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Hot Jobs for the 21st Century, 2006-2016

PROJECTIONS for YEAR 2016

Labor Force

  • The labor force is estimated to increase by 12.8 million persons between 2006 and 2016; about 6.3 million (49 percent) will be women.
  • In 2016, women are expected to comprise 46.5 percent of the estimated 164.2 million persons in the labor force.

Employment—

  • During the 2006-2016 period, total employment is projected to increase by 10.4 percent from 150.6 to 166.2 million.
  • Over the 2006-2016 period, employment in professional and related occupations is projected to grow at the same rate as employment in service occupations—both at 16.7 percent.
  • Between the 2006-16 period, production occupations are expected to see a loss of slightly more than half a million jobs (528,000).
  • Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations will decline by 29,000 jobs due to increased mechanization, rising imports of food and fish, and consolidation of the agricultural industry.

Occupations: Fastest Growth

  • The fastest growing occupations are dominated by professional and related occupations associated with health care and the provision of social and mental health services. Examples of these occupations are:
    • Health related: personal and home care aides; home health aides; medical assistants; substance abuse and behavior disorder counselors; social and human service assistants; physical therapists assistants; pharmacy technicians; dental hygienists; and mental health counselors; mental health and substance abuse social workers; dental assistants; physical therapists; and physician assistants.

    • Computer related: network systems and data communications analysts; computer software engineers, applications; computer systems analysts; database administrators; and computer software engineers, systems software.

    • Personal care and service related: makeup artists; theatrical and performance; skin care specialists; manicurists and pedicurists.

    • Other fast growing occupations: veterinary technologists and technicians; personal financial advisors; veterinarians; financial analysts; gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators; forensic science technicians; marriage and family therapists; gaming and sports book writers and runners; and environmental science and protection technicians, including health.
  • Rapid growth in health-related occupations reflects an aging population that requires more health care, a wealthier population that can afford better health care, and advances in medical technology that permit more health problems to be treated more aggressively.
  • The fastest growing health-related and personal care occupations are already dominated by women and it stands to reason that women will continue to do so.

Occupations: Largest Growth

  • The 30 occupations with the largest job growth are much less concentrated in professional and related occupations than the 30 fastest growing occupations.
  • Examples of these are:

    • Professional and managerial: registered nurses; general and operations managers; computer software engineers, applications; accountants and auditors; management analysts; computer systems analysts; and network systems and data communications analysts.

    • Service related: retail salespersons; janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners; child care workers; maids and housekeeping cleaners; and security guards.

    • Office and administrative support: office clerks, general; bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks; executive secretaries and administrative assistants; receptionists and information clerks; and customer service representatives.

    • Health care support: home health aides; nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants; personal and home care aides; and medical assistants.

    • Food preparation and serving related: waiters and waitresses; combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food; and food preparation workers.

    • Teaching: post secondary teachers; elementary school teachers, except special education; and teacher assistants.

    • Transportation and material moving: truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer; laborers and freight and stock, and material movers, hand; and truck drivers, light and delivery services.

    • Other: landscaping and grounds keeping workers; carpenters; and maintenance and repair workers, general.
  • Short-term on-the-job training is the level of post-secondary education or training most workers will need to become fully qualified in the majority of these large growth occupations.

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review, November 2007.

Table 1: 2008 Median Weekly Earnings of Selected Growth Occupation

Total, all occupations

Occupations with fastest job growth; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $722

Computer software engineers; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,529
Financial analysts; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,378
Database administrators; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,274
Physician assistants; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,251
Personal financial advisors; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,194
Computer scientists and systems analysts; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,091
Network systems and data communications analysts; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,184
Dental hygienists; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $976
Physical therapist assistants; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $700
Gaming service workers; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $650
Dental assistants; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $531
Medical assistants; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $505
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $429
Personal and home care aides; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $414

Occupations with largest job growth

Computer software engineers; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,529
Management analysts; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,255
Post-secondary teachers; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,149
Network systems and data communication analysts; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,130
Computer scientist and systems analysts; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,091
Registered nurses; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $1,022
Accountants and auditors; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $981
Elementary and middle school teachers; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $890
Maintenance and repair workers, general; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $720
Carpenters; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $656
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $606
Office clerks, general; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $585
Customer service representatives; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $577
Industrial truck and tractor operators; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $534
Retail salespersons; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $521
Security guards and gaming surveillance officers; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $516
Medical assistants; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $505
Receptionists and information clerks; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $503
Janitors and building cleaners; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $460
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $429
Teacher assistants; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $421
Grounds maintenance workers; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $420
Personal and home care aides; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $414
Child care workers; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $396
Waiters and waitresses; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $391
Maid and housekeeping cleaners; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $378
Food preparation workers; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $352
Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food; Median Weekly Earnings, 2008 (both sexes) $349

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review, November 2007.