Skip to page content
Women's Bureau
Bookmark and Share
Labor force participation rate of mothers with children under 18 years of age, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 1995-2012 (annual averages)

Race/Ethnicity

Participation Rates

1995

2000

2005

2010

2012

All Mothers

69.8

72.3

70.5

70.8

70.5

White

70.3

71.6

69.8

70.5

70.3

Black

70.3

78.2

76.3

74.9

75.4

Asian

   

65.6

66.2

63.2

Hispanic

55.6

62.0

59.6

62.1

63.2


NOTE: Beginning in 2003, estimates for White, Black or African American, and Asian race groups include people who selected that race group only; people who selected more than one race are not included in these groups. Prior to 2003, people who reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as their main race. Asian estimates for 2002 include Asians and Pacific Islanders; beginning in 2003, Asian is a separate category. People whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Children are "own" children and include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Blank cell indicates data not available.

Source: Data from the Current Population Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1995-2010 may be found at http://bls.gov/cps/cpsrace2011.pdf Table 11, 2012 data comes from unpublished tabulations.