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Latest Annual Data

Women of Working Age

There were 125,941,000 working age women (16 years of age and older) in the U.S. in 2012 – 72,648,000 were in the labor force.

Of the close to 126 million women of working age, 98,938,000 were White, 16,400,000 were Black or African American, 6,815,000 were Asian, and 18,324,000 were of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

Between 2010 and 2020 the number of women in the labor force is expected to increase at a rate of 0.7 %, compared to 0.6 % for men.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat03.htm, http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat04.htm, http://www.bls.gov/opub/ooq/2011/winter/art02.pdf

 

Labor Force Participation Rates

Women’s participation in the labor force accounted for 57.7% of the working age women population in 2012, compared to 70.2% participation rate for men.

Chart 1.

Text Version for Population and labor force participation, by sex, 2012.

Text Version of Population and labor force participation, by sex, 2012

Notes: Data is for population 16 years and over. Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat02.htm
By 2020, the labor force participation rate of women is projected to be 57 %, compared to 68% for men.

 

Chart 2.

Text Version for Labor force participation rates, by sex, race and Hispanic ethnicity, 2012 annual averages.

Text Version of Labor force participation rates, by sex, race and Hispanic ethnicity, 2012 annual averages

Notes: Data is for the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years and over. Hispanics can be of any race.
Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat03.htm http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat04.htm,

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics- U.S. Department of Labor – Occupational Outlook quarterly http://www.bls.gov/opub/ooq/2011/winter/art02.pdf

 

Mothers in the Labor Force

The labor force participation rate of mothers with children under 18 years of age was 70.5% in  2012, 75.1 % for mothers with children 6-17 years of age, and 64.8% for mothers with children under 6 years of age, 61.4% for mothers with children under 3 years of age, and 57% for mother of infants (2012 annual averages).

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Editor's Desk, Happy Mother’s Day from BLS: working mothers in 2012 on the Internet at annual averages) http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2013/ted_20130510.htm (2012 annual averages)

The labor force participation rate for unmarried mothers with children under 18 years of age was 75.2% in 2012, and 68.3% for married mothers –spouse present -with children under 18.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics- U.S. Department of Labor. Economic News Realease- Employment Characteristics of Families, April 2013. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/famee_04262013.htm (2012 annual averages)

 

Unemployment Rates

Women’s unemployment rate in 2012 was 7.9%, compared to 8.1% for men.

The unemployment rate of White women was 7%, of Black or African American women 12.8%, of Asian women 6.1%, and 10.9% of women of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

The unemployment rate of women 25 years of age and older with less than a high school diploma was 13.9%,  8.1% for those with a high school diploma, no college, 6.3% for those with an associate’s degree, 4.6% for those with a bachelor’s degree,  3.6 % for those with a master’s degree, and 3% for those with a doctoral degree.

Sources: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat03.htm, http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat04.htm, http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat07.htm (2012 annual averages)

 

Full-Time and Part-Time Employment

In 2012, 73.7% of employed women worked full-time (35 hours or more) and 26.3% worked part-time, compared to 86.7% and 13.3% of employed men, respectively. 

The percentage of White women employed full-time in 2012 was 72.7 percent, 78.9 percent of Black women, 77.6 percent of Asian women, and 73.3 percent of Hispanic women.

Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat08.htm (2012 annual averages)

 

Earnings

Table 1.

Median weekly earnings of workers 16 years of age and over in 2012 by sex and race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

Sex

All

White

Black

Asian

Hispanic

Women

$691

$710

$599

$770

$521

Men

$854

$879

$665

$1055

$592

 

Table 2.

Women’s to men’s earnings ratio, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, in 2012 (based on median weekly earnings). *compared to men of the same race or Hispanic/Latino ethnicity

 

All

White

Black

Asian

Hispanic

Ratio

80.9%

80.8%

90.1%

73%

88%

 

Table 3.

Women’s to men’s earnings ratio, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, in 2012. *compared to White men only

 

All

White

Black

Asian

Hispanic

Ratio

78.6%

80.8%

68.1%

87.6%

59.3%

Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat37.htm (2012 annual averages)

 

Chart 3.

Text Version for Percentage of wage and salary workers  with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by sex.

Text Version of Percentage of wage and salary workers with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by sex.

Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat44.htm (2012 annual averages)

 

Industries

 

The three industries with the largest percentage of total employed women are:

Education and Health Services industry- 36.3%

Professional and Business Services Industry- 10.2%    

Leisure and Hospitality industry- 10.1%.

 

 

The three industries with the smallest percentage of total employed women are:

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction industry -0.2%.

Construction industry- 1.2%.

Information industry- 1.7%.

Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat14.htm (2012 annual averages)

 

Education

Of the 62,413,000 women 25 years of age and older participating in the labor force in 2012, 6.7% had less than a high school diploma, 25.3% had a high school diploma, no college, 17.5% had some college, 12.7% had an associate’s degree, and 37.8% had a bachelor’s degree or higher.

Source: Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics- Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat07.htm (2012 annual averages)