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Traditional and nontraditional occupations

Note: This section presents two sets of information on occupations. The first part presents data for traditional (female-dominated) occupations, which were selected based on women as a percent of total employed (includes full-time, part-time and self-employed). Traditional or female-dominated occupations are those in which women represent 75 percent or more of total employed. The second part presents data for nontraditional (male-dominated) occupations, which were selected based on women as a percent of total employed (includes full-time, part-time and self-employed). Women represent 25 percent or less of nontraditional occupations. Occupations where base was less than 50,000 employees don't meet publication standards and are not included. Additional notes found at the end of each table.

Traditional (female-dominated) detailed occupations, by women as a percent of total employed and median weekly earnings (2013 annual averages)

Occupation name

Total employed, both sexes (in thousands)1

Women as a percent of total employed2

Median weekly earnings3

Both sexes

Women

 

 

 

 

 

All occupations

143,929

47

 $            776

 $         706

 

 

 

 

 

Dental hygienists

184

98.3

 $         1,005

 $      1,011

Preschool and kindergarten teachers

695

97.8

 $            638

 $         624

Medical transcriptionists

52

97.8

 -

 -

Dental assistants

279

95.7

 $            571

 $         571

Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists

786

94.8

 $            488

 $         485

Childcare workers

1,230

94.8

 $            418

 $         418

Secretaries and administrative assistants

2,922

94.4

 $            681

 $         677

Medical assistants

458

94.1

 $            531

 $         523

Word processors and typists

101

94.1

 $            621

 $         607

Speech-language pathologists

137

93.4

 $         1,218

 $      1,191

Medical records and health information technicians

88

92.4

 $            612

 $         595

Payroll and timekeeping clerks

156

92.4

 $            731

 $         727

Receptionists and information clerks

1,326

92.2

 $            536

 $         527

Nurse practitioners

126

91.8

 $         1,615

 $      1,539

Billing and posting clerks

497

91.7

 $            637

 $         629

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

558

91.5

 $            741

 $         732

Registered nurses

2,892

90.1

 $         1,099

 $      1,086

Dietitians and nutritionists

110

89.7

 $            885

 $         864

Teacher assistants

918

89.2

 $            479

 $         475

Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides

2,134

89

 $            457

 $         450

Healthcare support occupations

3,537

88.9

 $            491

 $         486

Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks

1,241

88.7

 $            677

 $         670

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

299

88.5

 $            393

 $         391

Occupational therapists

112

88.4

 $         1,295

 $      1,240

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

1,401

87.7

 $            413

 $         406

Paralegals and legal assistants

404

86.1

 $            846

 $         825

Miscellaneous personal appearance workers

316

85.1

 $            495

 $         480

Office clerks, general

1,184

84.4

 $            598

 $         596

Tellers

369

84.3

 $            494

 $         494

Personal care aides

1,242

84.2

 $            449

 $         445

Librarians

194

84.1

 $            919

 $         905

Massage therapists

172

82

 -

 -

Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping

133

82

 $            877

 $         873

Phlebotomists

119

81.8

 $            583

 $         573

Elementary and middle school teachers

3,038

81

 $            954

 $         937

Insurance claims and policy processing clerks

287

81

 $            652

 $         631

Interviewers, except eligibility and loan

146

80.9

 $            621

 $         605

Flight attendants

89

80.9

 $            767

 $         749

Health practitioner support technologists and technicians

554

80.5

 $            619

 $         613

Eligibility interviewers, government programs

75

80.5

 $            778

 $         746

Special education teachers

377

80.4

 $            951

 $         944

Social workers

727

80.3

 $            845

 $         818

Data entry keyers

307

80.3

 $            634

 $         632

File clerks

257

80.1

 $            625

 $         604

Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists

83

80

 $         1,033

 $      1,010

Library assistants, clerical

87

79.2

 $            559

 -

Therapists, all other

147

79

 $            864

 $         870

Loan interviewers and clerks

168

78

 $            719

 $         688

Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations, including medical equipment preparers

160

77.8

 $            462

 $         440

Personal care and service occupations

5,392

77.7

 $            481

 $         464

Office and administrative support workers, all other

494

77.4

 $            724

 $         695

Miscellaneous media and communication workers

90

76.6

 -

 -

Sewing machine operators

158

76.1

 $            405

 $         405

Information and record clerks, all other

103

74.9

 $            710

 $         727

Meeting, convention, and event planners

130

74.7

 $            930

 $         901

Miscellaneous legal support workers

244

74.6

 $            873

 $         787

Notes:
1 and 2. Total employed and women as a percent of total employed are 2013 annual averages for all people employed (includes part-time and self-employed).  http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat11.htm
3. Median weekly earnings are 2013 annual averages for full-time wage and salary workers only. Dash indicates no data or base is less than 50,000. Data for men's earnings were not available or base was less than 50,000 employees for most traditional occupations. http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat39.htm
4. Traditional or female-dominated occupations are those in which women represent 75 percent or more of total employed. Occupations where base was less than 50,000 employees don't meet publication standards and are not included.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey

 

Nontraditional (male-dominated) detailed occupations by women as a percent of total employed and median weekly earnings (2013 annual averages)

Occupation name

Total employed, both sexes (in thousands)1

Women as a percent of total employed2

Median weekly earnings (both sexes)3

 

 

 

 

All occupations

143,929

47

 $         776

 

 

 

 

Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

52

0

 -

First-line supervisors of firefighting and prevention workers

58

0.1

 $      1,082

Tool and die makers

53

0.3

 $         908

Home appliance repairers

52

0.4

 -

Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers

126

0.6

 $         521

Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics

218

0.6

 $         867

Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons

130

0.7

 $         768

Roofers

203

0.7

 $         566

Crane and tower operators

72

0.7

 $         846

Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists

316

0.8

 $         794

Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

553

1.1

 $         909

Highway maintenance workers

97

1.1

 $         709

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

117

1.1

 $         922

Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers

384

1.2

 $         792

Millwrights

66

1.2

 $      1,019

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

352

1.4

 $         801

Automotive body and related repairers

168

1.5

 $         687

Carpenters

1,164

1.6

 $         657

Electricians

730

1.8

 $         949

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

863

1.8

 $         703

Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

98

1.8

 $         468

Logging workers

67

2.1

 -

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

631

2.1

 $         990

Aircraft mechanics and service technicians

162

2.2

 $         978

Insulation workers

50

2.5

 -

Other extraction workers

95

2.5

 $         920

Telecommunications line installers and repairers

183

2.8

 $         930

Helpers, construction trades

63

2.9

 -

Firefighters

306

3.5

 $         996

Pest control workers

77

3.5

 $         609

Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers

142

3.5

 $         582

Security and fire alarm systems installers

72

3.5

 $         780

Construction laborers

1,536

3.6

 $         594

Maintenance and repair workers, general

462

4

 $         805

Industrial and refractory machinery mechanics

437

4.6

 $         896

Welding, soldering, and brazing workers

575

4.6

 $         723

Grounds maintenance workers

1,327

4.7

 $         445

Refuse and recyclable material collectors

108

4.8

 $         550

Mining machine operators

58

5

 $      1,014

Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers

54

5.1

 -

Computer control programmers and operators

85

5.1

 $         849

Driver/sales workers and truck drivers

3,252

5.2

 $         730

Machinists

398

5.3

 $         777

Sheet metal workers

113

5.5

 $         789

Aircraft pilots and flight engineers

135

5.5

 $      1,845

Painters, construction and maintenance

517

5.7

 $         576

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

91

5.8

 $         903

Other installation, maintenance, and repair workers

215

5.9

 $         667

Locomotive engineers and operators

58

6.1

 $      1,396

Industrial truck and tractor operators

557

6.2

 $         559

Railroad conductors and yardmasters

50

6.4

 -

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

68

6.9

 $         828

Construction and building inspectors

101

7.1

 $         903

Mechanical engineers

327

7.2

 $      1,496

Construction managers

821

7.3

 $      1,275

First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers

259

7.4

 $         766

Computer network architects

135

7.5

 $      1,630

Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders

54

8.1

 -

Electrical and electronics engineers

300

8.3

 $      1,522

Computer hardware engineers

90

9.2

 $      1,507

Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators

99

9.4

 $         947

Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers

129

10

 $      1,025

First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers

266

10.2

 $         980

Parts salespersons

98

10.4

 $         663

Architectural and engineering managers

121

10.7

 $      1,894

Cost estimators

123

10.8

 $      1,050

Surveying and mapping technicians

54

10.8

 -

Motor vehicle operators, all other

74

11.1

 -

Precision instrument and equipment repairers

76

11.8

 $         951

Automotive and watercraft service attendants

92

11.9

 $         398

Civil engineers

360

12.1

 $      1,373

Aerospace engineers

144

12.2

 $      1,865

Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers

87

12.8

 $         716

Painting workers

147

12.8

 $         664

Parking lot attendants

88

12.9

 $         423

Material moving workers, all other

51

13.1

 -

Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers

285

13.3

 $         875

Police and sheriff's patrol officers

697

13.4

 $      1,007

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators,

57

14.2

 $         610

Engineers, all other

398

14.4

 $      1,528

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

338

14.9

 $         521

First-line supervisors of police and detectives

115

15.3

 $      1,139

Couriers and messengers

198

15.3

 $         624

Cleaners of vehicles and equipment

348

15.4

 $         429

Clergy

410

15.5

 $         935

Chemical engineers

61

15.6

 $      1,568

Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors

76

15.9

 -

Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges

87

15.9

 $         491

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

76

16.4

 $         545

Industrial production managers

256

16.8

 $      1,338

Industrial engineers, including health and safety

190

17.2

 $      1,385

Network and computer systems administrators

205

17.3

 $      1,237

Engineering technicians, except drafters

365

17.6

 $      1,011

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

1,752

17.9

 $         511

Printing press operators

193

18.1

 $         656

Chiropractors

58

18.6

 -

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

731

18.6

 $         902

Miscellaneous agricultural workers

679

19.1

 $         428

Barbers

127

19.2

 $         389

Software developers, applications and systems software

1,103

19.7

 $      1,643

Chefs and head cooks

425

20

 $         574

Detectives and criminal investigators

158

20.1

 $      1,054

Security guards and gaming surveillance officers

858

20.4

 $         532

Dishwashers

301

20.6

 $         356

Drafters

125

21.2

 $         974

Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers

194

21.4

 $         882

First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other

100

21.7

 $         785

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

338

22

 $         592

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

264

22.5

 $      1,005

Computer occupations, all other

410

22.8

 $      1,149

Computer programmers

489

23

 $      1,372

Cutting workers

59

24.2

 -

First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers

1,188

24.8

 $         980

Architects, except naval

193

25

 $      1,292

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

929

25.3

 $         731

Notes:
1 and 2. Total employed and women as a percent of total employed are 2013 annual averages for all people employed (includes part-time and self-employed).  http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat11.htm
3. Median weekly earnings are 2013 annual averages for full-time wage and salary workers only. Dash indicates no data or base is less than 50,000. Data for women's earnings was not available or base was less than 50,000 employees for most nontraditional occupations, earnings reported on this table are totals for both sexes. http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat39.htm
4. Nontraditional or male-dominated occupations are those in which women represent 25 percent or less of total employed. Occupations where base was less than 50,000 employees don't meet publication standards and are not included.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey