British Virgin Islands
2013 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor
In 2013, the British Virgin Islands made no advancement in efforts to prevent the worst forms of child labor. While there is no evidence of a problem, the Government has not developed a list of hazardous occupations prohibited to children.
Research found no evidence that child labor exists in the British Virgin Islands.(1)
British Overseas Territories (OTs) are territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom (UK), but they do not form part of the UK. They are self-governing, except in the areas of foreign affairs and defense. Domestic UK Law does not generally apply to OTs, unless explicitly extended.(1)
The following convention has been extended to the British Virgin Islands (Table 1). (1)
|ILO C. 138, Minimum Age|
|ILO C. 182, Worst Forms of Child Labor|
|UN CRC Optional Protocol on Armed Conflict|
|UN CRC Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography|
|Palermo Protocol on Trafficking in Persons|
The Government has established relevant laws and regulations concerning child labor (Table 2).
|Minimum Age for Work||Yes||16||Labor Code of 2010 (2)|
|Minimum Age for Hazardous Work||Yes||18||Labor Code of 2010 (2)|
|List of Hazardous Occupations Prohibited for Children||No|
|Prohibition of Forced Labor||Yes||Constitutional Order 2007; Labor Code of 2010 (2, 3)|
|Prohibition of Child Trafficking||Yes||Criminal Code, Labor Code of 2010 (2, 4)|
|Prohibition of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children||Yes||Criminal Code; Labor Code of 2010 (2, 4)|
|Prohibition of Using Children in Illicit Activities||Yes||Criminal Code; Labor Code of 2010 (2, 4)|
|Minimum Age for Compulsory Military Recruitment||N/A*|
|Minimum Age for Voluntary Military Service||Combat: Yes||
|UK Armed Forces Act 2006 (1, 5)|
|Non-Combat: Yes||16 1/2|
|Compulsory Education Age||Yes||16||Education Act 2004 (6)|
|Free Public Education||Yes||Education Act 2004 (6)|
*No conscription or no standing military.
The Government has not developed a list of hazardous occupations prohibited to children.(2)
The UK Government has introduced systems to track ages and locations of individual soldiers, with the aim of preventing under 18s from being deployed into hostilities. Deployment of members of the armed forces who have not yet reached 18 years is permitted when there is a genuine need and the situation is urgent.(7-10)
Even though there is no evidence of a problem, the Government has established an institutional mechanism for the enforcement of labor laws for the British Virgin Islands (Table 3).
Table 3. Agencies Responsible for Child Labor Law Enforcement
|Ministry of Labor||Enforce labor laws and collect data and statistics on violations of the Labor Code.(2)|
As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for coordinating mechanisms to address child labor, including its worst forms, in the British Virgin Islands.
As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for policies to address child labor, including its worst forms, in the British Virgin Islands.
As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for social programs to address child labor, including its worst forms, in the British Virgin Islands.
Based on the reporting above, suggested actions are identified that would advance the continued prevention of child labor, including its worst forms, in the British Virgin Islands (Table 4).
|Area||Suggested Action||Year(s) Suggested|
|Laws||Develop a list of hazardous occupations prohibited for children under age 18.||2012 - 2013|
4. Government of the British Virgin Islands. Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2007, 3, enacted February 8, 2007. http://www.bvigazette.org/extrafile/G00029_Criminal%20Code%20(Amendment)%20Act,%202007.pdf.
7. Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom Armed Forces Act, Chapter 52, enacted November 2006. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2006/52/pdfs/ukpga_20060052_en.pdf
9. Child Soldiers International. "Appendix II: Data Summary on Recruitment Ages of National Armies," in Louder than Words: An Agenda for Action to End State Use of Child Soldiers. London; 2012; http://www.child-soldiers.org/global_report_reader.php?id=562
10. Owen, J. "One in Six Recruits to Army is Aged 16." The Independent, London, May 29, 2011; Home News. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/one-in-six-recruits-to-army-is-aged-16-2290403.html