Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA)
On January 10, 2006, the President signed into law the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) of 2005. Section 105(b)(1) of Act directed the Secretary of Labor, acting through the Bureau of International Labor Affairs, to "carry out additional activities to monitor and combat forced labor and child labor in foreign countries." Section 105(b)(2) listed these activities as:
- Monitor the use of forced labor and child labor in violation of international standards;
- Provide information regarding trafficking in persons for the purpose of forced labor to the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking of the Department of State for inclusion in [the] trafficking in persons report required by Section 110(b) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7107(b));
- Develop and make available to the public a list of goods from countries that the Bureau of International Labor Affairs has reason to believe are produced by forced labor or child labor in violation of international standards;
- Work with persons who are involved in the production of goods on the list described in subparagraph (C) to create a standard set of practices that will reduce the likelihood that such persons will produce goods using the labor described in such subparagraph; and
- Consult with other departments and agencies of the United States Government to reduce forced and child labor internationally and ensure that products made by forced labor and child labor in violation of international standards are not imported into the United States.
On December 23, 2008, a new reauthorization of the legislation came into force, which required that ILAB publish an initial list of goods pursuant to section (C) and report to Congress on its implementation of TVPRA mandates on or before January 15, 2010.
On September 10, 2009, ILAB released its initial "list of goods from countries" (List), pursuant to Section 105(b)(2)(C) of the TVPRA of 2005. Included in the initial List were 122 goods from 58 countries that ILAB has reason to believe are produced by forced labor, child labor or both, in violation of international standards. The report includes a bibliography of the sources used to make determinations about each good on the List.