Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha
(formerly called Saint Helena)
2012 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor
For the 2012 reporting period, no assessment has been made regarding Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha’s efforts to advance the elimination of the worst forms of child labor because this 2012 report is the first year suggested actions are included for Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha. While there is no evidence of a problem, the Government may lack legislation prescribing a minimum age for non-hazardous employment.
Prevalence and Sectoral Distribution of the Worst Forms of Child Labor
There is no evidence that children in Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, are engaged in the worst forms of child labor.(1, 2)
Laws and Regulations on the Worst Forms of Child Labor
It is unclear whether the law sets a minimum age for work.The Education Ordinance prohibits children of compulsory school age from working during school hours.(3)The Welfare of Children Ordinance sets the minimum age for hazardous work at 18 years of age. It prohibits children from being employed in activities that may be detrimental to their health, education, or development.(2, 4)It also prohibits children under age 15 from employment on vessels other than those that employ family members only.(4)No information was found on whether the Government has developed a list of hazardous occupations prohibited to children.
The Constitution prohibits slavery and forced labor.(1)No information was found on whether laws exist regarding the use of children for drug trafficking or other illicit activities.
Defense in Saint Helena is the responsibility of the United Kingdom (UK). There is no military conscription, and the minimum age for voluntary military recruitment is 16.(5, 6)In Saint Helena and Tristan da Cunha, the Education Ordinance makes education free and compulsory to age 15.(7)In Ascension, education is free and compulsory to age 16.(7, 8)
Institutional Mechanisms for Coordination and Enforcement
As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for a coordinating mechanism to address the worst forms of child labor. The Department for Employment and Social Security is responsible for employment issues.(9)
Government Policies on the Worst Forms of Child Labor
As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for policies to address the worst forms of child labor.
Social Programs to Eliminate or Prevent the Worst Forms of Child Labor
During the reporting period, the Government continued to participate in the Safeguarding Children in the Overseas Territories (SCOT) Program, which concluded at the end of 2012. The Program was sponsored by the UK’s Department for International Development.(2)Through the SCOT Program, participating governments received capacity building and advisory support to implement policies, procedures, and best practices to ensure children’s health and safety.(10)
Based on the reporting above, the following actions would advance the elimination of the worst forms of child labor in Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha:
Year(s) Action Recommended
Laws and Regulations
Clarify a legal minimum age for work.
1. Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Constitution Order 2009, enacted September 1, 2009. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2009/1751/made/data.pdf.
2. U.S. Embassy- London. reporting, January 31, 2013.
3. Government of St. Helena. Education Ordinance, enacted August 30, 2008. http://www.sainthelena.gov.sh/data/files/resources/559/Education-Ordinance.pdf.
4. Government of St. Helena. Welfare of Children Ordinance, enacted March 1, 2010. http://www.sainthelena.gov.sh/data/files/resources/680/Welfare-of-Children-Ordinance.pdf.
5. Central Intelligence Agency. The World FactBook: Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha; accessed https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sh.html.
6. Child Soldiers International. "Appendix II: Data Summary on Recruitment Ages of National Armies," in Louder than Words: An Agenda for Action to End State Use of Child Soldiers. London; September 2012; http://www.child-soldiers.org/global_report_reader.php?id=562.
7. UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Overseas Territories and the Isle of Man: Responses to the list of issues raised in connection with the consideration of the third and fourth periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Geneva; 2008. Report No. CRC/C/GBR/4. http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/docs/AdvanceVersions/CRC.C.GBR.Q.4.Add.2.doc.
8. Government of Ascension Island. Ascension Island Education Policy, enacted October 2010. http://www.twoboatsschool.org/images/Ascension_Island_Education_Policy_Oct_2010.pdf.
9. UN Economic and Social Council. Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Fifth periodic reports submitted by States parties under articles 16 and 17 of the Covenant: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Overseas Territories. New York, United Nations; February 14, 2008. Report No. E/C.12/GBR/5/Add.2. http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G08/404/99/PDF/G0840499.pdf?OpenElement.
10. U.S. Embassy- London. reporting, January 19, 2012.