332)

(711)

(1241)

No

0.50

0.43

4.37

2.56

3.20

2.09

(13)

(16)

(11)

(26)

(24)

(42)

Depends on circumstances

1.21

3.74

4.24

3.11

3.17

2.56

(38)

(66)

(23)

(65)

(61)

(131)

Care of child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

1.58

4.10

5.71

3.94

4.32

3.27

(637)

(926)

(130)

(356)

(767)

(1282)

No

0.62

0.66

3.71

1.80

2.74

1.51

(15)

(12)

(15)

(23)

(30)

(35)

Depends on circumstances

1.13

4.23

4.33

3.54

3.30

2.97

(42)

(73)

(38)

(81)

(80)

(154)

(1) Order of items was changed in 2000 survey.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.5SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.5: Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA
Coverage Status: Reasons for Which Job Return is Guaranteed: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishment Guarantees Same or Equivalent Job on
Return from Leave For:

Covered Establishments

Non-covered Establishments

All Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition (1)

Yes

3.63

3.33

2.33

2.78

1.94

2.42

(688)

(1005)

(254)

(528)

(942)

(1533)

No

0.43

0.17

1.09

1.00

0.91

0.87

(4)

(6)

(3)

(19)

(7)

(25)

Depends on circumstances

3.61

3.34

2.17

2.64

1.82

2.31

(23)

(39)

(40)

(63)

(63)

(102)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

0.43

0.34

2.25

1.96

1.92

1.70

(708)

(1012)

(243)

(549)

(951)

(1561)

No

.

0.12

1.22

1.01

0.99

0.88

(0)

(5)

(4)

(12)

(4)

(17)

Depends on circumstances

0.43

0.32

2.11

1.77

1.79

1.53

(11)

(28)

(31)

(36)

(42)

(64)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

0.45

0.97

3.09

2.13

2.55

1.82

(684)

(988)

(192)

(479)

(876)

(1467)

No

.

0.22

1.41

1.24

1.12

1.06

(0)

(7)

(2)

(13)

(2)

(20)

Depends on circumstances

0.45

0.84

3.03

1.66

2.48

1.42

(12)

(33)

(36)

(36)

(48)

(69)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

0.48

3.44

3.03

2.67

2.46

2.29

(645)

(967)

(174)

(450)

(819)

(1417)

No

.

0.27

1.87

1.16

1.50

0.98

(0)

(7)

(3)

(8)

(3)

(15)

Depends on circumstances

0.48

3.45

2.65

2.49

2.13

2.14

(15)

(34)

(28)

(47)

(43)

(81)

Care of child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

0.47

3.47

2.47

2.45

2.09

2.11

(686)

(987)

(217)

(474)

(903)

(1461)

No

.

0.62

1.47

1.08

1.21

0.93

(0)

(5)

(3)

(12)

(3)

(17)

Depends on circumstances

0.47

3.45

2.31

2.35

1.94

2.01

(16)

(37)

(40)

(68)

(56)

(105)

(1) Order of items was changed in 2000 survey.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.6SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.6: Family and Medical Leave Policies by
Establishment Size: Reasons for Which Job Return is Guaranteed: 2000 Survey

Establishment Guarantees Same or Equivalent Job on Return from Leave For:

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

3.51

1.46

3.33

(702)

(303)

(1005)

No

0.18

.

0.17

(6)

(0)

(6)

Depends on circumstances

3.52

1.46

3.34

(31)

(8)

(39)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

0.36

1.50

0.34

(709)

(303)

(1012)

No

0.13

.

0.12

(5)

(0)

(5)

Depends on circumstances

0.35

1.50

0.32

(21)

(7)

(28)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

1.03

1.36

0.97

(685)

(303)

(988)

No

0.24

.

0.22

(7)

(0)

(7)

Depends on circumstances

0.90

1.36

0.84

(29)

(4)

(33)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

3.66

1.41

3.44

(667)

(300)

(967)

No

0.29

.

0.27

(7)

(0)

(7)

Depends on circumstances

3.67

1.41

3.45

(29)

(5)

(34)

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for
Serious Health Condition

Yes

3.69

1.39

3.47

(683)

(304)

(987)

No

0.66

.

0.62

(5)

(0)

(5)

Depends on circumstances

3.66

1.39

3.45

(32)

(5)

(37)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.7SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.7: Provision of Leave Beyond that Guaranteed by
FMLA by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Establishment Provides Guaranteed Leave For:

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

More Than 12 Weeks Per Year

Yes

6.73

2.49

6.37

(149)

(99)

(248)

No

5.79

3.61

5.45

(350)

(121)

(471)

Depends on circumstances

5.91

3.74

5.56

(204)

(83)

(287)

Employees Who Have Worked for Establishment Less Than 12 Months

Yes

6.88

4.27

6.51

(176)

(80)

(256)

No

5.77

4.27

5.45

(349)

(159)

(508)

Depends on circumstances

7.34

3.20

6.86

(165)

(65)

(230)

Employees Who Have worked for Less
Than 1,250 Hours in the Past Year

Yes

7.18

3.81

6.79

(168)

(82)

(250)

No

6.66

4.50

6.33

(342)

(153)

(495)

Depends on circumstances

6.68

4.53

6.25

(171)

(65)

(236)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.8SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.8: Provision of Leave for Additional Reasons by FMLA
Coverage Status: 2000 Survey

Establishment Allows
Additional Leave For:

Covered Establishments SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments SE
(N)

All
Establishments SE
(N)

Attending School Meetings or Activities

Yes - Separate from other leave

7.06

3.31

3.04

(433)

(351)

(784)

Yes - Not separate from other leave

3.52

2.41

2.23

(298)

(164)

(462)

No

5.89

2.80

2.64

(146)

(117)

(263)

Depends on circumstances

1.41

1.34

1.20

(164)

(73)

(237)

Routine Medical Appointments for Self and Family

Yes - Separate from other leave

4.93

3.36

3.21

(363)

(377)

(740)

Yes - Not separate from other leave

4.93

3.05

2.70

(444)

(238)

(682)

No

5.80

2.23

2.08

(137)

(68)

(205)

Depends on circumstances

1.16

0.98

0.87

(102)

(28)

(130)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.9SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.9: Provision of Leave for Additional Reasons by
Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Establishment Allows Additional Leave For:

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Attending School Meetings or Activities

Yes - Separate from other leave

7.47

4.07

7.06

(314)

(119)

(433)

Yes - Not separate from other leave

3.73

2.61

3.52

(212)

(86)

(298)

No

6.21

2.38

5.89

(100)

(46)

(146)

Depends on circumstances

1.47

2.46

1.41

(110)

(54)

(164)

Routine Medical Appointments for
Self and Family

Yes - Separate from other leave

5.19

3.46

4.93

(280)

(83)

(363)

Yes - Not separate from other leave

5.23

3.14

4.93

(318)

(126)

(444)

No

6.13

2.45

5.80

(82)

(55)

(137)

Depends on circumstances

1.21

2.39

1.16

(58)

(44)

(102)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.10SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.10: Employee Access to Leave for
Additional Reasons: 2000 Survey

Employees

Does/Did your employer allow you to take leave for the following reason:

Yes

No

Depends

SE

(N)

SE

(N)

SE

(N)

Taking part in children’s school and early childhood educational activities


1.57


(1213)


1.37


(1063)


0.69


(100)

Attending to routine family medical needs

1.05

(2032)

0.99

(407)

0.33

(61)

Helping with elderly relatives’ health care needs


1.48


(1260)


1.51


(1047)


0.57


(67)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-5.11SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.11: Employee Use of Additional Leave: 2000 Survey

Employees With
Access to Leave for this Reason

Yes

No

Has employee taken this kind of leave?

SE

(N)

SE

(N)

Taking part in children’s school and early childhood educational activities


2.06


(472)


2.06


(741)

Attending to routine family medical needs

1.52

(1212)

1.52

(816)

Helping with elderly relatives’ health care needs

1.55

(396)

1.55

(863)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-5.12SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.12: Employee Need of Additional Leave: 2000 Survey

Employees Without
Access to Leave for this Reason

Yes

No

Has employee needed this kind of leave?

SE

(N)

SE

(N)

Taking part in children’s school and early childhood educational activities


1.62


(179)


1.62


(883)

Attending to routine family medical needs

3.02

(127)

3.02

(280)

Helping with elderly relatives’ health care needs

1.12

(111)

1.12

(936)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-5.13SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.13: Continuation of Pay During Leave by
Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Establishment Provides:

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Paid Sick Leave

Yes

4.93

2.74

4.60

(535)

(260)

(795)

No

4.17

2.05

3.91

(152)

(26)

(178)

Depends on circumstances

1.74

1.94

1.65

(69)

(26)

(95)

Paid Disability Leave

Yes

4.31

2.59

4.05

(466)

(257)

(723)

No

4.42

1.70

4.18

(181)

(21)

(202)

Depends on circumstances

2.25

2.03

2.14

(102)

(34)

(136)

Paid Vacation

Yes

1.18

1.96

1.12

(699)

(297)

(996)

No

0.42

0.62

0.39

(11)

(1)

(12)

Depends on circumstances

1.08

1.87

1.03

(46)

(15)

(61)

Other Paid Time Off

Yes

4.75

4.95

4.50

(284)

(139)

(423)

No

4.69

5.01

4.42

(446)

(170)

(616)

Depends on circumstances

0.39

0.91

0.37

(26)

(4)

(30)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.14SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.14: Continuation of Pay During Leave by Establishment
Size: Reasons for Which Pay is Continued: 2000 Survey

Establishment Continues Pay During Leave For:

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Full pay

4.24

2.79

4.01

(156)

(60)

(216)

Partial pay

1.49

2.04

1.46

(56)

(30)

(86)

Depends on circumstances

5.63

2.85

5.29

(155)

(75)

(230)

No pay

5.18

3.22

4.91

(382)

(147)

(529)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Full pay

4.24

3.02

4.01

(129)

(58)

(187)

Partial pay

0.56

1.69

0.57

(31)

(17)

(48)

Depends on circumstances

6.66

2.49

6.26

(138)

(58)

(196)

No pay

6.39

3.55

6.01

(442)

(175)

(617)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Full pay

6.71

3.52

6.35

(255)

(141)

(396)

Partial pay

5.38

2.98

5.07

(94)

(55)

(149)

Depends on circumstances

3.73

3.13

3.54

(171)

(73)

(244)

No pay

4.25

2.78

4.00

(234)

(44)

(278)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Full pay

6.66

2.98

6.31

(249)

(130)

(379)

Partial pay

5.28

3.08

4.93

(93)

(61)

(154)

Depends on circumstances

3.10

2.74

2.94

(137)

(72)

(209)

No pay

4.28

3.16

3.98

(272)

(50)

(322)


Table A2-5.14SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.14: Continuation of Pay During Leave by Establishment Size: Reasons for Which Pay is Continued: 2000 Survey (Continued)

Establishment Continues Pay During Leave For:

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for
Serious Health Condition

Full pay

4.30

2.79

4.08

(136)

(52)

(188)

Partial pay

0.92

1.69

0.87

(36)

(12)

(48)

Depends on circumstances

5.74

2.75

5.44

(152)

(70)

(222)

No pay

5.49

3.21

5.19

(425)

(179)

(604)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.15SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.15: Continuation of Other Benefits During Leave by
FMLA Coverage Status: 2000 Survey

Establishment Continues:

Covered Establishments SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments SE
(N)

All Establishments SE
(N)

Contributions to Pension or Retirement

Yes

5.47

4.74

4.20

(488)

(214)

(702)

No

4.02

4.81

4.30

(234)

(220)

(454)

Depends on circumstances

2.50

2.61

2.21

(195)

(71)

(266)

Contributions to Life or Disability Insurance

Yes

2.71

4.00

3.65

(764)

(350)

(1114)

No

1.91

4.10

3.64

(125)

(166)

(291)

Depends on circumstances

1.22

1.55

1.35

(113)

(51)

(164)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.16SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.16: Continuation of Other Benefits During Leave by
Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Establishment Continues

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Contributions to Pension or Retirement

Yes

5.82

4.29

5.47

(306)

(182)

(488)

No

4.29

3.81

4.02

(196)

(38)

(234)

Depends on circumstances

2.62

3.68

2.50

(131)

(64)

(195)

Contributions to Life or Disability Insurance

Yes

2.88

2.73

2.71

(516)

(248)

(764)

No

2.04

2.09

1.91

(106)

(19)

(125)

Depends on circumstances

1.27

2.46

1.22

(76)

(37)

(113)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.17SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.17: Continuation of Other Benefits During Leave
by FMLA Coverage Status: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishment Continues:

Covered Establishments

Non-covered Establishments

All Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Contributions to Pension or Retirement

Yes

5.69

5.47

3.92

4.74

3.38

4.20

(388)

(488)

(117)

(214)

(505)

(702)

No

4.04

4.02

4.13

4.81

3.51

4.30

(126)

(234)

(122)

(220)

(248)

(454)

Depends on circumstances

5.24

2.50

1.37

2.61

1.44

2.21

(102)

(195)

(15)

(71)

(117)

(266)

Contributions to Life or
Disability Insurance

Yes

2.41

2.71

2.52

4.00

2.13

3.65

(606)

(764)

(246)

(350)

(852)

(1114)

No

1.93

1.91

2.68

4.10

2.27

3.64

(43)

(125)

(97)

(166)

(140)

(291)

Depends on circumstances

1.14

1.22

1.00

1.55

0.86

1.35

(43)

(113)

(11)

(51)

(54)

(164)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.18SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.18: Provision of Other Work-Life Benefits
by FMLA Coverage Status: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments SE
(N)

All Establishments SE
(N)

Child Care Assistance

Yes

6.97

2.78

2.73

(507)

(105)

(612)

No

6.87

2.76

2.64

(533)

(609)

(1142)

Depends on circumstances

0.41

1.24

1.11

(28)

(14)

(42)

Elder Care Assistance

Yes

5.65

1.18

1.18

(198)

(33)

(231)

No

5.76

1.49

1.38

(839)

(682)

(1521)

Depends on circumstances

0.26

1.18

1.06

(21)

(10)

(31)

Flexible Work Schedules

Yes

5.32

3.65

3.43

(666)

(471)

(1137)

No

4.69

3.87

3.59

(240)

(187)

(427)

Depends on circumstances

3.88

1.50

1.37

(155)

(67)

(222)

Employee Assistance Program

Yes

6.63

2.47

2.40

(610)

(145)

(755)

No

6.59

2.59

2.45

(429)

(564)

(993)

Depends on circumstances

0.45

0.97

0.86

(26)

(15)

(41)

Adoption Assistance

Yes

7.03

0.75

1.07

(167)

(24)

(191)

No

6.80

0.92

1.12

(863)

(683)

(1546)

Depends on circumstances

0.74

0.56

0.50

(23)

(11)

(34)

Workplace Provisions for Lactation

Yes

4.65

3.31

2.99

(355)

(147)

(502)

No

6.99

3.46

3.16

(622)

(539)

(1161)

Depends on circumstances

5.60

0.74

0.88

(67)

(32)

(99)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.19SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.19: Provision of Other Work-Life Benefits by Size of
Covered Establishment: 2000 Survey


Establishment Provides Leave For:

Covered Establishments With:

All
Covered
Establishments

1-250
Employees

251+
Employees

Child Care Assistance

Yes

7.48

3.37

6.97

(293)

(214)

(507)

No

7.36

3.47

6.87

(441)

(92)

(533)

Depends on circumstances

0.44

0.77

0.41

(21)

(7)

(28)

Elder Care Assistance

Yes

5.99

3.33

5.65

(103)

(95)

(198)

No

6.11

3.32

5.76

(636)

(203)

(839)

Depends on circumstances

0.28

0.92

0.26

(12)

(9)

(21)

Flexible Work Schedules

Yes

5.64

3.05

5.32

(481)

(185)

(666)

No

4.95

3.29

4.69

(171)

(69)

(240)

Depends on circumstances

4.04

2.23

3.88

(99)

(56)

(155)

Employee Assistance Program

Yes

7.08

3.15

6.63

(352)

(258)

(610)

No

7.04

3.21

6.59

(383)

(46)

(429)

Depends on circumstances

0.46

1.50

0.45

(18)

(8)

(26)

Adoption Assistance

Yes

7.49

2.80

7.03

(77)

(90)

(167)

No

7.25

2.87

6.80

(652)

(211)

(863)

Depends on circumstances

0.76

0.90

0.74

(16)

(7)

(23)

Workplace Provisions for Lactation

Yes

4.91

3.72

4.65

(199)

(156)

(355)

No

7.43

4.01

6.99

(488)

(134)

(622)

Depends on circumstances

5.91

1.98

5.60

(53)

(14)

(67)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.20SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.20: Additional Benefits Offered by Employers
(as Reported by Employees): 2000 Survey

Employees

Yes

No

Depends

SE

(N)

SE

(N)

SE

(N)

Flextime

1.37

(1016)

1.29

(1419)

0.39

(39)

Flexplace/telecommuting

1.11

(347)

1.13

(2089)

0.42

(33)

Job sharing

1.36

(518)

1.40

(1955)

0.27

(12)

Referral services for child care

1.37

(348)

1.36

(2023)

0.06

(3)

Vouchers for child care

0.84

(125)

0.85

(2231)

0.12

(5)

Onsite child care

0.76

(178)

0.77

(2319)

0.10

(7)

Referral services for elder care

1.02

(239)

1.01

(2123)

0.07

(3)

Adoption assistance

0.90

(152)

0.91

(2176)

0.12

(4)

Employee Assistance Program

1.37

(939)

1.38

(1474)

0.13

(6)

Paid parental leave

1.42

(568)

1.45

(1739)

0.33

(20)

Workplace provisions for lactation

1.14

(303)

1.16

(2021)

0.27

(14)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.

 


Table A2-5.21SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-5.21: Benefits Perceived as
Most Important by Employees: 2000 Survey

Which two are most important to you?

Employees Reporting
that Three or More
Benefits are Offered
SE
(N)

Flextime

2.23

(440)

Flexplace/telecommuting

1.93

(128)

Job sharing

2.03

(118)

Referral services for child care

1.85

(74)

Vouchers for child care

1.02

(28)

Onsite child care

1.41

(47)

Referral services for elder care

1.38

(42)

Adoption assistance

0.79

(7)

Employee Assistance Program

2.18

(273)

Paid parental leave

1.97

(199)

Workplace provisions for lactation

0.82

(37)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

STANDARD ERRORS

FOR CHAPTER 6
TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

Table A2-6.1SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.1: Methods Used to Inform Employees of Their
Rights Under FMLA by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Employee handbook

1.92

2.19

1.80

(558)

(258)

(816)

Notice on bulletin board

2.03

2.67

1.88

(579)

(278)

(857)

Memos

7.66

3.63

7.11

(367)

(203)

(570)

Computer network, Intranet, or e-mail

7.34

3.99

6.89

(194)

(159)

(353)

Oral notification

3.70

4.09

3.43

(493)

(263)

(756)

Some other method

7.06

2.69

6.58

(116)

(97)

(213)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.2SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.2: Awareness of FMLA
Notice among Covered Employees: 2000 Survey

Covered Employees Aware of FMLA
SE
(N)

Employees reporting there is/was a notice posted that explains FMLA

2.11

(656)

Employees reporting there is/was not a notice posted that explains FMLA

2.01

(346)

Employees who do not know if there is/was a notice posted that explains FMLA

1.66

(242)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-6.3SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.3: Management Practices for
FMLA Leave: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments SE
(N)

Establishment Requires Employees To:

Provide Medical Documentation for Covered
Leave Due to a Serious Health Condition

Yes

1.97

(872)

No

1.01

(36)

Depends on circumstances

1.55

(35)

Use Their Paid Leave Before Taking Unpaid Leave

Yes

7.26

(536)

No

7.20

(319)

Depends on circumstances

1.64

(76)

Establishment Provides Employees:

Alternative Work Arrangements Instead of Leave

Yes

5.38

(417)

No

7.10

(323)

Depends on circumstances

6.30

(171)

Written Notice of How Much FMLA Leave They Have Taken

Yes

3.18

(673)

No

2.89

(193)

Depends on circumstances

0.48

(46)

Written Notice on How the Act is Coordinated With Existing Leave and Benefits Policies

Yes

1.81

(860)

No

1.62

(60)

Depends on circumstances

0.39

(19)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.4SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.4: Frequency That a Leave for
Family and Medical Reason is Not Classified as FMLA Leave: 2000 Survey

Leave is Not Classified as FMLA:

Covered Establishments
SE
(N)

All of the time

0.22

(10)

Most of the time

1.14

(46)

Some of the time

7.25

(237)

Rarely

5.66

(402)

Never

4.98

(168)

Establishment does not maintain records

1.12

(48)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.5SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.5: Most Frequently Used Method
to Cover Work When an Employee Takes Leave for a Week or Longer: 2000
Survey

Establishment Covers Work By:

Covered Establishments
SE
(N)

Assigning work temporarily to other employees

4.31

(486)

Hiring an outside temporary replacement

3.72

(121)

Hiring a permanent replacement

0.23

(7)

Putting work on hold until the employee returns from leave

1.05

(17)

Having the employee perform some work while on leave

0.18

(3)

Some other method

2.17

(19)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.6SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.6: Comparing Covered Establishments with 50-99
Employees to Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees: Methods
Used to Cover Work When Employees Take Leave: 2000 Survey

Leave is Not Classified as FMLA:

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Assign work temporarily to other employees

0.51

0.61

0.47

(722)

(302)

(1024)

Hire an outside temporary replacement

6.47

3.87

6.22

(339)

(220)

(559)

Hire a permanent replacement

1.02

1.42

0.97

(46)

(25)

(71)

Put work on hold until the employee return from leave

3.88

3.76

3.60

(124)

(72)

(196)

Have the employee perform some work while on leave

1.27

2.33

1.22

(102)

(41)

(143)

Cover work some other way

6.19

1.53

5.86

(37)

(23)

(60)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.7SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.7: How Work is Covered
When Employees Take Leave: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Work Was Covered By:

Leave-Takers

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Assigning it to other employees

1.62

1.73

(830)

(896)

Hiring a permanent employee

0.79

0.84

(80)

(117)

Hiring an outside temporary employee

1.55

1.14

(187)

(166)

Leaving work for when employee returned

NA

1.63

(560)

NA Indicates item not asked in 1995 survey.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.

 

 


Table A2-6.8SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.8: Methods Used Most
Often When Employees Take Leave: 2000 Survey

Method Most Often Used

Leave-Takers Reporting
More than One Method of Covering Work
SE
(N)

Assigning it to other employees

3.10

(233)

Hiring a permanent employee

1.45

(47)

Hiring an outside temporary employee

1.72

(71)

Leaving work for when employee returned

3.11

(105)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

 


Table A2-6.9SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.9: Usefulness of
Provisions to Manage FMLA Leave: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments
SE
(N)

Exception for Highly Paid Key Employees

Very useful

2.0

(92)

Somewhat useful

8.7

(320)

Not at all useful

8.0

(471)

Written Medical Certifications

Very useful

5.1

(605)

Somewhat useful

7.0

(292)

Not at all useful

4.1

(39)

Second and Third Medical Opinions

Very useful

5.8

(196)

Somewhat useful

9.0

(452)

Not at all useful

7.6

(274)

Advance Notice of Foreseeable Leave

Very useful

6.5

(629)

Somewhat useful

6.8

(228)

Not at all useful

1.4

(80)

Transfer to Alternative Position

Very useful

3.4

(183)

Somewhat useful

6.8

(454)

Not at all useful

4.0

(270)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.10SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.10: Effects of FMLA-Related Administrative
Activities by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Maintaining Additional Record-Keeping

Very/Somewhat easy

7.25

3.47

6.81

(374)

(109)

(483)

Very/Somewhat difficult

7.25

3.47

6.81

(247)

(192)

(439)

Determining Whether the Act Applies
to the Organization

Very/Somewhat easy

4.92

1.79

4.59

(548)

(279)

(827)

Very/Somewhat difficult

4.92

1.79

4.59

(84)

(23)

(107)

Determining Whether Certain Employees
are Eligible

Very/Somewhat easy

3.01

4.01

2.90

(511)

(229)

(740)

Very/Somewhat difficult

3.01

4.01

2.90

(122)

(76)

(198)

Coordinating State and Federal Leave Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

8.95

3.74

8.33

(374)

(179)

(553)

Very/Somewhat difficult

8.95

3.74

8.33

(240)

(105)

(345)

Coordinating the Act with Other Federal laws

Very/Somewhat easy

6.46

4.69

6.06

(317)

(137)

(454)

Very/Somewhat difficult

6.46

4.69

6.06

(305)

(158)

(463)

Coordinating the Act with Other Leave Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

5.89

3.87

5.48

(397)

(172)

(569)

Very/Somewhat difficult

5.89

3.87

5.48

(228)

(127)

(355)


Table A2-6.10SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.10: Effects of FMLA-Related Administrative
Activities by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey (continued)

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Coordinating the Act with Employee Attendance Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

7.56

3.37

7.07

(426)

(147)

(573)

Very/Somewhat difficult

7.56

3.37

7.07

(204)

(152)

(356)

Administering FMLA’s Notification, Designation, and Certification Requirements

Very/Somewhat easy

5.95

3.93

5.58

(339)

(132)

(471)

Very/Somewhat difficult

5.95

3.93

5.58

(283)

(169)

(452)

Determining if a Health Condition is a Serious Health Condition Under FMLA

Very/Somewhat easy

5.67

4.28

5.27

(355)

(162)

(517)

Very/Somewhat difficult

5.67

4.28

5.27

(267)

(137)

(404)

Overall Ease of Complying with FMLA

Very/Somewhat easy

6.42

4.93

5.95

(423)

(161)

(584)

Very/Somewhat difficult

6.42

4.93

5.95

(213)

(144)

(357)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table A2-6.11SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.11: Effects of FMLA-Related Administrative Activities by
Standard Industrial Classification: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments

Manufac- turing
SE
(N)

Retail
SE
(N)

Service
SE
(N)

All Other Industries SE
(N)

All Estab- lishments SE
(N)

Maintaining Additional Record-Keeping

Very/Somewhat easy

4.78

6.43

6.42

15.30

6.81

(113)

(81)

(175)

(114)

(483)

Very/Somewhat difficult

4.78

6.43

6.42

15.30

6.81

(111)

(77)

(153)

(98)

(439)

Determining Whether the Act Applies to the Organization

Very/Somewhat easy

4.90

5.38

13.22

3.99

4.59

(200)

(127)

(309)

(191)

(827)

Very/Somewhat difficult

4.90

5.38

13.22

3.99

4.59

(27)

(30)

(24)

(26)

(107)

Determining Whether Certain Employees are Eligible

Very/Somewhat easy

3.56

6.68

2.44

6.42

2.90

(171)

(121)

(279)

(169)

(740)

Very/Somewhat difficult

3.56

6.68

2.44

6.42

2.90

(55)

(37)

(56)

(50)

(198)

Coordinating State and Federal Leave Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

4.25

6.72

12.68

15.33

8.33

(136)

(82)

(217)

(118)

(553)

Very/Somewhat difficult

4.25

6.72

12.68

15.33

8.33

(73)

(72)

(105)

(95)

(345)

Coordinating the Act with Other Federal Laws

Very/Somewhat easy

4.64

6.31

7.56

10.53

6.06

(108)

(77)

(174)

(95)

(454)

Very/Somewhat difficult

4.64

6.31

7.56

10.53

6.06

(112)

(77)

(156)

(118)

(463)

Coordinating the Act with Other Leave Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

4.02

4.16

11.16

15.67

5.48

(140)

(98)

(209)

(122)

(569)

Very/Somewhat difficult

4.02

4.16

11.16

15.67

5.48

(85)

(58)

(119)

(93)

(355)


Table A2-6.11SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.11: Effects of FMLA-Related Administrative Activities by
Standard Industrial Classification: 2000 Survey (continued)

Covered Establishments

Manufac- turing
SE
(N)

Retail
SE
(N)

Service
SE
(N)

All Other Industries SE
(N)

All Estab- lishments SE
(N)

Coordinating the Act with Employee Attendance Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

3.90

5.96

5.77

15.82

7.07

(133)

(87)

(219)

(134)

(573)

Very/Somewhat difficult

3.90

5.96

5.77

15.82

7.07

(93)

(69)

(112)

(82)

(356)

Administering FMLA’s Notification, Designation, and Certification Requirements

Very/Somewhat easy

4.88

6.61

11.18

11.15

5.58

(113)

(75)

(177)

(106)

(471)

Very/Somewhat difficult

4.88

6.61

11.18

11.15

5.58

(111)

(78)

(152)

(111)

(452)

Determining if a Health Condition is a Serious Health Condition Under FMLA

Very/Somewhat easy

4.32

6.20

7.34

16.23

5.27

(124)

(86)

(198)

(109)

(517)

Very/Somewhat difficult

4.32

6.20

7.34

16.23

5.27

(99)

(69)

(132)

(104)

(404)

Overall Ease of Complying with FMLA

Very/Somewhat easy

4.20

4.60

10.90

16.84

5.95

(132)

(102)

(211)

(139)

(584)

Very/Somewhat difficult

4.20

4.60

10.90

16.84

5.95

(95)

(57)

(124)

(81)

(357)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.12SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.12: Effects of Complying with FMLA on Business and
Employee Performance by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Business Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

1.43

2.72

1.45

(70)

(39)

(109)

Negative effect

7.09

2.89

6.62

(70)

(85)

(155)

No noticeable effect

7.11

4.08

6.67

(484)

(173)

(657)

Profitability

Positive effect

0.60

1.41

0.56

(29)

(15)

(44)

Negative effect

1.72

3.10

1.72

(80)

(76)

(156)

No noticeable effect

1.98

3.26

1.97

(496)

(194)

(690)

Growth

Positive effect

0.95

1.67

0.89

(20)

(12)

(32)

Negative effect

7.67

1.46

7.20

(28)

(18)

(46)

No noticeable effect

7.75

2.37

7.28

(562)

(255)

(817)

Employee Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

6.78

2.61

6.31

(88)

(36)

(124)

Negative effect

6.97

3.05

6.51

(92)

(77)

(169)

No noticeable effect

7.65

4.34

7.14

(437)

(180)

(617)

Absences

Positive effect

1.35

2.18

1.30

(49)

(33)

(82)

Negative effect

7.30

3.15

6.78

(87)

(105)

(192)

No noticeable effect

7.17

3.72

6.67

(481)

(159)

(640)

Table A2-6.12SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.12: Effects of Complying with FMLA on Business and
Employee Performance by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey (continued)

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Turnover

Positive effect

1.73

2.01

1.66

(55)

(37)

(92)

Negative effect

7.69

0.90

7.21

(14)

(14)

(28)

No noticeable effect

7.35

2.04

6.88

(555)

(243)

(798)

Career Advancement

Positive effect

1.12

1.45

1.06

(37)

(21)

(58)

Negative effect

0.22

0.60

0.21

(5)

(3)

(8)

No noticeable effect

1.14

1.56

1.08

(581)

(275)

(856)

Morale

Positive effect

3.14

4.43

2.98

(183)

(109)

(292)

Negative effect

7.38

1.83

6.90

(37)

(50)

(87)

No noticeable effect

5.84

4.98

5.40

(402)

(139)

(541)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.13SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.13: The Impact of Intermittent Leave
Taken Under FMLA on Covered Establishments by Size: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Productivity

Large negative impact

0.19

0.88

0.20

(5)

(18)

(23)

Moderate negative impact

7.79

2.73

7.29

(44)

(50)

(94)

Small negative impact

0.79

3.31

0.82

(55)

(42)

(97)

No impact

7.53

3.92

7.01

(493)

(167)

(660)

Small positive impact

0.17

0.47

0.16

(3)

(3)

(6)

Moderate positive impact

0.20

0.81

0.19

(3)

(4)

(7)

Large positive impact

.

.

(0)

(0)

Profitability

Large negative impact

0.04

0.54

0.05

(1)

(8)

(9)

Moderate negative impact

0.47

1.85

0.47

(15)

(20)

(35)

Small negative impact

1.02

2.06

1.01

(40)

(38)

(78)

No impact

1.38

2.85

1.40

(533)

(206)

(739)

Small positive impact

0.13

0.70

0.13

(2)

(2)

(4)

Moderate positive impact

.

0.14

0.01

(0)

(1)

(1)

Large positive impact

.

.

.

(0)

(0)

(0)


Table A2-6.14SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.14: Changes in Costs Due to FMLA Since Coverage
Began by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Administrative Costs

Increased

5.35

4.13

4.89

(268)

(199)

(467)

Decreased

0.08

.

0.08

(1)

(0)

(1)

Did not change

5.34

4.13

4.88

(324)

(87)

(411)

Cost of Continuing Benefits During Leave (e.g., health plans)

Increased

5.06

4.85

4.84

(226)

(137)

(363)

Decreased

0.07

0.17

0.07

(1)

(2)

(3)

Did not change

5.08

4.87

4.85

(385)

(148)

(533)

Hiring/Training Costs

Increased

7.71

3.75

7.19

(155)

(123)

(278)

Decreased

0.09

0.09

0.08

(2)

(1)

(3)

Did not change

7.71

3.75

7.19

(463)

(168)

(631)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.15SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.15: Changes in Costs Due to FMLA in Past 18 Months
by Size: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Administrative Costs

No increase

8.97

3.07

8.31

(279)

(61)

(340)

Small increase

9.95

4.03

9.27

(241)

(120)

(361)

Moderate increase

1.90

4.07

1.91

(94)

(83)

(177)

Large increase

0.30

2.12

0.31

(8)

(26)

(34)

Cost of Continuing Benefits During
Leave (e.g., health plans)

No increase

3.20

5.02

3.15

(338)

(121)

(459)

Small increase

3.11

3.09

2.96

(171)

(81)

(252)

Moderate increase

1.92

4.11

2.02

(99)

(82)

(181)

Large increase

0.36

0.25

0.34

(9)

(7)

(16)

Hiring/Training Costs

No increase

6.79

3.83

6.28

(414)

(135)

(549)

Small increase

6.99

3.30

6.51

(134)

(92)

(226)

Moderate increase

1.33

3.07

1.34

(63)

(55)

(118)

Large increase

0.32

1.00

0.31

(7)

(12)

(19)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.16SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.16: Change in Costs Due to
FMLA in Past 18 Months: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Covered Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

Administrative Costs

No increase

7.98

8.31

(240)

(340)

Small Increase

7.88

9.27

(254)

(361)

Moderate Increase

2.16

1.91

(134)

(177)

Large Increase

0.45

0.31

(33)

(34)

Cost of Continuing Benefits During Leave (e.g., health plans)

No increase

6.00

3.15

(368)

(459)

Small Increase

5.72

2.96

(166)

(252)

Moderate Increase

1.09

2.02

(97)

(181)

Large Increase

0.63

0.34

(24)

(16)

Hiring/Training Costs

No increase

4.60

6.28

(435)

(549)

Small Increase

4.49

6.51

(155)

(226)

Moderate Increase

1.16

1.34

(61)

(118)

Large Increase

0.55

0.31

(14)

(19)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.17SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.17: FMLA-Related Cost Savings by
Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Cost Savings:

Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments SE
(N)

1- 250 Employees
SE
(N)

251 Employees
SE
(N)

Yes

2.01

2.59

1.93

(69)

(42)

(111)

No

2.01

2.59

1.93

(536)

(240)

(776)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.18SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.18. FMLA-Related
Cost Savings: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Cost Savings:

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Yes

0.81

1.99

(32)

(111)

No

0.81

1.93

(616)

(776)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.19SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.19: Cost Savings
Associated with FMLA Compliance: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments
SE
(N)

Decreased turnover

8.99

(94)

Increased employee morale

1.91

(6)

Other cost savings

9.08

(19)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.20SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.20: Establishments Having
FMLA Leave-Takers Not Returning to Work: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishments Had Leave-Takers
That Did Not Return to Work

Covered Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Yes

7.42

4.16

(160)

(287)

No

7.42

4.16

(270)

(320)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.21SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-6.21: Number of FMLA Leave-
Takers Not Returning to Work: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Number of Leave-Takers Who Did Not Return to Work

Covered Establishments
With Nonreturning Leave-Takers

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

One

6.25

4.83

(84)

(109)

Two

4.17

3.70

(27)

(61)

More than two

2.83

5.42

(48)

(111)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 

 

STANDARD ERRORS

FOR CHAPTER 7
TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

 

 

Table A2-7.1SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.1: Standard Industrial Classification of
Establishments Not Covered Under FMLA: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishment Standard
Industrial Classification

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

%
SE
(N)

(N)
SE
(N)

%
SE
(N)

(N)
SE
(N)

Manufacturing

0.13

6362.54

0.51

33345.09

(51)

(51)

(87)

(87)

Retail

1.60

107435.66

0.91

61118.35

(103)

(103)

(144)

(144)

Service

2.28

145304.01

1.23

69998.56

(159)

(159)

(277)

(277)

All other industries

2.40

166211.30

0.77

82423.19

(157)

(157)

(223)

(223)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.2SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.2: Size of Establishments Not Covered Under
FMLA: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishments With:

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

%
SE
(N)

(N)
SE
(N)

%
SE
(N)

(N)
SE
(N)

Less than 10 employees

1.68

136650.31

2.00

150721.59

(262)

(262)

(252)

(252)

11 – 24 employees

1.40

91617.13

1.98

124454.71

(141)

(141)

(266)

(266)

25 – 49 employees

1.17

76807.19

0.43

28333.52

(67)

(67)

(213)

(213)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.3SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.3: Family and Medical Leave Policies
by State Laws: Reasons for Which Up to 12 Weeks of Leave is Provided: 2000 Survey

Establishment Provides Leave For:

Establishments in a State:

With Family
and Medical
Leave Laws
SE
(N)

Without Family
and Medical
Leave Laws
SE
(N)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

4.74

4.80

(344)

(177)

No

4.10

4.77

(79)

(37)

Depends on circumstances

3.04

3.70

(53)

(32)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

4.80

4.77

(339)

(174)

No

4.50

4.62

(87)

(43)

Depends on circumstances

3.08

3.91

(46)

(30)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

4.25

5.84

(268)

(146)

No

3.85

6.07

(133)

(64)

Depends on circumstances

3.05

4.13

(69)

(38)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

4.99

4.96

(232)

(125)

No

4.32

6.16

(141)

(75)

Depends on circumstances

2.88

4.71

(86)

(42)

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

4.88

5.03

(282)

(154)

No

4.60

4.63

(116)

(50)

Depends on circumstances

3.50

3.80

(73)

(40)

All FMLA Reasons

Yes

4.06

4.59

(185)

(100)

No

4.06

4.59

(263)

(132)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.4SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.4: Methods Used to Cover Work When an
Employee Takes Leave for a Week or Longer by Coverage Status: 2000 Survey

Establishment Covers Leave By:

Covered Establishments
SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments
SE
(N)

All Establishments
SE
(N)

Assigning work temporarily to other employees

0.47

2.55

2.31

(1024)

(665)

(1689)

Hiring an outside temporary replacement

6.22

3.18

2.94

(559)

(280)

(839)

Hiring a permanent replacement

0.97

2.24

2.00

(71)

(53)

(124)

Putting work on hold until the employee returns
from leave


3.60


3.14


2.88

(196)

(154)

(350)

Having the employee perform some work while
on leave


1.22


2.53


2.29

(143)

(141)

(284)

Some other method

5.86

1.98

1.72

(60)

(43)

(103)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.5SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.5: Effects of Current
Family and Medical Leave Policies on Establishment and Employee
Performance Among Non-covered Establishments: 2000 Survey

Non-covered Establishments SE
(N)

Business Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

3.74

(108)

Negative effect

1.82

(34)

No noticeable effect

4.32

(383)

Profitability

Positive effect

2.70

(48)

Negative effect

3.59

(63)

No noticeable effect

4.08

(400)

Growth

Positive effect

2.48

(50)

Negative effect

3.27

(37)

No noticeable effect

3.65

(429)

Employee Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

4.02

(119)

Negative effect

2.07

(53)

No noticeable effect

4.41

(346)

Absences

Positive effect

3.41

(74)

Negative effect

1.84

(44)

No noticeable effect

4.13

(398)


Table A2-7.5SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.5: Effects of
Current Family and Medical Leave Policies on Establishment and Employee
Performance Among Non-covered Establishments: 2000 Survey
(continued)

Non-covered Establishments SE
(N)

Turnover

Positive effect

3.39

(81)

Negative effect

1.49

(26)

No noticeable effect

3.48

(412)

Career Advancement

Positive effect

3.41

(69)

Negative effect

0.75

(9)

No noticeable effect

3.73

(442)

Morale

Positive effect

4.51

(190)

Negative effect

1.44

(32)

No noticeable effect

4.39

(300)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.6SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.6: Non-covered
Establishments’ Anticipated Impact of FMLA: 2000 Survey

Non-covered Establishments SE
(N)

Business Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

2.37

(39)

Negative effect

4.49

(238)

No noticeable effect

3.92

(247)

Profitability

Positive effect

1.59

(24)

Negative effect

4.32

(241)

No noticeable effect

4.08

(252)

Growth

Positive effect

1.73

(24)

Negative effect

4.02

(166)

No noticeable effect

4.22

(328)

Employee Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

2.85

(77)

Negative effect

3.59

(175)

No noticeable effect

3.68

(262)

Absences

Positive effect

3.00

(49)

Negative effect

4.43

(130)

No noticeable effect

4.86

(331)


Table A2-7.6SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.6: Non-covered
Establishments’ Anticipated Impact of FMLA: 2000 Survey
(continued)

Non-covered Establishments SE
(N)

Turnover

Positive effect

2.68

(54)

Negative effect

3.45

(91)

No noticeable effect

3.56

(362)

Career Advancement

Positive effect

2.48

(48)

Negative effect

2.73

(71)

No noticeable effect

3.37

(395)

Morale

Positive effect

3.16

(133)

Negative effect

3.13

(102)

No noticeable effect

3.86

(279)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 

 


Table A2-7.7SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.7: Non-covered
Establishments’ Anticipated Cost of FMLA: 2000 Survey

Non-covered Establishments
SE
(N)

Administrative Costs

No increase

3.54

(145)

Small increase

3.30

(163)

Moderate increase

3.63

(143)

Large increase

3.27

(64)

Hiring or Training Costs

No increase

4.54

(179)

Small increase

3.26

(134)

Moderate increase

4.00

(145)

Large increase

3.44

(64)

Litigation Costs

No increase

4.15

(285)

Small increase

3.22

(85)

Moderate increase

2.92

(67)

Large increase

3.92

(47)

Would There be Any Cost Savings?

Yes

1.88

(51)

No

1.88

(456)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table A2-7.8SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.8: Anticipated Effects
of Complying with FMLA Among Non-covered Establishments: Business and
Employee Performance: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Non-covered Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Business Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

1.90

2.37

(29)

(39)

Negative effect

2.68

4.49

(176)

(238)

No noticeable effect

3.14

3.92

(168)

(247)

Profitability

Positive effect

1.70

1.59

(22)

(24)

Negative effect

2.46

4.32

(170)

(241)

No noticeable effect

3.15

4.08

(181)

(252)

Growth

Positive effect

1.16

1.73

(14)

(24)

Negative effect

2.53

4.02

(126)

(166)

No noticeable effect

2.66

4.22

(237)

(328)

Employee Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

2.51

2.85

(49)

(77)

Negative effect

3.08

3.59

(118)

(175)

No noticeable effect

3.37

3.68

(206)

(262)

Absences

Positive effect

1.88

3.00

(30)

(49)

Negative effect

2.98

4.43

(103)

(130)

No noticeable effect

3.61

4.86

(235)

(331)


Table A2-7.8SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.8: Anticipated Effects of
Complying with FMLA Among Non-covered Establishments: Business and
Employee Performance: 1995 and 2000 Surveys (continued)

Non-covered Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Turnover

Positive effect

2.28

2.68

(43)

(54)

Negative effect

1.99

3.45

(61)

(91)

No noticeable effect

2.79

3.56

(259)

(362)

Career Advancement

Positive effect

1.65

2.48

(24)

(48)

Negative effect

1.87

2.73

(37)

(71)

No noticeable effect

1.89

3.37

(314)

(395)

Morale

Positive effect

NA

3.16

(133)

Negative effect

NA

3.13

(102)

No noticeable effect

NA

3.86

(279)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table A2-7.9SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.9: Anticipated Impact of
Complying with FMLA: Business Costs: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Non-covered Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Administrative Costs

No increase

2.91

3.54

(115)

(145)

Small increase

2.85

3.30

(96)

(163)

Moderate increase

3.42

3.63

(96)

(143)

Large increase

2.86

3.27

(60)

(64)

Hiring or Training Costs

No increase

3.08

4.54

(142)

(179)

Small increase

2.55

3.26

(87)

(134)

Moderate increase

2.56

4.00

(68)

(145)

Large increase

2.51

3.44

(67)

(64)

Litigation Costs

No increase

NA

4.15

(285)

Small increase

NA

3.22

(85)

Moderate increase

NA

2.92

(67)

Large increase

NA

3.92

(47)

Cost Savings

Yes

1.25

1.88

(16)

(51)

No

1.25

1.88

(358)

(456)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table A2-7.10SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.10: Family and Medical Leave Policies by
FMLA Coverage Subgroup Status: Reasons for Providing Up to
12 Weeks of Unpaid Leave: 2000 Survey

Reasons for Providing Leave:

Covered Establishments with
50-99 Employees SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with
25-49Employees SE
(N)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

2.76

5.37

(297)

(161)

No

2.52

3.92

(7)

(29)

Depends on circumstances

1.38

2.19

(16)

(19)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

3.10

7.76

(297)

(159)

No

3.07

3.85

(10)

(33)

Depends on circumstances

1.36

6.85

(15)

(21)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

2.77

8.56

(286)

(131)

No

2.55

5.27

(14)

(49)

Depends on circumstances

1.25

6.80

(21)

(28)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

3.66

8.74

(263)

(111)

No

3.28

6.61

(25)

(58)

Depends on circumstances

1.36

2.81

(23)

(34)


Table A2-7.10SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.10: Family and Medical Leave Policies by
FMLA Coverage Subgroup Status: Reasons for Providing Up to
12 Weeks of Unpaid Leave: 2000 Survey (continued)

Reasons for Providing Leave:

Covered Establishments with
50-99 Employees SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with
25-49Employees SE
(N)

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

2.04

7.14

(284)

(132)

No

1.31

5.10

(14)

(46)

Depends on circumstances

1.36

2.85

(20)

(30)

All FMLA Reasons

Yes

2.83

10.41

(246)

(88)

No

2.83

10.41

(61)

(108)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table B2-7.11SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.11: Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA Covered Subgroup Status: Continuation of Health Benefits: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees
SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees
SE
(N)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

2.07

4.26

(276)

(127)

No

0.94

1.17

(7)

(8)

Depends on circumstances

2.00

3.58

(28)

(24)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

1.98

3.59

(281)

(130)

No

0.76

1.32

(4)

(8)

Depends on circumstances

1.80

2.70

(25)

(21)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

2.11

5.04

(265)

(106)

No

0.91

1.74

(9)

(10)

Depends on circumstances

1.92

3.64

(27)

(19)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

2.38

4.92

(252)

(102)

No

1.20

1.81

(8)

(9)

Depends on circumstances

2.05

3.41

(27)

(20)

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

3.34

5.56

(264)

(102)

No

2.63

1.19

(6)

(7)

Depends on circumstances

2.37

4.81

(31)

(32)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.12SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.12: Family and Medical Leave Policies by
FMLA Coverage Status: Reasons for Which Job Return is Guaranteed: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees
SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees
SE
(N)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

1.27

7.83

(300)

(154)

No

0.24

1.41

(1)

(8)

Depends on circumstances

1.23

7.49

(15)

(21)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

1.10

2.15

(301)

(164)

No

0.24

0.94

(1)

(5)

Depends on circumstances

1.05

1.63

(11)

(11)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

1.35

2.44

(293)

(147)

No

0.24

1.02

(1)

(5)

Depends on circumstances

1.32

1.90

(15)

(11)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

1.44

8.59

(280)

(138)

No

0.74

0.72

(2)

(2)

Depends on circumstances

1.29

8.53

(14)

(13)

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

2.66

10.72

(293)

(136)

No

2.55

1.12

(2)

(5)

Depends on circumstances

1.24

11.13

(13)

(22)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.13SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.13: Provision of Leave Beyond that
Guaranteed by FMLA by Coverage Subgroup Status: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees
SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees
SE
(N)

More Than 12 Weeks Per Year

Yes

2.23

9.92

(57)

(22)

No

3.76

11.49

(161)

(93)

Depends on circumstances

3.66

9.17

(82)

(54)

Employees Who Have Worked for Establishment Less Than 12 Months

Yes

2.93

6.06

(73)

(38)

No

3.97

7.96

(154)

(89)

Depends on circumstances

3.55

10.03

(65)

(40)

Employees Who Have Worked for Less
Than 1,250 Hours in the Past Year

Yes

2.86

6.65

(68)

(44)

No

3.75

7.75

(153)

(87)

Depends on circumstances

2.17

9.98

(71)

(33)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table A2-7.14SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.14: Provision of Additional Reasons by
FMLA Coverage Status: 2000 Survey

Establishment Allows Additional Leave For:

Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees
SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees
SE
(N)

Attending School Meetings or Activities

Yes - Separate from other leave

3.77

6.93

(145)

(92)

Yes - Not separate from other leave

2.15

4.09

(86)

(51)

No

3.04

2.91

(44)

(34)

Depends on circumstances

2.06

2.68

(43)

(27)

Routine Medical Appointments for Self and Family

Yes - Separate from other leave

3.62

7.00

(130)

(105)

Yes - Not separate from other leave

2.78

5.88

(133)

(81)

No

1.93

1.70

(29)

(14)

Depends on circumstances

2.74

0.99

(25)

(6)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table A2-7.15SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.15: Continuation of Other Benefits During
Leave by FMLA Coverage Status: 2000 Survey

Establishment Continues:

Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees
SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees
SE
(N)

Contributions to Pension or Retirement

Yes

4.65

4.61

(123)

(63)

No

4.57

4.84

(101)

(62)

Depends on circumstances

3.41

5.87

(50)

(20)

Contributions to Life or Disability Insurance

Yes

2.68

9.74

(219)

(113)

No

2.23

6.94

(51)

(40)

Depends on circumstances

1.61

3.89

(31)

(17)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table A2-7.16SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.16: Continuation of Pay During Leave
by FMLA Coverage Subgroup Status: 2000 Survey

Establishment Continues Pay For:

Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees
SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with
25-49 Employees
SE
(N)

Paid Sick Leave

Yes

3.29

8.28

(222)

(134)

No

2.56

5.63

(71)

(61)

Depends on circumstances

1.89

6.76

(30)

(18)

Paid Disability Leave

Yes

3.32

13.69

(194)

(91)

No

2.79

8.28

(73)

(100)

Depends on circumstances

3.29

10.05

(51)

(20)

Paid Vacation

Yes

1.70

7.67

(295)

(199)

No

0.93

7.55

(4)

(8)

Depends on circumstances

1.61

0.89

(24)

(6)

Other Paid Time Off

Yes

2.80

5.76

(136)

(51)

No

3.14

5.39

(175)

(154)

Depends on circumstances

1.08

1.24

(13)

(7)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table A2-7.17SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.17: Continuation of Pay During Leave by
FMLA Subgroup Status: Reasons for Which Pay is Continued: 2000 Survey

Establishment Continues
Pay During Leave For:

Covered Establishments with
50-99 Employees SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with
25-49Employees SE
(N)

Parents to Care for Newborn

Full pay

2.27

7.11

(70)

(47)

Partial pay

1.31

9.12

(15)

(12)

Depends on circumstances

2.56

12.04

(69)

(33)

No pay

3.68

9.63

(166)

(118)

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Full pay

2.16

7.34

(52)

(36)

Partial pay

0.74

9.28

(12)

(8)

Depends on circumstances

2.96

10.35

(66)

(28)

No pay

3.53

11.53

(187)

(139)

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Full pay

4.03

6.90

(118)

(64)

Partial pay

1.45

8.75

(34)

(21)

Depends on circumstances

3.13

12.13

(74)

(42)

No pay

3.19

6.71

(97)

(84)

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Full pay

3.22

6.87

(115)

(60)

Partial pay

1.50

8.98

(34)

(14)

Depends on circumstances

2.85

11.88

(55)

(33)

No pay

3.86

8.62

(117)

(103)


Table A2-7.17SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.17: Continuation of Pay During Leave by FMLA Subgroup Status: Reasons for Which Pay is Continued: 2000 Survey (continued)

Establishment Continues
Pay During Leave For:

Covered Establishments with
50-99 Employees SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with
25-49Employees SE
(N)

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Full pay

3.16

7.00

(69)

(42)

Partial pay

0.72

9.31

(8)

(10)

Depends on circumstances

3.56

11.95

(63)

(39)

No pay

3.99

9.70

(180)

(119)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table A2-7.18SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.18: Provision of Other Work-Life
Benefits by FMLA Coverage Status: 2000 Survey

Covered Establishments with
50-99 Employees SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with
25-49Employees SE
(N)

Child Care Assistance

Yes

3.07

8.35

(120)

(35)

No

3.24

8.19

(194)

(176)

Depends on circumstances

0.78

0.39

(9)

(2)

Elder Care Assistance

Yes

1.51

1.31

(37)

(13)

No

1.57

1.34

(281)

(197)

Depends on circumstances

0.42

0.51

(4)

(2)

Flexible Work Schedules

Yes

3.39

6.05

(200)

(134)

No

2.63

4.23

(83)

(51)

Depends on circumstances

2.19

2.56

(41)

(27)

Employee Assistance Program

Yes

3.53

5.29

(143)

(46)

No

3.66

5.63

(171)

(161)

Depends on circumstances

0.92

0.79

(10)

(5)

Adoption Assistance

Yes

1.54

1.15

(31)

(7)

No

1.69

1.40

(282)

(201)

Depends on circumstances

0.81

0.64

(7)

(4)


Table A2-7.18SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.18: Provision of Other Work-Life Benefits
by FMLA Coverage Status: 2000 Survey (continued)

Covered Establishments with
50-99 Employees SE
(N)

Non-covered Establishments with
25-49Employees SE
(N)

Workplace Provisions for Lactation

Yes

3.85

3.43

(82)

(35)

No

4.18

10.66

(210)

(168)

Depends on circumstances

1.55

9.68

(27)

(9)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 


Table A2-7.19SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.19: Comparison of Non-covered
Subgroup’s Anticipated Impact of FMLA to Covered Subgroup’s Actual Impact of FMLA:
2000 Survey

Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees
SE
(N)

Non-Covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees
SE
(N)

Business Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

2.43

4.05

(29)

(9)

Negative effect

3.08

10.99

(23)

(59)

No noticeable effect

3.88

11.50

(207)

(67)

Profitability

Positive effect

1.36

0.98

(13)

(5)

Negative effect

3.29

11.35

(28)

(57)

No noticeable effect

3.27

11.50

(213)

(72)

Growth

Positive effect

1.24

0.92

(9)

(4)

Negative effect

1.41

11.49

(10)

(39)

No noticeable effect

1.95

11.57

(239)

(91)

Employee Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

2.31

4.84

(33)

(22)

Negative effect

3.16

10.78

(36)

(41)

No noticeable effect

3.81

12.31

(187)

(71)

Absences

Positive effect

1.88

2.17

(18)

(14)

Negative effect

3.46

11.00

(33)

(37)

No noticeable effect

3.71

11.19

(207)

(82)


Table A2-7.19SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.19: Comparison of Non-covered Subgroup’s Anticipated Impact of FMLA to Covered Subgroup’s Actual Impact of FMLA: 2000 Survey
(continued)

Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees
SE
(N)

Non-Covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees
SE
(N)

Turnover

Positive effect

1.95

2.58

(23)

(16)

Negative effect

1.02

11.41

(7)

(18)

No noticeable effect

2.54

11.32

(232)

(97)

Career Advancement

Positive effect

0.96

2.13

(14)

(12)

Negative effect

0.69

2.61

(3)

(13)

No noticeable effect

1.26

4.12

(243)

(109)

Morale

Positive effect

3.28

6.65

(77)

(43)

Negative effect

3.10

10.82

(13)

(19)

No noticeable effect

3.70

10.91

(171)

(68)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

 

Table A2-7.20SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-7.20: Comparison of Non-covered
Subgroup’s Anticipated Cost of FMLA to Covered Subgroup’s Actual Cost of FMLA: 2000
Survey

Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees
SE
(N)

Non-Covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees
SE
(N)

Administrative Costs

No increase

4.63

5.56

(119)

(28)

Small increase

4.76

13.06

(99)

(44)

Moderate increase

2.33

7.75

(41)

(45)

Large increase

0.59

2.52

(2)

(13)

Hiring or Training Costs

No increase

2.99

9.19

(176)

(46)

Small increase

2.02

4.55

(53)

(34)

Moderate increase

2.24

13.78

(26)

(38)

Large increase

1.20

4.69

(5)

(17)

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

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