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Latin America & the Carribean


2012 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor


2012 Regional Outlook

Meaningful efforts:

  • Improved legal frameworks, particularly related to safety and health protections for children who work.
  • Expansion and piloting of programs that increase the reach of education.
  • Regional collaboration on strengthening legal frameworks, enforcement practices, and programs.

Challenges and existing gaps:

  • Limited/weak inspection systems.
  • Lack of targeted social programs for children in hazardous work.

2012 Assessment Breakdown

Region Summary

According to ILO data, Latin America and the Caribbean has the fewest child laborers of the regions examined at an estimated 12.5 million. Governments in Latin America have made a concerted effort to address child labor as a region. In 2005, heads of state made a hemispheric commitment at the Summit of the Americas to "take immediate and effective measures to prevent and eradicate the worst forms of child labor according to Convention 182 of the ILO (1999)." Since this time, governments have continued to collaborate and take actions to combat the worst forms of child labor. Though progress in some countries is limited, as a whole, the region continued its 1ositive trajectory in 2012; of the eight countries in the world that received a rating of Significant Advancement, five are in South America. These countries-Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru-made meaningful efforts to combat child labor that go beyond isolated improvements or initiatives. Instead, these countries are implemented comprehensive and concerted strategies through the simultaneous improvement of laws, coordination and enforcement efforts, policies, and social programs.  Read More

Further Resources