2013 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor
In 2013, Grenada made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The Government passed the Electronic Crimes Act, which prohibits child pornography, and launched the National Child Protocol, which contains guidelines for intra-governmental coordination on child protection, investigations, and referrals to appropriate services. It also continued to implement programs that make education a viable alternative to child labor. While the worst forms of child labor do not appear to be a problem in Grenada, the Government's ability to prevent children from becoming engaged in exploitative work is limited due to a lack of express prohibitions against children's involvement in hazardous work and the sale and trafficking of children for forced labor.
There is no evidence that indicates children in the Grenada are engaged in the worst forms of child labor.(1, 2) Table 1 provides key indicators on children's education in Grenada. Data on some of these indicators are not available from the sources used in this report.
|Working children, ages 5 to 14:||Unavailable|
|School attendance, ages 5 to 14 (%):||Unavailable|
|Children combining work and school, ages 7 to 14 (%):||Unavailable|
|Primary completion rate (%):||111.5|
Research found no Government-sponsored efforts to determine if any of the worst forms of child labor exist in Grenada.(2)
Grenada has ratified all key international conventions concerning child labor (Table 2).
Table 2. Ratification of International Conventions on Child Labor
|ILO C. 138, Minimum Age||✅|
|ILO C. 182, Worst Forms of Child Labor||✅|
|UN CRC Optional Protocol on Armed Conflict||✅|
|UN CRC Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography||✅|
|Palermo Protocol on Trafficking in Persons||✅|
The Government has established relevant laws and regulations related to child labor, including its worst forms (Table 3).
Table 3. Laws and Regulations Related to Child Labor
|Minimum Age for Work||Yes||16||Article 32 of the Employment Act (5)|
|Minimum Age for Hazardous Work||No|
|List of Hazardous Occupations Prohibited for Children||No|
|Prohibition of Forced Labor||Yes||Article 25 of the Employment Act; Article 4 of the Constitution (5, 6)|
|Prohibition of Child Trafficking||No|
|Prohibition of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children||Yes||Criminal Code; Electronic Crimes Act (2, 7, 8)|
|Prohibition of Using Children in Illicit Activities||No|
|Minimum Age for Compulsory Military Recruitment||N/A*|
|Minimum Age for Voluntary Military Service||Yes||19||Police Act No. 38 (2, 9)|
|Compulsory Education Age||Yes||16||Article 2 of the Education Act (10)|
|Free Public Education||Yes||Article 16 of the Education Act (10)|
*No conscription or no standing military.
Grenada limits the general "recruitment" of children under the age of 18 for any type of work, but this prohibition does not extend to the employment of children under the age of 18 who offer services spontaneously.(2, 11, 12) Provisions prohibiting the employment of children in hazardous work do not exist.(2, 11, 12) Although the Constitution prohibits slavery and forced labor, the Criminal Code does not specifically prohibit the sale and trafficking of children for forced labor.(7, 8, 11, 13, 14) The Government has ratified ILO C. 182, which covers the use of children by adults for illegal activities; however, research did not find evidence of laws prohibiting the use of children in illicit activities.(2)
In 2013, the Government passed the Electronic Crimes Act, which prohibits the use of children in pornography, as well as the procurement and distribution of child pornography.(2)
The Government has established institutional mechanisms for the enforcement of laws and regulations on child labor, including in its worst forms (Table 4).
Table 4. Agencies Responsible for Child Labor Law Enforcement
|Ministry of Labor (MOL), Child Protection Authority (CPA), Royal Grenada Police Force, Ministry of Social Development and Housing (MOSDH), and Ministry of Education truancy officers||Enforce laws related to child labor and school attendance.(2, 8)|
Labor law enforcement agencies in Grenada took actions to combat child labor, including its worst forms, during the reporting period. MOL employed six labor inspectors and had an overall budget of $317,400 for all its activities in 2013.(2, 8)
As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no current need for criminal law enforcement actions to address child labor, including its worst forms.
As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for coordinating mechanisms to address child labor, including its worst forms.
As there is no evidence of a problem, there appears to be no need for policies to address child labor, including its worst forms. However, the Government has a policy that may contribute to the prevention of child labor, including its worst forms (Table 5).
Table 5. Policies Related to Child Labor
|National Child Protocol†||Implements and strengthens the Child Protection and Adoption Act of 2011. Includes guidelines on areas such as coordination of government efforts related to the protection of children, investigations, and referrals to appropriate social services for victims of child labor, including its worst forms.(2)|
†Policy was launched during the reporting period.
In 2013, the Government of Grenada funded programs that may contribute to the prevention of child labor, including its worst forms (Table 6).
Table 6. Social Programs to Address Child Labor