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Bureau of International Labor Affairs
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The Trade and Development Act (TDA)

On May 18, 2000, the President signed into law the Trade and Development Act (TDA). The TDA established a new eligibility criterion requiring that countries make efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor for receipt of trade benefits under the Generalized System of Preferences program, the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act, the U.S.-Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act, and the Andean Trade Preference Act/Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act.

The TDA requires the Secretary of Labor to issue annual findings on beneficiary country initiatives to implement their international commitments to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. As a result of this requirement, the Department of Labor has published the Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor report annually since 2002. The report covers approximately 140 countries and territories and provides information on worst forms of child labor in goods and services, as well as information on country efforts, including laws, enforcement, policies and programs. The 2011 report introduced a new tool to assess government action to advance efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.