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Haiti: Working Children in Agriculture in Haiti, Sud Department


In 2011, OCFT tasked ICF to carry out a survey of child labor in Haiti that focused on children ages 5 to 17 who were involved in agriculture. The primary objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of children working in agriculture in the Sud Department of Haiti and to obtain representative information on the working conditions of these children, with a focus on workplace hazards.

To collect these data, ICF conducted a quantitative household survey in the Sud Department of Haiti. The household survey included interviews with adult informants about the household and its members, as well as interviews with all the children ages 5 to 17 living in the household. The sample, which was representative of rural areas in the Sud Department, included a total of 999 interviews with adult household members and 1,414 interviews with children.

Based on this representative sample, the study estimates that approximately 256,000 people (ages 5 and older) in the Sud Department of Haiti participated in agriculture for at least one hour in the previous 12 months. Out of these 256,000, approximately 176,000 were active in the previous seven days. Based on the household survey, approximately one-fourth of the agricultural workers who had worked in the last seven days were children. Reports from adults indicated that fewer children were working compared to child self-reports (44,817 versus 92,442 in the last seven days).

For more information on ILAB's work in Haiti, please visit http://www.dol.gov/ilab/map/countries/haiti.htm.