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Facts Over Time

Women in the Labor Force

Text Version of Civilian labor force by sex, 1970-2012

Text Version of Civilian labor force by sex, 1970-2012.

 

Text Version of Women in the labor force by age.

Text Version of Women in the labor force by age.

 

Labor Force Participation Rates

Text Version of Labor Force Participation Rates by Sex and Race or Hispanic Ethnicity, 1972-2012

Text Version of Labor Force Participation Rates by Sex and Race or Hispanic Ethnicity, 1972-2012

Notes: Beginning in 2003, estimates for White, Black or African American, and Asian race groups include people who selected that race group only. Prior to 2003, people who reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as their main race. Asian estimates for 2000–2002 include Asians and Pacific Islanders; beginning in 2003, Asian is a separate category, as is Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race. Blank cell indicates data not available.

Source: Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics http://bls.gov/cps/cpsrace2011.pdf Table 4 and http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat05.htm (annual averages)

 

Text Version of Labor force participation rates of older workers by sex, 1950-2012

Text Version of Labor force participation rates of older workers by sex, 1950-2012.

 

Text Version of Labor Force Participation Rate of Mothers by Age of Own Child, March 1976-2012

Text Version of Labor Force Participation Rate of Mothers by Age of Own Child, March 1976-2012

Notes: Children are "own" children and include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Data for 1994 and subsequent years are not directly comparable with data for 1993 and earlier years because of the introduction of a major redesign of the Current Population Survey.

Source: 1976-2012 Annual Social and Economic Supplements, Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

 

Text Version of Labor force participation rate of mothers with children under 18 years of age, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 1995-2012 (annual averages)

Text Version of Labor force participation rate of mothers with children under 18 years of age, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 1995-2012 (annual averages)

NOTE: Beginning in 2003, estimates for White, Black or African American, and Asian race groups include people who selected that race group only; people who selected more than one race are not included in these groups. Prior to 2003, people who reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as their main race. Asian estimates for 2002 include Asians and Pacific Islanders; beginning in 2003, Asian is a separate category. People whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Children are "own" children and include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Blank cell indicates data not available.

Source: Data from the Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1995-2010 may be found at http://bls.gov/cps/cpsrace2011.pdf Table 11, 2012 data comes from unpublished tabulations.

 

Labor force participation rate of mothers by race and age of child, 1995-2012
annual averages

 

1995

2000

2005

2010

2012

Mothers with children under 18 years of age

Total

69.8%

72.3%

70.5%

70.8%

70.5%

White

70.3%

71.6%

69.8%

70.5%

70.3%

Black

70.3%

78.2%

76.3%

74.9%

75.4%

Asian

-

-

65.6%

66.2%

63.2%

Hispanic

55.6%

62.0%

59.6%

62.1%

63.2%

Mothers with children 6-17 years, none younger

Total

76.6%

78.7%

76.5%

76.5%

75.1%

White

77.2%

78.6%

76.3%

76.3%

75.1%

Black

76.4%

81.0%

80.2%

79.2%

79.1%

Asian

-

-

71.2%

73.1%

67.7%

Hispanic

65.5%

70.5%

68.7%

69.9%

69.1%

Mothers with children under 6 years, none younger

Total

62.3%

64.6%

62.8%

63.9%

64.8%

White

62.6%

63.0%

61.6%

63.0%

64.3%

Black

63.9%

74.9%

71.4%

71.1%

71.0%

Asian

-

-

59.3%

58.3%

57.8%

Hispanic

47.7%

54.5%

50.9%

54.6%

57.0%

Mothers with children under 3 years, none younger

Total

58.9%

60.4%

58.4%

60.7%

61.4%

White

59.2%

59.0%

57.2%

60.3%

61.2%

Black

60.0%

69.8%

67.0%

65.6%

67.0%

Asian

-

-

55.8%

55.3%

53.7%

Hispanic

43.7%

50.0%

45.0%

50.8%

52.4%


NOTE: Beginning in 2003, estimates for White, Black or African American, and Asian race groups include people who selected that race group only; people who selected more than one race are not included in these groups. Prior to 2003, people who reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as their main race. Asian estimates for 2002 include Asians and Pacific Islanders; beginning in 2003, Asian is a separate category. People whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Children are "own" children and include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Blank cell indicates data not available.

Source: Data from the Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1995-2010 may be found at http://bls.gov/cps/cpsrace2011.pdf Table 11, 2012 data comes from unpublished tabulations.

 

Earnings Ratio

Text Version of Women’s earnings as a percent of  men’s, by race, full-time wage and salary workers, 1980–2012 annual averages.

Text Version of Women’s earnings as a percent of men’s, by race, full-time wage and salary workers, 1980–2012 annual averages

Note: Beginning in 2003, estimates for White, Black or African American, and Asian race groups include people who selected that race group only; people who selected more than one race are not included in these groups. Prior to 2003, people who reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as their main race. Asian estimates for 2000–2002 include Asians and Pacific Islanders; beginning in 2003, Asian is a separate category. People whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Blank cell indicates data not available.

Source: Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics http://bls.gov/cps/cpsrace2011.pdf Table 16, for 2012 Data http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat37.htm

 

Text Version of Women’s earnings as a percent of White men’s, by race, full-time wage and salary workers, 1980–2012 annual averages.

Text Version for Women’s earnings as a percent of White men’s, by race, full-time wage and salary workers, 1980–2012 annual averages

Note: Women’s ratio of White men’s earnings in this chart reflects a race gap in addition to a gender gap. Beginning in 2003, estimates for White, Black or African American, and Asian race groups include people who selected that race group only; people who selected more than one race are not included in these groups. Prior to 2003, people who reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as their main race. Asian estimates for 2000–2002 include Asians and Pacific Islanders; beginning in 2003, Asian is a separate category. People whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Blank cell indicates data not available.

Source: Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics http://bls.gov/cps/cpsrace2011.pdf Table 16, for 2012 Data http://bls.gov/cps/cpsaat37.htm

 

Education

Text Version of Percent distribution of the civilian labor force, ages 25 to 64 years, by sex and educational attainment, 1970 and 2012.

Text Version of Percent distribution of the civilian labor force, ages 25 to 64 years, by sex and educational attainment, 1970 and 2012.

 

Unemployment

Text Version of Unemployment by sex, 1970-2012.

Text Version of Unemployment by sex, 1970-2012.

 

Text Version of Women's unemployment by age, 1970 and 2012.

Text Version of Women's unemployment by age, 1970 and 2012.

 

Text Version of Women's unemployment by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 1972-2012

Text Version of Women's unemployment by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 1972-2012.

 

Women’s participation in selected occupations

Text Version of Women as a percentage of total employed in selected occupations, 1985-2012 annual averages.

Text Version for Women as a percentage of total employed in selected occupations, 1985-2012 annual averages

Notes: Data for some occupations across years are not directly comparable because of the revisions to the occupational classification system.

Source: Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.  http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat11.htm