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Cocoa Supply Chains (Cote D'Ivoire and Ghana)

Cocoa Supply Chains (Cote D'Ivoire and Ghana)Larger view of Cocoa Supply Chains (Cote D'Ivoire and Ghana)

 

This graphic illustrates the various players in a cocoa supply chain, which include farmers; collectors/transporters; processors; exporters; the global market; manufacturers (which may also manufacture other beans); customers; and consumers. The graphic also lists examples of entities and activities that fall into those supply chain categories in two countries: Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana.  In Côte d’Ivoire, examples of farmers include small, family farms (>750,000); independent operations; and a few cooperatives (where cocoa is <20% of crop).  Collectors and transporters include privately-funded operators; and pisteurs, traitants; which have fewer quality linkages.  Processors and exporters include various participants, including international companies.  This includes those that produce semi-finished goods. In Ghana, examples of farmers include small, family farms (>600,000); independent operations; and a few cooperatives (where cocoa is <10% of crop).  The initial purchase of cocoa beans is by licensed buyers (LBCs).  The Ghana Cocoa Board (COCOBOD) and affiliated organizations ensure that quality requirements are linked to sales.  Processors and exporters in Ghana include COCOBOD and international companies.  This includes those that produce semi-finished goods.  The graphic lists similar final steps in the process for both countries.  Beans and small family farm products are moved into the global market.  Manufacturers further manufacture the products.  Retail outlets, restaurants and small businesses serve as customers.  And consumers are the final customer. 

Source:  Center for Reflection, Education and Action (CREA).

 

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