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Wage and Hour Division
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Wage and Hour Division (WHD)

APPENDIX A-2

CHAPTER 2 TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

Table A2-2.1. Number of Leaves Taken:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Number

Percent of Leave-Takers

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1

73.8%

75.2%

2

16.3%

14.5%

3 or more

10.0%

10.2%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.2. Length of Longest Leave: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Length of Longest Leave

Percent of Leave-Takers

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1- 3 days

10.0%

12.3%

4 – 5 days

24.4%

21.5%

6 – 10 days

20.2%

20.3%

11 – 20 days

12.7%

12.1%

21 – 30 days

8.0%

6.8%

31 – 40 days

7.4%

7.9%

41 – 60 days

8.0%

9.2%

More than 60 days

9.3%

9.9%

Number of Leave-Takers

20,359,640

23,830,305

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.3. Reason for Leave Within Length of Leave Groups: 2000 Survey

Percent of Leave-Takers Within Each Length Category (Row Percent)

Length of Longest Leave**

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse

Care for Ill Parent

Number of
Leave-Takers

1 – 3 days

33.2%

--

15.6% 22.0% 11.6% 16.9%

2,888,266

4 – 5 days

37.3%

--

23.1%

10.8%

10.0%

16.8%

5,037,080

6 – 10 days

43.4%

--

15.8%

15.5%

5.5%

17.2%

4,760,928

11 – 30 days

61.9%

7.4%

12.8%

7.3%

--

7.8%

4,444,064

31 – 60 days

53.1%

18.1%

22.9%

--

--

--

3,990,431

More than 60 days

53.7%

22.5%

17.8%

--

--

--

2,316,369

** Difference across length of leave groups is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Row percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees


Table A2-2.4. Demographic Characteristics of Leave-Takers Versus Other Employees:
2000 Survey

Percent of Leave-Takers

Percent of Other Employees

Percent of All Employees

Gender**

Male

41.9%

53.2%

51.3%

Female

58.1%

46.8%

48.7%

Age**

18 – 24

10.0%

15.8%

14.8%

25 – 34

27.8%

21.8%

22.8%

35 – 49

39.7%

39.5%

39.6%

50 – 64

20.4%

19.7%

19.8%

65 or over

2.1%

3.2%

3.0%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

76.2%

78.2%

77.9%

Black non-Hispanic

10.6%

9.4%

9.6%

Hispanic

8.2%

7.0%

7.2%

Asian

2.2%

2.9%

2.8%

All others

2.8%

2.5%

2.6%

Marital Status**

Married/Living with partner

75.0%

65.7%

67.2%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

12.7%

10.1%

10.5%

Never been married

12.3%

24.2%

22.3%

Children Under 18 in Household**

None

40.4%

63.3%

59.5%

One or more

59.6%

36.7%

40.5%

Education

Less than high school

5.9%

5.1%

5.2%

High school graduate

27.9%

30.0%

29.6%

Some college

32.8%

27.7%

28.6%

College graduate

22.2%

26.2%

25.5%

Graduate school

11.2%

11.0%

11.1%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

14.9%

16.4%

16.2%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

12.4%

14.0%

13.7%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

25.5%

24.8%

25.0%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

25.7%

22.5%

23.1%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

11.3%

12.2%

12.1%

$100,000 or more

10.2%

10.0%

10.0%

Compensation Type

Salaried

36.4%

37.4%

37.3%

Hourly

54.5%

50.8%

51.4%

Other

9.1%

11.8%

11.3%

Population Totals

23,830,305

120,188,991

144,019,296

** Difference between leave-takers and other employees is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-2.5. Demographic Characteristics of Leave-Takers: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Leave-Takers

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Gender

Male

43.8%

41.9%

Female

56.2%

58.1%

Age

18 – 24

11.1%

10.0%

25 – 34

30.1%

27.8%

35 – 49

40.8%

39.7%

50 – 64**

15.1%

20.4%

65 or over

2.9%

2.1%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

78.2%

76.2%

Black non-Hispanic

10.9%

10.6%

Hispanic

8.9%

8.2%

Asian

NA

2.2%

All others

2.0%

2.8%

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner*

70.9%

75.0%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed*

16.4%

12.7%

Never been married

12.7%

12.3%

Children Under 18 in Household

None*

45.5%

40.4%

One or more*

54.5%

59.6%

Education

Less than high school**

10.3%

5.9%

High school graduate

26.8%

27.9%

Some college

29.5%

32.8%

College graduate

19.5%

22.2%

Graduate school

13.8%

11.2%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000*

18.8%

14.9%

$20,000 to less than $30,000**

18.3%

12.4%

$30,000 to less than $50,000**

30.6%

25.5%

$50,000 to less than $75,000**

19.0%

25.7%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

8.8%

11.3%

$100,000 or more**

4.5%

10.2%

Compensation Type

Salaried

36.5%

36.4%

Hourly

54.5%

54.5%

Other

9.0%

9.1%

Number of Leave-Takers

20,359,640

23,830,305

* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All others."
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.6. Reasons for All Leaves Taken Within Demographic Groups: 2000 Survey

Percent of Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took at Least One Leave for Following Reasons(1)

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse

Care for Ill Parent

Gender

Male

57.6%**

&

22.8%*

10.4%

7.5%

11.0%

Female

48.6%

13.6%

15.3%

12.2%

5.5%

14.5%

Age

18 – 24

57.1%**

24.2%

20.9%**

-- **

-- **

-- **

25 – 34

34.9%

13.5%

40.0%

10.7%

3.4%

6.9%

35 – 49

54.7%

4.5%

10.0%

18.1%

6.1%

16.6%

50 or over

67.7%

&

--

4.5%

12.4%

15.8%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

52.3%

7.4%

18.4%

10.1%

6.3%

14.5%**

Black non-Hispanic

62.4%

9.6%

10.2%

22.4%

--

10.4%

Hispanic

42.1%

10.2%

31.5%

--

--

--

All others

49.0%

--

16.3%

--

--

--

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

47.7%**

8.9%

22.4%**

9.9%

7.9%

12.1%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

61.2%

--

--

19.1%

--

15.1%

Never been married

70.3%

7.3%

9.8%

13.6%

&

15.8%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

70.3%**

-- **

5.7%**

3.5%**

8.3%**

18.5%**

One or more

40.1%

13.2%

27.1%

16.9%

5.0%

9.3%

Education

High school graduate or less

59.8%**

8.9%

15.6%

11.0%

6.4%

11.0%**

Some college

56.3%

7.1%

15.0%

13.1%

5.7%

11.3%

College graduate

46.4%

8.0%

24.7%

10.5%

6.2%

12.5%

Graduate school

29.4%

7.4%

24.9%

10.0%

8.6%

25.5%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

55.4%**

17.7%**

15.5%*

11.0%

--

12.4%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

62.2%

--

13.4%

12.9%

--

11.2%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

61.5%

6.8%

13.0%

16.8%

5.6%

10.9%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

47.2%

9.8%

17.7%

8.9%

8.2%

15.7%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

40.4%

8.8%

25.4%

8.1%

5.4%

15.0%

$100,000 or more

38.3%

--

41.0%

9.7%

--

14.6%

Compensation Type

Salaried

41.8%**

6.5%

24.7%**

9.6%

8.9%**

15.6%*

Hourly

60.1%

9.3%

14.4%

12.8%

5.0%

10.5%

Other

47.2%

--

18.0%

11.3%

--

18.1%

(1) Rows do not sum to 100% because some respondents took more than one leave.
* Difference among demographic groups is significant at p<.10.
** Difference among demographic groups is significant at p<.05.
& No significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.7. Leave-Taking Within Demographic Groups: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Employees Within Each Demographic Category that Took Leave (for a Covered Reason)

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Gender

Male

12.7%

13.5%

Female

20.0%

19.8%

Age

18 – 24

12.8%

11.2%

25 – 34

21.1%

20.2%

35 – 49

15.8%

16.6%

50 – 64**

12.9%

17.0%

65 or over

14.4%

11.6%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

15.0%

16.2%

Black non-Hispanic

19.7%

18.3%

Hispanic

20.2%

18.9%

Asian

NA

12.8%

All others

16.0%

18.2%

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner*

16.4%

18.5%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

19.6%

20.0%

Never been married

11.7%

9.2%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

12.8%

11.3%

One or more**

20.2%

24.4%

Education

Less than high school

21.4%

18.7%

High school graduate

14.7%

15.6%

Some college

16.3%

19.0%

College graduate

14.5%

14.4%

Graduate school

17.8%

16.7%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

16.9%

16.5%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

19.2%

16.2%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

16.0%

18.3%

$50,000 to less than $75,000*

15.7%

19.9%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

17.5%

16.8%

$100,000 or more

16.7%

18.1%

Compensation Type

Salaried

15.5%

16.2%

Hourly

17.2%

17.6%

Other

12.6%

13.3%

* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All others."
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-2.8. Demographic Characteristics by Reason for Longest Leave, Based on Total
Employee Population: 2000 Survey

Percent of Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse

Care for Ill Parent

Gender

Male

6.9%

&

2.9%

1.2%

0.9%

1.4%

Female

8.6%

2.6%

3.0%

2.0%

1.0%

2.4%

Age

18 – 24

5.5%

2.7%

2.1%

--

--

--

25 – 34

5.9%

2.7%

7.9%

1.7%

0.6%

1.4%

35 – 49

8.0%

0.7%

1.6%

2.6%

0.9%

2.5%

50 or over

10.6%

&

--

0.7%

1.8%

2.1%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

7.8%

1.2%

2.9%

1.3%

0.9%

2.0%

Black non-Hispanic

8.5%

1.8%

1.7%

3.8%

--

1.6%

Hispanic

6.3%

2.0%

6.1%

--

--

--

All others

7.0%

--

2.3%

--

--

--

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

7.8%

1.6%

4.0%

1.5%

1.3%

2.0%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

11.5%

--

--

3.5%

--

2.7%

Never been married

5.5%

0.7%

0.8%

--

&

1.0%

Children Under 18 in Household**

None

7.6%

--

0.6%

0.4%

0.8%

1.7%

One or more

7.9%

3.1%

6.4%

3.5%

1.2%

2.1%

Education*

High school graduate or less

8.8%

1.4%

2.3%

1.3%

1.0%

1.3%

Some college

9.2%

1.3%

2.8%

2.3%

1.0%

2.0%

College graduate

5.9%

1.2%

3.5%

1.3%

0.8%

1.7%

Graduate school

4.8%

1.2%

4.2%

1.3%

1.3%

3.7%


Table A2-2.8. Demographic Characteristics by Reason for Longest Leave, Based on Total
Employee Population: 2000 Survey (continued)

Percent of Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse

Care for Ill Parent

Annual Family Income*

Less than $20,000

7.8%

2.9%

2.5%

1.5%

--

1.4%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

9.4%

--

1.9%

1.8%

--

1.7%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

9.2%

1.2%

2.1%

2.6%

0.9%

1.6%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

8.7%

1.8%

3.5%

1.6%

1.6%

2.8%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

6.7%

1.5%

4.3%

1.4%

--

2.2%

$100,000 or more

5.8%

--

7.4%

1.2%

--

2.6%

Compensation Type**

Salaried

6.2%

1.0%

3.9%

1.4%

1.3%

2.3%

Hourly

9.2%

1.6%

2.4%

1.8%

0.8%

1.5%

Other

6.0%

--

2.3%

1.4%

--

2.3%

* Difference between demographic groups is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between demographic groups is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
& Indicates no significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees


Table A2-2.9. Demographic Characteristics by Reason for Longest Leave, Based on Total
Employee Population: 1995 Survey

Percent of Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse

Care for Ill Parent

Gender

Male

8.5% & 1.9% 0.8% 0.7% 0.8%

Female

11.4% 1.7% 2.7% 2.0% 0.4% 1.8%

Age

18 – 24

7.5% 1.3% 2.3% 1.1% -- --

25 – 34

9.0%

1.9%

5.9%

2.6%

0.6%

1.1%

35 – 49

10.5%

--

1.5%

1.2%

0.5%

1.7%

50 or over

10.9%

&

--

--

0.9%

0.8%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

9.2%

0.6%

2.3%

1.1%

0.6%

1.2%

Black non-Hispanic

12.4%

--

1.7%

2.4%

--

--

Hispanic

11.5%

--

2.7%

--

&

--

All others

--

--

--

--

&

--

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

8.9%

1.0%

2.9%

1.7%

0.7%

1.2%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

14.9%

--

1.2%

1.1%

--

1.5%

Never been married

9.4%

--

--

--

&

1.0%

Children Under 18 in Household**

None

10.7%

--

--

0.3%

0.5%

1.3%

One or more

8.7%

1.7%

5.2%

2.7%

0.7%

1.1%

Education*

High school graduate or less

11.0%

0.5%

1.8%

1.4%

0.6%

0.7%

Some college

9.8%

0.9%

2.2%

1.4%

0.8%

1.3%

College graduate

7.7%

1.1%

2.8%

1.2%

--

1.3%

Graduate school

9.9%

--

3.1%

1.5%

--

2.2%


Table A2-2.9. Demographic Characteristics by Reason for Longest Leave, Based on Total
Employee Population: 1995 Survey (continued)

Percent of Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse

Care for Ill Parent

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

11.7%

--

2.3%

1.1%

--

0.9%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

12.2%

--

1.9%

2.9%

1.0%

--

$30,000 to less than $50,000

10.3%

0.8%

2.1%

1.1%

0.6%

1.1%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

8.4%

0.9%

2.8%

1.3%

0.9%

1.3%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

9.2%

--

3.2%

--

0.9%

2.2%

$100,000 or more

7.1%

--

3.7%

--

&

--

Compensation Type**

Salaried

8.3%

0.9%

2.9%

1.1%

0.5%

1.8%

Hourly

11.3%

0.7%

2.0%

1.7%

0.8%

0.8%

Other

8.5%

--

1.3%

--

--

--

* Difference between demographic groups is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between demographic groups is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
& Indicates no significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees

Table A2-2.10. Demographic Characteristics of Leave-Needers Versus Other
Employees: 2000 Survey

Percent of
Leave-Needers

Percent of Other Employees

Percent of All
Employees

Gender

Male

46.0%

51.5%

51.3%

Female

54.0%

48.5%

48.7%

Age

18 – 24

8.6%

15.0%

14.8%

25 – 34

27.3%

22.7%

22.8%

35 – 49

41.7%

39.5%

39.6%

50 – 64

20.5%

19.8%

19.8%

65 or over

--

3.1%

3.0%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

72.3%

78.0%

77.9%

Black non-Hispanic

12.7%

9.5%

9.6%

Hispanic

8.8%

7.1%

7.2%

Asian

--

2.7%

2.8%

All others

--

2.6%

2.6%

Marital Status**

Married/Living with partner

68.5%

67.2%

67.2%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

18.6%

10.3%

10.5%

Never been married

13.0%

22.5%

22.3%

Children Under 18 in Household**

None

45.0%

59.9%

59.5%

One or more

55.0%

40.1%

40.5%

Education

Less than high school

8.4%

5.2%

5.2%

High school graduate

28.2%

29.7%

29.6%

Some college

26.5%

28.6%

28.6%

College graduate

27.4%

25.5%

25.5%

Graduate school

9.5%

11.1%

11.1%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

16.8%

16.1%

16.2%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

16.3%

13.6%

13.7%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

24.3%

25.0%

25.0%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

27.2%

22.9%

23.1%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

7.0%

12.2%

12.1%

$100,000 or more

8.3%

10.1%

10.0%

Compensation Type**

Salaried

23.8%

37.6%

37.3%

Hourly

62.3%

51.1%

51.4%

Other

13.9%

11.3%

11.3%

** Difference between leave-needers and other employees is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.11. Demographic Characteristics of Leave-Needers:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Leave-Needers

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Gender

Male

53.1%

46.0%

Female

46.9%

54.0%

Age

18 – 24

9.3%

8.6%

25 – 34

29.3%

27.3%

35 – 49

40.5%

41.7%

50 – 64

19.7%

20.5%

65 or over

--

--

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

71.8%

72.3%

Black non-Hispanic

16.9%

12.7%

Hispanic

8.7%

8.8%

Asian

NA

--

All others

--

--

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

64.7%

68.5%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

21.8%

18.6%

Never been married

13.5%

13.0%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

45.9%

45.0%

One or more

54.1%

55.0%

Education

Less than high school

9.0%

8.4%

High school graduate

26.0%

28.2%

Some college*

35.8%

26.5%

College graduate**

17.0%

27.4%

Graduate school

12.3%

9.5%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

23.5%

16.8%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

19.0%

16.3%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

30.6%

24.3%

$50,000 to less than $75,000**

14.9%

27.2%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

8.9%

7.0%

$100,000 or more**

--

8.3%

Compensation Type

Salaried

29.0%

23.8%

Hourly

61.3%

62.3%

Other

9.6%

13.9%

** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All others."
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.12. Reasons for Not Taking Leave, Based on Total Employee
Population: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Reason for Not Taking Leave

Percent of All Employees

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Thought job might be lost

1.0%

0.8%

Thought job advancement might be hurt

0.7%

1.0%

Did not want to lose seniority

0.5%

0.7%

Not eligible—worked part-time*

0.5%

0.3%

Not eligible—had not worked long enough for employer

NA

0.4%

Employer denied request

0.3%

0.5%

Could not afford to take leave

2.2%

1.9%

Wanted to save leave time

0.9%

0.8%

Work is too important

1.3%

1.3%

Some other reason

NA

0.3%

* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
NA Indicates item not asked in 1995 survey.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.13. Reasons for Most Recent Needed Leave:
2000 Survey

Reason for Needing Leave

Percent of Leave-Needers

Own health

47.2%

Maternity-disability

--

Care for a newborn, newly adopted, or newly placed foster child

6.9%

Care for ill child

17.4%

Care for ill spouse

7.3%

Care for ill parent

19.7%

-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.14. Demographic Characteristics by Reasons for All Leaves Taken,
Based on Total Employee Population: 2000 Survey

Percent of Employees in Each Demographic Category that Took at Least One Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse

Care for Ill Parent

Gender

Male

7.8%*

&

3.1%

1.4%**

1.0%

1.5%**

Female

9.6%

2.7%

3.0%

2.4%

1.1%

2.9%

Age

18 – 24

6.4%**

2.7%

2.3%**

--**

--**

--**

25 – 34

7.0%

2.7%

8.1%

2.2%

0.7%

1.4%

35 – 49

9.1%

0.7%

1.7%

3.0%

1.0%

2.8%

50 or over

11.0%

&

--

0.7%

2.0%

2.6%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

8.5%

1.2%

3.0%

1.6%

1.0%

2.3%*

Black non-Hispanic

11.4%

1.8%

1.9%

4.1%

--

1.9%

Hispanic

8.0%

1.9%

6.0%

--

--

--

All others

7.5%

--

2.5%

--

--

--

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

8.8%**

1.6%*

4.1%**

1.8%

1.5%

2.2%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

12.2%

--

--

3.8%

--

3.0%

Never been married

6.4%

0.7%

0.9%

1.3%

&

1.4%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

7.9%*

--**

0.6%**

0.4%**

0.9%

2.1%

One or more

9.8%

3.2%

6.6%

4.1%

1.2%

2.3%

Education

High school graduate or less

9.6%**

1.4%

2.5%

1.8%

1.0%

1.8%**

Some college

10.7%

1.4%

2.9%

2.5%

1.1%

2.1%

College graduate

6.7%

1.2%

3.6%

1.5%

0.9%

1.8%

Graduate school

4.9%

1.2%

4.2%

1.7%

1.4%

4.3%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

9.2%

2.9%**

2.6%

1.8%

--

2.0%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

10.1%

--

2.2%

2.1%

--

1.8%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

11.2%

1.2%

2.4%

3.1%

1.0%

2.0%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

9.4%

1.9%

3.5%

1.8%

1.6%

3.1%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

6.8%

1.5%

4.3%

1.4%

0.9%

2.5%

$100,000 or more

6.9%

--

7.4%

1.8%

--

2.6%

Compensation Type

Salaried

6.8%**

1.0%*

4.0%*

1.6%

1.4%**

2.5%

Hourly

10.6%

1.6%

2.5%

2.2%

0.9%

1.8%

Other

6.3%

--

2.4%

1.5%

--

2.4%

* Differences among demographic groups is significant at p<.10.
** Differences among demographic groups is significant at p<.05.
& Indicates no significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.15. Demographic Characteristics by Reason for Longest Leave: 2000 Survey

Percent of Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse

Care for Ill Parent

Gender

Male

51.9%

&

21.8%

9.0%

6.9%

10.3%

Female

43.9%

13.3%

15.2%

10.3%

5.1%

12.1%

Age

18 – 24

49.3%

24.4%

18.5%

--

--

--

25 – 34

29.1%

13.2%

39.2%

8.5%

3.1%

6.9%

35 – 49

49.0%

4.2%

9.8%

15.8%

5.7%

15.5%

50 or over

65.7%

&

--

4.3%

11.3%

13.1%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

48.5%

7.3%

17.7%

8.2%

5.7%

12.6%

Black non-Hispanic

46.6%

9.7%

9.5%

21.1%

--

9.0%

Hispanic

36.1%

11.2%

34.6%

--

--

--

All others

46.5%

--

15.0%

--

--

--

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

43.0%

8.8%

21.8%

8.1%

7.2%

11.1%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

58.0%

--

--

17.4%

--

13.4%

Never been married

60.0%

7.3%

9.2%

--

&

11.0%

Children Under 18 in Household**

None

68.2%

--

5.5%

3.3%

7.4%

15.4%

One or more

32.9%

13.0%

26.4%

14.3%

4.8%

8.6%

Education

High school graduate or less

54.8%

8.5%

14.1%

8.3%

6.0%

8.4%

Some college

49.5%

7.1%

15.0%

12.6%

5.3%

10.6%

College graduate

41.3%

8.0%

24.5%

9.0%

5.6%

11.6%

Graduate school

28.9%

7.5%

25.3%

8.1%

7.7%

22.5%

Annual Family Income**

Less than $20,000

47.3%

17.7%

14.9%

8.9%

--

8.4%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

59.1%

--

12.0%

11.0%

--

10.7%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

52.3%

6.8%

11.7%

14.8%

5.1%

9.2%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

43.8%

9.1%

17.4%

7.9%

7.8%

14.0%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

40.1%

8.8%

25.4%

8.1%

--

13.2%

$100,000 or more

32.1%

--

41.2%

6.6%

--

14.7%

Compensation Type**

Salaried

38.6%

6.5%

24.2%

8.6%

8.1%

14.1%

Hourly

53.3%

9.0%

13.9%

10.6%

4.7%

8.4%

Other

44.9%

--

17.1%

10.5%

--

17.7%

** Differences among demographic groups is significant at p<.05.
& Indicates no significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-2.16. Demographic Characteristics by Reason for Longest Leave: 1995 Survey

Percent of Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse

Care for Ill Parent

Gender

Male

66.8%

&

15.1%

6.6%

5.5%

6.0%

Female

57.1%

8.3%

13.6%

10.0%

2.2%

8.8%

Age

18 – 24

58.5%

9.8%

17.9%

8.2%

--

--

25 – 34

42.5%

9.1%

27.8%

12.3%

2.9%

5.4%

35 – 49

66.6%

2.0%

9.4%

7.9%

3.5%

10.6%

50 or over

82.9%

&

--

--

6.6%

6.4%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

61.4%

4.3%

15.2%

7.3%

3.9%

7.8%

Black non-Hispanic

62.8%

--

8.5%

12.4%

--

--

Hispanic

57.1%

--

13.2%

--

&

--

All others

--

--

--

--

&

--

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

54.5%

5.8%

17.8%

10.2%

4.3%

7.4%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

75.8%

--

6.0%

5.7%

--

7.8%

Never been married

80.5%

--

--

--

&

8.6%

Children Under 18 in Household**

None

83.4%

--

--

2.5%

3.6%

9.9%

One or more

43.1%

8.3%

25.8%

13.5%

3.6%

5.7%

Education**

High school graduate or less

68.7%

3.0%

11.2%

8.7%

3.8%

4.6%

Some college

59.8%

5.5%

13.4%

8.4%

4.8%

8.1%

College graduate

53.3%

7.9%

19.4%

8.5%

--

9.3%

Graduate school

55.8%

--

17.2%

8.7%

--

12.2%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

69.3%

--

13.4%

6.3%

--

5.3%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

63.6%

--

9.9%

14.9%

5.2%

--

$30,000 to less than $50,000

64.1%

5.3%

13.2%

7.0%

3.5%

6.9%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

53.7%

5.5%

18.2%

8.4%

5.7%

8.6%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

52.7%

--

18.4%

--

--

12.6%

$100,000 or more

42.6%

--

22.0%

--

&

--

Compensation Type**

Salaried

53.3%

5.9%

18.8%

7.1%

3.2%

11.7%

Hourly

65.6%

3.9%

11.9%

9.8%

4.4%

4.4%

Other

67.6%

--

10.4%

--

--

--

** Differences among demographic groups is significant at p<.05.
& Indicates no significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.17. Use of Intermittent leave, Based on Total
Employee Population: 2000 Survey

Leave-Takers Who:

Percent of All Employees

Took intermittent leave at least once in previous 18 months

4.6%

Did not take intermittent leave

95.4%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.18. Needing Leave Within Demographic Groups: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Employees Within Each Demographic Category that Needed (But Did Not Take) Leave

1995 Survey

2000 Survey

Gender

Male*

3.0%

2.2%

Female

3.2%

2.7%

Age

18 – 24

2.1%

1.4%

25 – 34

4.0%

2.9%

35 – 49

3.0%

2.6%

50 – 64

3.3%

2.5%

65 or over

--

--

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

2.7%

2.3%

Black non-Hispanic*

5.9%

3.3%

Hispanic

3.9%

3.0%

Asian

NA

--

All others

--

--

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner

2.9%

2.5%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

5.0%

4.3%

Never been married

2.4%

1.4%

Children Under 18 in Household

None*

2.5%

1.9%

One or more

3.9%

3.3%

Education

Less than high school

3.6%

3.9%

High school graduate

2.8%

2.3%

Some college**

3.8%

2.3%

College graduate

2.4%

2.6%

Graduate school

3.0%

2.1%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

4.2%

2.8%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

4.0%

3.2%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

3.2%

2.6%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

2.5%

3.2%

$75,000 to less than $100,000*

3.5%

1.6%

$100,000 or more

--

2.3%

Compensation Type

Salaried**

2.4%

1.6%

Hourly

3.7%

3.0%

Other

2.6%

3.0%

* Difference between demographic groups is statistically significant at p<.10.
** Difference between demographic groups is statistically significant at p<.05.
NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All Others."
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees


Table A2-2.19. Reasons for Needing Leave, Based on Total Employee
Population: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of All Employees

Reason for Needing Leave

1995 Survey

2000 Survey

Own health

1.5%

1.2%

Maternity-disability

--

--

Care for a newborn, newly adopted, or newly placed foster child

0.3%

0.2%

Care for ill child

0.6%

0.5%

Care for ill spouse

0.3%

0.2%

Care for ill parent

0.6%

0.6%

-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-2.20. Reasons for Most Recent Needed Leave:
2000 Survey

Reason for Needing Leave

Percent of All Employees

Own health

1.1%

Maternity-disability

--

Care for a newborn, newly adopted, or newly placed foster child

0.2%

Care for ill child

0.4%

Care for ill spouse

0.2%

Care for ill parent

0.5%

-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-2.21. Perceived Future Need for Family or Medical Leave:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Employees’ Likelihood of Taking Leave for Family or Medical Reasons in the Next 5 years:

Percent of Employees

1995 Survey

2000 Survey

Very likely**

17.8%

22.2%

Somewhat likely

21.5%

23.8%

Somewhat unlikely**

26.1%

20.3%

Very unlikely

34.6%

33.8%

** Difference between years is significant at p<.05.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-2.22. Expected Reasons for Needing Future Leaves :
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Expected Reason:

Percent of Employees Who Say it is Likely They Will Take Leave in the Next 5 Years

1995 Survey

2000 Survey

Own self

34.0%

36.4%

Newborn

20.6%

19.5%

Newly adopted

--

--

New foster child

--

--

Child**

14.3%

19.3%

Spouse**

11.1%

17.4%

Parent

34.9%

33.0%

Other relative

6.9%

8.6%

Other non-relative

1.7%

2.2%

** Difference between years is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Percentages do not sum to 100% because respondents could choose more than one reason.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.

CHAPTER 3 TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

Table A2-3.1. Coverage and Eligibility of Employees Under
the Family and Medical Leave Act: 2000 Survey

Percent of All Employees

Eligible Employees at FMLA-Covered Worksites

61.7%

Non-eligible Employees at Covered Worksites

14.9%

Employees at Non-covered Worksites

23.3%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.2. Eligibility of Employees Under the Family
and Medical Leave Act: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Employees

Eligible Employees

80.5%

Non-eligible Employees

19.5%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-3.3 Demographic Profiles of Covered, Covered and Eligible, and Non-covered
Employees: 2000 Survey

Percent of Employees

Covered

Covered and Eligible

Non-covered

All Employees

Total Weighted Number

110,398,726

88,920,791

33,620,570

144,019,296

Gender*

Male

50.1%

51.8%

55.3%

51.3%

Female

49.9%

48.2%

44.7%

48.7%

Age**++

18 – 24

16.1%

10.5%

10.6%

14.8%

25 – 34

23.0%

23.3%

22.2%

22.8%

35 – 49

39.5%

42.8%

39.7%

39.6%

50 – 64

19.1%

21.4%

22.1%

19.8%

65 and over

2.3%

2.1%

5.4%

3.0%

Race/Ethnicity**+

White non-Hispanic

74.8%

75.3%

88.0%

77.9%

Black non-Hispanic

11.6%

11.1%

2.7%

9.6%

Hispanic

7.5%

7.7%

6.1%

7.2%

Asian

3.4%

3.3%

--

2.8%

All others

2.7%

2.5%

2.2%

2.6%

Marital Status**++

Married/Living with partner

65.1%

69.5%

74.1%

67.2%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

10.9%

11.0%

9.3%

10.5%

Never been married

24.0%

19.5%

16.6%

22.3%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

60.6%

58.6%

55.9%

59.5%

One or more

39.4%

41.4%

44.1%

40.5%

Education**++

Less than high school

4.3%

3.7%

8.1%

5.2%

High school graduate

27.8%

27.4%

35.5%

29.6%

Some college

29.5%

28.7%

25.4%

28.6%

College graduate

25.6%

27.0%

25.2%

25.5%

Graduate school

12.7%

13.2%

5.7%

11.1%


Table A2-3.3 Demographic Profiles of Covered, Covered and Eligible, and Non-covered
Employees: 2000 Survey (continued)

Percent of Employees

Covered

Covered and Eligible

Non-covered

All Employees

Annual Family Income++

Less than $20,000

14.8%

9.9%

20.9%

16.2%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

13.8%

14.0%

13.3%

13.7%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

24.9%

25.2%

25.3%

25.0%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

23.5%

25.6%

21.5%

23.1%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

12.5%

13.6%

10.5%

12.1%

$100,000 or more

10.5%

11.8%

8.6%

10.0%

Compensation Type**++

Salaried

38.3%

42.7%

34.0%

37.3%

Hourly

54.0%

50.3%

42.7%

51.4%

Other

7.7%

6.9%

23.3%

11.3%

* Difference between covered and non-covered employees is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between covered and non-covered employees is significant at p<.05.
+ Difference between covered and eligible employees and all other employees is significant at p<.10.
++ Difference between covered and eligible employees and all other employees is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.4 Coverage Under FMLA Within Demographic Groups: 2000 Survey

Percent of Employees Within Each Demographic Category Who Are:

Total Weighted Number


Covered

Covered and Eligible(1)

Non-covered

Gender*

Male

74.9%

62.3%

25.1%

73,924,070

Female

78.5%

61.2%

21.5%

70,095,226

Age**++

18 – 24

83.3%

43.8%

16.7%

21,153,991

25 – 34

77.3%

63.0%

22.7%

32,561,862

35 – 49

76.7%

66.8%

23.3%

56,504,145

50 – 64

74.0%

66.7%

26.0%

28,259,470

65 and over

58.7%

42.8%

41.3%

4,351,449

Race/Ethnicity**+

White non-Hispanic

73.5%

59.7%

26.5%

111,083,972

Black non-Hispanic

93.3%

71.8%

6.7%

13,627,195

Hispanic

80.2%

66.2%

19.8%

10,236,269

Asian

92.0%

73.4%

--

4,004,675

All others

79.8%

60.3%

20.2%

3,671,119

Marital Status**++

Married/Living with partner

74.3%

63.8%

25.7%

96,298,974

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

79.3%

64.3%

20.7%

15,065,817

Never been married

82.6%

54.1%

17.4%

31,888,960

Children Under 18 in Household

None

78.2%

60.9%

21.8%

85,333,367

One or more

74.8%

63.2%

25.2%

58,076,078

Education**++

Less than high school

63.8%

44.2%

36.2%

7,509,891

High school graduate

72.1%

57.1%

27.9%

42,531,907

Some college

79.4%

62.2%

20.6%

40,985,586

College graduate

77.1%

65.3%

22.9%

36,647,973

Graduate school

88.0%

73.8%

12.0%

15,880,292


Table A2-3.4 Coverage Under FMLA Within Demographic Groups: 2000 Survey (continued)

Percent of Employees Within Each Demographic Category Who Are:


Total
Weighted Number


Covered

Covered and Eligible(1)


Non-covered

Annual Family Income++

Less than $20,000

71.8% 38.6% 28.2% 19,347,474

$20,000 to less than $30,000

78.8% 64.5% 21.2%

16,390,438

$30,000 to less than $50,000

77.9% 63.9% 22.1%

29,880,436

$50,000 to less than $75,000

79.7%

70.2%

20.3%

27,611,099

$75,000 to less than $100,000

81.1%

70.9%

18.9%

14,460,432

$100,000 or more

81.4%

74.0%

18.6%

12,023,351

Compensation Type**++

Salaried

78.7%

70.8%

21.3%

53,468,194

Hourly

80.6%

60.5%

19.4%

73,725,383

Other

52.1%

37.7%

47.9%

16,278,079

(1) The "Covered and Eligible" column is a subset of the "Covered" column.
* Difference between covered and non-covered employees is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between covered and non-covered employees is significant at P<.05.
+ Difference between covered and eligible employees and all other employees is significant at p<.10.
++ Difference between covered and eligible employees and all other employees is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.5. Demographic Characteristics of Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers by Reason
for Longest Leave: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse


Care for Ill Parent

Gender

Male

45.0%

&

44.3%

39.1%

55.8%

41.3%

Female

55.0%

100.0%

55.7%

60.9%

44.2%

58.7%

Age

18 – 24

8.7%

--

10.2%

--

--

--

25 – 34

15.6%

50.4%

57.4%

26.3%

--

20.3%

35 – 49

39.7%

28.7%

20.5%

62.6%

35.4%

54.4%

50 or over

36.1%

&

--

--

42.0%

20.5%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

76.2%

59.8%

82.4%

57.2%

73.5%

80.8%

Black non-Hispanic

12.3%

--

--

32.4%

--

10.3%

Hispanic

6.3%

--

--

--

--

--

All others

5.1%

--

--

--

--

--

Marital Status**

Married/Living with partner

70.6%

82.8%

90.2%

55.3%

94.5%

71.4%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

15.9%

--

--

23.5%

--

13.2%

Never been married

13.6%

--

--

--

--

15.3%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

58.5%

&

--

13.0%

54.5%

51.3%

One or more

41.5%

100.0%

86.8%

87.0%

45.5%

48.7%

Education**

High school graduate or less

41.1%

35.1%

29.8%

20.3%

37.5%

25.5%

Some college

33.1%

26.0%

27.7%

50.9%

29.5%

25.9%

College graduate

18.0%

28.2%

31.5%

18.8%

22.2%

22.7%

Graduate school

7.9%

--

11.0%

10.0%

--

25.9%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

9.4%

--

12.4%

--

--

--

$20,000 to less than $30,000

16.8%

--

--

--

--

--

$30,000 to less than $50,000

27.3%

26.8%

12.0%

41.2%

22.6%

23.4%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

27.2%

32.6%

30.3%

24.5%

37.4%

32.1%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

11.5%

23.0%

23.2%

11.7%

--

13.8%

$100,000 or more

7.6%

--

14.3%

--

--

9.2%

Compensation Type

Salaried

33.4%

43.3%

47.5%

35.4%

53.4%

47.9%

Hourly

61.4%

55.0%

44.8%

59.9%

45.6%

39.8%

Other

5.2%

--

--

--

--

12.4%

** Difference among demographic groups is significant at p<.05.
& No significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.6. Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers Within Demographic Groups:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Leave-Takers Within Demographic Category Who Were Covered and Eligible(1)

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Gender

Male

60.7%

65.6%

Female

62.7%

64.5%

Age

18 – 24

52.4%

53.5%

25 – 34

63.3%

60.1%

35 – 49

62.0%

66.4%

50 – 64

68.3%

75.1%

65 and over

47.0%

55.3%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

59.9%

62.6%

Black non-Hispanic

74.3%

83.1%

Hispanic

65.4%

62.7%

Asian

NA

72.4%

All others

57.3%

57.9%

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner*

59.8%

64.5%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

68.9%

66.6%

Never been married

64.1%

65.5%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

64.2%

66.5%

One or more

60.0%

63.9%

Education

Less than high school

66.6%

57.0%

High school graduate**

57.0%

67.2%

Some college

60.6%

66.0%

College graduate

59.1%

62.3%

Graduate school

74.4%

65.4%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

53.7%

45.3%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

61.9%

65.2%

$30,000 to less than $50,000**

57.3%

68.1%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

69.4%

72.1%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

75.8%

80.0%

$100,000 or more

70.0%

51.5%

Compensation Type

Salaried

66.6%

69.8%

Hourly

63.9%

65.8%

Other

31.4%

41.8%

(1) Table includes leave-takers who were covered and eligible at the time they took their (longest) leave.
* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All Others."
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.7. Demographic Characteristics of Covered and Eligible Leave-
Takers: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Leave-Takers Within Demographic Category Who Were Covered and Eligible(1)

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Gender

Male

43.0%

42.3%

Female

57.0%

57.7%

Age

18 – 24

9.4%

8.2%

25 – 34*

30.8%

25.7%

35 – 49

40.9%

40.6%

50 – 64**

16.7%

23.6%

65 and over

2.2%

1.8%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

75.6%

73.6%

Black non-Hispanic

13.1%

13.6%

Hispanic

9.4%

7.9%

Asian

NA

2.4%

All others

1.9%

2.5%

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner*

68.5%

74.5%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed**

18.3%

13.0%

Never been married

13.2%

12.4%

Children Under 18 in Household

None*

47.2%

41.4%

One or more*

52.8%

58.6%

Education

Less than high school**

11.1%

5.2%

High school graduate

24.7%

28.9%

Some college

28.9%

33.3%

College graduate

18.6%

21.3%

Graduate school**

16.6%

11.3%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000**

16.3%

10.4%

$20,000 to less than $30,000**

18.2%

12.4%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

28.3%

26.7%

$50,000 to less than $75,000**

21.3%

28.5%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

10.8%

13.9%

$100,000 or more*

5.1%

8.0%

Compensation Type

Salaried

39.3%

39.1%

Hourly

56.2%

55.1%

Other

4.6%

5.8%

(1) Table includes leave-takers who were covered and eligible at the time they took their (longest) leave.
*Difference between years is statistically significant at p<.10.
**Difference between years is statistically significant at p<.05.
NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All Others."
Source: 1995 and 2000 Surveys of Employees.


Table A2-3.8. Length of Longest Leave by Eligibility Status:
2000 Survey

Percent by Eligibility Status


Length of Longest Leave

Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers

All Other Leave-Takers

1- 3 days

13.0%

11.1%

4 – 5 days

20.8%

22.7%

6 – 10 days

20.2%

20.5%

11 – 30 days

20.5%

16.0%

31 – 60 days

15.9%

19.2%

More than 60 days

9.6%

10.5%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.9 Establishment Awareness of FMLA Coverage Status:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Does the Family and Medical Leave Act apply to this location?

Percent of Covered Establishments

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Yes

86.5%

84.0%

8.3%**

16.1%

No

--

1.0%

35.2%

28.4%

Don’t know

12.3%

15.0%

56.5%

55.5%

** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.

CHAPTER 3 TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

Table A2-3.1. Coverage and Eligibility of Employees Under
the Family and Medical Leave Act: 2000 Survey

Percent of All Employees

Eligible Employees at FMLA-Covered Worksites

61.7%

Non-eligible Employees at Covered Worksites

14.9%

Employees at Non-covered Worksites

23.3%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.2. Eligibility of Employees Under the Family
and Medical Leave Act: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Employees

Eligible Employees

80.5%

Non-eligible Employees

19.5%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-3.3 Demographic Profiles of Covered, Covered and Eligible, and Non-covered
Employees: 2000 Survey

Percent of Employees

Covered

Covered and Eligible

Non-covered

All Employees

Total Weighted Number

110,398,726

88,920,791

33,620,570

144,019,296

Gender*

Male

50.1%

51.8%

55.3%

51.3%

Female

49.9%

48.2%

44.7%

48.7%

Age**++

18 – 24

16.1%

10.5%

10.6%

14.8%

25 – 34

23.0%

23.3%

22.2%

22.8%

35 – 49

39.5%

42.8%

39.7%

39.6%

50 – 64

19.1%

21.4%

22.1%

19.8%

65 and over

2.3%

2.1%

5.4%

3.0%

Race/Ethnicity**+

White non-Hispanic

74.8%

75.3%

88.0%

77.9%

Black non-Hispanic

11.6%

11.1%

2.7%

9.6%

Hispanic

7.5%

7.7%

6.1%

7.2%

Asian

3.4%

3.3%

--

2.8%

All others

2.7%

2.5%

2.2%

2.6%

Marital Status**++

Married/Living with partner

65.1%

69.5%

74.1%

67.2%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

10.9%

11.0%

9.3%

10.5%

Never been married

24.0%

19.5%

16.6%

22.3%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

60.6%

58.6%

55.9%

59.5%

One or more

39.4%

41.4%

44.1%

40.5%

Education**++

Less than high school

4.3%

3.7%

8.1%

5.2%

High school graduate

27.8%

27.4%

35.5%

29.6%

Some college

29.5%

28.7%

25.4%

28.6%

College graduate

25.6%

27.0%

25.2%

25.5%

Graduate school

12.7%

13.2%

5.7%

11.1%


Table A2-3.3 Demographic Profiles of Covered, Covered and Eligible, and Non-covered
Employees: 2000 Survey (continued)

Percent of Employees

Covered

Covered and Eligible

Non-covered

All Employees

Annual Family Income++

Less than $20,000

14.8%

9.9%

20.9%

16.2%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

13.8%

14.0%

13.3%

13.7%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

24.9%

25.2%

25.3%

25.0%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

23.5%

25.6%

21.5%

23.1%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

12.5%

13.6%

10.5%

12.1%

$100,000 or more

10.5%

11.8%

8.6%

10.0%

Compensation Type**++

Salaried

38.3%

42.7%

34.0%

37.3%

Hourly

54.0%

50.3%

42.7%

51.4%

Other

7.7%

6.9%

23.3%

11.3%

* Difference between covered and non-covered employees is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between covered and non-covered employees is significant at p<.05.
+ Difference between covered and eligible employees and all other employees is significant at p<.10.
++ Difference between covered and eligible employees and all other employees is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.4 Coverage Under FMLA Within Demographic Groups: 2000 Survey

Percent of Employees Within Each Demographic Category Who Are:

Total Weighted Number


Covered

Covered and Eligible(1)

Non-covered

Gender*

Male

74.9%

62.3%

25.1%

73,924,070

Female

78.5%

61.2%

21.5%

70,095,226

Age**++

18 – 24

83.3%

43.8%

16.7%

21,153,991

25 – 34

77.3%

63.0%

22.7%

32,561,862

35 – 49

76.7%

66.8%

23.3%

56,504,145

50 – 64

74.0%

66.7%

26.0%

28,259,470

65 and over

58.7%

42.8%

41.3%

4,351,449

Race/Ethnicity**+

White non-Hispanic

73.5%

59.7%

26.5%

111,083,972

Black non-Hispanic

93.3%

71.8%

6.7%

13,627,195

Hispanic

80.2%

66.2%

19.8%

10,236,269

Asian

92.0%

73.4%

--

4,004,675

All others

79.8%

60.3%

20.2%

3,671,119

Marital Status**++

Married/Living with partner

74.3%

63.8%

25.7%

96,298,974

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

79.3%

64.3%

20.7%

15,065,817

Never been married

82.6%

54.1%

17.4%

31,888,960

Children Under 18 in Household

None

78.2%

60.9%

21.8%

85,333,367

One or more

74.8%

63.2%

25.2%

58,076,078

Education**++

Less than high school

63.8%

44.2%

36.2%

7,509,891

High school graduate

72.1%

57.1%

27.9%

42,531,907

Some college

79.4%

62.2%

20.6%

40,985,586

College graduate

77.1%

65.3%

22.9%

36,647,973

Graduate school

88.0%

73.8%

12.0%

15,880,292


Table A2-3.4 Coverage Under FMLA Within Demographic Groups: 2000 Survey (continued)

Percent of Employees Within Each Demographic Category Who Are:


Total
Weighted Number


Covered

Covered and Eligible(1)


Non-covered

Annual Family Income++

Less than $20,000

71.8% 38.6% 28.2% 19,347,474

$20,000 to less than $30,000

78.8% 64.5% 21.2%

16,390,438

$30,000 to less than $50,000

77.9% 63.9% 22.1%

29,880,436

$50,000 to less than $75,000

79.7%

70.2%

20.3%

27,611,099

$75,000 to less than $100,000

81.1%

70.9%

18.9%

14,460,432

$100,000 or more

81.4%

74.0%

18.6%

12,023,351

Compensation Type**++

Salaried

78.7%

70.8%

21.3%

53,468,194

Hourly

80.6%

60.5%

19.4%

73,725,383

Other

52.1%

37.7%

47.9%

16,278,079

(1) The "Covered and Eligible" column is a subset of the "Covered" column.
* Difference between covered and non-covered employees is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between covered and non-covered employees is significant at P<.05.
+ Difference between covered and eligible employees and all other employees is significant at p<.10.
++ Difference between covered and eligible employees and all other employees is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-3.5. Demographic Characteristics of Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers by Reason
for Longest Leave: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers in Each Demographic Category that Took Their Longest Leave for Following Reasons

Own Health

Maternity-Disability

Care for Newborn, Newly Adopted or Foster Child

Care for Ill Child

Care for Ill Spouse


Care for Ill Parent

Gender

Male

45.0%

&

44.3%

39.1%

55.8%

41.3%

Female

55.0%

100.0%

55.7%

60.9%

44.2%

58.7%

Age

18 – 24

8.7%

--

10.2%

--

--

--

25 – 34

15.6%

50.4%

57.4%

26.3%

--

20.3%

35 – 49

39.7%

28.7%

20.5%

62.6%

35.4%

54.4%

50 or over

36.1%

&

--

--

42.0%

20.5%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

76.2%

59.8%

82.4%

57.2%

73.5%

80.8%

Black non-Hispanic

12.3%

--

--

32.4%

--

10.3%

Hispanic

6.3%

--

--

--

--

--

All others

5.1%

--

--

--

--

--

Marital Status**

Married/Living with partner

70.6%

82.8%

90.2%

55.3%

94.5%

71.4%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

15.9%

--

--

23.5%

--

13.2%

Never been married

13.6%

--

--

--

--

15.3%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

58.5%

&

--

13.0%

54.5%

51.3%

One or more

41.5%

100.0%

86.8%

87.0%

45.5%

48.7%

Education**

High school graduate or less

41.1%

35.1%

29.8%

20.3%

37.5%

25.5%

Some college

33.1%

26.0%

27.7%

50.9%

29.5%

25.9%

College graduate

18.0%

28.2%

31.5%

18.8%

22.2%

22.7%

Graduate school

7.9%

--

11.0%

10.0%

--

25.9%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

9.4%

--

12.4%

--

--

--

$20,000 to less than $30,000

16.8%

--

--

--

--

--

$30,000 to less than $50,000

27.3%

26.8%

12.0%

41.2%

22.6%

23.4%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

27.2%

32.6%

30.3%

24.5%

37.4%

32.1%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

11.5%

23.0%

23.2%

11.7%

--

13.8%

$100,000 or more

7.6%

--

14.3%

--

--

9.2%

Compensation Type

Salaried

33.4%

43.3%

47.5%

35.4%

53.4%

47.9%

Hourly

61.4%

55.0%

44.8%

59.9%

45.6%

39.8%

Other

5.2%

--

--

--

--

12.4%

** Difference among demographic groups is significant at p<.05.
& No significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.6. Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers Within Demographic Groups:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Leave-Takers Within Demographic Category Who Were Covered and Eligible(1)

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Gender

Male

60.7%

65.6%

Female

62.7%

64.5%

Age

18 – 24

52.4%

53.5%

25 – 34

63.3%

60.1%

35 – 49

62.0%

66.4%

50 – 64

68.3%

75.1%

65 and over

47.0%

55.3%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

59.9%

62.6%

Black non-Hispanic

74.3%

83.1%

Hispanic

65.4%

62.7%

Asian

NA

72.4%

All others

57.3%

57.9%

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner*

59.8%

64.5%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

68.9%

66.6%

Never been married

64.1%

65.5%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

64.2%

66.5%

One or more

60.0%

63.9%

Education

Less than high school

66.6%

57.0%

High school graduate**

57.0%

67.2%

Some college

60.6%

66.0%

College graduate

59.1%

62.3%

Graduate school

74.4%

65.4%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000

53.7%

45.3%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

61.9%

65.2%

$30,000 to less than $50,000**

57.3%

68.1%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

69.4%

72.1%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

75.8%

80.0%

$100,000 or more

70.0%

51.5%

Compensation Type

Salaried

66.6%

69.8%

Hourly

63.9%

65.8%

Other

31.4%

41.8%

(1) Table includes leave-takers who were covered and eligible at the time they took their (longest) leave.
* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All Others."
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.7. Demographic Characteristics of Covered and Eligible Leave-
Takers: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Leave-Takers Within Demographic Category Who Were Covered and Eligible(1)

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Gender

Male

43.0%

42.3%

Female

57.0%

57.7%

Age

18 – 24

9.4%

8.2%

25 – 34*

30.8%

25.7%

35 – 49

40.9%

40.6%

50 – 64**

16.7%

23.6%

65 and over

2.2%

1.8%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

75.6%

73.6%

Black non-Hispanic

13.1%

13.6%

Hispanic

9.4%

7.9%

Asian

NA

2.4%

All others

1.9%

2.5%

Marital Status

Married/Living with partner*

68.5%

74.5%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed**

18.3%

13.0%

Never been married

13.2%

12.4%

Children Under 18 in Household

None*

47.2%

41.4%

One or more*

52.8%

58.6%

Education

Less than high school**

11.1%

5.2%

High school graduate

24.7%

28.9%

Some college

28.9%

33.3%

College graduate

18.6%

21.3%

Graduate school**

16.6%

11.3%

Annual Family Income

Less than $20,000**

16.3%

10.4%

$20,000 to less than $30,000**

18.2%

12.4%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

28.3%

26.7%

$50,000 to less than $75,000**

21.3%

28.5%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

10.8%

13.9%

$100,000 or more*

5.1%

8.0%

Compensation Type

Salaried

39.3%

39.1%

Hourly

56.2%

55.1%

Other

4.6%

5.8%

(1) Table includes leave-takers who were covered and eligible at the time they took their (longest) leave.
*Difference between years is statistically significant at p<.10.
**Difference between years is statistically significant at p<.05.
NA Indicates Asian was not a race category in the 1995 survey. Asians are included in "All Others."
Source: 1995 and 2000 Surveys of Employees.

Table A2-3.8. Length of Longest Leave by Eligibility Status:
2000 Survey

Percent by Eligibility Status


Length of Longest Leave

Covered and Eligible Leave-Takers

All Other Leave-Takers

1- 3 days

13.0%

11.1%

4 – 5 days

20.8%

22.7%

6 – 10 days

20.2%

20.5%

11 – 30 days

20.5%

16.0%

31 – 60 days

15.9%

19.2%

More than 60 days

9.6%

10.5%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-3.9 Establishment Awareness of FMLA Coverage Status:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Does the Family and Medical Leave Act apply to this location?

Percent of Covered Establishments

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Yes

86.5%

84.0%

8.3%**

16.1%

No

--

1.0%

35.2%

28.4%

Don’t know

12.3%

15.0%

56.5%

55.5%

** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-3.10 Awareness of Eligibility for FMLA Among Covered and Non-covered Employees:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Employees

Covered

Non-covered

All Employees

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Employees who believe they are/were eligible to take advantage of FMLA

29.0%**

37.9%

10.4%**

22.4%

22.7%**

34.3%

Employees who believe they are/were not eligible to take advantage of FMLA

11.4%

13.1%

21.4%

26.4%

14.7%

16.2%

Employees who do not know if they are/were eligible to take advantage of FMLA

59.6%**

49.0%

68.2%**

51.2%

62.5%**

49.5%

** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


CHAPTER 4 TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

Table A2-4.1. Receipt of Pay During Longest Leave Within Demographic Groups:
2000 Survey

Percent of Employees Within Each Demographic Category

Received Pay During Longest Leave

Received No Pay During Longest Leave

Gender**

Male

70.4%

29.6%

Female

62.5%

37.5%

Age**

18 – 24

30.3%

69.7%

25 – 34

65.0%

35.0%

35 – 49

68.5%

31.5%

50 – 64

80.3%

19.7%

65 or over

55.8%

44.2%

Race/Ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

66.4%

33.6%

Black non-Hispanic

58.8%

41.2%

Hispanic

72.6%

27.4%

Asian

62.6%

37.4%

All others

56.6%

43.4%

Marital Status**

Married/Living with partner

69.1%

30.9%

Separated/Divorced/Widowed

73.5%

26.5%

Never been married

37.4%

62.6%

Children Under 18 in Household

None

66.2%

33.8%

One or more

65.6%

34.4%

Education**

Less than high school

39.8%

60.2%

High school graduate

58.7%

41.3%

Some college

62.3%

37.7%

College graduate

80.9%

19.1%

Graduate school

77.2%

22.8%

Annual Family Income**

Less than $20,000

26.2%

73.8%

$20,000 to less than $30,000

62.4%

37.6%

$30,000 to less than $50,000

67.7%

32.3%

$50,000 to less than $75,000

76.2%

23.8%

$75,000 to less than $100,000

81.2%

18.8%

$100,000 or more

79.4%

20.6%

Compensation Type**

Salaried

87.7%

12.3%

Hourly

54.0%

46.0%

Other

49.2%

50.8%

** Difference among demographic groups is significant at p<.05.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-4.2. Ease of Making Ends Meet During Leave: 2000 Survey

How easy or difficult was it for you to make ends meet during your longest leave?

Percent of Leave-Takers Receiving Less Than Full Pay

Very easy

13.5%

Somewhat easy

13.8%

Neither easy nor difficult

14.5%

Somewhat difficult

35.7%

Very difficult

22.5%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-4.3. Satisfaction with the Length of the Longest Leave:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

How satisfied were you with the amount of time you took?

Percent of Leave-Takers

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Very satisfied**

48.2%

42.2%

Somewhat satisfied

27.9%

30.4%

Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied

6.5%

8.7%

Somewhat dissatisfied

11.9%

12.5%

Very dissatisfied

5.6%

6.2%

** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-4.4. Reasons for Leave-Takers’ Not Returning to Work:
2000 Survey

Reason for Not Returning to Work:

Percent of Leave-Takers Not Returning to Work

Obtained other income source

&

Health condition continued

21.9%

Laid off/Fired/Replaced

--

Did not want to return to work

29.0%

Could not find child care

--

Other reason

--

-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
& Indicates zero cell.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-4.5. Reasons for Being Denied Leave: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Leave-Takers Denied Leave(1)

Reason:

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Employer does not offer family/medical leave

46.2%

35.5%

Had not worked for employer long enough

16.5%

17.6%

Had worked too few hours in the previous year

NA

13.9%

Had no leave left

NA

19.5%

Reached the FMLA limit

NA

13.5%

Other reason

NA

65.5%

(1) Percentages do not sum to 100% because respondents could report more than one reason for being denied leave.
NA Indicates item was not asked in 1995 Survey.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-4.6. Benefit Status During Longest Leave:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Leave-Takers

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Lost benefits during longest leave*

8.9%

6.5%

Kept benefits during longest leave*

91.1%

93.5%

* Difference between 1995 and 2000 significant at p<.10.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


CHAPTER 5 TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT

Table A2-5.1. Family and Medical Leave Policies by Establishment Size: Reasons for Which
Up to 12 Weeks of Leave is Provided: 2000 Survey

Establishment Provides Leave For: (1)

Percent of Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

91.5%

98.8%

91.9%

No

2.9%

--

2.8%

Depends on circumstances

5.6%

--

5.3%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

93.9%

96.0%

94.1%

No

3.5%

--

3.4%

Depends on circumstances

2.6%

--

2.5%

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

87.3%

96.0%

87.8%

No

5.2%

--

5.1%

Depends on circumstances

7.5%

--

7.2%

Parents for Adoption or Foster
Care Placement

Yes

85.2%

94.2%

85.7%

No

6.8%

--

6.6%

Depends on circumstances

8.0%

--

7.7%

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent
for Serious Health Condition

Yes

88.2%

95.4%

88.6%

No

4.7%

--

4.6%

Depends on circumstances

7.1%

--

6.8%

All FMLA Reasons

Yes

83.3%

90.2%

83.7%

No or Depends on circumstances

16.7%

9.8%

16.3%

(1) Order of items was changed in 2000 survey.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Notes: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.2. Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA Coverage Status: Reasons for
Which Up to 12 Weeks of Leave is Provided: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishment Provides
Leave For: (1)

Percent of Covered Establishments

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

Percent of All
Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

92.6%

91.9%

45.7%**

66.4%

50.8%**

69.2%

No

3.6%

2.8%

41.8%**

21.3%

37.5%**

19.3%

Depends on circumstances

3.8%

5.3%

12.6%

12.2%

11.6%

11.5%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

96.6%

94.1%

42.3%**

65.7%

48.4%**

68.8%

No

2.9%

3.4%

46.9%**

23.2%

42.0%**

21.0%

Depends on circumstances

--**

2.5%

10.9%

11.1%

9.7%

10.1%

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

92.4%

87.8%

32.3%**

50.5%

38.9%**

54.5%

No

6.0%

5.1%

53.8%**

33.5%

48.6%**

30.4%

Depends on circumstances

1.6%*

7.2%

13.9%

16.1%

12.5%

15.1%

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

91.3%

85.7%

29.0%**

43.5%

35.5%**

48.1%

No

7.7%

6.6%

57.4%**

35.9%

52.2%**

32.7%

Depends on circumstances

1.0%**

7.7%

13.7%**

20.6%

12.4%**

19.2%

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

94.2%

88.6%

41.6%**

57.1%

47.4%**

60.6%

No

4.4%

4.6%

46.8%**

29.3%

42.2%**

26.6%

Depends on circumstances

1.4%

6.8%

11.6%

13.6%

10.5%

12.9%

All FMLA Reasons

Yes

88.0%

83.7%

20.7%**

33.5%

27.9%**

39.1%

No or Depends on circumstances

12.0%

16.3%

79.3%**

66.5%

72.1%**

60.9%

(1) Order of items was changed in 2000 survey.
* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Notes: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.

Table A2-5.3. Family and Medical Leave Policies by Establishment Size: Reasons for Which
Health Benefits Are Continued During FMLA Leave: 2000 Survey

Establishment Continues Health Benefits During Leave For: (1)

Percent of Covered Establishments With:

All Covered
Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

86.5%

96.5%

87.0%

No

0.9%

&

0.8%

Depends on circumstances

12.7%

3.5%

12.2%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

90.6%

98.3%

91.0%

No

--

&

--

Depends on circumstances

8.7%

--

8.4%

Parents to Care for Newborn**

Yes

89.0%

97.1%

89.4%

No

1.2%

--

1.2%

Depends on circumstances

9.8%

--

9.4%

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

89.0%

96.0%

89.4%

No

1.3%

--

1.3%

Depends on circumstances

9.6%

3.4%

9.3%

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition**

Yes

84.4%

97.3%

85.1%

No

1.5%

--

1.4%

Depends on circumstances

14.1%

--

13.5%

(1) Order of items was changed in 2000 survey.
** Difference between sizes categories is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
& Indicates no significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
Notes: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Includes establishments that provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.4. Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA Coverage Status: Reasons for
Which Health Benefits are Continued During Leave: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishment Continues
Health Benefits During Leave For: (1)

Percent of Covered Establishments

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

Percent of All
Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

95.2%*

87.0%

77.9%

84.0%

82.2%

84.5%

No

1.3%

0.8%

9.1%

4.4%

7.2%

3.8%

Depends on circumstances

3.5%**

12.2%

13.0%

11.6%

10.6%

11.7%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

96.3%

91.0%

86.3%

89.0%

88.9%

89.3%

No

1.2%

--

4.3%

2.4%

3.5%

2.1%

Depends on circumstances

2.5%*

8.4%

9.4%

8.6%

7.6%

8.6%

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

95.7%*

89.4%

72.4%

78.0%

78.8%

80.1%

No

0.9%

1.2%

7.7%

7.1%

5.9%

6.0%

Depends on circumstances

3.4%*

9.4%

19.8%

14.9%

15.3%

13.9%

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

95.8%

89.4%

75.9%

76.2%

81.7%

78.7%

No

1.0%

1.3%

10.4%

6.6%

7.7%

5.6%

Depends on circumstances

3.2%

9.3%

13.7%

17.2%

10.6%

15.7%

Care of child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

95.2%**

85.1%

69.0%*

81.7%

75.9%

82.3%

No

1.5%

1.4%

11.7%*

4.0%

9.0%*

3.5%

Depends on circumstances

3.3%**

13.5%

19.3%

14.4%

15.1%

14.2%

(1) Order of items was changed in 2000 survey.
* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Notes: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Includes establishments that provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.5. Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA Coverage Status: Reasons
for Which Job Return is Guaranteed: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishment Guarantees Same or Equivalent Job on Return from Leave For: (1)

Percent of Covered Establishments

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

Percent of All
Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

94.7%

94.1%

86.8%

88.5%

88.1%

89.2%

No

--

--

--

1.5%

--

1.3%

Depends on circumstances

4.6%

5.5%

11.6%

10.0%

10.4%

9.4%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

99.2%*

98.2%

87.3%**

93.2%

89.5%*

93.9%

No

&

--

--

1.3%

--

1.2%

Depends on circumstances

0.8%

1.6%

10.6%*

5.5%

8.8%

5.0%

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

99.2%**

96.7%

83.8%**

93.8%

86.9%**

94.2%

No

&

--

--

1.9%

--

1.7%

Depends on circumstances

0.8%**

2.8%

14.2%**

4.3%

11.5%**

4.0%

Parents for Adoption or
Foster Care Placement

Yes

99.0%

93.8%

85.5%

89.7%

88.2%

90.3%

No

&

--

--

--

--

1.3%

Depends on circumstances

1.0%

5.6%

11.2%

8.9%

9.2%

8.4%

Care of child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

98.9%

93.4%

86.0%

87.7%

88.3%

88.5%

No

&

--

--

1.4%

--

1.3%

Depends on circumstances

1.1%

5.8%

11.4%

10.9%

9.5%

10.2%

(1) Order of items was changed in 2000 survey.
* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
& Indicates no significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
Notes: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Includes establishments that provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.6. Family and Medical Leave Policies by Establishment Size: Reasons for Which
Job Return is Guaranteed: 2000 Survey

Establishment Guarantees Same or Equivalent Job on Return from Leave For: (1)

Percent of Covered Establishments With:

AllCovered
Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

94.0%

96.5%

94.1%

No

--

&

--

Depends on circumstances

5.6%

--

5.5%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

98.3%

96.5%

98.2%

No

--

&

--

Depends on circumstances

1.5%

--

1.6%

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

96.6%

98.1%

96.7%

No

--

&

--

Depends on circumstances

2.8%

--

2.8%

Parents for Adoption or Foster
Care Placement

Yes

93.6%

97.6%

93.8%

No

--

&

--

Depends on circumstances

5.7%

--

5.6%

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent
for Serious Health Condition

Yes

93.2%

97.6%

93.4%

No

--

&

--

Depends on circumstances

6.0%

--

5.8%

(1) Order of items was changed in 2000 survey.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
& Indicates no significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
Notes: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Includes establishments that provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

Table A2-5.7. Provision of Leave Beyond that Guaranteed by FMLA by Establishment Size:
2000 Survey

Establishment ProvidesGuaranteed Leave For:

Percent of Covered Establishments With:

All Covered
Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

More Than 12 Weeks Per Year

Yes

22.5%

30.1%

22.9%

No

50.0%

42.6%

49.6%

Depends on circumstances

27.5%

27.3%

27.5%

Employees Who Have Worked for Establishment Less Than 12 Months

Yes

29.0%

24.3%

28.7%

No

42.8%

56.6%

43.6%

Depends on circumstances

28.2%

19.2%

27.7%

Employees Who Have Worked for Less Than 1,250 Hours in the Past Year

Yes

27.1%

26.1%

27.0%

No

45.4%

54.0%

45.9%

Depends on circumstances

27.5%

19.9%

27.0%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.8. Provision of Leave for Additional Reasons by FMLA Coverage Status: 2000
Survey

Establishment Allows Additional Leave For:

Percent of Covered Establishments

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

Percent of All
Establishments

Attending School Meetings or Activities**

Yes - Separate from other leave

40.9%

60.5%

58.3%

Yes - Not separate from other leave

27.5%

15.7%

17.0%

No

22.2%

18.7%

19.1%

Depends on circumstances

9.4%

5.1%

5.6%

Routine Medical Appointments for Self and Family**

Yes - Separate from other leave

30.9%

62.0%

58.6%

Yes - Not separate from other leave

42.5%

22.6%

24.8%

No

20.1%

12.1%

12.9%

Depends on circumstances

6.5%

3.3%

3.7%

** Difference between covered and non-covered establishments is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.9. Provision of Leave for Additional Reasons by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments With:

All Covered
Establishments

Establishment AllowsAdditional Leave For:

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Attending School Meetings or Activities*

Yes - Separate from other leave

41.0%

39.3%

40.9%

Yes - Not separate from other leave

27.5%

27.2%

27.5%

No

22.6%

15.1%

22.2%

Depends on circumstances

8.9%

18.4%

9.4%

Routine Medical Appointments
for Self and Family

Yes - Separate from other leave

31.0%

28.9%

30.9%

Yes - Not separate from other leave

42.5%

42.6%

42.5%

No

20.2%

17.3%

20.1%

Depends on circumstances

6.3%

11.2%

6.5%

* Difference between size categories is significant at p<.10.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.10. Employee Access to Leave for Additional Reasons:
2000 Survey

Does/Did your employer allow you to take leave for the following reason:

Percent of Employees

Yes

No

Depends

Taking part in children’s school and early childhood educational activities

59.5%

35.3%

5.2%

Attending to routine family medical needs

84.3%

14.1%

1.6%

Helping with elderly relatives’ health care needs

56.6%

40.2%

3.1%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-5.11. Employee Use of Additional Leave: 2000 Survey

Percent of Employees With Access to Leave for this Reason

Has employee taken this kind of leave?

Yes

No

Taking part in children’s school and early childhood educational activities

35.4%

64.6%

Attending to routine family medical needs

49.4%

50.6%

Helping with elderly relatives’ health care needs

22.4%

77.6%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-5.12. Employee Need of Additional Leave: 2000 Survey

Percent of Employees Without Access to Leave for this Reason

Has employee needed this kind of leave?

Yes

No

Taking part in children’s school and early childhood educational activities

14.8%

85.2%

Attending to routine family medical needs

23.1%

76.9%

Helping with elderly relatives’ health care needs

7.1%

92.9%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

Table A2-5.13. Continuation of Pay During Leave by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments With:

All Covered
Establishments

Establishment Provides:

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Paid Sick Leave

Yes

73.8%

82.7%

74.3%

No

18.4%

7.7%

17.9%

Depends on circumstances

7.8%

9.6%

7.9%

Paid Disability Leave**

Yes

61.7%

80.3%

62.7%

No

25.5%

8.0%

24.6%

Depends on circumstances

12.8%

11.7%

12.7%

Paid Vacation

Yes

94.8%

92.6%

94.7%

No

1.0%

--

0.9%

Depends on circumstances

4.2%

6.8%

4.4%

Other Paid Time Off

Yes

43.5%

40.9%

43.3%

No

54.6%

57.6%

54.8%

Depends on circumstances

1.9%

--

1.9%

** Difference between size categories is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

Table A2-5.14. Continuation of Pay During Leave by Establishment Size: Reasons for Which
Pay is Continued: 2000 Survey

Establishment Continues Pay During Leave For:

Percent of Covered Establishments With:

All Covered
Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Parents to Care for Newborn

Full pay

17.3%

16.8%

17.3%

Partial pay

5.8%

9.7%

6.0%

Depends on circumstances

22.6%

23.9%

22.7%

No Pay

54.3%

49.6%

54.1%

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Full pay

16.5%

17.1%

16.5%

Partial pay

2.5%

6.0%

2.7%

Depends on circumstances

20.7%

17.2%

20.5%

No Pay

60.3%

59.7%

60.3%

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Full pay

32.7%

38.0%

32.9%

Partial pay

16.7%

22.0%

17.0%

Depends on circumstances

20.1%

22.2%

20.3%

No Pay

30.5%

17.8%

29.8%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Full pay

30.5%

33.2%

30.7%

Partial pay

17.7%

25.4%

18.1%

Depends on circumstances

16.0%

22.3%

16.3%

No Pay

35.9%

19.0%

35.0%

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Full pay

15.9%

14.8%

15.9%

Partial pay

3.6%

5.0%

3.6%

Depends on circumstances

21.2%

18.8%

21.1%

No Pay

59.3%

61.4%

59.4%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.15. Continuation of Other Benefits During Leave by FMLA Coverage Status:
2000 Survey

Establishment Continues:

Percent of Covered Establishments

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

Percent of
All Establishments

Contributions to Pension or
Retirement**

Yes

59.1%

43.2%

45.3%

No

25.6%

46.2%

43.5%

Depends on circumstances

15.4%

10.5%

11.1%

Contributions to Life or
Disability Insurance**

Yes

82.4%

59.8%

62.7%

No

10.2%

33.8%

30.8%

Depends on circumstances

7.4%

6.4%

6.5%

** Difference between covered and non-covered establishments is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.16. Continuation of Other Benefits During Leave by Establishment Size:
2000 Survey

Establishment Continues:

Percent of Covered Establishments With:


All Covered
Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Contributions to Pension or Retirement

Yes

59.1%

58.2%

59.1%

No

26.1%

17.9%

25.6%

Depends on circumstances

14.8%

23.9%

15.4%

Contributions to Life or Disability Insurance

Yes

82.4%

81.6%

82.4%

No

10.4%

7.0%

10.2%

Depends on circumstances

7.2%

11.4%

7.4%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.17. Continuation of Other Benefits During Leave by FMLA Coverage Status:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishment Continues:

Percent of Covered Establishments

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

Percent of All
Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Contributions to Pension
or Retirement

Yes

62.5%

59.1%

38.1%

43.2%

41.7%

45.3%

No

20.4%

25.6%

59.0%**

46.2%

53.2%*

43.5%

Depends on circumstances

17.1%

15.4%

3.0%**

10.5%

5.1%**

11.1%

Contributions to Life or Disability Insurance

Yes

91.3%**

82.4%

62.0%

59.8%

66.0%

62.7%

No

5.9%

10.2%

35.5%

33.8%

31.4%

30.8%

Depends on circumstances

2.8%**

7.4%

2.5%**

6.4%

2.5%**

6.5%

* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.18. Provision of Other Work-Life Benefits by FMLA Coverage Status: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

Percent of All Establishments

Child Care Assistance**

Yes

47.2%

13.5%

17.2%

No

51.0%

83.8%

80.2%

Depends on circumstances

1.8%

2.7%

2.6%

Elder Care Assistance**

Yes

16.9%

3.0%

4.5%

No

82.1%

94.8%

93.4%

Depends on circumstances

1.0%

2.2%

2.1%

Flexible Work Schedules

Yes

61.3%

71.6%

70.5%

No

26.0%

23.0%

23.4%

Depends on circumstances

12.7%

5.4%

6.2%

Employee Assistance Program**

Yes

53.3%

13.9%

18.2%

No

45.1%

84.1%

79.8%

Depends on circumstances

1.5%

2.0%

2.0%

Adoption Assistance**

Yes

20.5%

1.9%

3.9%

No

77.5%

97.0%

94.9%

Depends on circumstances

1.9%

1.1%

1.2%

Workplace Provisions for Lactation*

Yes

35.5%

21.2%

22.7%

No

53.0%

76.7%

74.2%

Depends on circumstances

11.6%

2.1%

3.1%

* Difference between covered and non-covered establishments is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between covered and non-covered establishments is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.19. Provision of Other Work-Life Benefits by Size of Covered Establishment:
2000 Survey

Establishment Provides Leave For:

Percent of Covered
Establishments With:

All Covered
Establishments

1-250 Employees

251+ Employees

Child Care Assistance

Yes

46.6%

58.5%

47.2%

No

51.6%

39.7%

51.0%

Depends on circumstances

1.8%

--

1.8%

Elder Care Assistance

Yes

16.4%

25.8%

16.9%

82.7%

71.9%

82.1%

Depends on circumstances

0.9%

--

1.0%

Flexible Work Schedules*

Yes

61.6%

56.7%

61.3%

No

26.1%

24.1%

26.0%

Depends on circumstances

12.3%

19.2%

12.7%

Employee Assistance Program**

Yes

52.1%

74.9%

53.3%

No

46.4%

22.1%

45.1%

Depends on circumstances

1.5%

--

1.5%

Adoption Assistance

Yes

20.5%

21.6%

20.5%

No

77.6%

76.2%

77.5%

Depends on circumstances

1.9%

--

1.9%

Workplace Provisions for Lactation

Yes

34.9%

45.5%

35.5%

No

53.2%

49.9%

53.0%

Depends on circumstances

12.0%

4.6%

11.6%

** Difference between covered and non-covered establishments is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note. Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-5.20. Additional Benefits Offered by Employers (as Reported by
Employees): 2000 Survey

Percent of Employees

Yes

No

Depends

Flextime

44.7%

53.4%

1.9%

Flexplace/telecommuting

16.1%

82.3%

1.6%

Job sharing

24.6%

74.7%

0.7%

Referral services for child care

18.5%

81.4%

--

Vouchers for child care

6.2%

93.6%

--

Onsite child care

8.7%

91.1%

--

Referral services for elder care

12.6%

87.3%

--

Adoption assistance

8.4%

91.5%

--

Employee Assistance Program

43.4%

56.3%

--

Paid parental leave

29.0%

69.9%

1.1%

Workplace provisions for lactation

13.9%

85.4%

0.7%

-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-5.21. Benefits Perceived as Most Important by Employees:
2000 Survey

Which two are most important to you?

Percent of Employees Reporting that Three or More Benefits are Offered(1)

Flextime

60.1%

Flexplace/telecommuting

16.4%

Job sharing

18.3%

Referral services for child care

11.7%

Vouchers for child care

3.3%

Onsite child care

7.1%

Referral services for elder care

7.1%

Adoption assistance

--

Employee Assistance Program

38.4%

Paid parental leave

25.0%

Workplace provisions for lactation

3.3%

(1) Percentages do not sum to 100% because respondents were asked to indicate two benefits as most important.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.

CHAPTER 6 TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT


Table A2-6.1. Methods Used to Inform Employees of Their Rights Under FMLA by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered
Establishments With: (1)


All
Covered
Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Employee handbook*

92.2%

87.3%

91.9%

Notice on bulletin board

92.4%

92.4%

92.4%

Memos

62.4%

64.0%

62.5%

Computer network, Intranet, or e-mail

31.2%

43.8%

32.0%

Oral notification

80.9%

83.9%

81.0%

Some other method

20.5%

26.1%

20.9%

(1) Does not total to 100% because respondent could select more than one.
* Difference between size categories is significant at p<.10.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.2. Awareness of FMLA Notice Among Covered
Employees: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Employees Aware of FMLA

Employees reporting there is/was a notice posted that explains FMLA

55.8%

Employees reporting there is/was not a notice posted that explains FMLA

23.6%

Employees who do not know if there is/was a notice posted that explains FMLA

20.6%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-6.3. Management Practices for FMLA Leave: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments

Establishment Requires Employees To:

Provide medical documentation for covered leave due to a serious health condition

Yes

92.0%

No

3.4%

Depends on circumstances

4.6%

Use their paid leave before taking unpaid leave

Yes

63.2%

No

30.8%

Depends on circumstances

5.9%

Establishment Provides Employees:

Alternative work arrangements instead of leave

Yes

43.4%

No

33.4%

Depends on circumstances

3.2%

Written notice of how much FMLA leave they
have taken

Yes

82.3%

No

15.0%

Depends on circumstances

2.7%

Written notice of how the Act is coordinated with preexisting leave and benefit policies

Yes

92.6%

No

6.1%

Depends on circumstances

1.3%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.4. Frequency That a Leave for Family and Medical Reason is Not
Classified as FMLA Leave: 2000 Survey

Leave is Not Classified as FMLA:

Percent of Covered Establishments

All of the time

0.7%

Most of the time

3.8%

Some of the time

27.8%

Rarely

36.0%

Never

27.6%

Establishment does not maintain records

4.2%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.5. Most Frequently Used Method to Cover Work When an
Employee Takes Leave for a Week or Longer: 2000 Survey

Establishment Covers Work By:

Percent of Covered Establishments That Reported More Than One Method

Assigning work temporarily to other employees

74.5%

Hiring an outside temporary replacement

18.0%

Hiring a permanent replacement

--

Putting work on hold until the employee returns from leave

2.4%

Having the employee perform some work while on leave

--

Some other method

4.3%

-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Note: Limited to establishments that reported more than one method.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.6. Comparing Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees to Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees: Methods Used to Cover Work When Employees Take Leave: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments With: (1)

All Covered
Establishments

1 - 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Assign work temporarily to other employees

98.2%

99.1%

98.3%

Hire an outside temporary replacement**

39.8%

68.5%

41.3%

Hire a permanent replacement

4.3%

6.6%

4.4%

Put work on hold until the employee return from leave

15.1%

23.9%

15.5%

Have the employee perform some work while on leave*

8.7%

13.3%

9.0%

Cover work some other way

10.9%

5.2%

10.6%

(1) Does not total to 100% because respondent could select more than one.
* Difference between size categories is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between size categories is significant at p<.05.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.7. How Work is Covered When Employees Take Leave:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Work Was Covered By:

Percent of Leave-Takers

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Assigning it to other employees*

72.3%

76.5%

Hiring a permanent employee**

6.3%

9.0%

Hiring an outside temporary employee**

16.8%

12.7%

Leaving work for when employee returned

NA

47.1%

* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
NA Indicates item not asked in 1995 survey.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-6.8. Methods Used Most Often When Employees Take Leave: 2000 Survey

Method Most Often Used

Percent of Leave-Takers Reporting More than One Method of Covering Work

Assigning it to other employees

55.2%

Hiring a permanent employee

9.1%

Hiring an outside temporary employee

13.4%

Leaving work for when employee returned

22.3%

Source: 2000 Survey of Employees.


Table A2-6.9. Usefulness of Provisions in Managing Employee Use
of Leave by FMLA-Covered Establishments: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments

Exception for Highly Paid Key Employees

Very useful

8.3%

Somewhat useful

48.4%

Not at all useful

43.3%

Written Medical Certifications

Very useful

55.1%

Somewhat useful

36.8%

Not at all useful

8.1%

Second and Third Medical Opinions

Very useful

18.0%

Somewhat useful

53.0%

Not at all useful

29.0%

Advance Notice of Foreseeable Leave

Very useful

61.6%

Somewhat useful

32.0%

Not at all useful

6.5%

Transfer to Alternative Position

Very useful

16.2%

Somewhat useful

63.5%

Not at all useful

20.3%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.10. Effects of FMLA-Related Administrative Activities by Establishment Size:
2000 Survey

Establishment Provides Leave For:

Percent of Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments

1 - 250 Employees

251 + Employees

Maintaining Additional
Record-Keeping**

Very/Somewhat easy

63.4%

41.8%

62.0%

Very/Somewhat difficult

36.6%

58.2%

38.0%

Determining Whether the Act
Applies to the Organization

Very/Somewhat easy

85.4%

93.8%

86.0%

Very/Somewhat difficult

14.6%

6.2%

14.0%

Determining Whether Certain Employees are Eligible**

Very/Somewhat easy

84.0%

73.5%

83.4%

Very/Somewhat difficult

16.0%

26.5%

16.6%

Coordinating State and Federal
Leave Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

56.7%

63.1%

57.1%

Very/Somewhat difficult

43.3%

36.9%

42.9%

Coordinating the Act with Other Federal laws

Very/Somewhat easy

47.2%

47.2%

47.2%

Very/Somewhat difficult

52.8%

52.8%

52.8%

Coordinating the Act with Other
Leave Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

60.0%

58.9%

59.9%

Very/Somewhat difficult

40.0%

41.1%

40.1%

Coordinating the Act with Employee Attendance Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

66.2%

54.9%

65.5%

Very/Somewhat difficult

33.8%

45.1%

34.5%

Administering FMLA’s Notification, Designation, and Certification Requirements

Very/Somewhat easy

45.5%

47.2%

45.6%

Very/Somewhat difficult

54.5%

52.8%

54.4%

Determining if a Health Condition is a Serious Health Condition Under FMLA

Very/Somewhat easy

57.8%

56.2%

57.7%

Very/Somewhat difficult

42.2%

43.8%

42.3%

Overall Ease of Complying with FMLA

Very/Somewhat easy

64.0%

57.0%

63.6%

Very/Somewhat difficult

36.0%

43.0%

36.4%

** Difference between size categories is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

Table A2-6.11. Effects of FMLA-Related Administrative Activities by Standard Industrial
Classification: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments

Manufac-
turing

Retail

Service

All Other Industries

All Estab-
lishments

Maintaining Additional Record-Keeping

Very/Somewhat easy

61.6%

54.6%

70.9%

58.7%

62.0%

Very/Somewhat difficult

38.4%

45.4%

29.1%

41.3%

38.0%

Determining Whether the Act Applies to the Organization

Very/Somewhat easy

86.7%

78.1%

82.2%

92.0%

86.0%

Very/Somewhat difficult

13.3%

21.9%

17.8%

8.0%

14.0%

Determining Whether Certain Employees are Eligible

Very/Somewhat easy

82.1%

72.3%

91.8%

82.3%

83.4%

Very/Somewhat difficult

17.9%

27.7%

8.2%

17.7%

16.6%

Coordinating State and Federal Leave Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

66.5%

53.1%

63.9%

51.4%

57.1%

Very/Somewhat difficult

33.5%

46.9%

36.1%

48.6%

42.9%

Coordinating the Act with Other Federal Laws**

Very/Somewhat easy

55.3%

51.1%

65.4%

29.7%

47.2%

Very/Somewhat difficult

44.7%

48.9%

34.6%

70.3%

52.8%

Coordinating the Act with Other Leave Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

65.9%

71.2%

57.9%

55.0%

59.9%

Very/Somewhat difficult

34.1%

28.8%

42.1%

45.0%

40.1%

Coordinating the Act with Employee Attendance Policies

Very/Somewhat easy

69.4%

63.1%

74.9%

58.5%

65.5%

Very/Somewhat difficult

30.6%

36.9%

25.1%

41.5%

34.5%

Administering FMLA’s Notification, Designation, and Certification Requirements

Very/Somewhat easy

54.0%

51.0%

58.7%

31.2%

45.6%

Very/Somewhat difficult

46.0%

49.0%

41.3%

68.8%

54.4%


Table A2-6.11. Effects of FMLA-Related Administrative Activities by Standard Industrial
Classification: 2000 Survey (continued)

Percent of Covered Establishments

Manufac-
turing

Retail

Service

All Other Industries

All Estab-
lishments

Determining if a Health Condition is a Serious Health Condition Under FMLA

Very/Somewhat easy

60.7%

57.8%

67.7%

49.3%

57.7%

Very/Somewhat difficult

39.3%

42.2%

32.3%

50.7%

42.3%

Overall Ease of Complying with FMLA

Very/Somewhat easy

67.4%

72.4%

62.9%

59.2%

63.6%

Very/Somewhat difficult

32.6%

27.6%

37.1%

40.8%

36.4%

** Difference between economic sectors is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.12. Effects of Complying with FMLA on Business and Employee Performance by
Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered
Establishments With:

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

All Covered Establishments

Business Effects

Productivity*

Positive effect

6.7%

14.3%

7.1%

Negative effect

15.7%

26.1%

16.3%

No noticeable effect

77.6%

59.6%

76.5%

Profitability**

Positive effect

2.5%

4.6%

2.6%

Negative effect

9.0%

23.5%

9.8%

No noticeable effect

88.6%

71.9%

87.6%

Growth

Positive effect

2.5%

4.1%

2.6%

Negative effect

10.0%

4.9%

9.7%

No noticeable effect

87.5%

91.0%

87.7%

Employee Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

15.9%

14.1%

15.8%

Negative effect

16.9%

22.2%

17.2%

No noticeable effect

67.2%

63.8%

67.0%

Absences*

Positive effect

4.5%

10.3%

4.8%

Negative effect

18.1%

30.7%

18.9%

No noticeable effect

77.4%

59.0%

76.3%

Turnover

Positive effect

5.4%

9.7%

5.7%

Negative effect

8.7%

2.8%

8.4%

No noticeable effect

85.8%

87.5%

85.9%

Career Advancement

Positive effect

3.8%

5.5%

3.9%

Negative effect

--

--

--

No noticeable effect

95.8%

93.5%

95.6%

Morale

Positive effect

23.4%

36.7%

24.2%

Negative effect

11.0%

13.8%

11.1%

No noticeable effect

65.7%

49.5%

64.7%

* Difference between size categories is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between size categories is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.13. The Impact of Intermittent Leave Taken Under FMLA on Covered Establishments
by Size: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Productivity

Large negative impact

--

3.2%

0.5%

Moderate negative impact

12.0%

14.6%

12.2%

Small negative impact**

4.8%

14.5%

5.4%

No impact*

82.3%

65.7%

81.2%

Small positive impact

--

--

--

Moderate positive impact

--

--

--

Large positive impact

&

&

&

Profitability

Large negative impact**

--

1.2%

0.1%

Moderate negative impact**

1.5%

5.5%

1.7%

Small negative impact**

3.8%

10.7%

4.2%

No impact**

94.5%

81.7%

93.7%

Small positive impact

--

--

--

Moderate positive impact

&

--

--

Large positive impact

&

&

&

* Significant at p<.10, using a t-test.
** Significant at p<.05, using a t-test.
& Indicates no significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note. Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

Table A2-6.14. Changes in Costs Due to FMLA Since Coverage Began by Establishment Size:
2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Administrative Costs

Increased

41.9%

63.3%

43.4%

Decreased

--

&

--

Did not change

58.0%

36.7%

56.6%

Cost of Continuing Benefits
During Leave (e.g., health plans)**

Increased

26.9%

45.7%

28.1%

Decreased

--

--

--

Did not change

73.0%

54.0%

71.8%

Hiring/Training Costs

Increased

21.6%

35.6%

22.5%

Decreased

--

--

--

Did not change

78.3%

64.3%

77.4%

** Difference between size categories is significant at p<.05.
& Indicates no significance test was conducted because of zero cell.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

Table A2-6.15. Changes in Costs Due to FMLA in Past 18 Months by Size: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered
Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Administrative Costs**

No increase

50.2%

24.0%

48.6%

Small increase

40.5%

41.2%

40.6%

Moderate increase

8.5%

28.6%

9.7%

Large increase

--

6.2%

1.2%

Cost of Continuing Benefits
During Leave (e.g., health plans)**

No increase

65.0%

43.9%

63.7%

Small increase

25.2%

23.8%

25.1%

Moderate increase

9.0%

31.6%

10.3%

Large increase

--

--

0.8%

Hiring/Training Costs**

No increase

67.1%

48.3%

65.9%

Small increase

26.6%

28.9%

26.8%

Moderate increase

5.7%

20.4%

6.6%

Large increase

--

2.4%

0.7%

** Difference between size categories is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.16. Change in Costs Due to FMLA in Past 18 Months:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Covered Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Administrative Costs

No increase

52.8%

48.6%

Small Increase

36.4%

40.6%

Moderate Increase

9.4%

9.7%

Large Increase

1.4%

1.2%

Cost of Continuing Benefits
During Leave (e.g., health plans)

No increase

65.8%

63.7%

Small Increase

27.6%

25.1%

Moderate Increase

5.2%**

10.3%

Large Increase

1.5%

0.8%

Hiring/Training Costs

No increase

76.3%

65.9%

Small Increase

18.5%

26.8%

Moderate Increase

4.2%

6.6%

Large Increase

1.0%

0.7%

** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.17. FMLA-Related Cost Savings by Establishment Size: 2000 Survey

Cost Savings:**

Percent of Covered
Establishments With:

All Covered Establishments

1- 250 Employees

251+ Employees

Yes

7.5%

16.3%

8.1%

No

92.5%

83.7%

91.9%

** Difference between size categories is significant at p<.05.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

Table A2-6.18. FMLA-Related Cost Savings: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Cost Savings:

Percent of Covered Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Yes

2.5%**

8.1%

No

97.5%**

91.9%

** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.19. Cost Savings Associated with FMLA Compliance:
2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments

Decreased turnover

77.4%

Increased employee morale

--

Other cost savings

21.7%

-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.20. Establishments Having FMLA Leave-Takers Not
Returning to Work: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishments Had Leave-Takers That Did Not Return to Work

Percent of Covered Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Yes

33.0%

29.8%

No

67.0%

70.2%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-6.21. Number of FMLA Leave-Takers Not Returning to Work:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

Number of Leave-Takers Who
Did Not Return to Work

Percent of Covered Establishments With Nonreturning Leave-Takers

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

One**

85.4%

52.6%

Two**

7.8%

22.0%

More than two**

6.8%

25.4%

** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.

CHAPTER 7 TABLES NOT DISPLAYED IN TEXT


Table A2-7.1. Standard Industrial Classification of Establishments
Not Covered Under FMLA: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Establishment Standard
Industrial Classification

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

%

(N)

%

(N)

Manufacturing

6.2%

404,609

4.5%

283,506

Retail

22.1%

1,450,036

18.4%

1,159,619

Service

38.1%

2,497,445

35.1%

2,211,895

All other industries

33.5%

2,195,718

41.9%

2,640,982

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.2. Size of Establishments Not Covered Under FMLA:
1995 and 2000 Surveys

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Establishments With:

%

(N)

%

(N)

Less than 10 employees

82.5%

5,403,060

80.3%

5,056,694

11 – 24 employees

12.4%

812,378

15.9%

999,829

25 – 49 employees

5.1%

332,370

3.8%

239,479

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.3. Family and Medical Leave Policies by State Laws: Reasons for
Which Up to 12 Weeks of Leave is Provided: 2000 Survey

Establishment Provides Leave For:

Percent of Establishments
in a State:

With Family and Medical Leave Laws

Without Family and Medical Leave Laws

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

65.3%

68.7%

No

21.5%

20.9%

Depends on circumstances

13.2%

10.4%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

68.9%

59.7%

No

22.0%

25.5%

Depends on circumstances

9.1%

14.8%

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

51.8%

47.9%

No

33.6%

33.2%

Depends on circumstances

14.6%

18.9%

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

43.8%

42.9%

No

36.6%

34.6%

Depends on circumstances

19.6%

22.4%

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

56.2%

59.0%

No

29.6%

28.6%

Depends on circumstances

14.2%

12.4%

All FMLA Reasons

Yes

33.1%

34.4%

No

66.9%

65.6%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.4. Methods Used to Cover Work When an Employee Takes Leave for a
Week or Longer by Coverage Status: 2000 Survey

Establishment Covers Leave By:

Percent of Covered Establishments

Percent of
Non-covered Establishments

Percent of
All Establishments

Assigning work temporarily to other employees**

98.3%

86.2%

87.5%

Hiring an outside temporary replacement

41.3%

32.9%

33.8%

Hiring a permanent replacement

4.4%

7.3%

6.9%

Putting work on hold until the employee returns from leave**

15.5%

31.3%

29.6%

Having the employee perform some work while on leave**

9.0%

21.7%

20.3%

Some other method

10.6%

9.6%

9.7%

** Difference between covered and non-covered establishments is significant at p<.05.
Note: Percents do not total to 100% because a respondent could answer "yes" to more than one source.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.5. Effects of Current Family and Medical Leave Policies on Establishment and Employee Performance
Among Non-covered Establishments: 2000 Survey

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

Business Performance

Productivity

Positive effect

23.3%

Negative effect

5.8%

No noticeable effect

70.9%

Profitability

Positive effect

11.3%

Negative effect

17.5%

No noticeable effect

71.2%

Growth

Positive effect

9.8%

Negative effect

13.0%

No noticeable effect

77.2%

Employee Performance

Productivity

Positive effect

25.6%

Negative effect

9.3%

No noticeable effect

65.1%

Absences

Positive effect

17.2%

Negative effect

9.6%

No noticeable effect

73.2%

Turnover

Positive effect

18.2%

Negative effect

5.1%

No noticeable effect

76.8%

Career Advancement

Positive effect

15.1%

Negative effect

--

No noticeable effect

83.5%

Morale

Positive effect

37.3%

Negative effect

5.0%

No noticeable effect

57.7%

-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.6. Non-covered Establishments’ Anticipated
Impact of FMLA on Business and Employee Performance:

2000 Survey

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

Business Performance

Productivity

Positive effect

9.9%

Negative effect

50.5%

No noticeable effect

39.6%

Profitability

Positive effect

6.4%

Negative effect

51.1%

No noticeable effect

42.5%

Growth

Positive effect

7.2%

Negative effect

38.6%

No noticeable effect

54.2%

Employee Performance

Productivity

Positive effect

17.2%

Negative effect

40.0%

No noticeable effect

42.8%

Absences

Positive effect

8.2%

Negative effect

31.5%

No noticeable effect

60.4%

Turnover

Positive effect

9.0%

Negative effect

25.2%

No noticeable effect

65.9%

Career Advancement

Positive effect

11.8%

Negative effect

17.6%

No noticeable effect

70.5%

Morale

Positive effect

24.6%

Negative effect

23.9%

No noticeable effect

51.5%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.7. Non-covered Establishments’ Anticipated Cost
of FMLA: 2000 Survey

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

Administrative Costs

No increase

28.5%

Small Increase

26.3%

Moderate Increase

31.1%

Large Increase

14.0%

Hiring/Training Costs

No increase

34.5%

Small Increase

23.4%

Moderate Increase

28.6%

Large Increase

13.5%

Litigation Costs

No increase

57.7%

Small Increase

18.8%

Moderate Increase

12.6%

Large Increase

10.9%

Would There Be Any Cost Savings?

Yes

8.9%

No

91.9%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.8. Anticipated Effects of Complying with FMLA Among
Non-covered Establishments: Business and Employee Performance:

1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Business Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

7.0%

9.9%

Negative effect

46.8%

50.5%

No noticeable effect

46.1%

39.6%

Profitability

Positive effect

5.5%

6.4%

Negative effect

46.5%

51.1%

No noticeable effect

48.0%

42.5%

Growth

Positive effect*

3.6%

7.2%

Negative effect

33.8%

38.6%

No noticeable effect*

62.6%

54.2%

Employee Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

12.2%

17.2%

Negative effect*

31.0%

40.0%

No noticeable effect**

56.8%

42.8%

Absences

Positive effect

7.8%

8.2%

Negative effect

28.1%

31.5%

No noticeable effect

64.0%

60.4%

Turnover

Positive effect

11.4%

9.0%

Negative effect**

14.9%

25.2%

No noticeable effect*

73.7%

65.9%

Career Advancement

Positive effect*

6.0%

11.8%

Negative effect**

8.5%

17.6%

No noticeable effect**

85.5%

70.5%

Morale

Positive effect

NA

24.6%

Negative effect

NA

23.9%

No noticeable effect

NA

51.5%

* Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
NA Indicates item was not asked in 1995 survey.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.9. Anticipated Impact of Complying with FMLA: Business Costs: 1995 and 2000 Surveys

Percent of Non-covered Establishments

1995
Survey

2000
Survey

Administrative Costs

No increase

35.2%

28.5%

Small increase

22.4%

26.3%

Moderate increase

25.5%

31.1%

Large increase

16.9%

14.0%

Hiring or Training Costs

No increase

43.2%

34.5%

Small increase

20.8%

23.4%

Moderate increase**

17.8%

28.6%

Large increase

18.2%

13.5%

Litigation Costs

No increase

NA

57.7%

Small increase

NA

18.8%

Moderate increase

NA

12.6%

Large increase

NA

10.9%

Cost Savings

Yes**

4.2%

8.9%

No**

95.8%

91.1%

** Difference between 1995 and 2000 is significant at p<.05.
NA Indicates item was not asked in 1995 survey.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 1995 and 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.10. Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA Coverage Subgroup
Status: Reasons for Providing Up to 12 Weeks of Unpaid Leave: 2000 Survey

Reasons for Providing Leave:

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

90.9%

82.2%

No

--

11.8%

Depends on circumstances

4.6%

6.0%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

90.3%

75.7%

No

5.5%

11.6%

Depends on circumstances

4.2%

12.6%

Parents to Care for Newborn*

Yes

88.1%

68.5%

No

6.5%

17.0%

Depends on circumstances

5.4%

14.5%

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

83.1%

67.8%

No

10.5%

22.1%

Depends on circumstances

6.4%

10.1%

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition*

Yes

90.0%

75.5%

No

4.5%

16.0%

Depends on circumstances

5.5%

8.5%

All FMLA Reasons**

Yes

81.6%

59.6%

No or Depends on circumstances

18.4%

40.4%

* Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

Table A2-7.11. Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA Covered Subgroup
Status: Continuation of Health Benefits: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

89.0%

89.2%

No

--

--

Depends on circumstances

8.8%

8.6%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

90.5%

90.6%

No

--

--

Depends on circumstances

8.2%

6.7%

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

88.2%

89.5%

No

--

3.5%

Depends on circumstances

9.1%

7.0%

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

87.5%

88.7%

No

--

--

Depends on circumstances

9.4%

7.9%

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Yes

85.8%

85.9%

No

--

--

Depends on circumstances

9.9%

11.9%

-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Notes: Includes establishments that provide up to 12 weeks of leave for each reason.
Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.12. Family and Medical Leave Policies by FMLA Coverage Status:
Reasons for Which Job Return is Guaranteed: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Yes

95.6%

82.9%

No

--

--

Depends on circumstances

4.1%

14.2%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Yes

96.9%

94.9%

No

--

--

Depends on circumstances

2.9%

3.5%

Parents to Care for Newborn

Yes

95.1%

94.4%

No

--

--

Depends on circumstances

4.6%

3.7%

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Yes

94.9%

86.0%

No

--

--

Depends on circumstances

4.2%

13.1%

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition*

Yes

93.5%

72.3%

No

--

--

Depends on circumstances

3.7%

25.6%

* Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.10.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Notes: Includes establishments that provide up to 12 weeks of leave for each reason.
Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.13. Provision of Leave Beyond that Guaranteed by FMLA by Coverage
Subgroup Status: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

More Than 12 Weeks Per Year

Yes

18.2%

17.9%

No

55.9%

36.0%

Depends on circumstances

25.8%

46.2%

Employees Who Have Worked for Establishment Less Than 12 Months*

Yes

25.1%

17.9%

No

54.1%

40.2%

Depends on circumstances

20.9%

41.9%

Employees Who Have Worked for Less Than 1,250 Hours in the Past Year**

Yes

22.9%

17.7%

No

56.6%

38.6%

Depends on circumstances

20.5%

43.7%

* Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.05.
Note: Percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

Table A2-7.14. Provision of Additional Leave for Additional Reasons by FMLA
Coverage Subgroup Status: 2000 Survey

Establishment Allows Additional Leave For:

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

Attending School Meetings or
Activities

Yes - Separate from other leave

46.8%

59.9%

Yes - Not separate from other leave

24.5%

17.7%

No

16.1%

12.5%

Depends on circumstances

12.5%

9.9%

Routine Medical Appointments for Self and Family**

Yes - Separate from other leave

40.8%

62.4%

Yes - Not separate from other leave

40.1%

30.7%

No

8.3%

4.6%

Depends on circumstances

10.7%

--

** Difference between covered and non-covered establishments is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.15. Continuation of Other Benefits During Leave by FMLA Coverage
Subgroup Status: 2000 Survey

Establishment Continues:

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

Contributions to Pension
or Retirement

Yes

43.8%

44.8%

No

39.8%

43.8%

Depends on circumstances

16.4%

11.4%

Contributions to Life or Disability Insurance

Yes

74.8%

75.8%

No

16.0%

15.8%

Depends on circumstances

9.2%

8.4%

Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.16. Continuation of Pay During Leave by FMLA Coverage Subgroup Status:
2000 Survey

Establishment Continues Pay For:

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

Paid Sick Leave

Yes

68.3%

67.6%

No

21.1%

19.4%

Depends on circumstances

10.6%

13.0%

Paid Disability Leave

Yes

56.2%

53.3%

No

22.9%

30.9%

Depends on circumstances

21.0%

15.9%

Paid Vacation

Yes

90.3%

87.8%

No

--

--

Depends on circumstances

8.1%

--

Other Paid Time Off**

Yes

44.3%

26.7%

No

52.0%

71.1%

Depends on circumstances

3.6%

--

** Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.17. Continuation of Pay During Leave by FMLA Coverage Subgroup Status:
Reasons for Which Pay is Continued: 2000 Survey

Establishment ContinuesPay During Leave For:

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

Parents to Care for Newborn

Full pay

19.8%

26.5%

Partial pay

4.1%

14.4%

Depends on circumstances

21.0%

25.5%

No Pay

55.1%

33.6%

Parents for Adoption or Foster Care Placement

Full pay

15.3%

20.3%

Partial pay

2.7%

--

Depends on circumstances

20.7%

17.8%

No Pay

61.4%

48.6%

Employee’s Own Serious Health Condition

Full pay

37.8%

31.0%

Partial pay

10.0%

16.6%

Depends on circumstances

22.5%

29.1%

No Pay

29.7%

23.3%

Mother’s Maternity-Related Reasons

Full pay

32.3%

31.9%

Partial pay

10.2%

13.0%

Depends on circumstances

19.4%

25.8%

No Pay

38.1%

29.3%

Care of Child, Spouse, or Parent for Serious Health Condition

Full pay

22.0%

25.7%

Partial pay

--

11.6%

Depends on circumstances

21.8%

28.7%

No Pay

53.9%

34.0%

-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.18. Provision of Other Work-Life Benefits by FMLA
Coverage Status: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-Covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

Child Care Assistance*

Yes

35.2%

18.2%

No

62.4%

81.4%

Depends on circumstances

--

--

Elder Care Assistance**

Yes

9.4%

3.2%

No

89.8%

96.1%

Depends on circumstances

--

--

Flexible Work Schedules**

Yes

60.5%

76.2%

No

27.6%

16.2%

Depends on circumstances

12.0%

7.6%

Employee Assistance Program**

Yes

41.0%

17.4%

No

56.1%

81.1%

Depends on circumstances

2.9%

--

Adoption Assistance**

Yes

7.7%

--

No

90.2%

97.0%

Depends on circumstances

--

--

Workplace Provisions for Lactation

Yes

26.2%

9.5%

No

65.7%

79.4%

Depends on circumstances

8.1%

--

* Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.19. Comparison of Non-covered Subgroup’s Anticipated Impact of FMLA
to Covered Subgroup’s Actual Impact of FMLA: 2000 Survey

Business Effects

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

Productivity

Positive effect

10.1%

--

Negative effect**

10.2%

43.1%

No noticeable effect**

79.7%

49.8%

Profitability

Positive effect*

4.6%

--

Negative effect**

12.8%

43.9%

No noticeable effect**

82.6%

54.2%

Growth

Positive effect

--

--

Negative effect**

4.0%

33.5%

No noticeable effect**

92.8%

64.9%

Employee Effects

Productivity

Positive effect

11.7%

13.2%

Negative effect*

14.4%

35.1%

No noticeable effect*

73.9%

51.6%

Absences

Positive effect

5.8%

6.2%

Negative effect

15.6%

33.1%

No noticeable effect

78.6%

60.7%

Turnover

Positive effect

7.5%

6.7%

Negative effect*

--

23.4%

No noticeable effect*

89.8%

69.9%

Career Advancement

Positive effect

4.1%

5.4%

Negative effect**

--

6.8%

No noticeable effect*

94.8%

87.8%

Morale

Positive effect

26.9%

22.7%

Negative effect

7.3%

21.1%

No noticeable effect

65.7%

56.2%

* Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.10.
** Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.
Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.


Table A2-7.20. Comparison of Non-covered Subgroups’ Anticipated Cost of FMLA
to Covered Subgroups’ Actual Cost of FMLA: 2000 Survey

Percent of Covered Establishments with 50-99 Employees

Percent of Non-covered Establishments with 25-49 Employees

Administrative Costs

No increase**

46.8%

17.3%

Small Increase

39.2%

49.3%

Moderate Increase

13.2%

26.4%

Large Increase**

--

7.0%

Hiring/Training Costs

No increase**

70.1%

29.0%

Small Increase

18.6%

15.8%

Moderate Increase**

9.3%

43.7%

Large Increase**

--

11.5%

** Difference between subgroups is significant at p<.05.
-- Indicates less than 10 unweighted cases.
Note: Column percents may not total to 100% due to rounding.

Source: 2000 Survey of Establishments.

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