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Applicable Statutes and Regulations

Below are the statutes and regulations applicable to recipients of Federal financial assistance from the Department of Labor:

Statutes

A Federal statute is a law enacted by Congress. The terms in the left-hand column below are the names by which particular statutes are popularly known. The descriptions in the right-hand column below include the citations under which each statute may be found in the U.S. Code.

Statutes

Description

Section 188 of the Workforce Investment Act

Section 188 of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, disability, political affiliation or belief, age, and for beneficiaries only, citizenship or participation in any WIA Title I program or activity. Such discrimination is prohibited in the provision of services under WIA Title I, as well as in employment “in the administration of, or in connection with,” any program or activity that receives financial assistance under WIA Title I.

Section 504 Rehabilitation Act

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, 29 U.S.C. §794, ("Section 504"), prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance, and requires recipients of such assistance to take positive steps (such as providing accessibility and reasonable accommodations) to ensure equal opportunity for persons with disabilities in their programs and activities.

Title VI – Civil Rights Act of 1964

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d, et seq. ("Title VI"), prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin in any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.

Americans with Disabilities Act

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, state and local government activities, public accommodations, commercial facilities, transportation, and telecommunications. The ADA also requires covered entities to take positive steps (such as providing accessibility and reasonable accommodations) to ensure equal opportunity for persons with disabilities. Title II of the ADA applies to State and local governments, regardless of whether they receive Federal financial assistance. Title I of the ADA contains employment-related provisions, which apply to most recipients in their capacity as employers. N.B.: the requirements of ADA Title I also apply to recipients, or offices/individual staff members within recipients, that act as employment agencies. For an explanation of the employment-agency issue, see slide 16 of the PowerPoint presentation linked here: Disability-Related Information: Asking, Telling, Using, Storing (PPT).


Title IX, Education Amendments Act of 1972

Title IX is a comprehensive Federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any education program or activity that receives Federal financial assistance. The principal objective of Title IX is to avoid the use of Federal resources to support sexually discriminatory practices, such as sexual harassment and employment discrimination, in education programs, and to provide individual citizens with effective protection against those practices. Title IX applies, with a few specific exceptions, to all aspects of education programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance.
Note: This category extends beyond traditional educational institutions such as colleges, universities, and elementary and secondary schools; Title IX also applies to any education or training program operated by a recipient of Federal financial assistance.

Age Discrimination Act of 1975

The Age Discrimination Act of 1975 is a Federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of age in programs or activities receiving Federal financial assistance. The Age Discrimination Act applies to persons of all ages. It does not cover employment discrimination.

Implementing Regulations

After Congress enacts a statute and it is signed into law by the President, the Federal department or agency that is charged with putting the statutory requirements into operation will develop and publish implementing regulations. In some cases, such as that of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, more than one Federal agency will be required to promulgate regulations implementing the same statute. The Section 504 regulations cited below are those that have been promulgated by USDOL to apply to recipients of financial assistance from the Department.

Statutes

Associated Regulations

Section 188 of the Workforce Investment Act

29 CFR Part 37

Section 504 – Rehabilitation Act

29 CFR Part 32

Title VI – Civil Rights Act of 1964

29 CFR Part 31

Americans with Disabilities Act , Title I

29 CFR part 1630

Americans with Disabilities Act, Title II

28 CFR Part 35

Title IX, Education Amendments Act of 1972

34 CFR Part 106

Age Discrimination Act of 1975

29 CFR Part 35

Disclaimer: and is not a substitute for the U.S. Code, Code of Federal Regulations, and Federal Register, which are the official sources for applicable statutes, regulations, notices, and other relevant documents.