Title 38, Veterans' Benefits Chapter 42 Employment and Training of Veterans
Title 38. Veteran's Benefits
PART III. READJUSTMENT AND RELATED BENEFITS
CHAPTER 42. EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING OF VETERANS
§ 4211. Definitions
As used in this chapter [38 USCS § 4211 et seq.]
(1) The term "special disabled veteran" means
(A) a veteran who is entitled to compensation (or who but for the receipt of military retired pay would be entitled to compensation) under laws administered by the Secretary for a disability (i) rated at 30 percent or more, or (ii) rated at 10 or 20 percent in the case of a veteran who has been determined under section 3106 of this title to have a serious employment handicap; or
(B) a person who was discharged or released from active duty because of service-connected disability.
(2) The term "veteran of the Vietnam era" means an eligible veteran any part of whose active military, naval, or air service was during the Vietnam era.
(3) The term "disabled veteran" means (A) a veteran who is entitled to compensation (or who but for the receipt of military retired pay would be entitled to compensation) under laws administered by the Secretary, or (B) a person who was discharged or released from active duty because of a service-connected disability.
(4) The term "eligible veteran" means a person who
(A) served on active duty for a period of more than 180 days and was discharged or released therefrom with other than a dishonorable discharge;
(B) was discharged or released from active duty because of a service-connected disability; or
as a member of a reserve component under an order to active duty pursuant to section 12301(a), (d), or (g), 12302, or 12304 of title 10, served on active duty during a period of war or in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge is authorized and was discharged or released from such duty with other than a dishonorable discharge.
(5) The term "department or agency" means any agency of the Federal Government or the District of Columbia, including any Executive agency as defined in section 105 of title 5 and the United States Postal Service and the Postal Rate Commission, and the term "department, agency, or instrumentality in the executive branch" includes the United States Postal Service and the Postal Rate Commission.
§ 4212. Veterans' employment emphasis under Federal contracts
(a) Any contract in the amount of $25,000 or more entered into by any department or agency for the procurement of personal property and nonpersonal services (including construction) for the United States, shall contain a provision requiring that the party contracting with the United States shall take affirmative action to employ and advance in employment qualified special disabled veterans, veterans of the Vietnam era and other veterans who served on active duty during a war or a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized. The provisions of this section shall apply to any subcontract entered into by a prime contractor in carrying out any contract for the procurement of personal property and non-personal services (including construction) for the United States. In addition to requiring affirmative action to employ such veterans under such contracts and subcontracts and in order to promote the implementation of such requirement, the President shall implement the provisions of this section by promulgating regulations which shall require that (1) each such contractor undertake in such contract to list immediately with the appropriate local employment service office all of its employment openings except that the contractor may exclude openings for executive and top management positions, positions which are to be filled from within the contractor's organization, and positions lasting three days or less, and (2) each such local office shall give such veterans priority in referral to such employment openings.
(b) If any veteran covered by the first sentence of subsection (a) believes any contractor of the United States has failed to comply or refuses to comply with the provisions of the contractor's contract relating to the employment of veterans, the veteran may file a complaint with the Secretary of Labor, who shall promptly investigate such complaint and take appropriate action in accordance with the terms of the contract and applicable laws and regulations.
(c) The Secretary of Labor shall include as part of the annual report required by section 4107(c) of this title the number of complaints filed pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the actions taken thereon and the resolutions thereof. Such report shall also include the number of contractors listing suitable employment openings, the nature, types, and number of positions listed and the number of veterans receiving priority pursuant to subsection (a)(2) of this section.
(d)(1) Each contractor to whom subsection (a) of this section applies shall, in accordance with regulations which the Secretary of Labor shall prescribe, report at least annually to the Secretary of Labor on
(A) the number of employees in the work force of such contractor, by job category and hiring location, who are special disabled veterans, veterans of the Vietnam era and other veterans who served on active duty during a war or a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized; and
(B) the total number of new employees hired by the contractor during the period covered by the report and the number of such employees who are special disabled veterans, veterans of the Vietnam era and other veterans who served on active duty during a war or a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized.
(2) The Secretary of Labor shall ensure that the administration of the reporting requirement under paragraph (1) of this subsection is coordinated with respect to any requirement for the contractor to make any other report to the Secretary of Labor.
§ 4213. Eligibility requirements for veterans under Federal employment and training programs
Any (1) amounts received as pay or allowances by any person while serving on active duty, (2) period of time during which such person served on such active duty, and (3) amounts received under chapters 11, 13, 30, 31, 35, and 36 of this title [38 USCS § 1101 et seq., 1301 et seq., 3100 et seq., 3500 et seq., and 3670 et seq.] by an eligible veteran, any amounts received by an eligible person under chapters 13 and 35 of such title [38 USCS § 1301 et seq. and 3500 et seq.], and any amounts received by an eligible person under chapter 106 of title 10 [10 USCS § 2131 et seq.], shall be disregarded in determining eligibility under any public service employment program, any emergency employment program, any job training program assisted under the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, any employment or training program assisted under the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.), or any other employment or training (or related) program financed in whole or in part with Federal funds.
§ 4214. Employment within the Federal Government
(a)(1) The United States has an obligation to assist veterans of the Armed Forces in readjusting to civilian life since veterans, by virtue of their military service, have lost opportunities to pursue education and training oriented toward civilian careers. The Federal Government is also continuously concerned with building an effective work force, and veterans constitute a major recruiting source. It is, therefore, the policy of the United States and the purpose of this section to promote the maximum of employment and job advancement opportunities within the Federal Government for disabled veterans and certain veterans of the Vietnam era and of the post-Vietnam era who are qualified for such employment and advancement.
(2) For the purposes of this section, the term "agency" means a department, agency, or instrumentality in the executive branch.
(b)(1) To further the policy stated in subsection (a) of this section, veterans referred to in paragraph (2) of this subsection shall be eligible, in accordance with regulations which the Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe, for veterans readjustment appointments, and for subsequent career-conditional appointments, under the terms and conditions specified in Executive Order Numbered 11521 (March 26, 1970) [5 USCS § 3302 note], except that
(A) such an appointment may be made up to and including the level GS-11 or its equivalent;
(B) a veteran shall be eligible for such an appointment without regard to the number of years of education completed by such veteran;
(C) a veteran who is entitled to disability compensation under the laws administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs or whose discharge or release from active duty was for a disability incurred or aggravated in line of duty shall be given a preference for such an appointment over other veterans;
(D) a veteran receiving such an appointment shall
(i) in the case of a veteran with less than 15 years of education, receive training or education; and
(ii) upon successful completion of the prescribed probationary period, acquire a competitive status; and
(E) a veteran given an appointment under the authority of this subsection whose employment under the appointment is terminated within one year after the date of such appointment shall have the same right to appeal that termination to the Merit Systems Protection Board as a career or career-conditional employee has during the first year of employment.
(2) This subsection applies to
(A) a veteran of the Vietnam era; and
(B) veterans who first became a member of the Armed Forces or first entered on active duty as a member of the Armed Forces after May 7, 1975, and were discharged or released from active duty under conditions other than dishonorable.
(3) (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, a veteran of the Vietnam era may receive an appointment under this section only during the period ending
(i) 10 years after the date of the veteran's last discharge or release from active duty; or
(ii) December 31, 1995, whichever is later.
(B) Except as provided in subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, a veteran described in paragraph (2)(B) of this subsection may receive such an appointment only within the 10-year period following the later of
(i) the date of the veteran's last discharge or release from active duty; or
(ii) December 31, 1989.
(C) The limitations of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph shall not apply to a veteran who has a service-connected disability rated at 30 percent or more.
(D) For purposes of clause (i) of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph, the last discharge or release from active duty shall not include any discharge or release from active duty of less than ninety days of continuous service unless the individual involved is discharged or released for a service-connected disability, for a medical condition which preexisted such service and which the Secretary determines is not service connected, for hardship, or as a result of a reduction in force described in section 3011(a)(1)(A)(ii)(III) of this title or of an involuntary separation described in section 3018A(a)(1).
(c) Each agency shall include in its affirmative action plan for the hiring, placement, and advancement of handicapped individuals in such agency as required by section 501(b) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791(b)) a separate specification of plans (in accordance with regulations which the Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe in consultation with the Secretary, the Secretary of Labor, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, consistent with the purposes, provisions, and priorities of such Act) to promote and carry out such affirmative action with respect to disabled veterans in order to achieve the purpose of this section.
(d) The Office of Personnel Management shall be responsible for the review and evaluation of the implementation of this section and the activities of each agency to carry out the purpose and provisions of this section. The Office shall periodically obtain (on at least an annual basis) information on the implementation of this section by each agency and on the activities of each agency to carry out the purpose and provisions of this section. The information obtained shall include specification of the use and extent of appointments made by each agency under subsection (b) of this section and the results of the plans required under subsection (c) of this section.
(e)(1) The Office of Personnel Management shall submit to the Congress annually a report on activities carried out under this section. Each such report shall include the following information with respect to each agency:
(A) The number of appointments made under subsection (b) of this section since the last such report and the grade levels in which such appointments were made.
(B) The number of individuals receiving appointments under such subsection whose appointments were converted to career or career-conditional appointments, or whose employment under such an appointment has terminated, since the last such report, together with a complete listing of categories of causes of appointment terminations and the number of such individuals whose employment has terminated falling into each such category.
(C) The number of such terminations since the last such report that were initiated by the agency involved and the number of such terminations since the last such report that were initiated by the individual involved.
(D) A description of the education and training programs in which individuals appointed under such subsection are participating at the time of such report.
(2) Information shown for an agency under clauses (A) through (D) of paragraph (1) of this subsection
(A) shall be shown for all veterans; and
(B) shall be shown separately (i) for veterans of the Vietnam era who are entitled to disability compensation under the laws administered by the Secretary whose discharge or release from active duty was for a disability incurred or aggravated in line of duty, and (ii) for other veterans.
(f) Notwithstanding section 4211 of this title, the terms "veteran" and "disabled veteran" as used in subsection (a) of this section shall have the meaning provided for under generally applicable civil service law and regulations.
(g) To further the policy stated in subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary may give preference to qualified special disabled veterans and qualified veterans of the Vietnam era for employment in the Department as veterans' benefits counselors and veterans' claims examiners and in positions to provide the outreach services required under section 7722 of this title, to serve as veterans' representatives at certain educational institutions as provided in section 7724 of this title, or to provide readjustment counseling under section 1712A of this title to veterans of the Vietnam era.