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Latest Annual Data

Women of Working Age

There were 127.1 million working age women (16 years of age and older, civilian non-institutional population) in the U.S. in 2013 Ė 72.7 million were in the labor force.1

Of the 127 million women of working age, 99.5 million were White, 16.6 million were Black or African American, 7.1 million were Asian, and 18.7 million were of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.2,3

Between 2012 and 2022 the number of women in the civilian labor force is expected to increase by 5.4 percent, compared to a 5.6 percent increase in the number of men.4

Although the number of women and men is expected to increase, overall labor force participation rates are expected to decline. Women are projected to represent 46.8 percent of labor force in 2022.5

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Current Population Survey.  1,2http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat03.htm;  3http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat04.htm;  4,5http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2013/article/labor-force-projections-to-2022-the-labor-force-participation-rate-continues-to-fall.htm

 

Labor Force Participation Rates

Womenís participation in the labor force accounted for 57.2 percent of the working age women population in 2013, compared to 69.7 percent participation rate for men.1

By 2022, the labor force participation rate of women is projected to be 56 percent, compared to 67.6 percent for men.2

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Current Population Survey  1http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat03.htm,  2http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2013/article/labor-force-projections-to-2022-the-labor-force-participation-rate-continues-to-fall.htm

Chart 1.

Text Version for Population and labor force participation, by sex, 2013.

Text Version of Population and labor force participation, by sex, 2013

Notes: Data is for population 16 years and over.
Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat03.htm

 

Chart 2.

Text Version for Labor force participation rates, by sex, race and Hispanic ethnicity, 2013 annual averages.

Text Version of Labor force participation rates, by sex, race and Hispanic ethnicity, 2013 annual averages

Notes: Data is for the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years and over. Hispanics can be of any race.
Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey.
http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat03.htm http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat04.htm

 

Mothers Participation in the Labor Force

The labor force participation rate of mothers with children under 18 years of age was 69.9 percent in 2013, 74.7 percent for mothers with children 6-17 years of age, and 63.9 percent for mothers with children under 6 years of age, 61.1 percent for mothers with children under 3 years of age, and 57.3 percent for mother of infants (2013 annual averages).

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/famee.toc.htm (Tables 5 and 6), 2013 annual averages.

The labor force participation rate for single mothers with children under 18 years of age was 74.2% in 2013, and 67.8% for married mothers Ėspouse present -with children under 18.

Note: Single mothers include never married; married, spouse absent; divorced; separated; and widowed persons.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/famee.toc.htm (Tables 5 and 6), 2013 annual averages.

 

Unemployment Rates

Womenís unemployment rate in 2013 was 7.1 percent, compared to 7.6 percent for men.

The unemployment rate of White women was 6.2 percent, of Black or African American women 12.1 percent, of Asian women 4.8 percent, and 9.5 percent of women of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.1,2

The unemployment rate of women 25 years of age and older with less than a high school diploma was 12.6 percent, 8.1 percent for those with a high school diploma, no college, 5.5 percent for those with an associateís degree, and 3.8 percent for those with a bachelorís degree or higher.3

Sources: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey.  1http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat03.htm;  2http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat04.htm;  3http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat07.htm (2013 annual averages)

 

Full-Time and Part-Time Employment

In 2013, 74 percent of employed women worked full time (35 hours or more) and 24 percent worked part-time, compared to 86.9 percent and 13.1 percent of employed men, respectively.

The percentage of White women employed full-time in 2013 was 72.8 percent, 79.4 percent of Black women, 78.3 percent of Asian women, and 73.5 percent of Hispanic women.

Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat08.htm (2013 annual averages)

 

Earnings

Table 1.

Median weekly earnings of workers 16 years of age and over in 2013 by sex and race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

Sex

All

White

Black

Asian

Hispanic

Women

$706

$722

$606

$819

$541

Men

$860

$884

$664

$1059

$594

Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat37.htm (2013 annual averages)

Table 2.

Women’s to men’s earnings ratio, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, in 2013. *compared to men of the same race or Hispanic/Latino ethnicity

 

All

White

Black

Asian

Hispanic

Ratio

82.1%

81.7%

91.3%

77.3%

91.1%

 

Table 3.

Women’s to men’s earnings ratio, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, in 2013. *compared to White men only

 

All

White

Black

Asian

Hispanic

Ratio

79.9%

81.7%

68.6%

92.6%

61.2%

Notes: Data is based on median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers. Hispanics can be of any race.
Source: Womenís Bureau calculations from data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat37.htm (2013 annual averages)

 

Chart 3.

Text Version for Percentage of wage and salary workers with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by sex.

Text Version of Percentage of wage and salary workers paid hourly with earnings at or below minimum wage by sex and race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat44.htm (2012 annual averages)

 

Industries

 

The four industries with the largest percentage of total employed women in 2013 were:

Education and Health Services industry - 36.2%

 

Wholesale and Retail Trade Industry - 13.1%Wholesale and Retail Trade Industry 13.1%

Professional and Business Services industry - 10.5%    

Leisure and Hospitality industry - 10.3%

 

 

The four industries with the smallest percentage of total employed women in 2013 were:

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction industry - 0.2%.

Construction industry - 1.3%.

Information industry - 1.7%.

Transportation and Utilities industry - 2.6%Transportation and Utilities inidustry 2.6%

Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat14.htm (2013 annual averages)

 

Education

Of the 64,421,000 women 25 years of age and older participating in the labor force in 2013, 6.7 percent had less than a high school diploma, 25.3 percent had a high school diploma, no college, 17.5 percent had some college, 12.7 percent had an associateís degree, and 37.8 percent had a bachelorís degree or higher.

Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat07.htm (2013 annual averages)