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elaws - employment laws assistance for workers and small businesses - OSHA Hazard Awareness Advisor

1904.2 - 1904.7 Log of occupational injuries and illness

Provides rules for the maintenance of a log and summary of occupational injuries and illness, including the period covered and access and retention of records.

1903.2 Posting of notice and availability of the Act

Provides for the posting of notices, which inform employees of their protections and obligations under the OSHA Act.
It also provides contact information concerning availability of the Act, regulations and applicable standards.

1904.8 Reporting of fatality or multiple hospitalization incidents

Provides rules for the reporting of the death of an employee or the in-patient hospitalization of three or more employees resulting from a work-related incident.

1904.16 Statistical reporting of occupational injuries and illness

Obligation to maintain a log of occupational injuries and illness upon being notified in writing by the Bureau of Labor Statistics that the employer has been selected to participate in a statistical survey of occupational injuries and illness.

1910.22 General requirements for walking-working surfaces

Defines requirements for physical upkeep of the workplace, including those for housekeeping, aisles and passageways, covers and guardrails, and floor loading protection.

1910.23 Guarding floor and wall openings and holes

Identifies the need to protect workers against accidental falls through holes in the floor or roof. It also requires guarding of wall openings or access openings.

1910.24 Fixed industrial stairs

Provides specifications for the safe design and construction of fixed general industrial stairs.

1910.25 Portable wood ladders

Prescribes rules and establishes minimum requirements for the construction, care, and use of the common types of portable wood ladders.

1910.26 Portable metal ladders

Prescribes rules and establishes minimum requirements for the construction, care, and use of the common types of portable metal ladders.

1910.27 Fixed ladders

Prescribes rules and establishes minimum requirements for the construction of fixed ladders.

1910.28 Safety requirements for scaffolding

Prescribes general requirements for the construction, operation, maintenance, and use of scaffolds used in the maintenance of buildings and structures.

1910.29 Manually propelled mobile ladder stands and scaffolds

Prescribes rules and requirements for the design, construction, and use of mobile work platforms and rolling scaffolds.

1910.30 Other working surfaces

Prescribes rules and requirements for the design, construction, and use of other working surfaces.

1910.36 General requirements

Provides general fundamental requirements essential to providing a safe means of egress from fire and like emergencies.

1910.37 Means of egress, general

Provides specifications for the design, construction and maintenance of exits, automatic sprinkler systems, fire alarm signaling systems, fire retardant paints, and exit markings.

1910.38 Employee emergency plans and fire prevention plans

Prescribes requirements for the designated actions employers and employees must take to ensure employee safety from fire and other emergencies.

1910.66 Powered platforms for building maintenance

Prescribes general requirements for the installation of powered platforms dedicated to interior or exterior building maintenance of a specific structure or group of structures.

1910.67 Vehicle-mounted elevating and rotating work platforms

Provides specifications for the design and operation of vehicle-mounted elevating and rotating work platforms.

1910.68 Manlifts

Provides specifications for the construction, maintenance, inspection, and operation of manlifts in relation to accident hazards.

1910.94 Ventilation

Defines criteria for determining whether or not ventilation equipment and systems are required. Also defines specifications for the design, construction, and use of ventilation equipment and systems.

1910.95 Occupational noise exposure

Defines when protection against occupational noise must be provided by employer. Defines the means of measuring occupational noise levels, and employee hearing levels.
Defines requirements for employer-provided hearing protection equipment and training.

1910.97 Nonionizing radiation

Establishes radiation protection guide for exposure to electromagnetic radiation and the requirements for a warning symbol.

1910.101 Compressed gases

Defines requirements for inspection, in-plant handling, storage, and utilization of all compressed gases. Also requires safety relief devices for compressed gas containers.
Requirements reference Compressed Gas Association Pamphlets.

1910.102 Acetylene

Defines requirements for cylinders, piped systems, and generators and filling cylinders for acetylene. Requirements reference Compressed Gas Association pamphlets.

1910.103 Hydrogen

Defines requirements for the design, construction, and testing of gaseous and liquefied hydrogen systems.

1910.104 Oxygen

Defines requirements for the design, construction, and testing of bulk oxygen systems.

1910.105 Nitrous oxide

Refers to Compressed Gas Association Pamphlet for requirements for design, installation, maintenance, and operation of piped systems for the plant transfer and distribution of nitrous oxide.

1910.106 Flammable and combustible liquids

Defines classes of flammable and combustible liquids and their safe storage and use.

1910.107 Spray finishing using flammable and combustible materials

Defines requirements for the equipment, processes, and materials used in performing spray finishing using flammable and combustible materials.

See Also Flammable Liquids

1910.122-.126 Dipping and Coating Operations

Defines requirements for construction, ventilation, use of dipping and coating operations.
Defines requirements for conditions and operations in immediate vicinity of dipping and coating operations.

1910.109 Explosives and blasting agents

Defines requirements for storage, transportation, and use of explosives and blasting agents.
Includes provisions for water gel explosives, ammonium nitrate, and small arms ammunition, propellants, and primers.

1910.110 Storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gases

Provides requirements for handling and containing and transporting liquefied petroleum gas.

1910.111 Storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia

This standard is intended to apply to the design, construction, location, installation, and operation of anhydrous ammonia systems including refrigerated ammonia storage systems.

1910.119 Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals

Contains requirements for preventing or minimizing the consequences of catastrophic releases of toxic, reactive, flammable, or explosive chemicals.

1910.120 Hazardous waste operations and emergency response

Describes the required procedures and operations for conducting hazardous waste operations and for creating and implementing emergency response plans.

1910.132 General requirements

Defines general criteria for using personal protective equipment, and the requirements for its actual use.

1910.133 Eye and face protection

Explains when appropriate eye or face protection should be used and the requirements for their construction and use.

1910.134 Respiratory protection

Describes conditions under which respiratory protection is required. Also provides specifications for the use of respirators.

1910.135 Head protection

Describes conditions under which head protection is required. Also provides criteria for adequate protective helmets.

1910.136 Foot protection

Describes conditions under which foot protection is required. Also provides criteria for adequate protective footwear.

1910.137 Electrical protective equipment

Provides requirements for design, care, and use for electrical protective equipment.

1910.138 Hand protection

Describes conditions under which hand protection is required. Also provides criteria for selecting hand protection.

1910.141 Sanitation

Provides requirements for general housekeeping and maintenance of the premises, the keeping and use of the water supply, toilet facilities, change rooms, clothes drying facilities, consumption of food and beverages on the premises, and food handling.

1910.142 Temporary labor camps

Regulates the location and facilities of camps that house temporary workers.

1910.144 Safety color code for marking physical hazards

Defines the color coding system for identifying different types of physical hazards.

1910.145 Specifications for accident prevention signs and tags

Provides a classification of signs according to use, and the proper wording of signs.

1910.146 Permit-required confined spaces

Contains requirements for practices and procedures to protect employees from the hazards of entry into permit-required confined spaces.

1910.147 The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout)

Requires employers to establish a program and utilize procedures for affixing appropriate lockout or tagout devices to energy isolating devices.
This will prevent unexpected energization, start-up or release of stored energy to prevent injury to employees.

1910.151 Medical services and first aid

Provides general requirements for medical services and first aid.

1910.156 Fire brigades

Contains requirements for the organization, training, and personal protective equipment of fire brigades whenever they are established by an employer.

1910.157 Portable fire extinguishers

Provides requirements for the placement, use, maintenance, and testing of portable fire extinguishers provided for the use of employees.

1910.158 Standpipe and hose systems

Provides requirements for the placement, use, maintenance, and testing of standpipe and hose systems.

1910.159 Automatic sprinkler systems

Provides requirements for the placement, use, maintenance, and testing of automatic sprinkler systems.

1910.160 Fixed extinguishing systems, general

Provides requirements for the use and maintenance of general fixed extinguishing systems.

1910.161 Fixed extinguishing systems, dry chemical

Provides requirements for the use and maintenance of fixed extinguishing systems using dry chemical as the extinguishing agent.

1910.162 Fixed extinguishing systems, gaseous agent

Provides requirements for the use and maintenance of fixed extinguishing systems using a gas as the extinguishing agent.

1910.163 Fixed extinguishing systems, water spray and foam

Provides requirements for the use of fixed extinguishing systems using water or foam solution as the extinguishing agent.

1910.164 Fire detection systems

Provides requirements for the placement, use, maintenance, and testing of fire detection systems.

1910.165 Employee alarm systems

Provides requirements for the use, maintenance, and testing of employee alarm systems.

1910.169 Air receivers

Provides requirements for construction, installation, use, and maintenance of compressed air receivers.

1910.176 Handling materials--general

Provides requirements for use of mechanical handling equipment, and for materials storage.

1910.177 Servicing multi-piece and single piece rim wheels

Provides requirements for the servicing of multi-piece and single piece rim wheels.

1910.178 Powered industrial trucks

Contains requirements relating to training of operators, and the design, maintenance, and use of powered industrial trucks.

1910.179 Overhead and gantry cranes

Provides requirements for the design, maintenance, use, and inspection of overhead and gantry cranes.

1910.187 Crawler locomotive and truck cranes

Provides requirements for the use, inspection, testing, and maintenance of crawler locomotive and truck cranes.

1910.181 Derricks

Provides requirements for the use, inspection, testing, and maintenance of derricks.

1910.183 Helicopters

Provides requirements for the preparation, use, equipment, and operation of helicopter cranes.

1910.184 Slings

Provides requirements for the safe use, inspection, and maintenance of slings made from alloy steel chain, wire rope, metal mesh, natural or synthetic fiber rope, and synthetic web.

1910.212 General requirements for all machines

Provides general requirements for machine guarding to protect employees in the machine area from hazards, and for anchoring fixed machinery.

1910.213 Woodworking machinery

Provides requirements for general construction of woodworking machines, and for the machine guards. Also addresses the inspection and maintenance of woodworking machinery.

1910.215 Abrasive wheel machinery

Provides requirements for the use of guards and flanges on abrasive wheel machinery, and for the design of such guards and flanges.

1910.216 Mills and calendars in the rubber and plastics industries

Provides requirements for the installation, design, placement, and use of mills and calendars in the rubber and plastics industries.

1910.217 Mechanical power presses

Provides requirements for the guarding, construction, and operation of mechanical power presses. Also provides requirements for the design, construction, setting and feeding of dies.
There are also requirements for the reporting of injuries to employees.

1910.218 Forging machines

Provides requirements for the use, installation, inspection and maintenance of different types of forging machines.

1910.219 Mechanical power-transmission apparatus

Provides requirements for the installation, guarding, maintenance, and use of mechanical power-transmission apparatus in general.
There are specific provisions for shafting; pulleys; belt, rope and chain drives; and gears, sprockets, and chains.

1910.242 Hand and portable powered tools and equipment, general

Provides general requirements for the safe condition and cleaning of hand and portable powered tools and equipment.

1910.243 Guarding of portable powered tools

Provides requirements for the guarding of portable powered tools.
Also defines requirements for the design, use, inspection, and maintenance of explosive actuated fastening tools, and power lawnmowers.

1910.244 Other portable tools and equipment

Provides requirements for the operation and maintenance of jacks and abrasive blast cleaning nozzles.

1910.252 General requirements

Provides general requirements for fire prevention and protection, protection of personnel, and health protection and ventilation when welding, cutting or brazing.

1910.253 Oxygen-fuel gas welding and cutting

Provides requirements for the selection, use, and operation of oxygen-fueled welding equipment.

1910.254 Arc welding and cutting

Provides requirements for the selection, use, application, and installation of arc welding equipment.

1910.255 Resistance welding

Provides requirements for the installation, use, design, guarding, and maintenance of resistance welding equipment in general.
Additional provisions address spot and seam welding machines (nonportable), portable welding machines, and flash welding equipment.

1910.261 Pulp, paper, and paper-board mills

Provides rules and safety requirements for the safe design and operation of pulp, paper, and paper-board mills.

1910.262 Textiles

Provides general safety requirements, and requirements for the design, guarding, and use of textile equipment, processes, materials, protective equipment, and workroom ventilation.

1910.263 Bakery equipment

Provides requirements governing the design, installation, operation, and maintenance of machinery and equipment used within a bakery.

1910.264 Laundry machinery and operations

Provides requirements for the design and operation of equipment used in laundries.

1910.265 Sawmills

Provides rules and safety requirements for the safe design and operation of sawmills.

1910.266 Logging operations

Establishes safety practices, means, methods and operations for all types of logging, regardless of the end use of wood.

1910.268 Telecommunications

Sets forth safety and health standards that apply to the work conditions, practices, means, methods, operations, installations and processes performed at:

telecommunications centers, and
telecommunications field installations.

1910.269 Electric power generation, transmission, and distribution

Provides rules governing the operation and maintenance of electric power generation, control, transformation, transmission, and distribution lines and equipment.

1910.272 Grain handling facilities

Provides requirements for the control of grain dust fires and explosions, and certain other safety hazards associated with grain handling facilities.

1910.303 General requirements

Provides requirements for the installation and use of electrical equipment. Sets forth safety standards that apply to working conditions around electrical equipment.

1910.304 Wiring design and protection

Provides requirements for the safe design and protection of electrical wiring.

1910.305 Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use

Provides requirements for the design and installation of electrical equipment for general use, and for methods of wiring.

1910.306 Specific purpose equipment and installations

Provides requirements for the design and installation of electrical specific purpose equipment.

1910.307 Hazardous (classified) locations

Provides requirements for electrical equipment and wiring in locations which are classified as hazardous depending on the properties of the flammable vapors, liquids or gases, or combustible dusts or fibers which may be present.

See Also Flammable Liquids

1910.308 Special systems

Provides requirements for the design and installation of equipment for special electrical systems, and for their wiring methods.

1910.332 Training

Provides requirements for training of employees who face a risk of electrical shock that is not reduced by the requirements of sections 1910.303 through 1910.308.

1910.333 Selection and use of work practices

Provides requirements on when and how work practices should be employed to prevent electrical shock or other injuries resulting from electrical contacts when work is performed near or on equipment which may be energized.

1910.334 Use of equipment

Provides requirements for the handling, inspection, and use of electrical equipment.

1910.335 Safeguards for personnel protection

Provides requirements for the use of protective equipment and alerting techniques for the protection of personnel.

1910.410 Qualifications of dive teams

Provides requirements for dive team members and for designating person-in-charge.

1910.420 Safe practices manual

Provides requirements for developing and maintaining a safe practices manual.

1910.421 Pre-dive procedures

Establishes all information that must be provided and all procedures that must be followed prior to each diving operation.

1910.422 Procedures during dive

Provides requirements for the procedures and equipment that must be maintained during each diving operation.

1910.423 Post-dive procedures

Provides requirements for the procedures that must be performed after each diving operation.

1910.424 SCUBA diving

Establishes limits and procedures for engaging in SCUBA diving by an employer.

1910.425 Surface-supplied air diving

Establishes limits and procedures for engaging in surface-supplied air diving by an employer.

1910.426 Mixed-gas diving

Establishes limits and procedures for engaging in mixed-gas diving by an employer.

1910.427 Liveboating

Establishes limits and procedures for engaging in diving operations involving liveboating by an employer.

1910.430 Equipment

Provides requirements for the design, construction, maintenance, and use of diving equipment by an employer.

1910.440 Recordkeeping requirements

Provides requirements for the recording of occurrences, and the availability of diving records.

1910.1000 Air Contaminants

The regulation establishes the permissible exposure limits (PEL) for more than 300 chemicals regulated by OSHA. The PEL is based on an 8 hour period of work. Some substances also have a Ceiling limit, or a STEL.

Employers are required to employ engineering controls and substitution to eliminate or reduce the hazard, before placing workers in respiratory protection.

Some chemicals may have a "Skin Notation" which means that dermal protection such as barrier creams and gloves are needed to safely work with the chemical.

1910.1001 Asbestos

Provides requirements governing the regulation of occupational exposure to asbestos, including exposure limits, personal protective equipment, engineering controls to reduce exposure, hazard communication, medical surveillance, and recordkeeping.

1910.1002 Coal Tar Pitch Volatiles

Defines coal tar pitch volatiles as used in 1910.1000 (Table Z-1)

1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

Provides requirements for the following chemicals:

4-Nitrobiphenyl, Chemical Abstracts Service Register Number (CAS No.) 92933
alpha-Naphthylamine, CAS No. 134327
methyl chloromethyl ether, CAS No. 107302
3,3-Dichlorobenzidine (and its salts) CAS No. 91941
bis-Chloromethyl ether, CAS No. 542881
beta-Naphthylamine, CAS No. 91598
Benzidine, CAS No. 92875
4-Aminodiphenyl, CAS No. 92671
Ethyleneimine, CAS No. 151564
beta-Propiolactone, CAS No. 57578
2-Acetylaminofluorene, CAS No. 53963
4-Dimethylaminoazo-benezene, CAS No. 60117
N-Nitrosodimethylamine, CAS No. 62759

1910.1004 Alpha-naphthylamine

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1006 Methyl Chloromethyl Ether

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1007 3,3-Dicholorbenzidine

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1008 Bis-cholormethyl Ether

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1009 Beta-naphthylamine

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1010 Benzidine

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1011 4-aminodiphenyl

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1012 Ethyleneimine

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1013 Beta Propiolactone

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1014 2-acetylaminofluorene

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1015 4-dimethylaminoazobenzene

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1016 N-nitrosodimethylamine

Specific requirements are outlined in 1910.1003 13 Carcinogens

1910.1017 Vinyl Chloride

Provides requirements for the control of employee exposure to vinyl chloride (chloroethene), Chemical Abstracts Service Registry No. 75014. It applies to the manufacture, reaction, packaging, repackaging, storage, handling or use of vinyl chloride or polyvinyl chloride, but does not apply to the handling or use of fabricated products made of polyvinyl chloride.

1910.1018 Inorganic Arsenic

This standard applies to all occupational exposures to inorganic arsenic except that this section does not apply to employee exposures in agriculture or resulting from pesticide application, the treatment of wood with preservatives or the utilization of arsenically preserved wood.

1910.1020 Exposure & Medical Records Access

Provides employees, their representatives, and the Assistant Secretary access to employee exposure and medical records.

1910.1025 Lead

Provides requirements for the monitoring and control of employee exposure to metallic lead, inorganic lead compounds, and lead soaps.

1910.1027 Cadmium

This standard applies to all occupational exposures to cadmium and cadmium compounds, in all forms, and in all industries covered by the Occupational Safety and Health Act, except the construction-related industries, which are covered under 29 CFR 1926.63.

1910.1028 Benzene

This section applies to all occupational exposures to benzene, Chemical Abstracts Service Registry No. 71-43-2. This section does not apply to: the storage, transportation, distribution, dispensing, sale or use of gasoline, motor fuels, or other fuels containing benzene subsequent to its final discharge from bulk wholesale storage facilities.

1910.1029 Coke Oven Emissions

This section applies to the control of employee exposure to coke oven emissions, except that this section shall not apply to working conditions with regard to which other Federal agencies exercise statutory authority to prescribe or enforce standards affecting occupational safety and health.

1910.1030 Blood-borne Pathogens

Provides requirements for the control of employee exposure to human blood or other potentially infectious materials.

1910.1043 Cotton Dust

This section applies to the control of employee exposure to cotton dust in all workplaces where employees engage in yarn manufacturing, engage in slashing and weaving operations, or work in waste houses for textile operations.

1910.1044 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane

This section applies to occupational exposure to 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP).

1910.1045 Acrylonitrile

This section applies to occupational exposures to acrylonitrile (AN), Chemical Abstracts Service Registry No. 000107131

1910.1047 Ethylene Oxide

This section applies to occupational exposures to ethylene oxide (EtO), Chemical Abstracts Service Registry No. 75-21-8

1910.1048 Formaldehyde

This standard applies to all occupational exposures to formaldehyde, i.e. from formaldehyde gas, its solutions, and materials that release formaldehyde.

1910.1050 Methylenedianiline

This section applies to occupational exposures to MDA, Chemical Abstracts Service Registry No. 101-77-9

1910.1052 Methylene Chloride

This applies to occupational exposures to methylene chloride (MC) or dichloromethane (DCM).

1910.1096 Ionizing Radiation

This applies to occupational exposure to radiation which includes alpha rays, beta rays, gamma rays, X-rays, neutrons, high-speed electrons, high-speed protons, and other atomic particles; but such term does not include sound or radio waves, or visible light, or infrared or ultraviolet light.

This standard was recently renumbered from 1910.96.

1910.1200 Hazard Communication

Provides requirements ensuring that the hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are evaluated, and that information concerning their hazards is transmitted to employers and employees by various means, including container labelling and other forms of warning, material safety data sheets, and employee training.

1910.1450 Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories

Provides requirements for the control of occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories.

Acetylene

A gas used in oxygen fuel welding and cutting.

Agriculture

This Expert Advisor is intended for General Industry firms.

In order to use this Hazard Awareness Advisor you will have to select from one of these work environments:

Agriculture includes establishments (e.g. farms, orchards, greenhouses) primarily engaged in crop production or the raising of livestock. It can also include the providers of agricultural services (e.g. soil preparation, crop services, or farm labor)

Arc welding

A variety of welding processes including "stick" welding, gas metal arc, fluxed core, gas tungsten, and others are included in this category. They involve heating base metal and joining it with filler metal using a consumable electrode or an electrode and filler wire. Related processes are brazing and soldering.

Alpha, Beta, Gamma or X-Rays

Alpha rays are found in electrostatic dischargers, gauges and warning devices. Beta rays are found in radiography, thickness, density and level gauges. Gamma rays are used in food irrigation or disinfestation. X-rays can be found in weld testing or parcel examination.

Blast Media

Blast media are the grit, shot, slag, shells or other materials used to abrade surfaces for cleaning or preparation for painting.

Brazing

This is a process for joining two metal objects. In brazing, only the filler metal is heated to the melting point. Brazing is generally performed with a gas torch and a consumable wire. Related terms include soldering and oxygen fueled welding or cutting.

Chemical Hazard Identification

All suspected conditions that may pose inhalation or skin absorption hazards or other conditions should be identified and evaluated before selection of PPE.

Ceiling Limit

Substances with limits preceded by "C" - Ceiling Values" on Table Z-1 or as listed in Z-2 must at no time exceed the exposure limit given for that substance.

If instantaneous monitoring is not feasible, then the ceiling must be assessed as a 15-minute time weighted average exposure which must not be exceeded at any time during the working day.

Confined Space

A confined space is any area not designed for regular human occupancy that is large enough for a worker to enter to perform duties and that has restricted means of entry or exit.

This is any space where an occupant must crawl, climb, twist, be constrained in a narrow opening, follow a lengthy path or otherwise exert unusual effort to enter or leave, or where the entrance may become sealed or secured against opening from inside.

Contact Dermatitis

Any redness, itching of skin, or other physical reaction to chemicals is described as contact dermatitis. Some protective measures such as latex gloves may also produce this reaction.

Cotton Fibers or Textiles

Cotton is used in the making of textiles, and can also be found in mattress and futon stuffing.

Construction

This Expert Advisor is intended for General Industry firms.

In order to use this Hazard Awareness Advisor you will have to select from one of these work environments:

"Construction work" means work for construction, alteration, and/or repair, including painting and decorating.

Corrosive Liquid

These materials possess the property of severely damaging living tissues and attacking metals and wood. These include such liquids as: hydrofluoric, sulfuric, and nitric acids, caustic soda or hydrogen peroxide.

D - Walking/working Surfaces

1910.22 General requirements for walking-working surfaces
1910.23 Guarding floor and wall openings and holes
1910.24 Fixed industrial stairs
1910.25 Portable wood ladders
1910.26 Portable metal ladders
1910.27 Fixed ladders
1910.28 Safety requirements for scaffolding
1910.29 Manually propelled mobile ladder stands and scaffolds (towers)
1910.30 Other working surfaces

Dockboards

A dockboard is a small ramp used to bridge the gap between a loading dock and a truck. It can be made of metal or wood. Some dockboards are built-in to the loading dock.

E - Means of Egress (Emergency Exit)

1910.36 General requirements
1910.37 Means of egress, general
1910.38 Employee emergency plans and fire prevention plans

Electrically Powered Equipment

Equipment that uses electric motors for operation or control of its function. Specific regulations apply to the installation, servicing, and maintenance of electrical systems.

Emergency Response Team

Designated responders (i.e., mutual aid groups, local fire departments, etc.) to an occurrence which results, or is likely to result, in an uncontrolled release of a hazardous substance.

Engineering Controls

Engineering controls include general and local exhaust ventilation (LEV), enclosures, control booths, exhaust hoods, noise baffles, and protective screens. These controls prevent worker exposure to fumes, mists, gases or radiation.

Exposure Level

The exposure level is determined by measuring the amount of airborne contaminants that pass through the breathing zone of the worker. Some measurements involve the use of a small pump, attached to the worker's waist, connected to a capture filter attached at the collar. After laboratory analysis the amount of contaminant, in a cubic meter of air, is compared to the OSHA standard or Permissible Exposure Level (PEL).

Exposure Level Determination

The exposure level for regulatory purposes is based on the measurement of exposure, without regard to the use of respirators averaged over an 8-hour period.

The Permissible Exposure Level or PEL is listed for specific chemicals in Subpart Z - Toxic and Hazardous Substances of the OSHA regulations.

F - Powered Platforms, Manlifts and Vehicle Mounted Work-platforms

1910.66 Powered platforms for building maintenance
1910.67 Vehicle-mounted elevating and rotating work platforms
1910.68 Manlifts

Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate

This group includes firms operating primarily in the fields of finance, insurance, and real estate.

Fit Test

In order to ensure that the correct respirator is used by a worker, it must be fit tested. This involves exposing the worker to a harmless but unpleasant odor while wearing the intended respirator.

Fire Brigade

A fire brigade is the term used to describe an in-house fire department composed of employees of the firm. As a practical matter many volunteer and municipal departments who are not formally subject to OSHA regulations adapt them for their own use.

Fire Watch

A fire watch consists of one or more individuals who are on duty to observe a work area where welding or other "hot work" is being performed in order to spot smoldering fires, and to sound the alarm.

Flammable Liquids

Flammable liquid" means any liquid having a flashpoint below 100 deg. F. (37.8 deg. C.), except any mixture having components with flashpoints of 100 deg. F. (37.8 deg. C.) or higher, the total of which make up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture. Flammable liquids are known as Class I liquids.

G - Occupational Health and Environmental Control

1910.94 Ventilation
1910.95 Occupational noise exposure
1910.96 Ionizing radiation
1910.97 Nonionizing radiation

Give me a contact for the OSHA Consultation Service

The button "Give Me A Contact for the OSHA Consultation Service" will provide information on the consultation service and then link you to the OSHA Consultation web site where you can review and download contact information for your state.

Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters

Ground fault circuit interrupters are electronic devices that provide protection against the failure of electric grounding in building wiring. They are often built into switches or outlets.

H - Hazardous Materials

1910.101 Compressed gases (general requirements)
1910.102 Acetylene
1910.103 Hydrogen
1910.104 Oxygen
1910.105 Nitrous oxide
1910.106 Flammable and combustible liquids
1910.107 Spray finishing using flammable and combustible materials
1910.109 Explosives and blasting agents
1910.110 Storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gases
1910.111 Storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia
1910.119 Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals
1910.120 Hazardous waste operations and emergency response
1910.122-.126 Dipping and Coating Operations

Hazardous Waste Cleanup

Hazardous waste problems can occur in all types of businesses, from giant chemical companies to corner candy stores. The waste could be created by an industrial accident or by a spilling of fuel oil. It is likely that a specialist firm would be called in to remedy the problem.

HYPERTEXT

This is a sample hypertext link. You can also get information from the list of keywords.

I - Personal Protective Equipment

1910.132 General requirements
1910.133 Eye and face protection
1910.134 Respiratory protection
1910.135 Head protection
1910.136 Foot protection
1910.137 Electrical protective equipment
1910.138 Hand protection

Industrial Hygienist

An industrial hygienist is a professional trained in the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of environmental factors arising in or from the workplace that may result in injury, illness, impairment, or affect the well-being of workers and members of the community.

The American Industrial Hygiene Association can assist you in locating a certified professional in your community. The phone number is (703) 849-8888.

A related profession that offers assistance is the Certified Safety Professional.

Industry Group

This system is intended for General Industry use. While many of the issues are applicable to firms in construction, agriculture or maritime industries, some specific topics may vary.

Your firm is generally classified in one of these groups based on the predominant activity:

Manufacturing
Services
Transportation, communication, and utilities
Public Administration
Wholesale trade
Construction
Retail trade
Agriculture
Finance, insurance, and real estate
Maritime

You will be able to select a new industry group if the specific SIC choices on the subsequent screen do not seem to match your business.

J - General Environmental Controls

1910.141 Sanitation
1910.142 Temporary labor camps
1910.144 Safety color code for marking physical hazards
1910.145 Specifications for accident prevention signs and tags
1910.146 Permit-required confined spaces
1910.147 The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout)

K - Medical and First Aid

1910.151 Medical Services and First Aid

L - Fire Protection

1910.156 Fire brigades
1910.157 Portable fire extinguishers
1910.158 Standpipe and hose systems
1910.159 Automatic sprinkler systems
1910.160 Fixed extinguishing systems, general
1910.161 Fixed extinguishing systems, dry chemical
1910.162 Fixed extinguishing systems, gaseous agent
1910.163 Fixed extinguishing systems, water spray and foam
1910.164 Fire detection systems
1910.165 Employee alarm systems

Laboratory

Laboratory means a facility where the "laboratory use of hazardous chemicals" occurs. It is a workplace where relatively small quantities of hazardous chemicals are used on a non-production basis.

LEV

LOCAL EXHAUST VENTILATION (LEV)

Removes air contaminants close to the point of origination of the fume, dust, or mist. This is one of many types of engineering controls.

Liquefied Petroleum Gas

"Liquefied petroleum gas", "LPG" and "LP-Gas" - Any material which is composed predominantly of any of the following hydrocarbons, or mixtures of them; propane, propylene, butanes (normal butane or iso-butane), and butylenes.

M - Compressed Gas and Compressed Air Equipment

1910.169 Air Receivers

Machine Guards

Machine guards prevent workers from coming into contact with sharp or rotating parts, or from being crushed by stamping presses or forges.

Makeup Air

A ventilation system that supplies fresh or filtered air to the facility. This is one of many types of engineering controls.

Manlift

A small vertical conveyor belt with handholds and foot rests used for transporting workers to other levels of a facility. Often found in older valet parking garages.

Manufacturing

The manufacturing industry group includes establishments engaged in the mechanical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These establishments are usually described as plants, factories, or mills.

Maritime

This Expert Advisor is intended for General Industry firms.

In order to use this Hazard Awareness Advisor you will have to select from one of these work environments:

Maritime includes longshoring and Marine Terminal Operations.

Mechanical Materials Handling Equipment

Forklifts, conveyors, trolleys, and other equipment used to move raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods within an establishment.

Mechanical Power Transmission

Gears, sprockets, axles, springs, belts, transmissions and other machinery pieces can be dangerous objects for the unwary worker. All moving machinery must be guarded to protect workers.

Mechanical Ventilation

Ventilation provided by fans or blowers. It can be exhaust or supply. Other terms include Local Exhaust Ventilation (LEV) and makeup air.

Mechanically Powered Equipment

Equipment that is powered by hydraulics, springs, pneumatics and other systems.

Microwave Emitters

Microwave emitters are principally found in telecommunications equipment although some manufacturing processes rely on the heat-generating effects of microwaves.

OSHA is not specifically concerned with microwave ovens in the company lunchroom, although a poorly maintained machine potentially could leak radiation.

MSDS

MSDS is a Material Safety Data Sheet. Manufacturers and distributors of products that contain regulated chemicals must provide them to purchasers. The sheet will contain information on the hazardous chemicals and measures to protect the workers using the product.

N - Materials Handling and Storage

1910.176 Handling materials--general
1910.177 Servicing multi-piece and single piece rim wheels
1910.178 Powered industrial trucks
1910.179 Overhead and gantry cranes
1910.180 Crawler locomotive and truck cranes
1910.181 Derricks
1910.183 Helicopters
1910.184 Slings

O - Machinery and Machine Guarding

1910.212 General requirements for all machines
1910.213 Woodworking machinery requirements
1910.215 Abrasive wheel machinery
1910.216 Mills and calendars in the rubber and plastics industries
1910.217 Mechanical power presses
1910.218 Forging machines
1910.219 Mechanical power-transmission apparatus

OSHA Consultation Service

The OSHA Consultation Service helps employers find out about potential hazards and how to improve their occupational safety and health management. An OSHA consultation visit is always at the employer's request. The service offers workplace safety and health training and technical assistance. Consultation is a free service, largely funded by Federal OSHA and operated by state government agencies using well-trained safety and health staff. This service is completely separate from OSHA's inspection effort; no citations are issued or penalties proposed. Preference is given to firms in high-hazard industries. More details are available at http://www.osha.gov/oshprogs/consult.html.

Overcurrent Protection Devices

Overcurrent protection devices for conductors and equipment open the circuit if the current reaches a value that will cause an excessive or dangerous temperature in conductors or conductor insulation.

Oxygen Fueled Welding or Cutting

Oxygen, together with a fuel such as acetylene, is used to heat the metal. A filler rod can be used to join the two metal objects. Cutting can be performed by using a stream of oxygen to oxidize and then blow away the metal which creates the cut. Related terms include arc welding, and soldering.

P - Hand and Portable Powered Tools

1910.242 Hand and portable powered tools and equipment, general
1910.243 Guarding of portable powered tools
1910.244 Other portable tools and equipment

PEL (Permissible Exposure Limit)

The 8-hour Time Weighted Average exposure to a substance during any 8-hour work shift of a 40-hour work week.

Permanent Place of Employment

A permanent place of employment describes most facilities where workers are employed. Those whose principal activity involves going to other sites to perform services such as plumbers and computer repair workers are considered to have a permanent place of employment at the location where they meet with managers, gather supplies, or return the company vehicles.

Physical Contact

Physical contact with chemicals in any form (liquid, solid, aerosol, vapor, etc.) can cause problems for worker health. If your workers have contact then you should review information on protective measures.

Physical Problems

Sprains, strains, over-exertion, headaches, eye strain, and pain in fingers, wrist or arms.

Please show me the OSHA regulated chemicals

The "Please show me the OSHA regulated chemicals" button will allow you to see the chemicals that OSHA regulates in its 'Z-Tables' and the requirements of the individually regulated "6b Chemicals"

Later, you will be able to append these files to your report. You also can find the text files in the C:OSHAHAZ directory.

Point of Operation

This is the area in a machine where such devices as rotating drills or cutters, press patterns or other machinery come into contact with the materials (wood, metal, stone) that are to be altered or shaped.

Powered industrial trucks

Contains requirements relating to training of operators, and the design, maintenance, and use of powered industrial trucks.

Powered Platforms

Powered platforms are often referred to as scissor lifts or lift platforms. They are frequently used in maintenance tasks such as window cleaning, light bulb changing and access to areas that can not be conveniently reached by ladders.

Power Generation, Transmission, or Distribution

Electrical power is generated at a power plant or co-generation facility, it is transmitted over high power lines frequently strung from towers to a distribution network that begins at a substation and ends at a user's home or business.

PPE

Personal protective equipment (PPE) includes hard hats, gloves, respirators, ear plugs, and other items intended for use by a specific individual in situations where engineering controls cannot provide sufficient protection.

Process Equipment

Process equipment refers to a series of machines, tanks, furnaces or other equipment which transform a raw material. The conversion of trees to paper, or iron ore to steel is done using 'process equipment' .

Public Administration (Government)

This Expert Advisor is intended for General Industry firms.

In order to use this Hazard Awareness Advisor you will have to select from one of these work environments:

Q - Welding, Cutting and Brazing

1910.252 General requirements
1910.253 Oxygen-fuel gas welding and cutting
1910.254 Arc welding and cutting
1910.255 Resistance welding

R - Special Industries

1910.261 Pulp, paper, and paper-board mills
1910.262 Textiles
1910.263 Bakery equipment
1910.264 Laundry machinery and operations
1910.265 Sawmills
1910.266 Logging operations
1910.268 Telecommunications
1910.269 Electric power generation, transmission, and distribution
1910.272 Grain handling facilities

Radioactive Materials

Radioactive materials can be found in a variety of settings including instruments such as level indicators and glowing exit signs. Some physical testing procedures use radioactive isotopes.

Reactive Liquid

A liquid which in the pure state or as commercially produced or transported will vigorously polymerize, decompose, condense, or will become self-reactive under conditions of shocks, pressure, or temperature.

Examples of such substances include sulfuric acid, caustic soda or hydrochloric acid.

Retail Trade

Establishments in this group are engaged in selling merchandise for personal or household consumption and rendering services incidental to the sale of the goods.

S - Electrical

1910.303 General requirements
1910.304 Wiring design and protection
1910.305 Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use
1910.306 Specific purpose equipment and installations
1910.307 Hazardous (classified) locations
1910.308 Special systems
1910.332 Training
1910.333 Selection and use of work practices
1910.334 Use of equipment
1910.335 Safeguards for personnel protection

Safe Clearance Space For Forklift

A forklift is used to move materials. The driver needs clear space in order to maneuver through the facility.

Safety Professional

A certified safety professional is trained in the recognition, evaluation and correction of safety hazards in the workplace. Individuals with this certification may also be certified industrial hygienists.

Services

Establishments in this group provide a wide variety of services for individuals, business and government.

Please show me the latest Bureau of Labor Statistics injury and illness data

Pressing this button will link you to the BLS Safety and Health Statistics web page where you can view and download injury and illness data categorized by industry, occupation, type and source of injury, etc.

State Plan State

A state plan state is a state that has elected to operate its own occupational safety and health (OSH) program. The Advisor will advise you if your facility is subject to the jurisdiction of a State or Federal OSH program.

STEL (Short Term Exposure Limit)

Substances regulated by OSHA that have 'STELs' are listed in Table Z-2. Some of OSHA's comprehensive substance standards also have STELs. STELs limit the allowable short term peak exposure above the acceptable ceiling. The PEL is the 8-hour limit.

Soldering

Soldering is performed by melting a wire to form a connection, but without heating to base metal. Operations are generally below 450 degrees C. Various fluxes may be used in the process. Related processes are brazing and arc welding.

T - Commercial Diving Operations

Temporary Labor Camp

A temporary labor camp can be used to service construction sites, logging, crop harvesting or other activities where housing or meals are provided to workers.

Transportation, Communication, and Utilities

Firms in this group provide, to the public or to other enterprises, passenger or freight transportation, communications services, or electricity, gas, steam, water, or sanitary services.

Please show me a brief description of OSHA's regulations

The button will lead to a series of menus where you can select an OSHA regulation and get a brief description of the subjects and issues covered by the regulation.

Where are the OSHA Regional offices?

By selecting the "Where are the OSHA regional offices?" button you can get the address and phone number of the regional Federal OSHA Office that is responsible for the area offices in your state, or it can direct you to the appropriate office if your state government operates its own occupational safety and health program.

Wholesale Trade

This group includes establishments engaged in selling merchandise to retailers or other wholesalers.

Z - Toxic and Hazardous Substances

1910.1000 Air Contaminants
1910.1001 Asbestos
1910.1002 Coal Tar Pitch Volatiles
1910.1003 13 Carcinogens
1910.1004 Alpha-naphthylamine
1910.1006 Methyl Cholmethl Ether
1910.1007 3,3-dicholorbenzidine
1910.1008 Bis-cholormethyl Ether
1910.1009 Beta-naphthylamine
1910.1010 Benzidine
1910.1011 4-aminodiphenyl
1910.1012 Ethyleneimine
1910.1013 Beta Propiolactone