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Wallis and Futuna

2013 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

No Assessment

For the 2013 reporting period, no assessment has been made regarding Wallis and Futuna's efforts to advance the prevention of the worst forms of child labor, because there is no evidence of a worst forms of child labor problem and the country has a good legal and enforcement framework on child labor.

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I. Prevalence and Sectoral Distribution of Child Labor

Research found no evidence that child labor exists in Wallis and Futuna.(1)



II. Legal Framework for the Worst Forms of Child Labor

Wallis and Futuna is considered a French "Overseas Collectivity." As such, Wallis and Futuna cannot ratify international conventions; however, ratifications of such conventions by France apply to Wallis and Futuna.(2) (Table 1).

Table 1. Ratification of International Conventions on Child Labor
Convention Ratification
ILO C. 138, Minimum Age
ILO C. 182, Worst Forms of Child Labor
UN CRC
UN CRC Optional Protocol on Armed Conflict
UN CRC Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography
Palermo Protocol on Trafficking in Persons

French law applies in Wallis and Futuna.(1, 3) The Government has established relevant laws and regulations related to child labor, including its worst forms (Table 2).

Table 2. Laws and Regulations Related to Child Labor
Standard Yes/No Age Related Legislation
Minimum Age for Work Yes 16 Labor Code (1, 4)
Minimum Age for Hazardous Work Yes 18 Labor Code (4, 5)
List of Hazardous Occupations Prohibited for Children Yes   Labor Code (5); Decree No. 2013-915, Relative to work that is prohibited and regulated for young people less than 18 years (6)
Prohibition of Forced Labor Yes   Penal Code (7)
Prohibition of Child Trafficking Yes   Penal Code (4, 7)
Prohibition of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children Yes   Penal Code (7)
Prohibition of Using Children in Illicit Activities Yes   Penal Code (7)
Minimum Age for Compulsory Military Recruitment N/A*    
Minimum Age for Voluntary Military Service Combat: Yes 18 Defense Code (8, 9)
Non-Combat: Yes 17
Compulsory Education Age Yes 16 Education Code (4, 10)
Free Public Education Yes   Education Code (4, 10)

*No conscription or no standing military.



III. Enforcement of Laws on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

Even though there is no evidence of a problem, the Government has established institutional mechanisms for the enforcement of laws and regulations on child labor, including its worst forms (Table 3).

Table 3. Agencies Responsible for Child Labor Law Enforcement

Organization/Agency Role
Ministry of Labor Inspectors Enforce labor laws and report violations involving children to local social assistance personnel. Nominated to serve 2-year terms in Wallis and Futuna.(1)
Defender of Rights Promote children's rights, including through the prohibition of child labor.(1)

As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for enforcement actions to address child labor, including its worst forms.



IV. Coordination of Government Efforts on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for coordinating mechanisms to address child labor, including its worst forms.



V. Government Policies on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for policies to address child labor, including its worst forms, in Wallis and Futuna.



VI. Social Programs to Address the Worst Forms of Child Labor

As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for social programs to address child labor, including its worst forms, in Wallis and Futuna.



1. U.S. Embassy- Paris. reporting, January 17, 2014.

2. U.S. Embassy- Paris official. E-mail communication to USDOL official. April 14, 2014.

3. Government of France. Loi n° 61-814 du 29 juillet 1961 Conférant aux Iles Wallis et Futuna le Statut de Territoire d'Outre-Mer, (1961; Updated May 1, 2012); http://www.wallis-et-futuna.pref.gouv.fr/Nos-publications/Publications-Institutionnelles/Statut-1961.

4. Library of Congress. Children's Rights: France, Library of Congress, [online] [cited March 5, 2013]; http://www.loc.gov/law/help/child-rights/france.php.

5. Government of France. Code du Travail, (May 2008); http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichCode.do;jsessionid=5915BE44CD095CAE70B46222FFF096FF.tpdjo03v_3?cidTexte=LEGITEXT000006072050&dateTexte=20100928http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichCodeArticle.do?idTexte=LEGITEXT000006072050&idArticle=LEGIARTI000018511175&dateTexte=20110524.

6. Government of France. Décret n° 2013-915 du 11 Octobre 2013 Relatif aux Travaux Interdits et Réglementés pour les Jeunes Agés de Moins de Dix-Huit Ans (October 11, 2013); http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028057273&dateTexte=&categorieLien=id.

7. Government of France. Code Penal, (June 1998); http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichCode.do;jsessionid=5915BE44CD095CAE70B46222FFF096FF.tpdjo03v_3?cidTexte=LEGITEXT000006070719&dateTexte=20100929.

8. Child Soldiers International. Wallis and Futuna. In: Louder Than Words: An Agenda for Action to End State Use of Child Soldiers. London; 2012; http://www.child-soldiers.org/global_report_reader.php?id=562.

9. UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. Consideration of Reports Submitted by States Parties Under Article 8 of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict: Wallis and Futuna . Geneva; October 15, 2007. http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G07/445/51/PDF/G0744551.pdf?OpenElement.

10. Government of France. Code de l'Education, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/initRechCodeArticle.do;jsessionid=173B8CB01370804704F3991CB71FDC9B.tpdjo03v_3.