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Women's Bureau
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Quick Stats on Women Workers, 2010

  1. Of the 123 million women age 16 years and over in the U.S., 72 million, or 58.6 percent, were labor force participants—working or looking for work.

  2. Women comprised 46.8 percent of the total U.S. labor force and are projected to account for 46.9 percent of the labor force in 2018.

  3. Women are projected to account for 51.2 percent of the increase in total labor force growth between 2008 and 2018.

  4. 66 million women were employed in the U.S.—73 percent of employed women worked on full-time jobs, while 27 percent worked on a part-time basis.

  5. The largest percentage of employed women (41 percent) worked in management, professional, and related occupations; 32 percent worked in sales and office occupations; 21 percent in service occupations; 5 percent in production, transportation, and material moving occupations; and 1 percent in natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations.

  6. The largest percentage of employed Asian, white, and black women (46, 41, and 34 percent, respectively) worked in management, professional, and related occupations. For Hispanic women, it was sales and office occupations—33 percent.

  7. The 20 most prevalent occupations for employed women in 2010 were—

    1. Secretaries and administrative assistants, 2,963,000
    2. Registered nurses, 2,590,000
    3. Elementary and middle school teachers, 2,300,000
    4. Cashiers, 2,293,000
    5. Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides, 1,700,000
    6. Retail salespersons, 1,582,000
    7. Waiters and waitresses, 1,470,000
    8. First-line supervisors/managers of retail sales workers, 1,376,000
    9. Customer service representatives, 1,263,000
    10. Maids and housekeeping cleaners, 1,252,000
    11. Receptionists and information clerks, 1,188,000
    12. Child care workers, 1,181,000
    13. Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks, 1,179,000
    14. First-line supervisors/managers of office and administrative support workers, 1,035,000
    15. Managers, all other, 1,013,000
    16. Accountants and auditors, 989,000
    17. Teacher assistants, 892,000
    18. Personal and home care aides, 839,000
    19. Office clerks, general 837,000
    20. Cooks, 790,000

     

  1. The unemployment rate for all women was 8.6 percent and 10.5 percent for men in 2010. For Asian women it was 7.1 percent; white women, 7.7 percent; Hispanic women, 12.3 percent; and black women, 13.8 percent.

  2. The median weekly earnings of women who were full-time wage and salary workers was $669, or 81 percent of men’s $824. When comparing the median weekly earnings of persons aged 16 to 24, young women earned 95 percent of what young men earned ($422 and $443, respectively).

  3. The 20 occupations with the highest median weekly earnings among women who were full-time wage and salary workers in 2010 were--

    1. Physicians and surgeons, $1,618
    2. Pharmacists, $1,605
    3. Chief executives, $1,598
    4. Lawyers, $1,461
    5. Computer software engineers, $1,445
    6. Computer and information systems managers, $1,415
    7. Speech-language pathologists, $1,184
    8. Computer programmers, $1,177
    9. Human resources managers, $1,170
    10. Management analysts, $1,164
    11. Education administrators, $1,137
    12. Occupational therapists, $1,094
    13. Managers, all other, $1,045
    14. Psychologists, $1,041
    15. Registered nurses, $1,039
    16. Computer scientists and systems analysts, $1,013
    17. Marketing and sales managers, $1,010
    18. Network systems and data communications analysts, $1,010
    19. Architecture and engineering occupations, $1,040
    20. General and operations managers, $972

     

  1. Women accounted for 51 percent of all workers in the high-paying management, professional, and related occupations. Here is just a sample of these occupations where women were the larger percentage of those employed:
  2.  

Occupation
Percent Female
Registered nurses.......................................          91.1
Elementary and middle school teachers.........          81.8
Social workers............................................          80.8
Meeting and convention planners..................          78.8
Medical and health services managers..........          72.5
Counselors.................................................          71.2
Tax preparers............................................          71.1
Social and community service managers.......          70.2
Human resources managers........................          69.3
Psychologists.............................................          66.7
Tax examiners, collectors, and revenue agents          66.1
Financial specialists, all other......................          64.1
Other business operations specialists...........          63.0
Education administrators.............................          63.0
Advertising and promotions managers..........          61.1
Accountants and auditors............................          60.1
Public relations managers...........................          60.0
Insurance underwriters..............................          59.3
Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners,  
and investigators.......................................          57.4
Veterinarians............................................          56.0

  1. Of persons aged 25 years and older, 30 percent of women and men had attained a bachelor’s degree or higher; 31 percent of women and 29 percent of men had completed only high school, no college.

  2. The higher a person’s educational attainment, the more likely they will be a labor force participant (working or looking for work) and less likely to be unemployed.

  3. For women age 25 and over with less than a high school diploma, 34 percent were labor force participants; high school diploma, no college, 53 percent; some college, but no degree, 62 percent; associate degree, 72 percent; and bachelor’s degree or higher, 73 percent.

  4. For women age 25 and over with less than a high school diploma, their unemployment rate was 14.6 percent; high school diploma, no college, 9.0 percent; some college, but no degree, 8.7 percent; associate degree, 6.3 percent; and bachelor’s degree or higher, 4.7 percent.

 

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Earnings, Annual Averages, January 2011 and the Monthly Labor Review, November 2009.