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Office of the Secretary

The Victims

Eventually, most of the victims were identified and buried in cemeteries throughout the city’s five boroughs. The victims’ identities and histories reflected the face of Manhattan in 1911. Many people probably knew someone like 15-year-old Ida Brodsky, a Russian Jew who came to the United States only nine months earlier. She was interred at Mt. Richmond Cemetery. People knew Jacob Klein, a 23-year-old Jewish man from Russia. He was a member of a labor union and had been in the United States for five years. He was buried in Montefiore Cemetery. Many people would feel familiar with 43-year-old Provindenza Panno, a married Catholic woman from Italy. She lived six years in America and was buried in Calvary Cemetery. People would have known a little girl like 15-year-old Bessie Viviano. She came to the United States from Italy when she was a year old and was probably as “American” as any turn-of-the-century teen. She is buried in Calvary Cemetery.

It took nearly 100 years for all of the victims of the fire to be positively identified, with the final six identifications completed just recently.


A flower-draped coffin carrying a victim of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory passes a sea of mourners.


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