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Wage and Hour Division
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Wage and Hour Division (WHD)

APPENDIX B-2 STANDARD ERRORS FOR TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

This Appendix is in two parts. This is part one of two. Please see part two for additional information.)

Table A2-2.1SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.1: Number of
Leaves Taken: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Number

Leave-Takers

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1

2

3 or more

1.52
(855)
1.28
(191)
0.94
(126)

2.12
(895)
1.69
(165)
1.43
(123)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.2SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.2: Length of Leave:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Length of Longest Leave (in work days)

Leave-Takers

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1-3 days

4-5 days

6-10 days

11-20 days

21-30 days

31-40 days

41-60 days

More than 60 days


Number of Leave-Takers

1.26
(113)
1.88
(264)
1.74
(232)
0.98
(159)
1.02
(99)
0.96
(89)
0.93
(96)
0.75
(120)

657,248.17
(1,172)

1.02
(152)
1.77
(237)
1.86
(226)
1.05
(156)
0.77
(94)
1.02
(98)
0.88
(119)
1.12
(125)

876,388.45
(1,229)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.3SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.3: Reason for Leave Within Length of Leave Groups:
2000 Survey

Length of Longest Leave(in
work days)

Leave-Takers Within Each Length Category

Number
of
Leave-Takers
SE
(N)

Own Health
SE (N)

Maternity-Disability SE (N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care
for III
Child SE (N)

Care for III Spouse
SE
(N)

Care for III Parent
SE
(N)

1 – 3 days

4 – 5 days

6 – 10 days

11 – 30 days

31 – 60 days

More than 60 days

5.06
(44)
3.63
(83)
5.14
(103)
4.51
(159)
4.18
(108)
5.77
(72)
0.73
(1)
0.88
(5)
1.00
(8)
1.80
(20)
2.68
(40)
7.65
(20)

3.66
(22)
5.56
(34)
4.03
(29)
2.28
(31)
3.13
(54)
3.86
(23)

3.26

2.90

3.49

285,556.67

(37)

(19)

(26)

(152)

2.00

1.96

3.06

455,295.99

(32)

(30)

(51)

(237)

4.84

1.26

3.61

479,710.83

(24)

(17)

(42)

(226)

3.23

0.99

1.53

291,544.97

(11)

(8)

(19)

(250)

0.90

0.67

1.01

369,477.18

(6)

(2)

(7)

(217)

0.34

1.38

1.61

258,078.21

(1)

(5)

(4)

(125)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.4SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.4: Demographic Characteristics of Leave-
Takers Versus Other Employees: 2000 Survey

Leave-Takers
SE
(N)

Other Employees
SE
(N)

All Employees
SE
(N)

Gender

Male

1.97

1.40

1.24

(461)

(646)

(1107)

Female

1.97

1.40

1.24

(768)

(683)

(1451)

Age

18 – 24

1.44

1.08

0.93

(87)

(176)

(263)

25 – 34

1.86

1.32

1.11

(326)

(274)

(600)

35 – 49

1.95

1.69

1.41

(501)

(556)

(1057)

50 – 64

1.21

1.22

1.05

(275)

(274)

(549)

65 or over

0.36

0.55

0.46

(29)

(35)

(64)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

1.91

1.35

1.22

(939)

(1031)

(1970)

Black non-Hispanic

1.50

1.02

0.93

(124)

(130)

(254)

Hispanic

1.33

0.76

0.68

(85)

(95)

(180)

Asian

0.39

0.62

0.51

(30)

(34)

(64)

All others

0.55

0.65

0.55

(38)

(28)

(66)

Marital Status

Married/
Living with partner

1.72

1.63

1.45

(919)

(908)

(1827)

Separated/
Divorced/Widowed

1.13

1.03

0.90

(171)

(145)

(316)

Never been married

1.43

1.37

1.23

(132)

(270)

(402)


Table A2-2.4SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.4: Demographic Characteristics of Leave-
Takers Versus Other Employees: 2000 Survey (continued)

Leave-Takers
SE
(N)

Other Employees
SE
(N)

All Employees
SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

1.78

1.42

1.27

(518)

(771)

(1289)

One or more

1.78

1.42

1.27

(710)

(553)

(1263)

Education

Less than high school

1.15

0.91

0.78

(62)

(75)

(137)

High school graduate

1.67

1.95

1.62

(344)

(390)

(734)

Some college

1.91

1.56

1.31

(384)

(376)

(760)

College graduate

1.64

1.42

1.20

(294)

(345)

(639)

Graduate school

1.38

1.11

0.96

(143)

(139)

(282)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

1.57

1.43

1.16

(148)

(168)

(316)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

1.38

1.45

1.22

(135)

(144)

(279)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

1.62

1.60

1.32

(271)

(283)

(554)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

1.64

1.81

1.48

(293)

(273)

(566)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

1.23

1.15

1.00

(136)

(125)

(261)

$100,000 or more

1.67

0.96

0.86

(113)

(111)

(224)

Compensation Type

Salaried

2.02

1.44

1.28

(446)

(461)

(907)

Hourly

2.11

1.38

1.19

(657)

(705)

(1362)

Other

0.97

1.14

0.97

(122)

(157)

(279)

Population Totals

876,388.45

2,973,287.67

3,044,208.49

(1,229)

(1,329)

(2,558)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.5SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.5: Demographic Characteristics of
Leave-Takers: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Leave-Takers

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Gender

Male

1.82

1.97

(484)

(461)

Female

1.82

1.97

(688)

(768)

Age

18 – 24

1.02

1.44

(143)

(87)

25 – 34

1.62

1.86

(369)

(326)

35 – 49

1.72

1.95

(451)

(501)

50 – 64

1.50

1.21

(170)

(275)

65 or over

0.44

0.36

(39)

(29)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

1.70

1.91

(902)

(939)

Black non-Hispanic

1.20

1.50

(120)

(124)

Hispanic

1.27

1.33

(92)

(85)

Asian

NA

0.39

(30)

All others

0.49

0.55

(22)

(38)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

1.78

1.72

(850)

(919)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

1.60

1.13

(178)

(171)

Never been married

1.38

1.43

(141)

(132)


Table A2-2.5SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.5: Demographic Characteristics of
Leave-Takers: 1995 and 2000 Surveys (continued)

Leave-Takers

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

2.13

1.78

(507)

(518)

One or more

2.13

1.78

(663)

(710)

Education

Less than high school

1.33

1.15

(102)

(62)

High school graduate

1.66

1.67

(314)

(344)

Some college

1.76

1.91

(363)

(384)

College graduate

1.44

1.64

(242)

(294)

Graduate school

1.49

1.38

(147)

(143)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

1.46

1.57

(208)

(148)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

1.77

1.38

(182)

(135)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

1.59

1.62

(317)

(271)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

1.66

1.64

(207)

(293)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

1.09

1.23

(95)

(136)

$100,000 or more

0.66

1.67

(49)

(113)

Compensation Type

Salaried

1.75

2.02

(427)

(446)

Hourly

1.90

2.11

(643)

(657)

Other

1.26

0.97

(100)

(122)

Number of Leave-Takers

657,248.17

876,388.45

(1,172)

(1,229)

NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All Others."
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.6SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.6: Reasons for All Leaves Taken Within Demographic
Groups: 2000 Survey

Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took at Least One Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child SE (N)

Care for
Ill Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse
SE
(N)

Care for
Ill Parent
SE
(N)

Gender

Male

3.54

.

3.51

2.14

1.21

1.96

(262)

(0)

(88)

(47)

(42)

(57)

Female

2.66

1.80

2.07

1.58

0.78

1.60

(368)

(98)

(115)

(88)

(51)

(115)

Age

18 – 24

7.84

8.18

4.99

1.71

1.18

5.74

(41)

(20)

(22)

(4)

(2)

(4)

25 – 34

3.73

1.97

4.32

1.75

1.08

2.56

(122)

(49)

(117)

(39)

(11)

(18)

35 – 49

2.98

0.86

1.38

3.17

0.97

1.93

(258)

(28)

(54)

(77)

(34)

(95)

50 or over

4.02

.

3.34

1.34

2.00

2.12

(203)

(0)

(9)

(14)

(45)

(54)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

2.55

1.29

2.18

1.14

0.70

1.47

(483)

(68)

(155)

(96)

(72)

(141)

Black non-Hispanic

6.22

2.98

2.46

9.19

1.43

2.93

(71)

(12)

(14)

(19)

(7)

(17)

Hispanic

9.48

2.99

10.21

2.87

2.99

2.25

(37)

(11)

(21)

(8)

(7)

(6)

All others

5.78

3.39

5.22

3.56

4.10

3.89

(33)

(6)

(11)

(8)

(7)

(7)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

2.88

1.31

2.61

1.13

0.80

1.50

(430)

(81)

(182)

(98)

(85)

(120)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

4.42

1.36

1.38

4.40

1.41

2.71

(108)

(6)

(8)

(26)

(8)

(28)

Never been married

4.99

2.65

3.45

7.61

.

4.65

(86)

(11)

(13)

(11)

(0)

(22)


Table A2-2.6SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.6: Reasons for All Leaves Taken Within Demographic
Groups: 2000 Survey (continued)

Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took at Least One Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

2.37

0.12

2.04

0.91

1.16

2.04

(353)

(2)

(19)

(21)

(52)

(103)

One or more

3.44

1.82

2.81

2.26

0.82

1.68

(276)

(96)

(184)

(114)

(41)

(69)

Education

High school graduate or less

3.12

2.60

2.00

1.88

1.00

2.21

(237)

(30)

(66)

(43)

(31)

(41)

Some college

4.06

1.34

2.93

3.49

1.06

1.60

(205)

(31)

(53)

(41)

(28)

(56)

College graduate

3.78

1.61

4.73

1.75

1.37

1.89

(136)

(26)

(58)

(33)

(20)

(42)

Graduate school

4.75

2.28

6.63

2.71

2.53

5.57

(50)

(11)

(26)

(18)

(14)

(33)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

5.07

6.16

3.22

2.73

1.30

4.44

(74)

(21)

(25)

(20)

(5)

(14)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

5.82

0.66

2.89

4.52

1.83

3.19

(86)

(2)

(19)

(14)

(9)

(15)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

4.29

1.66

2.34

4.33

1.39

1.81

(160)

(20)

(37)

(33)

(18)

(37)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

4.18

1.87

2.39

1.69

1.63

3.27

(132)

(31)

(55)

(27)

(27)

(45)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

5.28

2.59

6.22

2.35

1.80

2.79

(58)

(13)

(26)

(12)

(10)

(23)

$100,000 or more

8.51

1.10

10.79

2.75

2.00

4.01

(53)

(2)

(22)

(15)

(9)

(20)

Compensation Type

Salaried

4.16

1.13

3.72

2.07

1.43

2.47

(194)

(34)

(85)

(42)

(47)

(75)

Hourly

2.87

1.79

1.49

2.11

0.73

1.59

(372)

(56)

(101)

(77)

(39)

(75)

Other

5.56

2.08

4.22

2.90

1.73

4.13

(61)

(8)

(17)

(16)

(7)

(21)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.7SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.7: Leave-Taking Within
Demographic Groups: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Employees Within Each Demographic Category that Took Leave (for a Covered Reason)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Gender

Male

0.87

0.81

(484)

(461)

Female

1.24

1.01

(688)

(768)

Age

18 – 24

1.25

1.69

(143)

(87)

25 – 34

1.83

1.63

(369)

(326)

35 – 49

1.13

1.22

(451)

(501)

50 – 64

1.43

1.18

(170)

(275)

65 or over

2.59

2.76

(39)

(29)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

0.84

0.72

(902)

(939)

Black non-Hispanic

2.30

2.60

(120)

(124)

Hispanic

3.31

3.12

(92)

(85)

Asian

NA

3.23

(30)

All others

4.79

4.82

(22)

(38)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

0.85

0.79

(850)

(919)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

2.60

2.15

(178)

(171)

Never been married

1.31

1.10

(141)

(132)


Table A2-2.7SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.7: Leave-Taking Within
Demographic Groups: 1995 and 2000 Surveys (continued)

Employees Within Each Demographic Category that Took Leave (for a Covered Reason)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

0.87

0.64

(507)

(518)

One or more

1.16

1.21

(663)

(710)

Education

Less than high school

3.00

3.98

(102)

(62)

High school graduate

1.21

1.42

(314)

(344)

Some college

1.48

1.61

(363)

(384)

College graduate

1.30

1.29

(242)

(294)

Graduate school

2.18

2.05

(147)

(143)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

1.77

2.25

(208)

(148)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

1.95

2.08

(182)

(135)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

1.38

1.66

(317)

(271)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

1.53

1.81

(207)

(293)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

2.39

2.00

(95)

(136)

$100,000 or more

3.07

2.92

(49)

(113)

Compensation Type

Salaried

1.19

1.04

(427)

(446)

Hourly

0.95

0.96

(643)

(657)

Other

1.87

1.73

(100)

(122)

NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All Others."
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.8SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.8: Demographic Characteristics by Reason for
Longest Leave, Based on Total Employee Population: 2000 Survey

Percent of Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Gender

Male

0.47

.

0.55

0.30

0.16

0.26

(248)

(0)

(81)

(39)

(38)

(52)

Female

0.71

0.37

0.43

0.31

0.14

0.26

(334)

(95)

(113)

(73)

(46)

(100)

Age

18 – 24

1.26

1.01

0.54

0.14

0.13

0.35

(40)

(20)

(19)

(3)

(2)

(2)

25 – 34

0.60

0.42

1.31

0.32

0.21

0.52

(104)

(48)

(114)

(31)

(10)

(18)

35 – 49

0.78

0.14

0.24

0.59

0.15

0.29

(239)

(26)

(52)

(64)

(31)

(86)

50 or over

0.72

.

0.59

0.22

0.34

0.35

(193)

(0)

(8)

(13)

(40)

(45)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

0.49

0.21

0.40

0.21

0.10

0.21

(452)

(66)

(148)

(77)

(64)

(126)

Black non-Hispanic

1.75

0.53

0.39

1.89

0.26

0.42

(59)

(12)

(13)

(17)

(7)

(15)

Hispanic

1.12

0.52

2.40

0.47

0.55

0.35

(35)

(11)

(21)

(6)

(6)

(4)

All others

1.67

0.52

0.77

0.65

0.62

0.62

(31)

(5)

(10)

(8)

(7)

(6)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

0.48

0.24

0.57

0.22

0.13

0.26

(396)

(79)

(174)

(80)

(76)

(106)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

1.45

0.25

0.27

1.08

0.30

0.53

(101)

(5)

(8)

(23)

(8)

(25)

Never been married

0.92

0.23

0.30

0.72

.

0.21

(79)

(11)

(12)

(9)

(0)

(20)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

0.49

0.01

0.24

0.10

0.14

0.19

(335)

(2)

(18)

(19)

(47)

(92)

One or more

0.72

0.43

0.83

0.58

0.18

0.36

(246)

(93)

(176)

(93)

(37)

(60)


Table A2-2.8SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.8: Demographic Characteristics by Reason for
Longest Leave, Based on Total Employee Population: 2000 Survey (continued)

Percent of Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability
SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Education

High school graduate or less

0.89

0.43

0.33

0.30

0.17

0.27

(222)

(28)

(60)

(31)

(29)

(35)

Some college

1.00

0.27

0.66

0.69

0.20

0.30

(186)

(30)

(51)

(37)

(25)

(50)

College graduate

0.68

0.25

0.85

0.26

0.17

0.25

(124)

(26)

(57)

(29)

(18)

(39)

Graduate school

0.83

0.41

1.45

0.39

0.43

1.00

(48)

(11)

(26)

(15)

(12)

(28)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

1.47

1.11

0.56

0.40

0.21

0.50

(69)

(21)

(24)

(16)

(5)

(13)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

1.38

0.11

0.51

0.80

0.35

0.56

(79)

(2)

(17)

(11)

(9)

(14)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

0.97

0.32

0.47

0.88

0.26

0.30

(143)

(19)

(32)

(26)

(16)

(30)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

1.23

0.37

0.54

0.39

0.33

0.66

(120)

(29)

(54)

(24)

(26)

(40)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

1.15

0.43

1.37

0.40

0.27

0.49

(57)

(13)

(26)

(12)

(8)

(20)

$100,000 or more

1.03

0.20

2.81

0.41

0.32

0.62

(50)

(2)

(22)

(11)

(7)

(20)

Compensation Type

Salaried

0.73

0.19

0.76

0.33

0.21

0.38

(181)

(34)

(82)

(37)

(42)

(67)

Hourly

0.75

0.31

0.29

0.38

0.13

0.20

(341)

(53)

(96)

(60)

(36)

(64)

Other

0.88

0.28

0.72

0.37

0.23

0.69

(57)

(8)

(16)

(15)

(6)

(20)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.9SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.9: Demographic Characteristics by Reason for
Longest Leave, Based on Total Employee Population: 1995 Survey

Percent of Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability
SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Gender

Male

0.69

.

0.34

0.22

0.11

0.15

(323)

(0)

(74)

(28)

(29)

(30)

Female

0.86

0.24

0.30

0.35

0.10

0.29

(381)

(62)

(102)

(67)

(17)

(59)

Age

18 – 24

0.85

0.30

0.51

0.31

0.13

0.24

(83)

(15)

(26)

(12)

(2)

(5)

25 – 34

0.83

0.36

0.66

0.60

0.19

0.27

(153)

(37)

(107)

(40)

(11)

(21)

35 – 49

0.92

0.10

0.37

0.28

0.13

0.30

(298)

(10)

(42)

(36)

(17)

(48)

50 or over

1.20

.

0.05

0.19

0.21

0.21

(170)

(0)

(1)

(7)

(16)

(15)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

0.58

0.10

0.28

0.15

0.08

0.18

(538)

(44)

(141)

(71)

(39)

(69)

Black non-Hispanic

1.98

0.40

0.57

1.15

0.44

0.46

(77)

(7)

(12)

(11)

(5)

(8)

Hispanic

2.32

0.56

0.68

1.65

.

0.55

(54)

(7)

(14)

(9)

(0)

(8)

All others

2.64

0.96

1.90

1.47

.

1.28

(9)

(2)

(6)

(2)

(0)

(3)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

0.57

0.14

0.32

0.24

0.10

0.19

(462)

(55)

(154)

(80)

(39)

(60)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

2.12

0.13

0.34

0.47

0.28

0.45

(129)

(2)

(13)

(11)

(7)

(16)

Never been married

1.20

0.18

0.21

0.17

.

0.29

(110)

(5)

(9)

(4)

(0)

(13)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

0.75

0.03

0.03

0.08

0.11

0.25

(419)

(2)

(2)

(13)

(21)

(50)

One or more

0.70

0.25

0.52

0.39

0.13

0.17

(285)

(60)

(173)

(81)

(25)

(39)


Table A2-2.9SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.9: Demographic Characteristics by Reason for
Longest Leave, Based on Total Employee Population: 1995 Survey (continued)

Percent of Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability
SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Education

High school graduate or less

0.92

0.13

0.26

0.44

0.16

0.17

(283)

(15)

(53)

(26)

(17)

(22)

Some college

0.87

0.19

0.49

0.21

0.19

0.42

(223)

(21)

(44)

(33)

(19)

(23)

College graduate

0.81

0.25

0.45

0.32

0.12

0.31

(123)

(21)

(49)

(21)

(4)

(24)

Graduate school

1.88

0.22

0.59

0.45

0.23

0.54

(71)

(5)

(30)

(15)

(6)

(20)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

1.48

0.25

0.49

0.29

0.16

0.25

(141)

(8)

(30)

(13)

(5)

(11)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

1.67

0.18

0.41

1.04

0.32

0.32

(119)

(5)

(22)

(17)

(10)

(9)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

1.10

0.18

0.45

0.22

0.16

0.21

(194)

(20)

(40)

(26)

(13)

(24)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

0.98

0.27

0.50

0.32

0.25

0.60

(111)

(12)

(40)

(19)

(13)

(12)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

1.77

0.45

0.91

0.40

0.40

0.63

(46)

(6)

(19)

(6)

(5)

(13)

$100,000 or more

1.82

0.77

1.06

0.92

.

0.83

(20)

(6)

(11)

(6)

(0)

(6)

Compensation Type

Salaried

0.75

0.19

0.46

0.23

0.12

0.27

(219)

(28)

(79)

(32)

(15)

(54)

Hourly

0.76

0.13

0.20

0.32

0.13

0.13

(413)

(29)

(85)

(56)

(30)

(30)

Other

1.52

0.24

0.41

0.30

0.10

0.91

(70)

(5)

(12)

(7)

(1)

(5)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.10SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.10: Demographic Characteristics of
Leave-Needers Versus Other Employees: 2000 Survey

Leave-Needers SE
(N)

Other Employees SE
(N)

All Employees SE
(N)

Gender

Male

3.94

1.29

1.24

(86)

(1021)

(1107)

Female

3.94

1.29

1.24

(117)

(1334)

(1451)

Age

18 – 24

1.98

0.96

0.93

(16)

(247)

(263)

25 – 34

4.04

1.10

1.11

(52)

(548)

(600)

35 – 49

3.88

1.44

1.41

(86)

(971)

(1057)

50 – 64

2.63

1.08

1.05

(43)

(506)

(549)

65 or over

0.89

0.46

0.46

(4)

(60)

(64)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

3.97

1.23

1.22

(151)

(1819)

(1970)

Black non-Hispanic

2.50

0.94

0.93

(26)

(228)

(254)

Hispanic

2.21

0.70

0.68

(19)

(161)

(180)

Asian

3.23

0.52

0.51

(4)

(60)

(64)

All others

0.61

0.57

0.55

(2)

(64)

(66)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

3.65

1.49

1.45

(139)

(1688)

(1827)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

2.65

0.92

0.90

(41)

(275)

(316)

Never been married

2.71

1.27

1.23

(23)

(379)

(402)


Table A2-2.10SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.10: Demographic Characteristics of
Leave-Needers Versus Other Employees: 2000 Survey (continued)

Leave-Needers SE
(N)

Other Employees SE
(N)

All Employees SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

3.73

1.29

1.27

(93)

(1196)

(1289)

One or more

3.73

1.29

1.27

(110)

(1153)

(1263)

Education

Less than high school

2.61

0.78

0.78

(14)

(123)

(137)

High school graduate

2.86

1.65

1.62

(57)

(677)

(734)

Some college

3.44

1.34

1.31

(54)

(706)

(760)

College graduate

3.20

1.23

1.20

(57)

(582)

(639)

Graduate school

2.12

0.97

0.96

(21)

(261)

(282)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

3.35

1.19

1.16

(29)

(287)

(316)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

2.95

1.26

1.22

(31)

(248)

(279)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

2.74

1.35

1.32

(45)

(509)

(554)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

3.27

1.52

1.48

(52)

(514)

(566)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

1.80

1.02

1.00

(17)

(244)

(261)

$100,000 or more

2.77

0.87

0.86

(13)

(211)

(224)

Compensation Type

Salaried

2.91

1.32

1.28

(51)

(856)

(907)

Hourly

3.32

1.23

1.19

(121)

(1241)

(1362)

Other

2.17

0.99

0.97

(30)

(249)

(279)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.11SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.11: Demographic Characteristics of Leave-Needers: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Leave-Needers

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Gender

Male

3.57

3.94

(93)

(86)

Female

3.57

3.94

(94)

(117)

Age

18 – 24

2.20

1.98

(18)

(16)

25 – 34

3.48

4.04

(55)

(52)

35 – 49

3.99

3.88

(74)

(86)

50 – 64

2.88

2.63

(38)

(43)

65 or over

0.81

0.89

(2)

(4)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

3.37

3.97

(130)

(151)

Black non-Hispanic

2.77

2.50

(32)

(26)

Hispanic

1.74

2.21

(16)

(19)

Asian

NA

3.23

(4)

All others

1.15

0.61

(5)

(2)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

3.27

3.65

(118)

(139)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

3.03

2.65

(44)

(41)

Never been married

2.65

2.71

(25)

(23)


Table A2-2.11SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.11: Demographic Characteristics of
Leave-Needers: 1995 and 2000 Surveys (continued)

Leave-Needers

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

4.03

3.73

(88)

(93)

One or more

4.03

3.73

(99)

(110)

Education

Less than high school

1.86

2.61

(18)

(14)

High school graduate

3.67

2.86

(51)

(57)

Some college

4.33

3.44

(64)

(54)

College graduate

2.92

3.20

(31)

(57)

Graduate school

3.00

2.12

(23)

(21)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

3.58

3.35

(43)

(29)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

3.33

2.95

(34)

(31)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

3.96

2.74

(51)

(45)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

2.60

3.27

(27)

(52)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

2.26

1.80

(16)

(17)

$100,000 or more

1.39

2.77

(6)

(13)

Compensation Type

Salaried

3.57

2.91

(55)

(51)

Hourly

3.87

3.32

(114)

(121)

Other

2.16

2.17

(18)

(30)

NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All Others."
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.12SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.12: Reasons for Not Taking Leave,
Based on Total Employee Population: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

All Employees

Reason for Not Taking Leave

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Thought job might be lost

0.12

0.11

(63)

(62)

Thought job advancement might be hurt

0.13

0.13

(47)

(83)

Did not want to lose seniority

0.09

0.10

(31)

(56)

Not eligible—worked part-time

0.09

0.06

(30)

(22)

Not eligible—had not worked long enough for employer

NA

0.08

(33)

Employer denied request

0.07

0.10

(20)

(39)

Could not afford to take leave

0.22

0.18

(131)

(155)

Wanted to save leave time

0.13

0.11

(58)

(71)

Work is too important

0.15

0.16

(83)

(104)

Some other reason

NA

0.06

(28)

NA Indicates item not asked in 1995 survey.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.13SE. Standard Errors for Table 2.13: Reasons for
Most Recent Needed Leave: 2000 Survey

Reason for Needing Leave

Leave-Needers SE
(N)

Own health

3.94

(91)

Maternity-disability

0.92

(3)

Care for a newborn, newly adopted,
or newly placed foster child

1.98

(14)

Care for ill child

2.99

(34)

Care for ill spouse

1.72

(15)

Care for ill parent

3.31

(40)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.14SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.14: Demographic Characteristics by Reasons for All Leaves Taken, Based on Total Employee Population: 2000 Survey

Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took at Least One Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Gender

Male

0.62

.

0.55

0.31

0.17

0.27

(262)

(0)

(88)

(47)

(42)

(57)

Female

0.81

0.38

0.43

0.33

0.15

0.34

(368)

(98)

(115)

(88)

(51)

(115)

Age

18 – 24

1.54

1.01

0.55

0.18

0.13

0.72

(41)

(20)

(22)

(4)

(2)

(4)

25 – 34

0.74

0.43

1.31

0.36

0.23

0.52

(122)

(49)

(117)

(39)

(11)

(18)

35 – 49

0.97

0.15

0.24

0.62

0.15

0.32

(258)

(28)

(54)

(77)

(34)

(95)

50 or over

0.73

.

0.59

0.22

0.36

0.38

(203)

(0)

(9)

(14)

(45)

(54)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

0.59

0.21

0.40

0.20

0.12

0.24

(483)

(68)

(155)

(96)

(72)

(141)

Black non-Hispanic

2.38

0.52

0.42

1.90

0.26

0.49

(71)

(12)

(14)

(19)

(7)

(17)

Hispanic

1.87

0.52

2.37

0.57

0.57

0.43

(37)

(11)

(21)

(8)

(7)

(6)

All others

1.72

0.58

0.83

0.65

0.62

0.64

(33)

(6)

(11)

(8)

(7)

(7)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

0.61

0.24

0.56

0.24

0.15

0.28

(430)

(81)

(182)

(98)

(85)

(120)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

1.50

0.27

0.27

1.10

0.30

0.57

(108)

(6)

(8)

(26)

(8)

(28)

Never been married

1.07

0.23

0.31

0.72

.

0.47

(86)

(11)

(13)

(11)

(0)

(22)


Table A2-2.14SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.14: Demographic Characteristics by Reasons for All Leaves Taken, Based on Total Employee Population: 2000 Survey (continued)

Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took at Least One Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

0.50

0.01

0.24

0.10

0.15

0.26

(353)

(2)

(19)

(21)

(52)

(103)

One or more

1.03

0.43

0.82

0.61

0.20

0.38

(276)

(96)

(184)

(114)

(41)

(69)

Education

High school graduate or less

0.98

0.44

0.34

0.33

0.16

0.40

(237)

(30)

(66)

(43)

(31)

(41)

Some college

1.18

0.27

0.67

0.70

0.21

0.31

(205)

(31)

(53)

(41)

(28)

(56)

College graduate

0.79

0.25

0.85

0.24

0.18

0.28

(136)

(26)

(58)

(33)

(20)

(42)

Graduate school

0.83

0.41

1.44

0.48

0.45

1.02

(50)

(11)

(26)

(18)

(14)

(33)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

1.76

1.11

0.56

0.45

0.21

0.83

(74)

(21)

(25)

(20)

(5)

(14)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

1.40

0.11

0.54

0.84

0.35

0.57

(86)

(2)

(19)

(14)

(9)

(15)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

1.32

0.32

0.48

0.90

0.26

0.35

(160)

(20)

(37)

(33)

(18)

(37)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

1.26

0.40

0.53

0.42

0.35

0.68

(132)

(31)

(55)

(27)

(27)

(45)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

1.15

0.43

1.37

0.40

0.30

0.49

(58)

(13)

(26)

(12)

(10)

(23)

$100,000 or more

1.54

0.20

2.81

0.49

0.32

0.62

(53)

(2)

(22)

(15)

(9)

(20)

Compensation Type

Salaried

0.78

0.19

0.75

0.34

0.23

0.39

(194)

(34)

(85)

(42)

(47)

(75)

Hourly

0.86

0.32

0.28

0.40

0.13

0.27

(372)

(56)

(101)

(77)

(39)

(75)

Other

0.91

0.28

0.72

0.38

0.24

0.70

(61)

(8)

(17)

(16)

(7)

(21)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.15SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.15: Demographic Characteristics by Reason for Longest
Leave: 2000 Survey

Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Gender

Male

3.16

.

3.54

2.16

1.19

1.92

(248)

(0)

(81)

(39)

(38)

(52)

Female

2.43

1.78

2.08

1.49

0.73

1.25

(334)

(95)

(113)

(73)

(46)

(100)

Age

18 – 24

8.45

8.25

4.94

1.33

1.19

3.00

(40)

(20)

(19)

(3)

(2)

(2)

25 – 34

3.08

1.91

4.37

1.57

0.98

2.57

(104)

(48)

(114)

(31)

(10)

(18)

35 – 49

2.93

0.80

1.46

3.11

0.96

1.77

(239)

(26)

(52)

(64)

(31)

(86)

50 or over

3.80

.

3.37

1.35

1.94

1.97

(193)

(0)

(8)

(13)

(40)

(45)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

2.01

1.29

2.22

1.19

0.63

1.35

(452)

(66)

(148)

(77)

(64)

(126)

Black non-Hispanic

7.45

3.00

2.31

9.34

1.45

2.55

(59)

(12)

(13)

(17)

(7)

(15)

Hispanic

7.65

3.22

10.18

2.53

3.14

1.96

(35)

(11)

(21)

(6)

(6)

(4)

All others

6.08

3.22

4.69

3.63

4.12

3.88

(31)

(5)

(10)

(8)

(7)

(6)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

2.24

1.31

2.67

1.08

0.73

1.44

(396)

(79)

(174)

(80)

(76)

(106)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

4.37

1.25

1.39

4.44

1.42

2.51

(101)

(5)

(8)

(23)

(8)

(25)

Never been married

7.42

2.67

3.35

7.70

.

2.37

(79)

(11)

(12)

(9)

(0)

(20)


Table A2-2.15SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.15: Demographic Characteristics by Reason for Longest
Leave: 2000 Survey (continued)

Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

2.40

0.12

2.06

0.89

1.14

1.49

(335)

(2)

(18)

(19)

(47)

(92)

One or more

2.48

1.82

2.87

2.18

0.78

1.63

(246)

(93)

(176)

(93)

(37)

(60)

Education

High school graduate or less

3.34

2.59

1.98

1.76

1.06

1.62

(222)

(28)

(60)

(31)

(29)

(35)

Some college

3.93

1.38

3.02

3.51

1.04

1.57

(186)

(30)

(51)

(37)

(25)

(50)

College graduate

3.43

1.62

4.74

1.80

1.31

1.81

(124)

(26)

(57)

(29)

(18)

(39)

Graduate school

4.86

2.32

6.71

2.27

2.46

5.58

(48)

(11)

(26)

(15)

(12)

(28)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

5.90

6.16

3.17

2.37

1.30

2.79

(69)

(21)

(24)

(16)

(5)

(13)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

5.92

0.67

2.74

4.43

1.86

3.20

(79)

(2)

(17)

(11)

(9)

(14)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

4.10

1.70

2.42

4.47

1.44

1.60

(143)

(19)

(32)

(26)

(16)

(30)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

4.12

1.71

2.48

1.57

1.59

3.21

(120)

(29)

(54)

(24)

(26)

(40)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

5.27

2.59

6.22

2.35

1.58

2.86

(57)

(13)

(26)

(12)

(8)

(20)

$100,000 or more

6.34

1.11

10.80

2.31

1.95

4.04

(50)

(2)

(22)

(11)

(7)

(20)

Compensation Type

Salaried

3.96

1.13

3.80

2.06

1.31

2.44

(181)

(34)

(82)

(37)

(42)

(67)

Hourly

2.93

1.80

1.55

2.07

0.71

1.20

(341)

(53)

(96)

(60)

(36)

(64)

Other

5.56

2.08

4.31

2.63

1.67

4.09

(57)

(8)

(16)

(15)

(6)

(20)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.16SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.16: Demographic Characteristics by Reason for Longest
Leave: 1995 Survey

Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Gender

Male

3.29

.

2.35

1.70

0.80

1.12

(323)

(0)

(74)

(28)

(29)

(30)

Female

1.97

1.06

1.28

1.70

0.51

1.30

(381)

(62)

(102)

(67)

(17)

(59)

Age

18 – 24

4.02

2.22

3.35

2.31

0.97

1.83

(83)

(15)

(26)

(12)

(2)

(5)

25 – 34

2.72

1.42

2.59

2.31

0.84

1.17

(153)

(37)

(107)

(40)

(11)

(21)

35 – 49

3.21

0.62

2.18

1.77

0.80

1.72

(298)

(10)

(42)

(36)

(17)

(48)

50 or over

2.38

.

0.38

1.47

1.70

1.49

(170)

(0)

(1)

(7)

(16)

(15)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

2.21

0.63

1.51

0.94

0.53

1.06

(538)

(44)

(141)

(71)

(39)

(69)

Black non-Hispanic

6.55

2.07

2.80

5.62

2.23

2.23

(77)

(7)

(12)

(11)

(5)

(8)

Hispanic

6.53

2.70

3.59

7.65

.

2.59

(54)

(7)

(14)

(9)

(0)

(8)

All others

10.97

5.92

10.45

8.96

.

6.52

(9)

(2)

(6)

(2)

(0)

(3)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

2.22

0.75

1.64

1.44

0.58

1.12

(462)

(55)

(154)

(80)

(39)

(60)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

3.65

0.68

1.60

2.26

1.40

1.98

(129)

(2)

(13)

(11)

(7)

(16)

Never been married

3.50

1.46

1.79

1.45

.

2.48

(110)

(5)

(9)

(4)

(0)

(13)


Table A2-2.16SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.16: Demographic Characteristics by Reason for Longest Leave: 1995 Survey (continued)

Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

1.74

0.22

0.23

0.67

0.80

1.76

(419)

(2)

(2)

(13)

(21)

(50)

One or more

2.45

1.05

2.13

1.81

0.68

0.76

(285)

(60)

(173)

(81)

(25)

(39)

Education

High school graduate or less

3.29

0.82

1.50

2.64

0.95

0.95

(283)

(15)

(53)

(26)

(17)

(22)

Some college

3.34

1.08

2.34

1.24

1.01

2.47

(223)

(21)

(44)

(33)

(19)

(23)

College graduate

3.66

1.42

2.79

2.10

0.81

1.75

(123)

(21)

(49)

(21)

(4)

(24)

Graduate school

5.66

1.24

3.22

2.61

1.37

2.89

(71)

(5)

(30)

(15)

(6)

(20)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

3.93

1.39

2.64

1.63

0.94

1.59

(141)

(8)

(30)

(13)

(5)

(11)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

6.01

0.92

2.24

5.07

1.57

1.66

(119)

(5)

(22)

(17)

(10)

(9)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

3.18

1.09

2.62

1.34

0.93

1.30

(194)

(20)

(40)

(26)

(13)

(24)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

4.75

1.49

2.80

1.99

1.50

3.60

(111)

(12)

(40)

(19)

(13)

(12)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

6.48

2.48

4.52

2.22

2.19

3.69

(46)

(6)

(19)

(6)

(5)

(13)

$100,000 or more

8.62

4.03

5.57

4.64

.

4.57

(20)

(6)

(11)

(6)

(0)

(6)

Compensation Type

Salaried

3.19

1.13

2.50

1.38

0.77

1.38

(219)

(28)

(79)

(32)

(15)

(54)

Hourly

2.07

0.70

1.16

1.81

0.73

0.73

(413)

(29)

(85)

(56)

(30)

(30)

Other

6.87

1.89

3.26

2.49

0.82

7.05

(70)

(5)

(12)

(7)

(1)

(5)

Source: 1995 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.17SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.17: Use of Intermittent
Leave, Based on Total Employee Population: 2000 Survey

Leave-Takers Who:

All Employees SE
(N)

Took intermittent leave at least once in previous 18 months

0.37
(329)

Did not take intermittent leave

0.37

(2227)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.18SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.18: Needing Leave Within Demographic
Groups: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Employees Within Each Demographic Category that Needed (But Did Not Take) Leave

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Gender

Male

0.34

0.30

(93)

(86)

Female

0.35

0.28

(94)

(117)

Age

18 – 24

0.51

0.38

(18)

(16)

25 – 34

0.62

0.47

(55)

(52)

35 – 49

0.39

0.30

(74)

(86)

50 – 64

0.54

0.41

(38)

(43)

65 or over

0.80

0.71

(2)

(4)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

0.25

0.20

(130)

(151)

Black non-Hispanic

1.12

0.73

(32)

(26)

Hispanic

0.97

0.82

(16)

(19)

Asian

NA

3.02

(4)

All others

1.88

0.63

(5)

(2)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

0.27

0.25

(118)

(139)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

0.85

0.74

(44)

(41)

Never been married

0.53

0.37

(25)

(23)


Table A2-2.18SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.18: Needing Leave Within Demographic
Groups: 1995 and 2000 Surveys (continued)

Employees Within Each Demographic Category that Needed (But Did Not Take) Leave

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

0.26

0.22

(88)

(93)

One or more

0.46

0.36

(99)

(110)

Education

Less than high school

0.81

1.29

(18)

(14)

High school graduate

0.44

0.30

(51)

(57)

Some college

0.61

0.35

(64)

(54)

College graduate

0.44

0.40

(31)

(57)

Graduate school

0.75

0.47

(23)

(21)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

0.69

0.71

(43)

(29)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

0.79

0.65

(34)

(31)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

0.56

0.38

(51)

(45)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

0.40

0.49

(27)

(52)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

0.97

0.41

(16)

(17)

$100,000 or more

1.12

0.76

(6)

(13)

Compensation Type

Salaried

0.34

0.20

(55)

(51)

Hourly

0.40

0.33

(114)

(121)

Other

0.60

0.59

(18)

(30)

NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All Others."
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.19SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.19: Reasons for Needing Leave,
Based on Total Employee Population: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

All Employees

Reason for Needing Leave

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Own health

0.16

0.15

(92)

(96)

Maternity-disability

0.02

0.02

(1)

(3)

Care for a newborn, newly adopted,
or newly placed foster child

0.08

0.06

(17)

(19)

Care for ill child

0.11

0.09

(37)

(40)

Care for ill spouse

0.06

0.05

(19)

(19)

Care for ill parent

0.14

0.08

(33)

(47)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.20SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.20: Reasons for
Most Recent Needed Leave: 2000 Survey

Reason for Needing Leave

All Employees SE
(N)

Own health

0.14

(91)

Maternity-disability

0.02

(3)

Care for a newborn, newly adopted,
or newly placed foster child

0.05
(14)

Care for ill child

0.08

(34)

Care for ill spouse

0.04

(15)

Care for ill parent

0.08

(40)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.21SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.21: Perceived Future Need for
Family or Medical Leave: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Employees’ Likelihood of Taking Leave for Family or Medical Reasons in the Next 5 Years:

Employees

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Very likely

1.02

1.18

(639)

(744)

Somewhat likely

1.19

1.16

(536)

(656)

Somewhat unlikely

1.26

1.16

(471)

(441)

Very unlikely

1.14

1.26

(557)

(647)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.22SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-2.22: Expected Reasons for
Needing Future Leaves : 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Expected Reason:

Employees Who Say it is Likely They Will Take Leave in the Next 5 Years

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Own self

2.30

1.93

(474)

(537)

Newborn

1.65

1.71

(247)

(255)

Newly adopted

0.27

0.37

(7)

(9)

New foster child

0.27

0.03

(3)

(4)

Child

1.42

1.49

(230)

(265)

Spouse

1.31

1.56

(142)

(240)

Parent

1.68

2.18

(320)

(423)

Other relative

1.08

1.19

(80)

(123)

Other non-relative

0.60

0.67

(12)

(28)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


STANDARD ERRORS

FOR CHAPTER 3
TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

 

Table A2-3.1SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.1: Coverage and
Eligibility of Employees Under the Family and
Medical Leave Act: 2000 Survey

All Employees

Eligible Employees at FMLA-Covered Worksites

1.33

(1625)

Non-eligible Employees at Covered Worksites

0.98

(346)

Employees at Non-covered Worksites

1.22

(587)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-3.2SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.2: Eligibility of
Employees Under the Family and Medical Leave Act: 2000 Survey

Covered Employees

Eligible Employees

1.22

(1625)

Non-eligible Employees

1.22

(346)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-3.3SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.3: Demographic Profiles of Covered, Covered and Eligible,
and Non-covered Employees: 2000 Survey

Employees

Covered SE
(N)

Covered and Eligible SE
(N)

Non-covered SE
(N)

All Employees
SE
(N)

Total Weighted Number

3,050,059.94

2,721,023.77

1,828,512.55

3,044,208.49

(1,971)

(1,625)

(587)

(2,558)

Gender

Male

1.48

1.67

2.52

1.24

(833)

(719)

(274)

(1107)

Female

1.48

1.67

2.52

1.24

(1138)

(906)

(313)

(1451)

Age

18 – 24

1.09

1.18

1.90

0.93

(210)

(118)

(53)

(263)

25 – 34

1.30

1.32

2.46

1.11

(471)

(377)

(129)

(600)

35 – 49

1.51

1.73

2.93

1.41

(810)

(704)

(247)

(1057)

50 – 64

1.09

1.18

2.30

1.05

(420)

(380)

(129)

(549)

65 and over

0.43

0.50

1.05

0.46

(41)

(31)

(23)

(64)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

1.51

1.65

1.95

1.22

(1469)

(1210)

(501)

(1970)

Black non-Hispanic

1.20

1.30

0.93

0.93

(231)

(190)

(23)

(254)

Hispanic

0.83

0.86

1.42

0.68

(142)

(122)

(38)

(180)

Asian

0.68

0.72

0.40

0.51

(56)

(46)

(8)

(64)

All others

0.65

0.66

1.00

0.55

(53)

(40)

(13)

(66)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

1.45

1.77

2.92

1.45

(1378)

(1184)

(449)

(1827)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

1.03

1.11

1.85

0.90

(252)

(205)

(64)

(316)

Never been married

1.26

1.41

2.47

1.23

(329)

(226)

(73)

(402)


Table A2-3.3SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.3: Demographic Profiles of Covered, Covered and Eligible,
and Non-covered Employees: 2000 Survey (continued)

Employees

Covered SE
(N)

Covered and Eligible SE
(N)

Non-covered SE
(N)

All Employees
SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

1.62

1.90

2.86

1.27

(992)

(800)

(297)

(1289)

One or more

1.62

1.90

2.86

1.27

(976)

(822)

(287)

(1263)

Education

Less than high school

0.74

0.69

2.18

0.78

(97)

(72)

(40)

(137)

High school graduate

1.86

1.89

3.64

1.62

(540)

(442)

(194)

(734)

Some college

1.47

1.68

2.70

1.31

(599)

(485)

(161)

(760)

College graduate

1.44

1.69

2.52

1.20

(498)

(420)

(141)

(639)

Graduate school

1.09

1.24

1.30

0.96

(233)

(202)

(49)

(282)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

1.32

1.08

2.82

1.16

(239)

(139)

(77)

(316)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

1.38

1.60

2.63

1.22

(214)

(175)

(65)

(279)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

1.51

1.53

2.65

1.32

(431)

(367)

(123)

(554)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

1.68

1.91

2.59

1.48

(447)

(395)

(119)

(566)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

1.11

1.24

2.59

1.00

(212)

(191)

(49)

(261)

$100,000 or more

1.01

1.11

2.04

0.86

(173)

(157)

(51)

(224)

Compensation Type

Salaried

1.44

1.69

2.49

1.28

(722)

(658)

(185)

(907)

Hourly

1.37

1.67

2.46

1.19

(1098)

(853)

(264)

(1362)

Other

0.99

0.92

2.49

0.97

(147)

(110)

(132)

(279)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.4SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.4: Coverage Under FMLA Within
Demographic Groups: 2000 Survey

Employees Within Each Demographic Category Who Are:


Total
Weighted
Number SE
(N)

Covered
SE
(N)

Covered and Eligible(1)
SE
(N)

Non-covered SE
(N)

Gender

Male

1.88

2.02

1.88

2,589,974.53

(833)

(719)

(274)

(1,107)

Female

1.34

1.81

1.34

2,085,339.99

(1138)

(906)

(313)

(1,451)

Age

18 – 24

2.79

4.03

2.79

1,497,632.72

(210)

(118)

(53)

(263)

25 – 34

2.70

2.93

2.70

1,614,070.63

(471)

(377)

(129)

(600)

35 – 49

1.77

2.00

1.77

2,341,091.20

(810)

(704)

(247)

(1,057)

50 – 64

2.67

2.97

2.67

1,575,533.61

(420)

(380)

(129)

(549)

65 and over

6.04

6.49

6.04

672,677.41

(41)

(31)

(23)

(64)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

1.56

1.59

1.56

2,706,425.00

(1469)

(1210)

(501)

(1,970)

Black non-Hispanic

2.18

4.49

2.18

1,422,910.41

(231)

(190)

(23)

(254)

Hispanic

4.58

5.04

4.58

1,016,591.01

(142)

(122)

(38)

(180)

Asian

3.64

7.49

3.64

733,321.26

(56)

(46)

(8)

(64)

All others

8.39

10.01

8.39

783,540.56

(53)

(40)

(13)

(66)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

1.50

1.54

1.50

2,751,918.79

(1378)

(1184)

(449)

(1,827)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

3.84

4.20

3.84

1,303,663.02

(252)

(205)

(64)

(316)

Never been married

2.29

3.35

2.29

2,007,522.12

(329)

(226)

(73)

(402)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

1.62

2.06

1.62

2,693,704.27

(992)

(800)

(297)

(1,289)

One or more

2.01

2.07

2.01

2,072,023.93

(976)

(822)

(287)

(1,263)


Table A2-3.4SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.4: Coverage Under FMLA Within
Demographic Groups: 2000 Survey (continued)

Employees Within Each Demographic Category Who Are:


Total
Weighted
Number SE
(N)

Covered
SE
(N)

Covered and Eligible(1)
SE
(N)

Non-covered SE
(N)

Education

Less than high school

6.89

5.75

6.89

1,157,887.52

(97)

(72)

(40)

(137)

High school graduate

3.12

3.12

3.12

2,331,715.08

(540)

(442)

(194)

(734)

Some college

2.09

2.73

2.09

2,044,893.48

(599)

(485)

(161)

(760)

College graduate

2.32

3.03

2.32

1,938,801.41

(498)

(420)

(141)

(639)

Graduate school

2.58

4.00

2.58

1,467,951.22

(233)

(202)

(49)

(282)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

3.82

4.23

3.82

1,602,762.22

(239)

(139)

(77)

(316)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

3.66

4.31

3.66

1,537,454.10

(214)

(175)

(65)

(279)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

2.59

2.62

2.59

1,607,628.00

(431)

(367)

(123)

(554)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

2.59

3.04

2.59

1,836,397.22

(447)

(395)

(119)

(566)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

4.32

4.44

4.32

1,266,504.78

(212)

(191)

(49)

(261)

$100,000 or more

3.93

4.26

3.93

1,136,055.01

(173)

(157)

(51)

(224)

Compensation Type

Salaried

1.84

2.28

1.84

2,259,559.84

(722)

(658)

(185)

(907)

Hourly

1.43

1.63

1.43

2,145,307.49

(1098)

(853)

(264)

(1,362)

Other

4.46

4.04

4.46

1,448,352.40

(147)

(110)

(132)

(279)

(1) The "Covered and Eligible" column is a subset of the "Covered" column.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.5SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.5: Demographic Characteristics of Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers by Reason for Longest Leave: 2000 Survey

Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Gender

Male

3.42

.

5.83

9.20

7.21

6.20

(173)

(0)

(48)

(24)

(30)

(38)

Female

3.42

0.00

5.83

9.20

7.21

6.20

(222)

(53)

(67)

(52)

(28)

(63)

Age

18 – 24

2.55

6.34

2.60

1.55

3.07

3.59

(18)

(9)

(12)

(2)

(2)

(2)

25 – 34

1.64

7.39

6.05

5.80

5.77

7.08

(62)

(25)

(66)

(24)

(8)

(14)

35 – 49

2.97

6.21

3.65

8.90

6.74

6.02

(164)

(18)

(29)

(41)

(20)

(59)

50 or over

2.51

.

6.70

4.72

7.73

4.11

(148)

(0)

(7)

(8)

(27)

(25)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

3.00

7.48

3.46

13.15

5.19

4.37

(299)

(33)

(92)

(47)

(43)

(78)

Black non-Hispanic

2.70

4.93

1.91

13.92

2.91

2.96

(43)

(9)

(9)

(16)

(6)

(13)

Hispanic

1.14

4.91

2.54

2.74

4.22

1.85

(26)

(8)

(9)

(5)

(4)

(4)

All others

1.30

2.47

1.44

2.07

3.90

2.25

(22)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(5)

(5)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

2.90

5.38

2.63

10.52

2.62

4.54

(277)

(45)

(102)

(53)

(54)

(66)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

2.01

2.95

1.27

8.48

2.62

2.87

(69)

(3)

(5)

(15)

(4)

(16)

Never been married

2.37

5.33

2.29

13.06

.

3.12

(45)

(5)

(8)

(8)

(0)

(18)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

3.01

.

6.61

5.24

8.09

6.14

(221)

(0)

(9)

(12)

(34)

(60)

One or more

3.01

0.00

6.61

5.24

8.09

6.14

(173)

(53)

(106)

(64)

(24)

(41)


Table A2-3.5SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.5: Demographic Characteristics of Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers by Reason for Longest Leave: 2000 Survey (continued)

Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health
SE
(N)

Maternity-Disability SE
(N)

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child
SE
(N)

Care for Ill Child SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Care for Ill Spouse SE
(N)

Education

High school graduate or less

3.98

6.64

4.59

5.68

6.64

5.41

(148)

(18)

(36)

(18)

(21)

(24)

Some college

3.34

6.23

6.89

10.79

6.65

4.99

(126)

(13)

(28)

(29)

(18)

(30)

College graduate

2.13

6.67

5.79

4.86

4.58

4.52

(81)

(16)

(36)

(18)

(13)

(26)

Graduate school

1.47

4.42

3.12

3.87

4.47

7.08

(38)

(6)

(15)

(11)

(6)

(21)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

2.23

4.77

3.49

4.27

4.86

4.45

(30)

(7)

(15)

(9)

(5)

(8)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

2.85

1.71

2.99

2.52

5.40

4.42

(54)

(1)

(8)

(7)

(6)

(9)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

2.64

7.46

3.48

11.94

6.44

4.60

(99)

(12)

(13)

(17)

(11)

(24)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

3.27

7.38

4.77

6.16

7.47

7.38

(91)

(16)

(35)

(20)

(19)

(25)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

1.88

6.17

7.49

4.75

3.46

3.15

(44)

(12)

(19)

(11)

(5)

(15)

$100,000 or more

1.51

0.88

6.01

2.50

3.27

3.07

(37)

(1)

(13)

(4)

(6)

(10)

Compensation Type

Salaried

3.74

6.04

5.62

9.32

7.19

6.51

(137)

(24)

(50)

(26)

(31)

(47)

Hourly

3.68

6.25

5.34

9.55

7.11

6.38

(235)

(28)

(56)

(45)

(26)

(43)

Other

1.20

1.70

2.61

2.33

0.99

4.29

(22)

(1)

(9)

(5)

(1)

(11)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.6SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.6: Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers
Within Demographic Groups: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Leave-Takers Within Demographic Category Who Were Covered and Eligible(1)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Gender

Male

3.29

3.61

(305)

(316)

Female

2.16

2.07

(427)

(489)

Age

18 – 24

3.70

8.56

(75)

(46)

25 – 34

2.86

4.08

(228)

(199)

35 – 49

3.68

2.74

(296)

(334)

50 – 64

4.92

2.43

(115)

(201)

65 and over

7.50

7.95

(18)

(17)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

2.11

1.91

(547)

(595)

Black non-Hispanic

5.98

3.49

(92)

(97)

Hispanic

7.06

8.52

(55)

(58)

Asian

NA

9.07

(22)

All others

10.49

8.65

(12)

(23)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

2.08

1.96

(525)

(602)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

4.82

3.97

(121)

(113)

Never been married

5.03

6.66

(84)

(85)


Table A2-.3.6SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.6: Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers
Within Demographic Groups: 1995 and 2000 Surveys (continued)

Leave-Takers Within Demographic Category Who Were Covered and Eligible(1)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

3.19

2.38

(320)

(339)

One or more

2.38

2.10

(412)

(465)

Education

Less than high school

6.51

10.66

(57)

(38)

High school graduate

3.81

2.94

(197)

(228)

Some college

2.86

3.01

(220)

(247)

College graduate

3.23

4.61

(146)

(190)

Graduate school

5.13

6.71

(110)

(100)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

3.60

5.45

(106)

(74)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

4.08

5.47

(107)

(86)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

3.89

3.70

(201)

(180)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

3.75

3.14

(146)

(206)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

4.89

3.49

(70)

(106)

$100,000 or more

6.31

9.44

(33)

(72)

Compensation Type

Salaried

2.62

3.38

(293)

(318)

Hourly

2.75

2.20

(410)

(437)

Other

7.44

5.01

(29)

(49)

(1) Table includes leave-takers who were covered and eligible at the time they took their (longest) leave.
NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All Others."
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.7SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.7: Demographic Characteristics of
Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Leave-Takers Within Demographic Category Who Were Covered and Eligible (1)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Gender

Male

2.07

2.44

(305)

(316)

Female

2.07

2.44

(427)

(489)

Age

18 – 24

1.03

1.46

(75)

(46)

25 – 34

2.38

1.78

(228)

(199)

35 – 49

2.29

2.33

(296)

(334)

50 – 64

2.14

1.61

(115)

(201)

65 and over

0.52

0.40

(18)

(17)

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

2.43

2.37

(547)

(595)

Black non-Hispanic

1.66

2.20

(92)

(97)

Hispanic

1.91

1.35

(55)

(58)

Asian

NA

0.54

(22)

All others

0.58

0.62

(12)

(23)

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

2.31

2.18

(525)

(602)

Separated/ Divorced/Widowed

1.95

1.43

(121)

(113)

Never been married

1.95

1.80

(84)

(85)

Children Under 18 in Household

None

2.62

2.05

(320)

(339)

One or more

2.62

2.05

(412)

(465)


Table A2-3.7SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.7: Demographic Characteristics of
Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers: 1995 and 2000 Surveys (continued)

Leave-Takers Within Demographic Category Who Were Covered and Eligible (1)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Education

Less than high school

2.05

1.01

(57)

(38)

High school graduate

1.36

2.19

(197)

(228)

Some college

2.15

2.59

(220)

(247)

College graduate

1.58

1.53

(146)

(190)

Graduate school

1.92

1.39

(110)

(100)

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

1.68

1.51

(106)

(74)

$20,000 to less than $30,000

2.08

1.67

(107)

(86)

$30,000 to less than $50,000

1.82

2.37

(201)

(180)

$50,000 to less than $75,000

2.23

2.20

(146)

(206)

$75,000 to less than $100,000

1.63

1.74

(70)

(106)

$100,000 or more

0.95

1.38

(33)

(72)

Compensation Type

Salaried

1.91

2.16

(293)

(318)

Hourly

2.09

2.42

(410)

(437)

Other

1.26

1.00

(29)

(49)

(1) Table includes leave-takers who were covered and eligible at the time they took their (longest) leave.
NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey (Asians are included in "All Others").
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.8SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.8: Length of Longest Leave by
Eligibility Status: 2000 Survey


Length of Longest Leave

Eligibility Status

Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers
SE
(N)

All
Other Leave-Takers
SE
(N)

1- 3 days

1.47

1.62

(100)

(52)

4 – 5 days

1.95

3.99

(160)

(77)

6 – 10 days

2.36

2.80

(146)

(80)

11 – 30 days

1.64

1.57

(170)

(80)

31 – 60 days

1.57

2.27

(133)

(84)

More than 60 days

1.10

2.58

(86)

(39)

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.9SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.9: Establishment Awareness of FMLA Coverage
Status: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Does the Family and Medical Leave Act apply to this location?

Covered Establishments

Non-covered
Establishments

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Yes

4.23

3.98

1.35

2.33

(680)

(947)

(74)

(198)

No

0.77

0.34

2.46

3.57

(4)

(13)

(154)

(205)

Don’t know

4.09

3.92

2.77

3.63

(52)

(110)

(242)

(328)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-3.10SE. Standard Errors for Table A2-3.10: Awareness of Eligibility for FMLA Among Covered
and Non-covered Employees: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Employees

Covered

Non-covered

All Employees

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

1995
Survey
SE
(N)

2000
Survey
SE
(N)

Employees who believe they are/were eligible to take advantage of FMLA

1.72

1.46

1.83

2.56

1.38

1.30

(461)

(761)

(81)

(125)

(542)

(886)

Employees who believe they are/were not eligible to take advantage of FMLA

1.16

1.20

2.16

2.60

1.08

1.09

(119)

(299)

(115)

(150)

(234)

(449)

Employees who do not know if they are/ were eligible to take advantage of FMLA

1.93

(958)

1.84

(897)

2.59

(477)

3.09

(307)

1.54

(1435)

1.58

(1204)

Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.

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