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U.S. Department of Labor Futurework
  Trends and Challenges for Work in the 21st Century
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Opinions and views in these papers are those expressed by the author(s). They are not to be taken as expressions of support for particular positions by the Department of Labor. Please do not cite these papers without prior permission of the author(s).

AN OVERVIEW OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL,
AND DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
AFFECTING THE US LABOR MARKET

Robert I. Lerman
Stefanie R. Schmidt
The Urban Institute

Table 6: Gains in Employment-Population Ratios and Unemployment Rate Reductions by Age, Ethnicity, and Education: 1992-1998

Employment-Population Ratios

White Males, 20+
1992=73.0%
1998 (1st Half )1992=74.7%
Percentage Point Change1992=1.7%
% Change1992=2.3%

White Females, 20+
1992=54.9%
1998 (1st Half )1992=57.7%
Percentage Point Change1992=2.8%
% Change1992=5.0%

Black Teens
1992=22.8%
1998 (1st Half )1992=29.6%
Percentage Point Change1992=6.8%
% Change1992=26.1%

All Teens
1992=41.7%
1998 (1st Half )1992=45.3%
Percentage Point Change1992=3.6%
% Change1992=8.3%

Black Males, 20+
1992=64.3%
1998 (1st Half )1992=67.3%
Percentage Point Change1992=3.0%
% Change1992=4.6%

Black Females, 20+
1992=53.6%
1998 (1st Half )1992=59.4%
Percentage Point Change1992=5.8%
% Change1992=10.3%

Hispanic Workers
1992=59.1%
1998 (1st Half )1992=63.6%
Percentage Point Change1992=4.5%
% Change1992=7.3%

HS Dropout
1992=36.5%
1998 (1st Half )1992=39.6%
Percentage Point Change1992=3.1%
% Change1992=8.2%

HS Graduate
1992=61.8%
1998 (1st Half )1992=62.7%
Percentage Point Change1992=0.9%
% Change1992=1.4%

Some College
1992=71.0%
1998 (1st Half )1992=72.3%
Percentage Point Change1992=1.3%
% Change1992=1.8%

BA or Higher Degree
1992=78.8%
1998 (1st Half )1992=78.9%
Percentage Point Change1992=0.1%
% Change1992=0.1%

Unemployment Rates

White Males, 20+
1992=6.4%
1998 (1st Half )1992=3.2%
Percentage Point Change1992=-3.2%
% Change1992=-69.3%

White Females, 20+
1992=5.5%
1998 (1st Half )1992=3.5%
Percentage Point Change1992=-2.0%
% Change1992=-45.2%

Black Teenagers
1992=39.8%
1998 (1st Half )1992=27.5%
Percentage Point Change1992=-12.3%
% Change1992=-37.0%

All Teenagers
1992=20.1%
1998 (1st Half )1992=14.3%
Percentage Point Change1992=-5.8%
% Change1992=-34.0%

All Black Males
1992=15.7%
1998 (1st Half )1992=8.7%
Percentage Point Change1992=-7.0%
% Change1992=-59.0%

All Black Females
1992=13.2%
1998 (1st Half )1992=9.4%
Percentage Point Change1992=-3.8%
% Change1992=-34.0%

Hispanic Workers
1992=11.6%
1998 (1st Half )1992=6.9%
Percentage Point Change1992=-4.7%
% Change1992=-51.9%

HS Dropout
1992=11.5%
1998 (1st Half )1992=7.1%
Percentage Point Change1992=-4.4%
% Change1992=-48.2%

HS Graduate
1992=6.8%
1998 (1st Half )1992=4.0%
Percentage Point Change1992=-2.8%
% Change1992=-53.1%

Some College
1992=5.7%
1998 (1st Half )1992=3.1%
Percentage Point Change1992=-2.6%
% Change1992=-60.9%

BA or Higher Degree
1992=3.2%
1998 (1st Half )1992=1.8%
Percentage Point Change1992=-1.4%
% Change1992=-57.5%

Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics, unpublished tabulations.

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