A temporary appointment is an appointment lasting one year or less, with a specific expiration date. It is appropriate when an agency expects there will be no permanent need for the employee. An agency may make a temporary appointment to:
- Fill short-term position that is not expected to last more than one year; or,
- Meet an employment need that is scheduled to be terminated within one or more years for reasons as the completion of a specific project or peak workload; or,
- Fill positions that involve intermittent (irregular) or seasonal (recurring annually) work schedules.
A temporary employee does not serve a probationary period and is not eligible for promotion, reassignment, or transfer to other jobs.
Temporary employees are eligible to earn leave and are covered by Social Security and unemployment compensation, but do not receive the other fringe benefits provided to career civil service employees. Current law allows temporary employees to purchase health insurance after they have one year of temporary service, but the employee must pay the full cost with no Government contribution. Employees are not eligible for coverage under the Federal Government Life Insurance program or the Federal Employees Retirement System.